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O. M- DAVIS. PUBLISHER AND MANAGER.
PASOAGOULA, MISSISSIPPI, FMUAY, AUGUST 7. 1011. VOL. 70. NOy, t YOU GET THE KS D CE AND Mississippi Choctaws Win. ADVANTAGE EXPERIENCE. Knowing Low to tmv, what to bur and when to y 'uv, ilact's us in just the riht jxisition to till your 0 every want in the (iUOCKKY LINK. te it for V Stanlt! or 1'aiH'V (loods. or tho Choirest Delir.n-'ios. 0 ' 0 I L P. DEJEAN & SON O TELEPHONE 54, 81 and 1 10. wi classes in practical FARMING AMD DOISIIG SCIENCE. Department Of Agriculture In Co operation With Certain State Colleges. Washington D. C, August 1. A p!an whereby ten or more farmers or farm w omen can form liomedasses in agriculture or domestic science and receive the textbooks, lectures, lantern slides, laboratory and cook ing equipment necessary to conduct them has been devised by the United States Department of Agriculture in coi peration with Agricultural Col leges in certain States. The object of the plan is to make accessible at home, to men and wo men who have not the time or means to attend the regular courses at the colleges, practically short courses in agriculture and home management especially adapted to their districts. These courses, which will consist of 15 to 20 lectures, and will consume five or more weeks, can be arranged to suit the spare time and conveni ence of each group of people. The courses to be offered at first are poultry raising, fruit growing, soils, cheese manufacturing, dairy ing, butter making, and farm book keeping; and for the women especi ally, courses in the preparing, cook ing and use of vegetable and cereal ioojs. I he Department will sup ply lectures and lantern slides cover ing these subjects, and the States which have agreed t) cooperate in the plan will lend to each group laboratory and cooking apparatus valued at $100 and a reference library. The textbooks and lect ures will be made so complete that that each group can safely appoint one of its members as study leader to direct the work of the course. When a group has decided to take up the work, the State which co operates sends an agent with the Department's representative to or ganize a sample class and assist the leader whom they elect in laying out the work and showing him the best methods of procedure. The classes commonly are held from 8 to 12 in the morning and from 1 to 4 in the afternoon, two or three days each week. The sessions are not held every day, so that the members will have time to attend to their farm duties in between the ses sions, as well as before and after the instruction period. The classes meet commonly at the most conveni ent farmhouse. Daring the morn' ing hours, textbook work is done In t he afternoon laboratory work is conducted, and the women who have elected to take the domestic science courses have practical lessons in cooking. As soon as a class is established, the State organizer withdraws to start a class in some other district. The work thereafter is left in charge of the leader, who receives assist ance by mail from the college or the Department in carrying on the work. As there is no regularly paid in structor, classes can be carried on all over the State as rapidly as the college organizer can visit the groups, and as quickly as the laboratory sets supplied by the college become available. The local leader will pre side during the lectures and refer- erences, for which full texts and lantern slides are supplied by the Department. He will also be re sponsible for the laboratory equip ment. Every one who completes the course will receive a certificate from the State College. Not all of the States have yet agreed to cooperate in this plan. Last winter experiments along these lines were carried out successfully in Pennsylvania, and this has stim ulated an interest in the method in other States, In one of the Pennsyl vania classes more men applied than could be accommodated, and all of the 20 men and IS women who be gan the course completed it. Pennsyl vania is now arranging for more classes, while Massachusetts, Michi gan, Vermont and Florida expect to take up the work. Other States such as Maine, New York, New Jersey and Delaware have signified their willingness to cooperate. Ordinarily a college in a State usually applies to the Department seeking its cooperation, when suffi cient interest has been shown in the plan in several communities where ten or more people have sought the instruction. For financial reasons, certain colleges are not so able to engage in the work as are others. The advantage claimed for the new home courses with local leaders and laboratory equipment over the ordinary correspondence courses is that only a small percentage of those who take the individual correspond ence course finish it. Studying in a . . . . t group, with laboratory worn ana a leader, seems to stimulate the interest and add a social feature when lead the members of the group to follow the work conscientiously and com plete St. Experiments with free cor respondence courses show that while many individuals gain advantage from them, many others, because the material is furnished free, do not feel the same obligation to com plete them as they do when they pay substantial sums of money for the instruction. t Opposite Court Houii Phono 131 : OLYMPIA HOTEL 1 AND CAFE t Tho