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EASTON KING IRA HARKEY
Editors and Publishers **' Published Every Friday at Pascagoula, Mississippi, By THE ADVERTISER PUBLISHING COMPANY ^ibHcsHon Office—210-212 Dslmas Avenue, Paicagoula. Mississippi filtered at the post office. P»icagmil». Imim., April 28. 1921. under Act of March _ 3, 1879 as second class mail mattpr. watered at the post office, Moss Point, Miss.. October 8. 1909 under Act of m March 3, 1879, as second class mall matter. BlifiSCRIPTJON RATES: In Jackson County, 1 year *2 50; 8 mo W 50. In state, ?>ear *3 DO; 8 mo *2 no Outside state. 1 year *3 50; 6 mo. *2 50. Single copy 10c Subscribers having their paper changed from one address to another should **• give old address as well as the new. Cards of Thanks, Resolutions, Memorials, Obituaries, Notices of Entertainments » Where admission Is to be charged, or other Notices not of General News value, will be at advertising rates. fip"""" -- *'And Especially The Merest Man .. With this issue the Chronicle Star-Moss Point Adver tiser ends its 102nd year of publication and begins a new "year and a new era under new ownership—that of Easton -King, editor and manager for eight years, and Ira Harkey, co-editor and co-publisher for six months- It is an apt time 'lor an unveiling of aims and purposes. ay We believe that a newspaper, protected as it is by the ^concepts of freedom of the press. In turn owes something wlo the people who have offered that protection. The laws guaranteeing freedom of the press were not designed to ; establish the press as a privileged industry. They were ^designed. in fact, to protect not the press but the people. ""A newspaper ia a public servant. It must not be run for **4he benefit of the few- Its editorial stand must be beside those things that are for the benefit of the majority. It ^jnust, furthermore, try to perform the most difficult duty “ot ell—to present fairly and fully all sides of controversial .rmatters. " We announce ourselves as partisans in no group but Tithe group that represents the rights of us all down to, .Including, and especially, the merest man among us We follow no line strung up by others. We follow -Tinly our own line, which is this: We will uphold unfail ingly the rights of every man, whether he be a butcher, a -jbaker, a candlestick maker; whether he be genial, pensive ?$r downright sour; whether he has a million, eigJ-U million, fifteen cents or owes fifteen dollars; whether he be white, -black, yellow, green or pastel shades in-between; whether jifie has eyes of black, blue, brown or no eyes at all; whether rbe be tall and loan like Easton King, or short and stout ^3ike Ira Harkey. We hold that such external and accidental character istics of man have nothing whatsoever to do with the value 7 pf the jtjan. In other words, our policy is a human policy, tia Christian policy. We believe that the only classes of ■•■people are male and female, good and bad. And we fur ther maintain that folks of all descriptions are in the same -boat. We will pin roses only on those who are dipping an Sbar for the common vessel. For the single sculler, we will “have rocks—no matter what his name is, what he looks ijrjike or. how loud he yells. y Ws arc not reformers, sentimentalists, mystics or ’ saints. We have a firm, selfish reason for our policy. It " was expressed beat, perhaps, by the poet John Donne when -■'he wrote. “Ask not for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for .'thee." Which means, in cruder words, that what is bad ^for the other fellow is bad for you. and, conversely, what helps anyone directly helps everyone indirectly. We bo - lieve that by raising the level of tho low man, tho top man -is forced a bit higher and all of us in the middio rise ac cordingly. „ We are, then, for these things: Whatever helps most “'of us even at the expense of some of us. We are against T,these things: Whatever helps some of us at the expense *‘of most of us. ~ We humbly ask your assistance. Come to us. No ^•matter who you are, you will be heard. If we think you -.right, you will hear us Mr, ... ■ ■—«' i ■ ■■■ i.i ■' i ———■—— ■- ■- - - Merry Christmas! *' Sunday we of the Christian world will again celebrate "the birthday of our Lord, as we have done for 1,919 years, f and the editors and staff wish to take this opportunity to • wish for our readers the happiest of holidays and a now ••year filled with prosperity and contentment. ^ This will be the fifth Christmas that wo have celo »brated since the end of the last war which saw the world t* .