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The Neshoba Democrat. (Philadelphia, Miss.) 1881-current, January 21, 1909, Image 1

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VOL 27.
A Common Economic
error.
For many veers it has been the
custom of Southern farmers to
make their crops upon the “ad
vance system” and while this lias:
been regarded as an economic
error on the side of the farmer,
by many merchants it. has been
thought that it was a very profi
table way of buying cotton.
The farmer realized that as a
matter of sa'e'y it was better to
make the food consumed by his
family and Ins stock upon the
farm rather than to purchase it
end especially when he had to
promise payment out of a crop
which (tad not as yet been made.
1 have been watching this phase
of country life in the South for
many years ami have come to the
conclusion that the “advance sys
tem” is jn<t as great a mistake
on the part of the merchant as it j
is on the part of the .farmer, for |
!he following reasons :
First, the merchant takes great j
risks, which, of course, he tries to j
cover by increased charges. Hut|
even though these charges are in-1
creased, the staples of life are not [
such articlcsas a high preceutage
of profit will adhere to, and-the j
merchant, is practially trading
gold for a promise to pay. If the I
crop fails, he is obliged to carry j
and carry and carry and possibly
may ultimately, as in thousands I
of cases} he obliged to take the;
farm, for which he has no use. j
and under boll weevil conditions |
is difliculfc to handle profitably j
upon a tenant . stem.
Under a cash system there}
will be a great reduction in tie
sales of some staple foods such as
bacon, potatoss beans, lard, veg
etables, canned goods, hay, corn
etc., all articles that carry low
profits. The farmer is rarely a
hoarder of money and if he saves j
two hndred dollars or m ire by
producing all his food supplies at
home he his that much moore to
spend when his crop is m ule, and
it is cash.
Fuller a cash system the farm
*
er will buy with his surplus more
dry-goods, clot lung, shoes, furni
ture, etc, for his family, better
teams, farm implinients, wagons,
buggies,-etc, on which there is
a much greater profit for the
merchant than on staple articles
of food. The merchant can turn
his money in thirty days, instead
of a year. Ten per cent clear
profit, turned monthly is better
than 120 per cent gain received
annually. Some oi the farmers
increased income goes into per
manent inprovment to enable the
farmer to produce more and
spend more annually.
Again, there is something
about raising cotton, tobacco, etc,
to pay a debt, that saps the vi
tality of the farmer and effects
the quality of his 1 tillage. It
really lowe.s the grade of farm
ing. if upon the other hand the
merchants will join with ns in
urging farmers to rase all their
food supplies and try to produce
by better tillage double the crop
per acre they now produce, the
result us it effects the merchant,
will be this :
All business will soon be on a
cash basis and the volume will be
three or four times as large from
the farmers alone. The advent
of more money will bring diversi
fied industiies amoimg the tann
ers and eventually will attract
manufactures to the to the mark
et. towns.
If there is idle farms iu th
county, instead of calling meet
ings for the purpose of raising
funds to secure immigration, call
meetings to encourage (he farm
ers who know the country aml
are loyal to it, to universally
adopt the following plan. First?
provide their own food supplies
• ram the term. Second, double
the ailverage product on every
acre under cultivation and let
each worker on the farm by the
use of better teams and tools, till
three times as many acres as at
present, not in one crop but in a
variety of diversilied and pjolita
ble crops. This would cause an
immediate . demand for more
land and would provide the
money to pay for it. This makes
every man on the farm more
teas six times the industrial
power he now is and gives him a
love for the farm. This is better
than to leave him in discourage
ment and secure immigrants to
to come and buy him out.
I should not speak so positively
only I have observed for a quart
er of a century that where the
Southern merchants h a v e
changed from an “advance sys
tem” to a cash system, they have
prospered very much more than
in former years and the number
of failures is immensely less. Of
course, it is not ment that there
should he no credits, but practi
cally there should be little neces
sity for them until the crop is
actually ready for the harvest then
trade becomes a cash transuciion.
Or better still, the farmer can
get his money from the bank and
pay hash in all cases, if there is
a lack of ready money.
The advance system bears down
upon the cot ton fanner with spe- i
cial hardship, llis crop is either
sold at once or is forced to t l, e !
gin and the warehouse so as to
secure loans. If thecotton farmer
is not forced to sell to raise nioey
or paydeptshe will store his crop
on his farm and market at his
lesure, which is in the interest of
all parties.
