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The Pascagoula democrat-star. (Pascagoula, Miss.) 1878-1920, August 21, 1914, Image 1

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O. M. DAVIS. PUBLISHER AND MANACtK.
PASOAGOULA, MISSIS3I1TI, FRIDAY, AU(!lST 21. 11)14.
VOIi. 70. NO. lis
YOU GET THE
ADVANTAGE
Knowing Low to buy, what to Imy and when to
l.ny, places us in just the right itosition to till tout
every want in the (HIOCKKY LINK, bo it for
Staple or Fancy (5ood.", or the Choicest Delicacies.
L P. DEJEAN & SON
C TELEPHONE 04,
xooooocooo
THE RIVERS AND HARBORS BILLl
Washington, Aug., 19 1914.
As might have been expected, work
on many important waterway pro
jects is being suspended, the men
employed laid off and in some
cases machinery is already showing
signs of rust and disintegration be
cause of the failure of Congress to
p iss the pending river and harbor
bill. When the estimates of the
Engineer Corps were submitted to
the Committee on Rivers and Har
bors of the House early in the
present session, (all money bills
having to originate in that body,
under the Constitution), they were
based on the assumption that there
would be a river and harbor act
each year, the act passed during
the long session to become a law not
later than June 30. and that passed
during the short session to become
a law not later than March 1.
Now that Congress has seen fit to
put off the passage of the annual
river and harbor bill, at least up to
the present, there is nothing left to
the Engineer Corps in charge of the
several works on rivers and harbors
but to suspend operations, where
there is no money available to con
tinue such operations, disrupt the
forces and lay up the machinery,
which, according to expert testi
mony, is much more costly than
hen said machinery is in operation.
Should Congress adjourn without
passing a river and harbor bill, it
would seriously handicap at least
one-third of the projects carried in
the bill and in many cases work
would have to come to a comelete
standstill, thereby entailing a postive
loss of time and a serious inter
ference to navigation which works a
decided hardship to both shippers
and consumers.
Milk Bottle Clearing House Should
Be Established In Large
Cities.
From figures submitted by forty
dealers to the Department of Agri
culture, a milk bottle will last from
six to fifty trips, the average being
22 1-2 trips. If these estimates
represent average conditions, the
average dealer would have to obtain
a new supply of bottles every 22 1-2
days. If he delivers 10,000 bottles
a day and they cost him 3 1-2 cents
each, his daily expense for bottles
would be $15.00 or $5,575.75
year, which is going some.
In the opinion of the Department
not all or these bottles are lost or
broken; many of them have merely
stayed. Some of the bottles get
into the hands of other dealers and
some are dumped into the ash barrel
which has suggested that milk
bottle clearing houses be established
in the large cities in order that the
losses in bottles may be reduced to
the minimum.
M)iet))Mtto);
Oeettitt Cwrt Heme PNne 111 9
ni visdi a unixi
AND CAFE
The Quality Restaurant
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT
Trantient Trade Solicited.
PISH AND OYTriPt.
f C?!l SPECIALTY
PASCAOOULA . - W88I88IPPI
teee -
OF Ol'R
KNOWLEDGE
AND
EXPERIENCE.
81 and 110.
IHE ALCRIC-VREELAND BILL
Twenty millions of dollars in
national bank notes every twenty
four hours is the record of the pro
duction of the Bureau of Printing
and Engraving, the currency thus
issued being authorized by the
Aldrich-Vreeland bill, which per
mits the Secretary of the Treasury,
in an emergency, to accept state,
municipal and industrial bonds as
security for national bank notes.
Under the terms of that act, which
is today looked upon as one of the
greatest pieces of constructive states
manship accomplished in this gener
ation, the total which the treasury
may issue under the act amounts to
the enormous sum of one billion,
two hundred million dollars. These
notes are full legal tender and are
being distributed to banks through
out the country as rapidly as the
presses can produce the money and
the Secretary's office can ship it to
the applicants.
"Had it not been for this act and
preparedness of the department to
turn out the emergency currency
with promptness and dispatch,"
said Joseph E. Ralph, director of
the Bureau of Engraving and Print
ing, "a frightful monetary panic
might have occurred."
Apropos of Mr. Ralph, who has
been "on the Job" twenty out of
twenty-four hours every day for the
past week looking after the work of
turning out this new money, his
wife said to him the other morning,
"Dear, I would like to have ten
dollars. I see several enticing bar
gains advertised at the stores and
now is the time to buy." "Joe
skirmished around through his
pockets and finally fished up 111.75,
all the money he had.