-aflame to its farthermost corners. Those five years have .seen a troubled and beset world pulling and hauling for .positions that could well lead to a third, and final, conflict. As we look back bver the 19 centuries that havo elapsed •.since Jesus died on Calvary, we see many wars and con "flicts, much trouble but little of the principles of love and ^humility for which He lived and died. We can have little collective peace on earth until “we purge our individual hearts of bitterness and preiu ~dices, nor can we bo classed as true disciples of Christ un dll we accept the brotherhood of man. as the elementary --rule of living. ft' As the birthday of the One who came to earth for us hdraws nearer, we can see ever more clearly that the ills of ■'the world stem from the human frailties against which ^Christ preached and that the principles for which He lived -tmd died are far from achievement, even in our own so called Christian land, almost two thousand years after tlfis death. All of our complex machinery and organizations that £’we passing mortals attempt to set up for the achievement ~pt world peace will inevitably come to nothing (as they fhave down through the centuries) unless they arc founded ,on the principles that Christ brought to earth and which we. with our hates, prejudices and selfishness, persistently ^ignore as individuals When wc become willing to live by «-lhe unselfish teachings laid down by our Saviour, our .grasping hands may touch peace. It might be profitable for us to ponder these thoughts f«nd, during the year to come, turn our eyes inward to our ».ch-o frailties before, passing? judgment on our fellow' man. — a mi3 i h A *econt memorandum by Dr, James Nelson Gowanloch, chief biologist for the Louisiana de partment of wildlife and fish eries and one of the South's most eminent scientists, on the proposed establishment of the first tuna packing plant at Pas cagoula, underlines just what this move can mean to the en tue Gulf Coast. Dr. Gowanloch speaks from experience based on intimate knowledge and King study of the Gulf and its re sources, and his opinions, there fore carry weight and substance. The memorandum was distrib uted to members of the Gulf Fisheries Compact, comprising the five Gulf states, and the portion dealing with the ex pansion of the tuna packing is as follows: "The tremendous importance of future Juna packing in the Gulf slates can be realized when one surveys the fact that luna fishing operations on the Pa cific coast now involve a cap ital investment in tuna canner ies of between 10 and 15 mil lion dollars, and a present luna fishing boat investment of ap proximately GO million dollars. Not only is the Gulf coast near er and, therefore, more econom ical as a base for canning op erations but, furthermore, pro gressive labor complications have added to the diificulties of the West Coast tuna indus tries. The intensity of interest with which this .initial project of Tuna. Inc., at Pascagoula is being watched by all the tuna fishery enterprises on the West coast can. therefore, well be ap preciated, “The value of exploratory commercial fishery surveys lias been well demonstrated in the past history of the United States. It is perhaps of interest to cite one recent example of such exploratory work in Can aria where as a result of expe rimental dragging for flounders in the inshore waters on the Western coasts of Novia Scotia, the work being conducted by a research boot of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, a single private commercial op erator, following the discoveries of the investigation, and using an ex-scallop dragger in Kings county where no winter floun der had ever been taken from 1937 to 1946 and where for the same period the average annual catch of haddock was 7,420 pounds, actually succeeded in capturing in a single month 19, 000 pounds of haddock and 76, 000 pounds of winter flounder. "The projected program of commercial fisheries explora tion in the Gulf of Mexico and the projected program of basic biological research in the Gulf of Mexico to bo carried out by tin' two vessels of the fish and Wildlife service (Ed. note: one of these, the Oregon, will he based at Pascagoula) will pro vide the* long sought, long hoped for and now to be real ized means of making available information involving the dis covery and exploitation of the marine resources of the* approx imately 750,000 square miles of the Gulf of Mexico, an area in these respects presently almost unknown. The proposal that the research activities of the two vessels will be planned with the full consideration of the suggestions of the Gulf States Marine Fisheries Compact and its biological advisors empha sizes the grave responsibility of utilizing those opportunities in the most productive manner possible. "It is the purpose of this memorandum, as already stat ed. to brinq to present attention the hiqh importance of the tuna and tuna-like fishes in this pro qram of scientific investigation. It is perfectly obvious that the possible trenslocation of the present Wesf Coast shore tuna fishery