Quality Restaurant 2 OPEN DAY AND NIGHT 2 Transient Trade Solicited. FISH AND OYSTERS it j SPECIALTY pA8CltC0UL - ' - MISSISSIPPI Name of "Cuiebra Cut" to be Changed to "Gaillard Cut" President Wilson is seriously con stfering the. advisability of issuing an executive order changing the name of "Cuiebra Cut," Panama to "Gaillard Cut." in honor of the late Lieutenant-Colonel, D. G. Gai lard who had charge of the engi neering work in digging the cut, ad mittedly the greatest single eat in connection with the constroction of the Pannma Canal. It is stated there is precedent fer such an order and the corps of engineers of the United States army are heartily in favor of thus honoring a very dis tinguished colleague. Pile Cured In 6 to 14 Days Vow angiflnt will refnwl monry II TKIO OINTMEN'ruillto eiire 1HT o of Ittn'mj. Mini) BIW Hn or Irotivdinr PHm; I to 14 dT. I be first plicUj fuel tUM aod Reft. SOc Wjsh.ngnn, D. C. J.:'y The aJor-U'n of the conference re-1 port on the InJ.jn Arprepruti.m bill ' yesttrdav eliminating the provision, far a per capita payment I) the en-; rolled Choctaws living in Oklahonu, i was a magnificent victjry for the Mississippi delegation, led in the' House by Congressman Pat Harrison , L C . (I' ll anj in me senate cy senator v u-: ham, and ended a tight that had sted oer three months. The prospects ' '? the passaje of bill to reopen the nils and give the Mississippi Choctaw an oportumty by which t ) present ttieir claims fcr a participation in the funds uf the ibe are considered brighter than they have been since the rolls were osed in 1907. Congressman Har rison, who has waged a persistent ght in behalf of the M.ssissppi Choctaws ever since he came to Congress and who has a bill before Congress providing for a reopening of the rolls, is highly elated over the ictory just achieved and i-j confident that it will not be long until the Mississippi claimants are given an opportunity to present their claims. Speaking of the action of the con ferees in eliminating the distribution provision from the appropriation bill and the adoption of the report, Mr. Harrison today said: The action of the House and Senate in again eliminating the pro vision for a distribution of the funds of the Choctaw tribe among the Choctaws in Oklahoma means that legislation will be passed by Con gress taking care .of the Mississippi Choctaws. This action of Congress was due solely to the fact that no provision was made for the Missis sipi Choctaws, and that the reasons advanced in behalf of the Mississippi Choctaws being permitted to present their claims for enrollment were so powerful and convincing that the Eras EB MRS . BILL SiQETRACKEO. jGOCOROAOSASCRCPPRCDUCERS' There Will Be No Money Avail able to Continue Woxk on These Improvements. The Agricultural Output Of . County Depends Upon Its Highways. Washington, July o. (Special) Tne river and harbor jppr. prution bill, carrying x little over filty-thnt million dollars for waterway im provements, is in Minus danger, Senator Barton, of Ohio, and a small group of western sen.it '.s, having combined to Jvte.it the meas ure, if possible, which, according t) army engineers, is freer of "potk" or "graft" than any .similar bill in troduced in Congress,' since the adoption of the annual budget for rier and harbor improvements. Should it turn out that the bill fails to get through the Senate, a large number of extremely worthy projects will necessarily suffer, be cause there will be no money avail able to continue work on these im provementsin fact, work has al ready been suspended on a number of projects, and every day of delay in passing the bill will increase the number of suspensions. The Democratic caucus has now sidetracked the river and harbor bill until the anti-trust legislation, which President Wilson is urging with all the force at his command, shall have been disposeJ of. When this has been done it w ill be hard to hold a quorum of the Senate for any purpose. Unless the friends of waterways throughout the country shall urge their senators to stay long enough to pass the river and harbor bill it is likely to fail. Our Saving's Department Pays Interest e.i ee-y d I'.u '..7 s. ted thert .0 and compounds the 1 te tt S 'vi-a-mca 'y. The Most Discouraging Feature Is the Scarcity of Officers and Men. Washington, Aug. 6, (Special) Friends of the river and harbor appropriation bill, which has been "TwutthiColn sr x e a a Wit BolU) BUcb.Tui jvi Whita The f.f. dvuxyco. LTD. B.ff.UH.Y. HuikM.Oat. W i I. ill itwt list; House and Senate refused to author- '.e the distribution. "The Choctaws in Oklahoma now ought to be convinced that they can never participate in the funds that are held in trust for the tribe until their brothers in Mississippi have been justly dealt with by the government." With the fight on this bill won, several members of the Mississippi delegation may return home before the election as this has been one of the principal reasons for their re maining in Washington awaiting, while they have campaigns on back home. Wheat Crop, the Largest Yet Pro duced. The July 1 forecast of this year' wheat crop of the United States is o.W.000.000 bushels, the largest ever produced, exceeding last year's rron. which was itself a record crop, by about 167,000,000 bushels. The third crop in size is that of 1901, when 748.000,000 