"Isn't that the irony of fate,"
Ralph remarked to his better half,
only a dollar and seventy-five
cents and I made a million in the
last hour."
Why Not Tag Mississippi
Bachelors?
A great many State legislatures
have given consideration to bills
taxing bachelors and many convinc
ing arguments have been presented
why men who escape matrimony
should pay a penalty, but why not
tag them as a more painless and ef
fective method of extermination?
the bachelors were tagged the
widows could easily find them and
Cupid would do the rest. The
bachelor is naturally timid, but
under the encouraging influences of
a merry widow he can easily be fed
to the altar, for there is no more
helpless craft afloat than a lovesick
swain who has passed the age of
discretion, and the little imp that
plays ping.pong with human hearts
has no more capable ally than
woman who loves at second sight
for exnerience makes Cupid subtle
and bold.
The women have tag days to pro
mote most every other public enter
piise, and why not a tag day tor
bachelors? We have in Mississippi
approximately fifty thousand bach
pln and an pntial number of
widows. Why not get them to
gether and solve two vexatious
emblems with one marriace license?
ramini.1
Economic experts of the Federal
Government are giving the high Cost
of living problem thoughtful consid
eration and are ineiigitmg the
high prices of meat. The IVepart
ment of Agriculture ha just com
pleted a census of the meat-producing
animals of the UniteJ States
nd finds that there ha been a de
crease of 4.1&UHK) heaJ anJ an in
crease of (17f.5.ViX) in value
uring tlie past year
On January
. 1V14, the herJ numbered 144,-
507 .(XXI, compared a ith 1 8.rVJ0.000
head a year ago.
The bulk of the nation decreas
ed meat supply is in the sw ine herd.
Compared with last year the num-
ber of hogs in the United States has
iminished 2,185,000 head; cattle
175.000 head and sheep 1.7rtJ,000
head. The major portion of the in-1
creased values is credited to the beef I
animals. The value of all cattle,
excluding milch cows, wheti com
pared with last year, shows an In
crease of $166,688,000; swine have
gamed $9,842,000 in value, while
sheep have depreciated $1,476,000.
ong Hours And Short Pay For
Mississippi Farm Laborers.
Washington, D. C. Aug., 19,
Mississippi farm laborers are among
the most poorly paid in the United
States. The farm laborers of this
State work on an average of 9 hours
and 47 minutes per day, according I
to a report which has lust been is-
iHlhtr'tlillnirp.1 ct,t,. rw,rt.
i . . . ' I
...cm u, AK.H.UHUIC. mere are
... I ....I... T
over 400,000 laborers employed on
the farms of Mississippi and the
average monlhlv comnensalkin is
l I m .ill, hr.l n.i 10 fj if h.
' , " . " r
i-uv.ci uuaius iiiiiiscii. I nc average
age tor tarm labor in Continental
United states is $13.85 per month
with board and 119.97 withnuH
board.
One Worried Statesman.
Senator "Ollie" James was one
worried statesman during the first
week of the war horror in Europe.
Mrs. James is among . those Ameri
cans marooned somewhere on the
disturbed continent. Mrs. Jamei
has given her husband great con
cern for a long time, for she was in
very precarious health for months
after he reached the lime light"
stage. It was, in (act. only last
winter thai she seemed to regain her
normal strength and spirits and her
trip to Europe was to recuperate
from the rather strenuous months of
the social life during the first winter
of the Democratic administration.
m m m
WILL CONTINUE INDUSTRY.
Manufacture of Turpentine Will
Not Be Stopped By War.
Blloil.Mlm., Aug. 16.
Although tbe turpentine Industry
along the MlstUtippi Gulfcoatbat
been curtailed, It will go forward de
eplte the Europeeo war u a result of
action taken by reureeenUUvee of tbe
oaval ttores at a meeting beld recent
ly. 0. a Prlngle, A. II. Smith, 0 H.
HoTey and L M. DanUler, all of thli
city, tlated that itepe would be taken
lo other parte of the tioutb ae well at
In Hlluxl toward Increasing a demand
for the article in other countrlee not
affected by the war. J unt enough
meo will be employed lo keep the In
dustry going, and pay dvyt will be
poavponeo unw. o ..v-.u ,
rn a ....a M.e eTe)kAm Id aaA tklitiil m bm ill
. . i, .. I
The output of the large plant a will
not be affected to any appreciable ex.
lent, but the tale of tbe product will
be greatly curtailed. Toe market hat
been cut Into, but thote lo potlllon
to know claim that good management
will tare tbe Industry from being e-
varely demoralized. Not a berrel of
turpentine or rosin haa been ebipped
from Ibe Gulf porta loce tbe war be
gan.
