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O. M. DAVIS. PUBLISHER AND MANACtK.
PASOAGOULA, MISSIS3I1TI, FRIDAY, AU(!lST 21. 11)14. VOIi. 70. NO. lis YOU GET THE ADVANTAGE Knowing Low to buy, what to Imy and when to l.ny, places us in just the right itosition to till tout every want in the (HIOCKKY LINK, bo it for Staple or Fancy (5ood.", or the Choicest Delicacies. L P. DEJEAN & SON C TELEPHONE 04, xooooocooo THE RIVERS AND HARBORS BILLl Washington, Aug., 19 1914. As might have been expected, work on many important waterway pro jects is being suspended, the men employed laid off and in some cases machinery is already showing signs of rust and disintegration be cause of the failure of Congress to p iss the pending river and harbor bill. When the estimates of the Engineer Corps were submitted to the Committee on Rivers and Har bors of the House early in the present session, (all money bills having to originate in that body, under the Constitution), they were based on the assumption that there would be a river and harbor act each year, the act passed during the long session to become a law not later than June 30. and that passed during the short session to become a law not later than March 1. Now that Congress has seen fit to put off the passage of the annual river and harbor bill, at least up to the present, there is nothing left to the Engineer Corps in charge of the several works on rivers and harbors but to suspend operations, where there is no money available to con tinue such operations, disrupt the forces and lay up the machinery, which, according to expert testi mony, is much more costly than hen said machinery is in operation. Should Congress adjourn without passing a river and harbor bill, it would seriously handicap at least one-third of the projects carried in the bill and in many cases work would have to come to a comelete standstill, thereby entailing a postive loss of time and a serious inter ference to navigation which works a decided hardship to both shippers and consumers. Milk Bottle Clearing House Should Be Established In Large Cities. From figures submitted by forty dealers to the Department of Agri culture, a milk bottle will last from six to fifty trips, the average being 22 1-2 trips. If these estimates represent average conditions, the average dealer would have to obtain a new supply of bottles every 22 1-2 days. If he delivers 10,000 bottles a day and they cost him 3 1-2 cents each, his daily expense for bottles would be $15.00 or $5,575.75 year, which is going some. In the opinion of the Department not all or these bottles are lost or broken; many of them have merely stayed. Some of the bottles get into the hands of other dealers and some are dumped into the ash barrel which has suggested that milk bottle clearing houses be established in the large cities in order that the losses in bottles may be reduced to the minimum. M)iet))Mtto); Oeettitt Cwrt Heme PNne 111 9 ni visdi a unixi AND CAFE The Quality Restaurant OPEN DAY AND NIGHT Trantient Trade Solicited. PISH AND OYTriPt. f C?!l SPECIALTY PASCAOOULA . - W88I88IPPI teee - OF Ol'R KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE. 81 and 110. IHE ALCRIC-VREELAND BILL Twenty millions of dollars in national bank notes every twenty four hours is the record of the pro duction of the Bureau of Printing and Engraving, the currency thus issued being authorized by the Aldrich-Vreeland bill, which per mits the Secretary of the Treasury, in an emergency, to accept state, municipal and industrial bonds as security for national bank notes. Under the terms of that act, which is today looked upon as one of the greatest pieces of constructive states manship accomplished in this gener ation, the total which the treasury may issue under the act amounts to the enormous sum of one billion, two hundred million dollars. These notes are full legal tender and are being distributed to banks through out the country as rapidly as the presses can produce the money and the Secretary's office can ship it to the applicants. "Had it not been for this act and preparedness of the department to turn out the emergency currency with promptness and dispatch," said Joseph E. Ralph, director of the Bureau of Engraving and Print ing, "a frightful monetary panic might have occurred." Apropos of Mr. Ralph, who has been "on the Job" twenty out of twenty-four hours every day for the past week looking after the work of turning out this new money, his wife said to him the other morning, "Dear, I