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The Neshoba Democrat
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. PHILADELPHIA. : MISSISSIPPI EVENTSOFTHEDAY A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE HAP PENINGS OF THE WORLD AT LARGE AND ESPECIALLY OF OUR SISTER STATES. Italian Parliament was opened by King Victor. Jerry Bigford was murdered near Wilmington, N. C. Abe Attell defeated Frankie Neil in ten rounds at New York. Persian insurgents have captur ed another important city. Miss E. M. Handy suicided at Albany, N. Y., by shooting. Australian commonwealth will not offer battleship to mother couu try. Tegucigalpa advices confirm re ported arangement to pay national debt. The census report on cotton Mocks shows 5,252,663 bales in the Uni ted .States. Mhjor F. P. Fremont, son of Pathfinder, will bo dismissed from the army. The kaiser's yacht collided with Norwegian steamer and sent her to the bottom. 'Hie president favors an income tax, ami will recommend it to Con gress in fall. Liquor interests propose to fight the constitutionality of laws in pro bation states. Indictments against George W. Perkins and Charles; W. Fairchild were dismissed. Anthracite miners will not strike. Asked President Taft to name ar bitration board. Governor Curry of New Mexico withdrew his resignation at request of President Taft. President Taft has begun con sulting Southern senators on south ern appointments. Russia and Great Britain have made vigorous protests against the atrocities in Persia. Mrs. Eugenia Dodge was burn ed to death at Mobile by her cloth ing igniting from a candle. Secretary of War Dickinson will leave for Panama April la, and will return via New Orleans. Miss Anna Mangano. a school teacher, was shot and killed by her father on a steret in New York. Porto Eican legislature failed to pass appropriation bills, and dele gation is seeking help in Washing ton. Judge of Porto Eican District Court sentenced three lawyers to fines and imprisonment for con tempt. The Anglo-German controversy over naval plans was discussed in the Reichstag by Foreign Minister Schoen. Castro is at Cologne on his way to Bordeaux to sail for Trinidad. He will be arrested if he goes to Venezuela. The Democratic caucus adopted the new set of rules submitted by the commitcc of fifteen without amendment. Joseph Genaro, a cigarmaker, was shot and killed by seven Italians at Brooklyn, N. Y., in the presence of his wife. F. 11. Richardson, wanted at El mira, N. L., for obtaining .$.'500,000 on false pretenses, suicided at Har risburg, Pa,, rather than submit to arrest. Strang, at Daytona Beach, drove a Buick 100 miles in 1:34:01 Ho, breaking the world's record, made by Burman in New Orleans. Mil lionaire Brown hung up anew rec ord for amateurs by going a mile in 33 seconds. Employes of the Southern Pa cific at Lafayette, La., are amused over garnishment proceedings, and ■will invoke the law in an effort to prevent disturbing their relations with the railroad. President Taft announces the ap pointment of Lloyd Bowers of Chi cago to be solicitor general of the United States, filling the vacancy ycauaed by the resignation of Henry Hoyt. A joker has been discovered in the tariff bill which gives one cot ti n mill advantage over all others. Considerable dissatisfaction was evidenced by several senators in the Republican caucus over the com mittee assignments. Senator Aldrich is opposed to special taxes and is framing a tar iff bill of his own, with revision upward instead of downward. Delegations of Porto Ricans: will appears before Congress and a:-k for protection of the island's products in the Payne tariff bill and for home rule. Henry L. Wise was appointed dis trict attorney for New York, and Mr. Stimson becomes special assist ant to the attorney general to pros ecute sugar cases. A woman's suffrage bill in the Massachusetts House of Representa tives was defeated by a vote of 43 to 1 iff). The galleries were throng ed with women during the debate. Governor Harmon of Ohio has issued a proclamation prohibiting the importation into Ohio hereafter for dairy or breeding purposes of cattle which have not been tested and found free from bovine tuber culosis. Minister Espinosa of Nicaragua left at the state department for Secretary Knox the reply of Presi dent Zelaya of Nicaragua to the de mand of his government that the Emery claim, which has been pond ing for years, be submitted to arbi tration. Local option elections were held in Benton, Greene and Montgom ery counties, Indiana, and it looks as if the temperance forces bad won the day in all three. Montgomery county will run to 1,500, possibly 1,800. Free lunch was served in many precincts, and the women were especially active. The Bank of Hcmple,Mo., was wrecked by safeblowers. The cracksmen used dynamite in an ef fort o blow open the vault. The vault was uninjured, but the fix tures were completely ruined. The reports of the explosion aroused the villagers, but. the thieves escaped, going toward St. Joseph. Just at the moment that the body of Henry Timken, the million aire carriage manufacturer of Ohio and St. Louis, was being