It appears to me. therefore,
that she fanners will immeasura
bly gain when he produces what
he has hitherto bought in the
way of living He is not compell
ed to sell his crop immediately
upon the harvest. When lie does
i sell lie trades for cash. The grea
| ter amount of money he has is
j very helpful to the family but
the stimulus to his self respect is
j perhaps!,!he most important item
to be considered. The ine.ichant
prospers by the greater volume oi
business and by the quick actum
of his money. It seems to me
that these points should be urged
upon all the people
8. A. Siia pp.
Special Agent m Charge, Far
mers’ Cooperative Uemuiist ration
\V oik.
CONNECTICUT BIRD PRESERVE.
Despite the fact that reports have
been circulated of late that the
commissioners of fisheries and game
Ipid secured 2,000 quail from Okla
homa and would place them on
'ferry island, near Suffield, Commis
sioner George T. Mathewson said re
cently that nothing has been done
about buying any quail as yet. It is
true, however, (hat the use of the
island, which contains about 135
acres, has been obtained by the com
mission and it is very likely that a
preserve will be established there.
Until 15 or 1(5 years ago the island
was inhabited by Clinton Terry, and
the bouse is still standing, and it
was from this place years ago that
a band of Second Adventists put on
their ascension robes and waited in
vain for the end of the world.—
Hartford Conran I.
The Next Door Neighbor.
An eastern man has started a hum
ming I lint farm, and perhaps we may
hear later that (he next door neighbor
lias put up a spite fence and appealed
te ttie police to relieve him from the
maddening effects of the constant
humpiing.
PHILADELPHIA. MISS.. THURSDAY. JANUARY 2!. tm
Cattle Ticks.
For “The Deocrat.”
Mr. Editor:
Heeause the Spleretic
or Texas fever is a weighty in
i' nb e s on th e . it atl 1 e
j industry ol eleven great states
| including Misaissippj.l have been
led to w rite an open letter for
the Democrat in ahead, for the
j benefit of its readers and the
j public generally, is set forth
some important facts as to the
! cause, the immense cost,and the
remedy for this discontagous
bind most wasteful and costy nni
sanee.
TIIK CAI'SK.
About the cause there is now
no room for doubt or debate.
I lie one true cause is a micro
scopic germ, which, because invis
able to the naked eye, was for a
long time not ever suspected to
exist. Hut the great microscopes
in tlie bauds of most capable ex
perts, have settled the question
forever. And these posioimus
j germs have alone been earned
| and tranmitted by that peculiar
tick known to science as Margo
ropus Annulatus. It is a parasite
of domestic cattle. There is per
; haps forty different kinds of ticks
; mostly harmless, but this one is
tlie eiCtle snike of the entire
tick tribes. And these pestil
ence bearing ticks have been
spread and scattered all over ami
all through the south from the
Rio Grande, across which they
came on the backs of tide infect
ed long horned cattle into Texas
: 1 rom old Mexico, even to tin l
shores of the Chesapeake l>\ the
careless shipment and movement!
of the I ick :nfeeled call le and
by permitting such cattle to run
at large—and in no olh r wa\
in the world ! So much then lor
the true and only cause.
Tut: cost.
The cost, the utter wast, too
intolerable tax on the owners of
cattle, which is alone caused by
the evil work of Ihe cattle ticks
is in the aggregate something
appalling. The best estimate of
alilist skilled experts of the 1 . S.
Agricultural Department, altera
most painstaking investigation,
lixes this loss at $5.00 per head
lor all cattle below the I . S.
guarantiee line—and tins a
yearly loss. Now, as there are in
all the tick infected states of the
south about “O,(j()ti,(.00 head oi
horned cattle by the United
States Census, and of tiiis great
number about 2,000,000 are in
Mississippi, net result is that the
loss of the entire south annually
is about $100'1,000,Out), and Missis
sippi’s loss is the enormous mi
ol about x 10.000,00.) ! ihi■ is
deed appalling, it irtn . inn , •
t i*LU , elm liu\v tit hill.; '
W id) a great Ilian . c.. i..
very great numoer, do each
{lie Lown and die ol tin coiita .in
Ahd t Ills is ~ \t ) \ Jila a 1 a.:-
An and a still gaealer nuinbei
which do not rctnally die are u I
so injured and poisoned ami
stunted as to be of little or :io
value thereafter. And then
there is the-vast detereoralion in
the stock of cattle because, the
the prevalence of cattle ticks are
fast reducing the herds iuln a
rice of runts and stunts. We
can breed down by neglect and
carelessness faster and easier
than we can breed up. This too
is an immence loss. And there
is the vast loss from thousands
j upon tnousands of milk cows, not
Only iu the quantity of milk and
butter,but especially in the qual
ity, because no sick cow can give
milk lit for human food. Aml
(Continued on page 4.)