activities from the Pa cific Coast to the Gulf of Mex ico. already under considera tion for other reasons, would become greatly more desirable for the tuna interests if a source of supply of tuna and tuna-like fishes could be discovered in the waters of the Gulf of Mex ico itself, al the very front door of their coastal canning plants." There ended Dr. Gowanloch’s memorandum. We’d like to add that location of this canning industry could mean develop ment of our rural areas as well as the waters that wash our shores. These plants could, and probably will, can vegetables produced in the adjacent rural sections. This would give our farmers, large and small, an outlet for the fruits of their farms, and Would therefore add to the economy of these areas. Canners are now trucking to matoes from Crystal Springs to Indianapolis f o r processing. Why not process and can them in our own statae? .T.ond UNDER the Editor’s Desk A sweet little story of young love and attempted kidnaping came out of darkest Spain this week. Seems the daughter of tiie Duke of Pinahermoso want ed to skip off to the plaza de toro, as it were, with a bull fighter known as Dominguin. Angelita is 18, the bullfighter 24. Angelita slid down a sheet into the arms of Dominguin one night. He took her to friends for hiding, went to get a mar riage license. The story didn't say whether Dominguin is a matador—the chap who actual ly kills the bull—or not. Per haps he was a banderillero, the chap who enrages the bull by sticking nasty little barbs into it before the matador appears. For certain it was that he pro voked a mighty rage in the duke, who is as formidable as any bull and, furthermore, much more bullheaded. The duke had Dominguin and his friends arrested and Angel ita was reinstated in her spin sterhood. Under guard. The Duke, thus, was the victor. It is not known, however, if the spectators awarded the duke the ears of Dominguin in praise for the dispatch with which he throwed (he bnllthrower and copped the duke. * • • Also for the sake of love, look what that darn fool lias pone ami done. We mean Mayor O'Dwycr of New York. A week or so apo he went to Florida to “recuperate from exhaustion and heart strain.” Tuesday he married a beautiful ex-model named Sloan Simpson. Ttiat ain’t no way to recuper ate from heart strain or ex haustion either, mac. * * • From Canon City. Colo., comes word that the baby son of Mr. and Mis. Dominic O.d paris entered the world with four teeth—two uppers, two lowers. Mr. Caliparis says "He's a fine baby, a wonderful babv!” And what does Mrs. Calignris say about it? OUCH! THIS WEEK in Other Years FIVE YEARS AGO THIS WEEK. Jackson County marked the third anniversary of Pearl Harbor by topping the "E" bond quota, approximately $30,000 to tal reached . . . Lt. Clifton Mc Kelly Williams was presented the Air Medal . . . OPA an nounced'little relief was in view for present tire shortage. • * • FOUR YEARS AGO THIS WEEK. A contract was made to purchase bowline a11»vs for new recreation building . . . Dr. Andrew Hedmeg became head of Jackson County Health De partment . . . Annie Brazley C.radford, 105 year old Moss Point Negress, was fatally burned by fire . . . Ingalls buiit African Comet teas pictured on memorial issue of three cent stamp . . . Editorial: Opportu nity and Obligation, failure of ' recreation program will he pub lic’s own fault. THREE YEARS AGO THIS WEEK, Continuing "freight em bargo threatened to halt indus tries here . . . Editorial: Labor's iron lung, complimented Meta! Trades’ eounril for proposed By James W. Silver Aberdeen, Scotland Here are some questions pnsed bv the editor of the Scots Independent (November, 1949) which raises once again the brutal thought that England is through as a first rate power. Laugh them off if you will, hut then read them the sernnd time: (1) Are English party politi cians. and political economists, not living too much in a dream world of the industrial revolu tion age of yesterday? (2) Is the socialist idealoqy not cryinq out for a share of the spoils of another age—spoils that have been dissipated, or used up. and which largely may be said to be non-existent to day? (3) Are the trade deficits each year not simply due to other countries catching up with, and ev*n in some cases surpassing us In industrialization, and that as a consequence the advant ages of being first in the field in the industrial revolution have been and are rapidly encroach ed upon? (4) Has the time not come to recogniz^ that a new world economy has grown up. that thp ever advancing world condition since the industrial revolution era has shown definite ten dencies to react unfavorably to wards England’s economy? (5) Is is safe to plan on the broad assumption that this new world (no matter what particu lar tvpe of party government may be in power) can. or will