KMm Cnh$ gated.
Tan" Stick anee eld UuU kuw
were like ereetloa caade out of noth
ing and very good; 4 aaother Aateft
lean writer Oina coajnfated tbe ?er
"to kiaa." iae, la ktae; revwe. te
klae acala; etarlkoa. to felaa ttkwl
regard to aembera; aylUtme, to ktea
tDa kanda Inataad of the flee; MaaP
boa, to klae Uie wrong penon; erbwa.
to kiaa la the dark; wmBibva, to klal
Nation Facinj Meat
every one In the room.'
T I
iurt!f iu riPir
mm mm.
Champion Gams Cock Didn't Hate
I lick-in W)tfc Old Bald
" Heal
New York ller!a.
The HoerKr, Cep. Hvprr, Hnt-
lh tteaoithlp, mlWtt jrtlerdajr ley et
the Amerlcte Bier. Twtupkin.tillr.
bruunht rmm the IV K.it e jtrn
cuoceratag tcverel I'biud Suit In
Umrrojeo In Mantle, ime beld breritd
eegle, one Filipino gime cork end
teTeral gullelett F1ilpl.
According tu the '"M tlie K.vrfh'.
omcert eel to 4 ockii Hum it M
nllle. Al tbry enUrrd the eurhKuce
V" Mi ' t'it uf r"",i
J.T !. ' ' T"'
.,., . '
importance. During thin time mutt
oldter kepi atcrlog until there were
wore ibta hundred Id the Incio-ut. .
Finally a Filipino, peering under bl
ew a beautiful fowl, ttrpptd into the
piece eod nude ao announcement
tbet caused much delictum.
"Tbel't the chtmploB bird around
bere," ibe eergeeat told Ibe llovtilc's
people. "Ile't beetci everything tbi
bat bees, put up agelaal blm, but nn
be'e going to let htl It coming to
blm, bere got,'' and 'he clambered
down tola Ibe plate.
The owner of the game eock bad
Jus floUbed challenging ell comer.
when the sergeant, ' be' under his
arm, clembered down betide blm end
dumped lie eootente oo the ground.
The eootente conaiated of one. bird,
tba moat disreputable fowl Hut any
on 10 M assemblage tr laid eye
on- a "owi or oer.aion greeie-1 me
aoDearaece of the etranite obleet u it
.uggered to IU feet and taxed about
The Flllploo readily agreed lotuatch
ht beautiful bird egalntt Vie that
i . . . ....... ........
' reamert tint uunuied in
th P'6- n1,,1. F"
wero put on both bird, end thr wne
efltOM0ther0t
ihe American bird hook his Irgt
couple of timet, then huddled tKNln
The Filipino cock eaw tbe other fowl
and welked aboot Mm a couple of
time, llieo, lowering hit bead, mnk
In2 a tlclout ruo for biro. Tbe Amrr-
lean bird went rolllog atthetbock,
picked hlinelf up, and agalo com
P0 blmeelf.
t. T ,7'no . ra. " "
I uinj, kun biiue kue riiarp Bieeit nrn-
108 hon,e- 0ut of ll'eUi' ot reetb-
ere lerge cnw reicnea oui, pinning
the Fllltilnn rhimnliin tu Lhll annlind.
Then a bead ibot rlclouily fmtn tbe
dlrtr ruffled plumage of tbe American
bt rd, curved beak grasped the head
of the gamecock and wreocbed It from
lie body.
"Hot till I law that head aod beak
la action did 1 realize luit what it
was," eald ooe of the Ho erlc'e offl-
" llln h ,of- "Tb"
Yankee eoldiera had dipped lo a bald
beaded eagle. They told me after
ward It wat their regimental siatcot
The Flllpleoe were a tore lot, but
tbey paid up."
Diseases Play Havoc With
Mississippi Hogs.
Dlteaae caused tbe twine breeders
nf Ulululnnl tn liM 1.. ROII hnl
I i iiii wv. i"v, i
i,m,m latt year, accord
1
log to a report wblcb baa Jutt been
laeued by the Department of Agrlcul
tore.
Thla la so average death rate of 104
per 1000 bead- During 1IJ the ratio
wai 1"4 per 1000 bead and a total of
228,200 bead were lost. The latett
Ceotus Report, wblcb are dated Jan
uary 1, 1914, sbowt that there are
1,447,000 bead of bogs In MlntlMlppl
and tbey are valued at 1 1,83,000, or
18.10 per bead.