lowered into the grave at San Diego ceme tery, a 180-foot tower on the eight story block under construction for Mr. Timken, crashed to the ground, injuring two persons slightly. The hiring out of convicts to con tractors was condemned in tbc Mis souri Senate by Senators McDavid, Eads and Lane when the latter's bill to abolish the system and use the convicts in the manufacturing of clothing and other supplies for iho state educational and eleemosy nary institutions was called up for engrossment. Patrick Brennan, president of the Independent Packing Company of Chicago, charged with cruelty to animals, was placed on trial be fore Judge Foster in the municipal court. It is alleged by Miss Anna Wyatt of the Anti-Cruelty Society that Brennan allowed the old-fash ioned practice of branding bogs with a knife, and that his employes carved the initials “L. I*. C.” on hogs before sending them to the slaughtering pen. With the intention of aiding Ok lahoma in resisting the boycott against the “Katy” by the Kansas City shippers, Attorney General W est of Oklahoma has addressed a letter to Governor Haskell suggest ing that a communication be sent to Oklahoma hankers carrying re serve deposits in Kansas City In stitutions asking that they protest with the Kansas City hankers against the embargo. The attorney general says that he hopes the state will not bo compelled to persuade the placing of all deposits in St Louis, Chicago and North Texas banks. J. S. Stapp, noted philanthropist, died at his home at Columbia, Ky He was GO years old. His last philanthropic act was the endow ment last week of a college to bo established at Dalharle, Tex. Toledo police are searching the city for Harold .Moon, aged 10, who was kidnaped from his home at Flint, Mich., on February 27. Flint citizens have offered a reward of $1,300 for the boy’s safe return Champ Clark is framing minori ty report. Work will be resumed on dredg ing the Inland canal. One killed and several were in jured iu cyclone at Laredo, Tex. Robert I’orehe suicided at i’on chatoula. La., with carbolic acid. Aldrich told president the tariff bill could not pass Somite in pres ent form. More than SO candidates were initiated by the Knights of Colum bus at Crowley, La. The scheduled wihlcat-bnll-dog fight at Bogalusa, La., was prevent ed by humane officers. An English explorer claims to have been 111 miles from the south pole several weeks ago. Congressman I’ujo resents report that he got Congressman Broussard to look out for rice interests. A crap game in the grand jury room of the court house at Gulf port, La., was raided hy police. Fire at Ruddock, La., destroyed the saw mill of the Ruddock-()r --leans Cypress Company, causing $90,000 loss. By direction of Governor Sanders of Louisiana the trial of Avery Blount at Amite City will be con ducted under military guard. Six indictments, three for con spiracy, one for perjury and two for bribery, have been returned in the councilman graft eases at Pitts burg. Representative Nimerick has an nounced that he would introduce in the House at St. Raul a bill mak ing life imprisonment the penalty in cases of kidnaping. It is said that the Fullerton syn dicate of St. Louis has; agreed to take over and operate the proper ties of Camp & Hinton at Lumber ton, La., valued at $1,000,000. The Sunset express from. Now Orleans, due in Los; Angeles on the Southern Pacific, was wrecked near Bertram, 30 miles west of Yuma, without a fatality. Dr. W. 11. Dalrymplc of the Louisiana State University was ten dered the position of chief veterina rian iu the Philippines hy the gov ernment. .V suicide, believed to tie the re sult of a quarrel between sweet hearts, took place at Mobcrly, Mo., when Harry Loepcr, 20 years old, son of a well-to-do farmer living near there, shot himself through the head. If Congress desires the decennial census taken next year, Director North of the census bureau wants fourteen million dollars for ex penses. He made a request to the House for an appropriation for that amount. The total immigration into Cana da lor the 11 mouths of the pres ent fiscal year up to the end of February, was 130,414, as compar ed with 247,005 for the same pe riod in 1907-08, a decrease of 47 per cent. B omen among an angry crowd of 200 persons played a part in an attack upon n party of a dozen men arriving at the railroad station at Orange, N. ,L. to go to work at the hat factory of F. Berg & Cos., where a strike is in progress. Charles Lancaster, who commit ted suicide on the county poor farm near Chillicothe, Mo., hy cutting his throat from ear to car, had on his person a certificate of deposit of SBOO on a Mississippi bank, also $4.50 casli in his pocket. An appropriation of $250,000 is provided for the establishment of a national tubercular sanitarium in the state of Colorado in a bill in troduced hy Representative Sahath of Illinois. The measure directs the secretary of the treasury to acquire a site comprising not loss than 20,- 000 acres and to erect suitable buildings and supply complete equipment for the use and treat ment of any persons in the United States afflicted with tuberculosis. I?rank Catina, an Italian mer (diant at Monroe, La., was shot and probably wounded by an unidenti fied white man. W. Cameron Forbes is to ho ap pointed governor general of the Philippines, vice James F. Smith, who expects to sail for the United States on the Minnesota April 23, Mr. Forbes, who is a resident of Massachusetts, is now vice governor general. • - ■ —i u FOR GREATER .