be willing to, accept ALL the huqe quantities of aoods essen tial to provide FULL employ ment for ALL of England's ex isting population? (6) Can we rely on this new world supplying us with ALL the huge quantities of raw ma terials, foods, and other neces sities. (and at prices suitable to us), that may be considered hy any English political party to ho essential to keep England’s huge industrial machine work ing to FULL capacity, and to sustain ALL her existing pop ulation at such high levels of living as mav be thought to be desirable by the English people? The fiery editor summarized Britain’s history in two neat packages which he terms 1) the expanding process (1770-1914) and 2) the recession process (1914-1949). He then answers his own question, “Can Eng land Recover?" “If England is to maintain her present, population she will require to export more, and it is doubtful if she will find a market for all her goods, work longer hours, receive less pay and cut down not only her de fense expenditure but also re strict her welfare schemes. "The alternative to this is to cut down drastically the num ber of her population to bring it into line with what she can eupoort at reasonable standards of living. Capitalism or Social ism. or Communism or London nationalisation will not in them selves alter this state of affairs. "England will, however, con tinue no doubt, to lean on the support of other countries—;to postpone the evil day. But post ponement it will be. and the harder the fall will be when the dav comes.’' The author of this dire proph ecy is a leading Scottish na tionalist Whose feeling toward England he himself sums up with “. . . do not let us fall with her.” Admittedly, and re gardless of his predilections, he has a strong case. But if every assumption he makes is basic ally sotind. does that not still leave the United States with the absolute necessity, in its own self-interest, of exerting its great power to keep Britain the strongest possible ally in the world’s uncompromising ideological struggle? purchase of iron lung. • * * TWO YEARS AGO THIS WEEK. Carroll Elaine Wright was sponsor of Ingalls’ 100th launching . . . Edmond J. Jane, prominent hanker, claimed by death . . . Gulfdale houses scheduled for sale . . . Mr. and Mrs. Henry Frent* observed golden wedding anniversary . . . Special edition marked re modeling of Burnham's . . . Ed itorial: Curb Market, advocated organization of market for rural producers. • * * ONE YEAR AGO THIS WEEK. Hiway 63 blocked by high water at Escatawpa, emer gency ferry- service set up . . . Editorial: What’s the Answer: part one, the state line question and part two, condition of Hi way 63 at Escatawpa—time for nrtion and not idle promises. What's The Most Popular Commodity In The World? The United States Dollar AP Newsfeatures Washington — Those, rectang ular green pieces of paper you carry in your pocketbook are just about as popular as any commod ity in the world today. When proud old nations knuckled under and devalued their currencies to make them worth less in terms of the American dollar, the young American greenback really came into its own. Once upon a time it “wasn't worth a Continental.” That was when the Continental Congress turned out 210,000,000 on printing presses during the American Rev olution. In terms of gold and oth er nations’ money, the Continent al dollars were worth only a frac tion of their face value. Coining Began In 1793 The dollar got on its fee't when Congress, after the Constitution had been adopte^, established the present monetary system in 1792. Congress began coining dollars at the Philadelphia mint in 1792. They were all metal coins — gold eagles (worth $10) and frac tions of eagles, silver dollars and fractions of dollars and copper cents and half cents. The federal government didn't turn out any paper money until the Civil war, when “greenbacks” were first issued. Banks operat ing under federal or state char ters issued notes as currency — and much of the paper eventually became badly depreciated in value. There was a great hullabaloo when the government made greenbacks legal tender, requir ing that they be accepted in pay ment of debts. People are inclined to be distrustful of paper money and even today folks don't like torhandle it in some towns in our western states. Rut the dollar managed to hold its own in relation to gold and the mighty British pound. Through most of our history the pound has been worth about $4.86. After the first World War it began to slip. In 1920 the pound was worth only $3.66. It was back to its normal $4 86 by 1930. But in 1932 it dropped to its lowest point up to that time, to $3.50 in US money. Then it fluctuated wildly. In 1934 it reached the highest value of which the Federal Reserve system as a record. $5.03. In 1941 it sold for $4.03, and that was