Italian Marriage Brokers,
la Italy ataniag brokers are a
reinlar InetlWtion. Tkr Bare pock-
etbooae flll4 with the namee of er-
rtafloaMe ataidoM la rarkma rankt of
Ufa. and go about trying to trrtun
BsaUkaa. When they are awceeaertil
, they reeetre a eoeamlaatos. and Tory
likely aometkiag ettra as voluntary
gift from thoSr ratomer.
(! tW lf I J ( millione ;
l BLACK II J f' I !. of.hoee ;
The Direct Benefit to the United
States Win Be to Make the
People Realize the Value
of Its Resources.
Washington, Aug. ltf.
"A Jirevt benefit to the United
States from the European war will
be its effect in nuking the people of
this country realize to a great extent
the value ot its mineral resources,"
saij Franklm k. l ane, Secretary n
the Interior, in an interview. "It is
entirely possible to so utilie tlue
resource and evfand our industries
that the label 'Made in America' w ill
become familiar in our own foreign
markets."
"Of an importance second only
to that of the food supply," said
Mr. Lane, "is the supply of mineral
products necessary to meet the re
quirements of Twentieth century
civilization. One of the first effects
of the ar has been to make us re
alize the interdependence of nations
in the matter of food supply. Most
of the countries now at war are de
pendent upon importation of food
stuffs, and we have cause for self
congratulation in the United States
that we are able to feed ourselves.
What we possibly have not so fully
realized is that we are nearly as in
dependent in the possession of es
seniial mineral resources,' and that
tie interference with manufacturing
caused by interruption of the flow of
raw materials, may be overcome al
most wholly by development of ne
glected resources in our country."
"Do you mean," Mr. Ijine was
asked, "that the United States can
make itself independent of the rest
of the world in the world in its
manufactures'"
"Very largely," asserted the Sec
retary. "The main difficulties to be
overcome are in the rearrangement
of the distribution system necessary
to establish this independence. Busi
ness is established along certain well
marked channels, and usually fol
lows the line of least resistance. It
has been easier, and perhaps cheaper,
to import mineral products and ma
tenals from other countries than to
go to the trouble and expense of de
veloping our own resources of the
same nature. Forced to the latter
course by suspension of commerce
with other courtrrs, I believe that
American enterprise and energy will
almost at once turn to the develop
ment of the native resources, rather
than permit production to lag and
supply to be diminished in any in
dustry.
"For the maintenance of agricul
ture, for instance, we rely more and
more largely upon mineral fertilizers
The three essential plant foods 'ere
potash, nitrogen and phosphorus
the latter used generally in the form
of phosphates. We have depended,
with the rest of the world, very
largely upon the mines of Germany
for our supply of potash salts, and
war has cut off this supply, but we
have large deposits of potash in a
California reserve which can be im
mediately opened and developed if a sources of material. There are other
bill now before Congress to make' international contributions, though,
these supplies available is enacted' in the steel industry. We have de
r.l.ili hf,l J a practical world rtionoo- Pended largely upon the island of
olv of the most readily available ni
trogen in its great nitrate beds, and
not only the manufacture of agri-
cultural fertilizers but also of many firearms is made. Or to-make an
kinds of high explosives, have been other metal, European smelters', using
made dependent upon the Chilean
Our Savings Department
Pays littered on aery J.!!ar deputed thenm and
compounds the interest Sem. -annually.
tX'positors' funds are M Cl'Pt.h by .tir Op-u!
and Sorplas of fl.mn.iim as well as by the c-ovr-atism
of our officers ami H arj of D revt us.
Your Savings Account is OrJully Invited.
IHf CUT B1I AH D TRUST COMPAHT
Mobile, AlAbixniA.
supply of nitrates. If tins supply
should he cut off, a new supply
would h ive to be found or manu
factures and agriculture would suf
fer. Port u. lately tins new supply is
at hand. We can draw nitrogen
from the air and fix it with hi.ie by
the use of large and cheap eWitric.il
development, us is done at Niagara
Kalis and in Norway, and all that is
necessary to pave the way to tins
electrical development is the passage
by Congress of the Ferris bill now
I: .. i .i. :
pruning, wiueii win niawe possipie
the utilization of the great unused
w ater powers of the Western States.