would like to have ten dollars. I see several enticing bar gains advertised at the stores and now is the time to buy." "Joe skirmished around through his pockets and finally fished up 111.75, all the money he had. "Isn't that the irony of fate," Ralph remarked to his better half, only a dollar and seventy-five cents and I made a million in the last hour." Why Not Tag Mississippi Bachelors? A great many State legislatures have given consideration to bills taxing bachelors and many convinc ing arguments have been presented why men who escape matrimony should pay a penalty, but why not tag them as a more painless and ef fective method of extermination? the bachelors were tagged the widows could easily find them and Cupid would do the rest. The bachelor is naturally timid, but under the encouraging influences of a merry widow he can easily be fed to the altar, for there is no more helpless craft afloat than a lovesick swain who has passed the age of discretion, and the little imp that plays ping.pong with human hearts has no more capable ally than woman who loves at second sight for exnerience makes Cupid subtle and bold. The women have tag days to pro mote most every other public enter piise, and why not a tag day tor bachelors? We have in Mississippi approximately fifty thousand bach pln and an pntial number of widows. Why not get them to gether and solve two vexatious emblems with one marriace license? ramini.1 Economic experts of the Federal Government are giving the high Cost of living problem thoughtful consid eration and are ineiigitmg the high prices of meat. The IVepart ment of Agriculture ha just com pleted a census of the meat-producing animals of the UniteJ States nd finds that there ha been a de crease of 4.1&UHK) heaJ anJ an in crease of (17f.5.ViX) in value uring tlie past year On January . 1V14, the herJ numbered 144,- 507 .(XXI, compared a ith 1 8.rVJ0.000 head a year ago. The bulk of the nation decreas ed meat supply is in the sw ine herd. Compared with last year the num- ber of hogs in the United States has iminished 2,185,000 head; cattle 175.000 head and sheep 1.7rtJ,000 head. The major portion of the in-1 creased values is credited to the beef I animals. The value of all cattle, excluding milch cows, wheti com pared with last year, shows an In crease of $166,688,000; swine have gamed $9,842,000 in value, while sheep have depreciated $1,476,000. ong Hours And Short Pay For Mississippi Farm Laborers. Washington, D. C. Aug., 19, Mississippi farm laborers are among the most poorly paid in the United States. The farm laborers of this State work on an average of 9 hours and 47 minutes per day, according I to a report which has lust been is- iHlhtr'tlillnirp.1 ct,t,. rw,rt. i . . . ' I ...cm u, AK.H.UHUIC. mere are ... I ....I... T over 400,000 laborers employed on the farms of Mississippi and the average monlhlv comnensalkin is l I m .ill, hr.l n.i 10 fj if h. ' , " . " r i-uv.ci uuaius iiiiiiscii. I nc average age tor tarm labor in Continental United states is $13.85 per month with board and 119.97 withnuH board. One Worried Statesman. Senator "Ollie" James was one worried statesman during the first week of the war horror in Europe. Mrs. James is among . those Ameri cans marooned somewhere on the disturbed continent. Mrs. Jamei has given her husband great con cern for a long time, for she was in very precarious health for months after he reached the lime light" stage. It was, in (act. only last winter thai she seemed to regain her normal strength and spirits and her trip to Europe was to recuperate from the rather strenuous months of the social life during the first winter of the Democratic administration. m m m WILL CONTINUE INDUSTRY. Manufacture of Turpentine Will Not Be Stopped By War. Blloil.Mlm., Aug. 16. Although tbe turpentine Industry along the MlstUtippi Gulfcoatbat been curtailed, It will go forward de eplte the Europeeo war u a result of action taken by reureeenUUvee of tbe oaval ttores at a meeting beld recent ly. 0. a Prlngle, A. II. Smith, 0 H. HoTey and L M. DanUler, all of thli city, tlated that itepe would be taken lo other parte of the tioutb ae well at In Hlluxl toward Increasing a demand for the article in other countrlee not affected by the war. J unt enough meo will be employed lo keep the In dustry going, and pay dvyt will be poavponeo unw. o ..v-.u , rn a ....a M.e eTe)kAm Id aaA tklitiil m bm ill . . i, .. I The output of the large plant a will not be affected to any appreciable ex. lent, but