bushels was the estimate. The average production of the past five years was 686,000, 000 bushels. temporarily side-tracked in the Sen-! ate for anti-trust legislation, have agreed to make a superhuman ef fort to pass the bill at this session of Congress, rather than leave it to the mercy of the short session which convenes the first Monday in December. The supporters of the bill realize that it is going to be a herculean task to keep a quorum of either House in Washington after the anti trust bills are out of the way, but That an in-proved ro.id wii! in crease vastly the pr duU eness of the area through w hivh .t runs has now been satisfactorily demonstrated by studies conducted by the I'n.ted States Department of Agnculture in I'ginia. Conditions in Spotsylvania County were investigated ith par ticular care, and the results have proved surprising. In l'N this Country voted f UH.fH) to improve 40 miles ef ruJ. Two years a'tinny PntiniTiniie the completion of this work the rail-1 mi.Ji 1 . UUiJUl I IW ,1 J road took away in 12 months from Fredericksburg, the county seat, 71, 000 tons of agricultural and forest products hauled over the highways lo that town. Before the improve ment of the roads this total was only 40,000 tons annually; in Uher words. the quantity uf the county's produce had risen more than 45 per cent. Still more interesting, however, is the increase show n in the quantity of the dairy products. In VY these amounted to 111,815 pounds, in 1911 to 27J.0-H pounds, an increase of practically 140 per cent In two years. In the same time shipments of wheat had increased 5V per cent, tobacco 31 per cent, and lumber and otlwr forest products 48 per cent. In addition to this increase in quantity the cost of hauling each ton of produce was materially reduced. In other words, the farmers not only produced more, but produced more cheaply, for the Cost of transporta tion to market Is of course an Impor tant factor in the cost of production. From this point of view, it is esti mated that the $100,000 spent in improving the roads in Spotsylvania county saved the farmers of that county $11,000 a year. In the past two years the traffic studies of the Federal experts sho-v that approximately an average of 65, 000 tons of outgoing products were hauled over the improved roa,ds in the county an average distance of 8 miles, or a total of 520,000 "ton miles." Before the roads were im proved it was estimated that the average cost of hauling was 20 cents a "ton-mile;" after the improvement this fell to 12 cents a vton-mile," or a saving of 8 cents per mile on 250,000 "ton-miles" is $11,000 a year. The country's investment of $100 in other words returns a divi dend of 40 per cent annually. Because this saving, in cases of this character, does not take the form of cash put directly into the farmer's pocket there is a widespread tendency to belitve that it is fictit ious profit, w hile as a matter of fact it is just as real a source of profit as an increase h the price of wheat. In Dinwiddie county, Va., for ex Dopt s tors' funds are MCl'Hl l) by our C.irvf i! and Surplus of Jl.OUl.OU) js well as by the eorst-r-vat.sm of m:r ifuers and U a-d of ).rcvt.-rs. Your Savings Account is Cordially Invited. THE ClI! DM !UD TRUST COMPAHT Mobile. Alabama. IN VERA CRL'Z. ample, where peanuts are one of the they are going to try to pass the j staple crops, the average load for waterway bill while the conference , 0 mues on a main road was about on the trust measures are being j j(ooo pounds before the road was held, the Serite having made a improved. After its improvement was found to be number of radical changes in these measures since they left the House. It is anticipated that these confer ences will continue for at least two weeks, which the advocates of the river and harbor bill believe will give them ample time to put the bill through the Senate, even !f the majority has to resort to continuous sessions. So serious is the situation, how ever, that the representatives in Congress, whose districts are vitally TAUGHT NIM NEEDED LESSON Value of Perseverance Impressed on Spanish Boy in Manner That Made Right impression. Washington, Aug. 6, (Special) Army and navy officers may not always be satisfied with their or ders and duty, but for the most part thty go ahead and do their work with very little grumbling. The following extract from a letter written by an army officer at Vera Cruz, describes the attitude of most of the officers on duty in that city: "Duty in Vera Cruz ts not near ly as pleasant as our late fourteen months' camp in (i ilveston, des pite the fact that my regiment is not under canvas. F.vcrything is s,o indefinite and rumors are so numer ous and varied that one can't help but feel disappointed and Irritable at times. However, the most dis couraging feature is the scarcity of men. My company has tlnity-six men and three officers aggregate, and most of the other companies are about the same. It is too bad that we cannot have good-sized compa nies during the occupation, even though it is peaceful." Commenting on the contents of this letter, a member of the general staff, who has given a great deal of attention to the improvement of army conditions, remarked: "The statement indicates a deplorable con dition in respect to efficiency and organization. The minimum peace strength of a