The Southern States have for
...
years largely supplied the world
w ith phosphates, but because of the
listribution system, a lare part of
lis supply has gone to Europe, and
much of the phosphates used jn the
Western States have been imported
icross the Pacific. We have some
,0(X),0(X) acres of phosphate lands
in tne West lying near the smelters
from which is produced the sulphuric
acid necessary to convert these phos
phates into form available for plant
Hid, and still there is no law by
which these phosphate deposits can
be made commercially available, al
though a bill w hich would allow of
their immediate development has
been favorably reported by the Pub
ic Lands Committee of the House
of Representatives, and is awaiting
the approval of the House and
Senate."
Will these resources lie developed
f these laws are passed?" the Sec
retary was asked.
Of course they will," he replied.
'You can depend upon American
enterprise and ambition to make
good when it is given an opportunity.
At present these deposits and re
sources are locked up out of use.
To open them to use when the sup
ply from other countries is cut off
means to make American industries
using these materials independent of
the rest of the world, and business
men will not neglect the opportunity
to make our industries safe Irom
the interruptions of war we are now
experiencing."
What other industries are there
now dependent npon the products
of other countries, which can be
tpade independent?" Mr. I.ane was
asked.
"The steel industry, for one," he
replied. "Manganese is of large im
importance to this industry, and the
largest supply of ore comes from
Russia and other countries with
which crommece is now paralyzed.
There are large deposits in South
America which have not been de
veloped, but it is not necessary even
go so far away as that. We have
creat stores of manganese in this
country which has been largely un
touched because it is somewhat in
ferior in quality. To bring this home
supply into use means merely adop
tion of methods for its purification,
which are known and can be sue
cessfully used, and then we can
continue making manganese steel
without regard to foreign wars or
- ' Ceylon for the graphite used in the
manufacture of the cVucibles in w hich
crucible steel ipr edge tools and small,?
in part Chinese and Mexicam ores'
have in late years fornisheJ much
of the woi Id's supply of antimony.
which is used in making type metal,
and also medicinally. War has
paralyzed the production of antimony
in England (at Newcastle), and
prices have gone up. Antimony, how
ever, is easily extracted from many
ow grade ores which we have in
great cpiantities in at least seven
Slates, and there is no reason why
we slumlJ not mako this extraction
and be independant of other coun
tries, both as to supply and prices,
Similar conditions hold in the case
of arsenic.
"A large tonnage of ferromangin
ese alloys comes from Germany and
England. It is only in the last ten
years that we have freed ourselves
fiou) aieily's monopolistic control of
the" sulphur supply. Flint pebbles
are common and the supply lame
enough in the United States, but
for-such nn apparently unimportant '
prixluct as thes in the tine giinding
of cement and ores, we have been
depending upon the ilulk ilitls of
England, I lemur l mid France.
Ores and mineral freight depend al
most wholly upon the tramp steamer,
a carrier of foreign parentage. Now
the tiamp steamer has taken to
cover, and all kinds of ocean freight,
especially low grade freight, will be
held up and its carriage almost en
tiiely suspended during the war."
Will this suspension mean dis
aster to our industries?"
"Not disaster, but inevitable in
terruption to some extent," replied
Mr. I.ane. "It means that suddenly
materials upon which great indus-
bies depend, must be obtained from
other sources. Impoiters, Consumeis
and manufacturers are making anx
ious inquiries as to where they may
fin J in the United States supplies of
crude m iterials to replace the foreign
supplies now shut off. This is the
opportunity of the United States to
free itself from dependence of its in
dustries upon other countries, and
business men are awakening to this
fact. Th'y on to the government
for aid in finding now' sources of
material with which to to keep the
factories open and in operation.
When they have found the domestic
supply and begin its use, they will
not return to dependence upon the
foreign supply, and thereafter good
or bad times in the United States,
so far as the maintenance of indus
tries are concerned, w ill be more in
dependent of foreign complications."
"What is the government doing
to aid industry in these matters."
"All it can do under present laws,"
replied the Secretary. "The Nation's
greatest natural resources are a part
of the public domain, and tinder the
charge of the Interior department.
The annual reports of the mineral re
sources of the United States pub
lished by the United States Geologi
cal Survey for the last thirty years,
(nl Inued un Last IWr)
tTtTTTTTTTTtTTTTt r t r T r m t t
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unn ST. CUBIES
HOTEL
Pascagoula, Mississippi
But Acotmmodatteni.
Home Catnttrtt
The lart Tne Nartvt Aflnrtt
Ipeeial Rant
E. E. KREBS, Prop.
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