PATIKNCK. ; TOLERANCE AND TRIUMPH.
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ia!z<^Or-^T'- £?• vT”.s2r.Sl'2 1 ’ ' sti S j?.w
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||i S.H. STRIBLING, President. 10. P. 1 . \LI>, Viet ’ < a .... • . hier.
w fy*
I BANK OF PHILADELPHIA. I
\b ij\
$ Philadelphia, Miss. W
\il 1 if\
\t:J if\
HANKING SK RVIC I2. W
\ti in
R'nd<ors-nre lieeomin;:; im r ■ an i more llm ('nstadi ins of the Cos mis of (?}
the people, of 1 tot If lar..--' mid small m> -a ns. Tin -is due to wj<Jc'r ’ppre
eial ion of I lie value of'iankiny service, as il- : usefulness is extended T
and its in ! hods liecom > Hetter known. In t!ie rase of
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| THE BANK OF Pf iILADELPHIA, 3*
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| THE HOME BANK. THE BIGGEST BANK. |
$ THE STRONGEST BANK, THE BEST BANK, ff\
iti r}\
\sj( The Best service IS assured tn Kanm-rs and Merchants. Its OHieera
lii) aiin in every way tn pmlert the ail nI- of it- pal run . imikiny; use of ($\
\ljjl every means nj ealltinii. Ils up-tn . ite Vsteilli I ae< linn V. promptness firt
\s/ mid the sale, careful attention Id lan or: ii.a il depo.- it-r-.. it j,. a sale
\gt Hank, il is a hank ter the ] eopie—. i<• 1 1 and pour men. ■. omen and (f\,
\if child; m — 1* AKM F.K’S InS 1' ln< lAi.i If you !i \e n\ nankiny l>nst- ffs
\|/ ness tn transaet, CO.MK it) Til.", i:H { HANK iJU i l.!)I,\(!.
W tn
W fi ’| -j /..\ y■?<r>V -> 'i r f ■•. | \s■ ■> .-<• \f * , -a -. 1 f f(t
ii Ili & C i3cilr 1i v (;■ i tin s:ii in i ) 111 <\. m
'TL
'ds-Ti| i-- - '■*■' ■•--'T--’aS --i. - ' a -.yr. at v> ys.-as -x^
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itir
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ft M. l r . H( >IU! K US, Vi i'-I’ivs i’AlL.l. NIXi.V In- .) V. -■ A I U)l Nd.Cushior
iK-| (J. NV. ?.' T AI!S, Vi-.-Pres * 1. :cl)() id
f THp PIRQT NHTNWU RANK' I
|$ | I mIL I IAO I 1 ri S :*■■■/1
I OF PHILACiiLFr-EA. KiFi. ! i'
| —| I.
l[d ! i K<
h ; -very Farmer as we I! as every business man should •
M 1 ivi
!io. ip !♦. n;i J,' (• cO S1 e 1' ii.Ol
|[Jj iliciVw a wuJK clCwtilml) \t Si i. s p.i:
it*' 1
ji ... , , . ! Ml
i y I>K AI >! - i ; t • >'ir i nmii 'V i ■' s■ 11 ;i: i In- ■ |,.;i n nii,\ 1m• • [jJj
<1 fisc. I’n vine- vniir bills 1\ H, ,•;. is t In- sis mAsi am! umisi fd
• '< ’ . 1 M
milv. iiifiit iin’tlkml. \our check liirmars ;i rj>t iny ihe jvj
■ v it |in vs. Si jiivcs y-m a l>t im- s I wirh business I*/
I y men. Money in the ban- st rcino hens vonr credit-. A I’nnk
j| iiccoiiiit 1 caches, he]i >s and eia-i ;: r; i l -sjo -i\ This Ihank ||j|
lr (iocs all ! lie InKik-kci 11 ;i;Li. mir ! ■ml. To I-, is a record of Hi
iV , ' | i
is \ a ail’lifsiiifss.