company of infantry is three officers and sixty-live men, and the war strength is three offi cers and 150 men. The regular brigade now at Vera Cruz went there under war condirions and hould have been raiseJ to war strength. There is something rad ically wrong with a system which will allow a company to be reduced in numerical strength until it is in efficient for purposes of peace train ing, and in this condition sent on an expedition which contemplates its use in war." CLASH OF MILITIAMEN RESULTS FATALLY. the average load 2,000 pounds, and the time con sumed in hauling the larger load to market was much reduced. In other words, one man with a wagon and two mules could do more than twice as much work with the improved road than with an unimproved road. This is the explanation of the ex traordinary rise in the total output of agricultural products in a county with a good road system. Civilian Mortally Wounded When Provost Attempts Arrest. Sim Rates for lay, Me nil July 5 THEMOBILE BUSINESS COLLEGE. Established in 1903. MOBILE. ALA. Double and Sltiirle Entry Bookkeeping, Pitman Shorthand (shortest system published), Touch TypewrHinu sod accessory branches. Thin ichnol bit modem equipment and Is under the personal manauement of eperlencei and trained teachers. Graduates placed In good posi tions. Uo tacaiious. Enter any time. Day and night sessions MRS. C: O. MEUX. Principal Mobile Business College f.,.r.r.. CltvBnk Tru.t Co. Sn4fr rf -l I interested in waterway improve ments, have started a "back-fire" and in consequence senators are be ginning to receive telegrams from chambers 'of commerce, boards of trade and other commercial bodies to say nothing of prominent citizens in the communities affected, calling for the passage of the bill. Even Natchez, Miss., Aug, 2 George Hammock, who was shot early Sun day when Sergeant James Wilson of Company I, Vicksburg, was trying to arrest Private Hay Fisk, of Com pany L, Scooba, died. Wilson and Fisk are in jail. Wilson was on provost duty at the Mississippi State militia encamp ment, and charged that FisK bad extended his leave without authority. In a tussle between Wilson and Fisk a revolver was fired, and Hammock, a bystander, was struck by the bullet. When Wilson ordered Fisk under arrest the latter declared himself the better man, starting toward Wilson in a threatening manner. Some wit nesses say Wilson attempted to strike revolver and accidentally There is a medieval legend of a Spanish buy who was dull at school and who was so much discouraged by the severity of his teachers that he ran away fiom home. Alter he had wandered a long ay he was tired and sat down to rest on the margin of a well. As he sat there Ins eye fell upon the stone well curb and he began to wonder how it hap pened that there were deep grooves across ths stone. He asked an ex planation uf a girl w ho came to draw water, and was amaed to learn that the groove had not been cut in the stone by men, but had been worn there by the constant nrbbing of the rope which held the water bikket. The little circumstance sank deep into his mind. He argued that if soft rope could loue its wjy through a hard stone, then there was noth ing that could nut be accomplished by perseverance, and he learned his first lesson mi the meaning and value of nient.il discipline. He returned to his father's house and to the school from which he had fled, and proved the same truth in his own case, for he not only passed through school with credit, but became a great teacher a d preacher- Some of us are quickei tnan others, but tut always is mere quickness a sign of superiority. Slow, plodding perseverance will of ten outdo quickness that is easily discomag'-d. ,, REAL HOME FOB THE HOLE Bverett P. Dahlgreen, the mil lionaire opponent of woman suffrage said at a suffrage del ate in Boston: "I always declare that woman shouldn't enter politics 'til she's ful filled all her prior duties. " 'Prior duties! Prior duties! So ( a young lady inockeJ me one day. 'Wh it do you mean by these "prior tduti' S that you are aUays talking about, Mr. Dahlgreen?' So thf-n told the young lady this story: "Once upon a time a little hole was born; and it looked around to see where it should take up its abode. "It first decided on a window, but a man came straightway and put in a new pane. It next chose a chair seat, but the housewife sent for a caner, and in a jiffy a new seat was put in the chair. The hole now selected a baby's rattle, and the baby was so pleased that it be gan to tear the rattle to pieces, and the pwr hole, half craed with fright had just time to escape. It tiirew Itself, more dead than alive, into the first thing that came to hand. which happened to be the sock of a suffragist's husband. "There, at least, the hole seems to have found a real home. Its peace has not been troubled from the be ginning, six months ago." t unit SI. CHIRKS HOTEL Patcagoula, Mississippi delegations are on their way to i Washington from different parts of i with a the country, seeking to hasten the' pressed the trigger; others say he j legislation which is imperatively nec-. leveled it. The cartridge was.ex esnary to keep the work of rivers ploded and the bullet missed Fisk and harbors improvements moving, and struck Hammock. kst AccsmnwdattMt. Horn Comforts Tl) btt Tho M.rktt AHorts Special Ratss E. E. KREBS, Prop.