its official rate until the recent de valuation sent it down to $2.80. We're World's Banker The reason for the rise of the dollar in relation to the pound is primarily America’s new position as a creditor nation. For more than a century we bought more from the rest of the world than the world bought from us. But in about 1926 we became the world’s investment banker. Now we have so many things that the world wants to buy that our dol lars are in unprecedented de mand, throwing other currencies off balance. The word dollar was in general use before our government adopt ed it. One or another form of the word designated many kinds of European currency. It came from the Greek word thaler. In Dutch it was the Daalder. In German it was the taler. Spanish "pieces of eight" were called dollars. The dollar sign also was in use before the Revolution. It is be lieved to have designated the Mexican peso. It was first writ ten “Ps.” Later manuscripts show the “U” superimposed on the ¥S” which seems to be how we got the dollar sign. Mrs. Clark's Got It Todav there are about 53 bil lion dollars in the world. About 28 billion of them are in circu lation. Most of the rest are held in the US Treasury. There they are in the custody of Mrs. Geor gia Neese Clark, treasurer of the United States, whose signature also appears on all paper money now being produced. Onother woman, Mrs. Nellie rayloe Ross, for 16 years has been in charge of the manufac ture of all US coins. As director af the mint, she has in that time turned out about $1,028,000,000 worth of metal money. There’s another interesting fact about women and American mon ey. The Institute of Life Insur ance has estimated that 70 per sent of the nation’s private wealth is controlled by women. Your Child Today ... The Problem Of Jealousy: Parents Must Understand By David Taylor Marke AP Education Writer Parents are becoming more and more aware that jealousy in chil dren is often a very real prob lem. And not knowing what to do about it, many parents are worried. Perhaps they have one baby and are thinking of having another, or they have two chil dren and may have noticed signs of jealousy in one or the other. “You will run into jealousy,” says Dr. Edmund Ziman, former psychiatrist at St. Elizabeths hos pital, Washington, D. C., lecturer at the medical schools of George Washington university and Mary land university and presently as sociated with the William Alan son White Psychiatric Institute and the Washington-Baltimore Psychoanalytic Institute. “Wheth er you have two children or 10 children, there will still be jeal ousy; and if you have only one child, you will still run into jeal ousy.” Jealousy Will Vary Dr. Ziman has just written a book, “Jealousy in Children; A Guide For Parents,” (A. A. Wyn, New York). He says: “There will be jealousy, but the depth of jealous feeling will vary with each child. It will depend on his relationship to his parents, his preparation for the coming of a new habv, and his parents’ atti tudes toward him in general: whether they enjoy him and love him, or whether their affection depends on his good behavior. “It will depend, too, on whether both parents understand the child’s upsets and whether both agree on the approach to his prob lems. But while jealousy in chil dren is almost completely un avoidable, it need not become a problem.” On the other hand, if jealousy is permitted to exist without be ing recognized, it can be very se rious, he says. Educators, psy chologists, psychoanalysis, and pediatricians now agree that where emotional problems are recognized early enough, and romething is done about them, there will be fewer emotional dif ficulties later in life. Jealousy which bothers adults is not auite the same as a child’s jealousy, he says. In a child it is Withholding Recognition Of China Can't Last Forever, Says Diplomat AP Newsfeaiures Washington—The United States is wielding a small stick against the Communist Chinese govern ment by failing to recognize it. But a high diplomatic authority says non-recognition can’t last forever. In the long run, he says, the withholding of recognition is not a powerful lever. US recognition gives prestige and strength to a new government, but once other governments have accorded rec ognition, a nod from the US would not mean so much as it would now. Angus Ward Case Cited By withholding recognition at this time, the US hopes to make it clear to the Chinese Reds that it doesn’t intend to accept on an equal diplomatic footing any na tion which doesn’t fulfill its in ternational obligation. The Reds’ mistreatment of Angus Ward and other American citizens was enough in itself to disgust Amer ican diplomats. To obtain American recogni tion. Secretary of State Achcson has said, the Chinese Communists must not only live up to their international obligations. They also must control their whole country, and the Chinese people must at least acquiesce in their rule. For generations the American government has required that new governments meet those tests before they are recognized. Tho mas Jefferson first formulated the viewpoint that recognition doesn’t mean approval—only that the US acknowledges existence of the regime. 