the tale of tbe product will be greatly curtailed. Toe market hat been cut Into, but thote lo potlllon to know claim that good management will tare tbe Industry from being e- varely demoralized. Not a berrel of turpentine or rosin haa been ebipped from Ibe Gulf porta loce tbe war be gan. KMm Cnh$ gated. Tan" Stick anee eld UuU kuw were like ereetloa caade out of noth ing and very good; 4 aaother Aateft lean writer Oina coajnfated tbe ?er "to kiaa." iae, la ktae; revwe. te klae acala; etarlkoa. to felaa ttkwl regard to aembera; aylUtme, to ktea tDa kanda Inataad of the flee; MaaP boa, to klae Uie wrong penon; erbwa. to kiaa la the dark; wmBibva, to klal Nation Facinj Meat every one In the room.' T I iurt!f iu riPir mm mm. Champion Gams Cock Didn't Hate I lick-in W)tfc Old Bald " Heal New York ller!a. The HoerKr, Cep. Hvprr, Hnt- lh tteaoithlp, mlWtt jrtlerdajr ley et the Amerlcte Bier. Twtupkin.tillr. bruunht rmm the IV K.it e jtrn cuoceratag tcverel I'biud Suit In Umrrojeo In Mantle, ime beld breritd eegle, one Filipino gime cork end teTeral gullelett F1ilpl. According tu the '"M tlie K.vrfh'. omcert eel to 4 ockii Hum it M nllle. Al tbry enUrrd the eurhKuce V" Mi ' t'it uf r"",i J.T !. ' ' T"' .,., . ' importance. During thin time mutt oldter kepi atcrlog until there were wore ibta hundred Id the Incio-ut. . Finally a Filipino, peering under bl ew a beautiful fowl, ttrpptd into the piece eod nude ao announcement tbet caused much delictum. "Tbel't the chtmploB bird around bere," ibe eergeeat told Ibe llovtilc's people. "Ile't beetci everything tbi bat bees, put up agelaal blm, but nn be'e going to let htl It coming to blm, bere got,'' and 'he clambered down tola Ibe plate. The owner of the game eock bad Jus floUbed challenging ell comer. when the sergeant, ' be' under his arm, clembered down betide blm end dumped lie eootente oo the ground. The eootente conaiated of one. bird, tba moat disreputable fowl Hut any on 10 M assemblage tr laid eye on- a "owi or oer.aion greeie-1 me aoDearaece of the etranite obleet u it .uggered to IU feet and taxed about The Flllploo readily agreed lotuatch ht beautiful bird egalntt Vie that i . . . ....... ........ ' reamert tint uunuied in th P'6- n1,,1. F" wero put on both bird, end thr wne efltOM0ther0t ihe American bird hook his Irgt couple of timet, then huddled tKNln The Filipino cock eaw tbe other fowl and welked aboot Mm a couple of time, llieo, lowering hit bead, mnk In2 a tlclout ruo for biro. Tbe Amrr- lean bird went rolllog atthetbock, picked hlinelf up, and agalo com P0 blmeelf. t. T ,7'no . ra. " " I uinj, kun biiue kue riiarp Bieeit nrn- 108 hon,e- 0ut of ll'eUi' ot reetb- ere lerge cnw reicnea oui, pinning the Fllltilnn rhimnliin tu Lhll annlind. Then a bead ibot rlclouily fmtn tbe dlrtr ruffled plumage of tbe American bt rd, curved beak grasped the head of the gamecock and wreocbed It from lie body. "Hot till I law that head aod beak la action did 1 realize luit what it was," eald ooe of the Ho erlc'e offl- " llln h ,of- "Tb" Yankee eoldiera had dipped lo a bald beaded eagle. They told me after ward It wat their regimental siatcot The Flllpleoe were a tore lot, but tbey paid up." Diseases Play Havoc With Mississippi Hogs. Dlteaae caused tbe twine breeders nf Ulululnnl tn liM 1.. ROII hnl I i iiii wv. i"v, i i,m,m latt year, accord 1 log to a report wblcb baa Jutt been laeued by the Department of Agrlcul tore. Thla la so average death rate of 104 per 1000 bead- During 1IJ the ratio wai 1"4 per 1000 bead and a total of 228,200 bead were lost. The latett Ceotus Report, wblcb are dated Jan uary 1, 1914, sbowt that there are 1,447,000 bead of bogs In MlntlMlppl and tbey are valued at 1 1,83,000, or 18.10 per bead. Italian Marriage Brokers, la Italy ataniag brokers are a reinlar InetlWtion. Tkr Bare pock- etbooae flll4 with the namee of er- rtafloaMe ataidoM la rarkma rankt of Ufa. and go about trying to trrtun BsaUkaa. When they are awceeaertil , they reeetre a eoeamlaatos. and Tory likely aometkiag ettra as voluntary gift from thoSr ratomer. (! tW lf I J ( millione ; l BLACK II J f' I !. of.hoee ; The Direct Benefit to the United States Win Be to Make the People Realize the Value of Its Resources. Washington, Aug. ltf. "A Jirevt benefit to the United States from the European war will be its effect in nuking the people of this country realize to a great extent the value ot its mineral resources," saij Franklm k. l ane, Secretary n the Interior, in an interview. "It is entirely possible