Ji ■ „
|W( Fo Those D siring anting Conn cst Bank in this A
Kjj part of the State vVa Extend Cur Scrvicm. >s
| The First National Bank. |
t YOUNG’S BUSI ' LEGEIp!
from new territory,
.1 /• A>/-‘ ••• > -o‘v\ SL If • j no he! iva,nu uld >;i I on* of lilt*ii-gi*udo courses
'4 f-'r 1 .
■ .••••,■ ,y- ttitro&wU ■■ m a territory at
, • f, to the t turd
1 . a- y-.j n*. mini 1 . ;e •• • , discount. Wim ’ •. • : v ’in- hi iim i:ut from your motion, If vou will
lj
' ■ •!>-; jo of office, lime and labor-saving
’■*%, ■ <1 ;i: - • ei: iii Um.-mhilli. Our bnokkeeplmj,
.'it Mm:’- ii. l,\;. Mm • . • •. i; Inm : rw; n-1 <*:i U 11 1; i lions. |uliintr. miiK’-
•i 1 : ■ ruins, polltii 11 . coifttiiy,
i■ ■ ■.. -i i c' i men- . ■•; n.I 1 , I• i.iii.! i iiv ;..sinK , jji'p .simple and complete, and you
omo •snthusod oi 1 ■ i
*" ZS&tl&xx ‘ ; .=>. ■ (‘<‘ll ‘ ; .1 ■■■\ •■., a • i' sNirv;.tlv- nnd most onlopprlsln*city
h i, ; ! * ■ the world. Hu* gateway to
* ud support to your
■ .i-iiein**; !‘\ c*mj; • ■• . f r:* ini ,■■■ ■' irninin
’ -v •tf A 'is :v ..4es lii mix i' nl I ••}>.! n .n: i ': • "■ ■ •< 'h .gt noml ftirnlsh huj sloths, plnntatlon
1 .M'. o- ii ’ •. ■ ■ e: i* 1 hn< k kc.-i pin tin !iliit •: .stenography
< • ,
■■ ai•. a.• .ii ‘.a : w. ,oi Ui a • • J 11. VOI \G,Pros., \ i- ksbiirg, Mississippi.
Why Alex V.'c.-t.
Alexander had ju n cut the O.r-.lh-n
knot, but the reporti-s fail. 1 in take
inti rest. "It's ha-.-.l'y wo- h a mi:'-
graphthey said, a !Jly. "m-leas \mi
make a record of at lit kin; an
hour.” Ii was then that .'it . n;!-—s
tears began to (low. —Kansas City
Times.
Keeping Cecil.
Samuel Babcock was. da-d on n hot
Bummer day how he mans-. > and to keep
bo cool, While the rev. of the world
sweltered. He repl.t-d; "By avoiding
mental activities. 1 no i my
si If. hi (ho dog days, to . ■ in' -a, ■ , f
anything, or anything of i. cell '
T' . ■ ■;-1 ::
■( f ay, ■; n I of lb
n th ■ ■
tv-" A • a';. • -.. .■i;( 1 a to..;.:.y's
I ■' :V. At ihey the w :* ■;
B 'i, .. I- 1 .' i !i.;l::>V0 (hat W ' -si
*■ ■- :. .V " o! .11
i V li •• i v■ ■ vry.vk > cii
• ta.i '■ v. M
a-- 'bo ..." an -!. .111:1 -.ili* over Uic
I- ■ -11 Ibsen.
I ’ .. • . J , ' *
So.ro ' ; c* < • -.• 1; ...i .-.t ;
cid A11'• f • ; Of hu /•-. u::t ! l :!:uy
ilJtVf l .ii t.J • ;*,,"■ . ‘ ;; ;; . v
NO. 34.
-1 :.i , Ti ~s Squarely.
: .■; ay 'no’: every man
V( I Will S3O
: • '1 . , but it' !b ’ c ba
0 . two I y.hi Hi . warily
(Neb.) .1 ;knal.
T.o-jl C.-.itching Story from Florida,
A peculiar catch was mail.* neat
fV’nit’lU’a mill yerterday. The end of
“ *’■ ndia.i; wire caret • :.;Iy drop; id
' ! ib - ; aii Sob.ir.tian river caught
1 ' ( 1 a Id;; l, ,ri fur hauni. A com
-1 :, .' n ’m the v:c irily of (he wire was
' • "■ bn: t i;e .. !■■<■• was not pulle I up
■ '■ <<ui and ih*a the trout
• ’ '■>" and ruveiy iihpnied' on
' I- •-;ii,ri a.lr'p'adont;

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