'Maintain Communications" “It is recognition of a set of facts, nothing more." says Seore tary of State Acheson. “'We may have the gravest reservations as to the matter in which it has come into power. We may de plore its attitude toward civil liberaties. Yet our long-range ob jectives in the promotion of dem ocratic institutions mav, in fact, be best served by recognizing it and thus maintaining a channel of communication with the coun try involved." Recognition of a new govern ment has advantages for both sides. That's the reason some other countries are reported to be eager to recognize the Chinese Reds as soon as possible. It opens the channels of diplomatic inter course. Before recognition envays of foreign powers have no im munity, no diplomatic status. They are treated like private citizens and can be of only limit ed use to the governments they represent. If an envoy of a coun try you don't recognize turns up in your country, you can deport him as an alien illegall in our country. An unrecognized government can't be prosecuted before inter national tribunals in case it fails to live up to treatries and other obligations. One government doesn’t have access to the courts of another nation unless it is recognized. It couldn’t sue to en force contracts and- to obtain damages for confiscation of prop erty. Under such circumstances, a government finds it hard to make loans or to write contracts for purchases. President Has Authority The authority to recognize a new government rests with the Pi esident. This has been stan dard procedure for many years, although at times it has been ar gued that the power was held a perfectly normal reaction; usu ally it is an unconscious attitude or feeling which bothers him and makes him as uncomfortable as it does his parents. It is the poor handling, the mis management of jealousy which causes trouble, not the feeling it self; it is the,failure of the par ents to recognize the existence of jealousy, or their downright sup pression of it, that produces such unhappy results. Must Show Troubles We can say that a child is jal ous when he wants something someone else has. The child who is troubled has to find some way of showing it. A two-year-old, for example, may revert to his in fantile'habits of no toilet train ing. Or, he may strike his infant sister or pull her out of her crib, or worse. But Dr. Ziman (ays he shouldn't be regarded with horror, a* if his parents have suddenly discov ered they were harboring a mon ster. They cannot gel very far by punishing him because they have not reassured him tht he has not lost their love. In fact punishment at such times will only help con vince him that he has lost their love. A little cild needs to feel loved and needs to have this love dem onstrated even more when there is a new baby. The reassurance that he belongs, that he is still very much loved, that he was and is a nice cild, needs repetition over and over in both words and acts. jointly by the President and Con gress. At any rate Congress must ac quiesce for no ambassador can be accredited until the Senate has confirmed him. In China's case, the administration has pro mised that the President would not extend recognition until after the State Department had dis cussed the matter with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. In 1913, when the question of recognizing the new Chinese Re public came up, the issue was hotly debated. A group in Con gress felt that the President was delaying too long and a resolu tion was introduced declaring that the new government was recognized. Rut it never passed. INFLUENCE OF SODA SQUIRT AND BICARB New York —(AP)— This coun try h^s 30,000 drug stores, and Americans visit them five billion times each year. The figures are cited by Rohert P. Fisehelis, sec retary of the American Pharma ceutical Co. The frequency of vis its makes pharmacies a good place to use health education programs, he told the Public Health Cancer Association. STRINGING CHILDREN ALONG Chicago — (AP) — Mrs. Ruth Rollnow had 40 tiny boys and girls from the Riverside Nursery School—and a problem—o* her hands. She wanted to take the kids on a tour of the hugt Union Railroad station but she didn’t want to lose any of them. So she got a long rope. The tots grasped it and, strung out like snake danc ers. they stayed in place as Mrs. Rollnow led them through the terminal. About 42 feet of rain falls on Mt. Waialeale in the Hawaiian Islands in an average year.