to so utilie tlue resource and evfand our industries that the label 'Made in America' w ill become familiar in our own foreign markets." "Of an importance second only to that of the food supply," said Mr. Lane, "is the supply of mineral products necessary to meet the re quirements of Twentieth century civilization. One of the first effects of the ar has been to make us re alize the interdependence of nations in the matter of food supply. Most of the countries now at war are de pendent upon importation of food stuffs, and we have cause for self congratulation in the United States that we are able to feed ourselves. What we possibly have not so fully realized is that we are nearly as in dependent in the possession of es seniial mineral resources,' and that tie interference with manufacturing caused by interruption of the flow of raw materials, may be overcome al most wholly by development of ne glected resources in our country." "Do you mean," Mr. Ijine was asked, "that the United States can make itself independent of the rest of the world in the world in its manufactures'" "Very largely," asserted the Sec retary. "The main difficulties to be overcome are in the rearrangement of the distribution system necessary to establish this independence. Busi ness is established along certain well marked channels, and usually fol lows the line of least resistance. It has been easier, and perhaps cheaper, to import mineral products and ma tenals from other countries than to go to the trouble and expense of de veloping our own resources of the same nature. Forced to the latter course by suspension of commerce with other courtrrs, I believe that American enterprise and energy will almost at once turn to the develop ment of the native resources, rather than permit production to lag and supply to be diminished in any in dustry. "For the maintenance of agricul ture, for instance, we rely more and more largely upon mineral fertilizers The three essential plant foods 'ere potash, nitrogen and phosphorus the latter used generally in the form of phosphates. We have depended, with the rest of the world, very largely upon the mines of Germany for our supply of potash salts, and war has cut off this supply, but we have large deposits of potash in a California reserve which can be im mediately opened and developed if a sources of material. There are other bill now before Congress to make' international contributions, though, these supplies available is enacted' in the steel industry. We have de r.l.ili hf,l J a practical world rtionoo- Pended largely upon the island of olv of the most readily available ni trogen in its great nitrate beds, and not only the manufacture of agri- cultural fertilizers but also of many firearms is made. Or to-make an kinds of high explosives, have been other metal, European smelters', using made dependent upon the Chilean Our Savings Department Pays littered on aery J.!!ar deputed thenm and compounds the interest Sem. -annually. tX'positors' funds are M Cl'Pt.h by .tir Op-u! and Sorplas of fl.mn.iim as well as by the c-ovr-atism of our officers ami H arj of D revt us. Your Savings Account is OrJully Invited. IHf CUT B1I AH D TRUST COMPAHT Mobile, AlAbixniA. supply of nitrates. If tins supply should he cut off, a new supply would h ive to be found or manu factures and agriculture would suf fer. Port u. lately tins new supply is at hand. We can draw nitrogen from the air and fix it with hi.ie by the use of large and cheap eWitric.il development, us is done at Niagara Kalis and in Norway, and all that is necessary to pave the way to tins electrical development is the passage by Congress of the Ferris bill now I: .. i .i. : pruning, wiueii win niawe possipie the utilization of the great unused w ater powers of the Western States. The Southern States have for ... years largely supplied the world w ith phosphates, but because of the listribution system, a lare part of lis supply has gone to Europe, and much of the phosphates used jn the Western States have been imported icross the Pacific. We have some ,0(X),0(X) acres of phosphate lands in tne West lying near the smelters from which is produced the sulphuric acid necessary to convert these phos phates into form available for plant Hid, and still there is no law by which these phosphate deposits can be made commercially available, al though a bill w hich would allow of their immediate development has been favorably reported by the Pub ic Lands Committee of the House of Representatives, and is awaiting the approval of the House and Senate." Will these resources lie developed f these laws are passed?" the Sec retary was asked. Of course they will," he replied. 'You can depend upon American enterprise and ambition to make good when it is given an opportunity. At present these deposits and re sources are locked up out of use. To open them to use when the sup ply from other countries is cut off means to make American industries using these materials independent of the rest of the world, and business men will not neglect the opportunity to make our industries safe Irom the interruptions of war we are now experiencing." What other industries are there now dependent npon the products of other countries, which can be tpade independent?" Mr. I.ane was asked. "The steel industry, for one," he replied. "Manganese is of large im importance to this industry, and the largest supply of ore comes from Russia and other countries with which crommece is now paralyzed. There are large deposits in South America which have not been de veloped, but it is not necessary even go so far away as that. We have creat stores of manganese in this country which has been largely un touched because it is somewhat in ferior in quality. To bring this home supply into use means merely adop tion of methods for its purification, which are known and can be sue cessfully used, and then we can continue making manganese steel without regard to foreign wars or - ' Ceylon for the graphite used in the manufacture of the cVucibles in w hich crucible steel ipr edge tools and small,? in part Chinese and Mexicam ores' have in late years fornisheJ much of the woi Id's supply of antimony. which is used in making type metal, and also medicinally. War has paralyzed the production of antimony in England (at Newcastle), and prices have gone up. Antimony, how ever, is easily extracted from many ow grade ores which we have in great cpiantities in at least seven Slates, and there is no reason why we slumlJ not mako this extraction and be independant of other coun tries, both as to supply and prices, Similar conditions hold in the case of arsenic. "A large tonnage of ferromangin ese alloys comes from Germany and England. It is only in the last ten years that we have freed ourselves fiou) aieily's monopolistic control of the" sulphur supply. Flint pebbles are common and the supply lame enough in the United States, but for-such nn apparently unimportant ' prixluct as thes in the tine giinding of cement and ores, we have been depending upon the ilulk ilitls of England, I lemur l mid France. Ores and mineral freight depend al most wholly upon the tramp steamer, a carrier of foreign parentage. Now the tiamp steamer has taken to cover, and all kinds of ocean freight, especially low grade freight, will be held up and its carriage almost en tiiely suspended during the war." Will this suspension mean dis aster to our industries?" "Not disaster, but inevitable in terruption to some extent," replied Mr. I.ane. "It means that suddenly materials upon which great indus- bies depend, must be obtained from other sources. Impoiters, Consumeis and manufacturers are making anx ious inquiries as to where they may fin J in the United States supplies of crude m iterials to replace the foreign supplies now shut off. This is the opportunity of the United States to free itself from dependence of its in dustries upon other countries, and business men are awakening to this fact. Th'y on to the government for aid in finding now' sources of material with which to to keep the factories open and in operation. When they have found the domestic supply and begin its use, they will not return to dependence upon the foreign supply, and thereafter good or bad times in the United States, so far as the maintenance of indus tries are concerned, w ill be more in dependent of foreign complications." "What is the government doing to aid industry in these matters." "All it can do under present laws," replied the Secretary. "The Nation's greatest natural resources are a part of the public domain, and tinder the charge of the Interior department. The annual reports of the mineral re sources of the United States pub lished by the United States Geologi cal Survey for the last thirty years, (nl Inued un Last IWr) tTtTTTTTTTTtTTTTt r t r T r m t t r unn ST. CUBIES HOTEL Pascagoula, Mississippi But Acotmmodatteni. Home Catnttrtt The lart Tne Nartvt Aflnrtt Ipeeial Rant E. E. KREBS, Prop. H I t ! f I , t ( 1 1 !::'i t ; i r , - t