^.MISSISSIPPI Devoted to the Agricultural, Commercial and Industrial Development of the State's Incomparable Resources -Official Organ of Department of Agriculture and Commerce. By H. E. BLAKESLEE, Jackson. • --- ————# Union Course for April. The union course for February con sidered the “planning of fbo year’s crop” ami “selection and the apportionment ol lands to the various crops.” The March course was hi keeping with suggestions February and followed in close connec tion therewith, “preparation, fertiliza tion and cultivation.” Jioth of these were necessarily short on account of a lack of time for preparation for discuss ing them by the local unions. The April suggestions are along lines deemed by tile committee of especial importance to Hie farmers ami if brought up and con sidered by the locals, will no doubt bring out a great many points that will prove of inestimable value. APRIL. Farm Implements and Work Stock. a. To lower the cost of production we must have more and better imple ments and more and better work stock. Asa local union, what can we do to bring t ids about ? b. What implements should lie used in preparing the soil? Place and value of disc plow, disc barrow, roller, smooth ing harrow? Compare the amount, qual ity and cost of work done by 3,000 pounds of mule flesh hitched to a good disc or turning plow, turning from 12 to Hi inches, to the amount, quality and cost of work done by 750 pounds of mule flesh hitched to a six-inch, one horse plow. e. What implements should bo used in cultivating (lie growing crop? Place and value of the harrow, weeder, heel sweep, single and double cultivators? Compare the amount, quality and cost of work done when it takes from two to four furrows to complete a row. to when a better implement is used and the row is completed with one furrow. The Family Garden. a. Planting, cultivation and general management of the garden and orchard. Improving the home grounds with flow ers. shrubs, lawn grasses and shade trees. Community Public School. Kneli local union is, or should be, deep ly interested in the community school. Why not discuss tlie needs and the weak points of -the school? Value io the community, what (lie union can do to increase the efficiency of the school, du ties of the trustees, duties of the patrons, buildings and equipment, salaries ol teachers, (he teacher’s relation to the community, intellectually, socially and industrially. Where should tin* child gel ils preparatory education? I lie first section of the suggestions offered embraces one of the most impor tant subjects before the people of Mis sissippi—human or man-power versus mule power. It lias been the practice in Mississippi to put one-man power against one-mnle power, for the man to use a small single plow and make from two to four furrows to finish up a row. In some other Slates, especially those where the production per farm band shows up to lie throe, four and five times that of the farm hand here, two and four mules are hitched to a large cultivator and a row finished up by go ing over it one time. We arc using too much man-power and too little ninle power. Take this matter up and talk about, it, have suggestions made as to "hat implements are suitable to increas ing the efficiency of the man. Of course Mississippi lias too much stumpy land to allow of doing practical ly what is done in (lie prairie States, lint it is mi (indisputable fact that we waste too inueh man-power in the pro duction of crops. Many are adopting labor-saving implements and should give tlie result of (heir experiments for the benefit of (heir brethren. How many people in Mississippi make their family gardens produce at the rate of a thousand dollars per acre? Great numbers of them. Many do not give the garden credit for what it produces, tak ing it more as a matter of course. The several crops raised and large quantities consumed, if bought in the stores at pre vailing prices, would soon wreck a fam ily, be it ever so smalt. Any home with out a well eared for garden is lacking in an important essential and doubly s.. the farm home. Counsel among yourselves as toi how the garden can be made still more valu able. Suggest the rotation of crops that will give the best results as well as the easiest and simplest to Handle. Let the ladies be heard on tins subject, as they are frequently the best gardeners. Proper education is a subject too ex pensive to go into here, hut it is, if any thing, more important to (he farmers than any others. The suggestions ot the committee as lo matters for discus sion arc certainly well worthy of atten tion at .the bands ot the locals. Give tliis subject the time and attention it, demands, carrying it over to (he second meeting of (lie month if necessary. W. H. SMITH. ’ K. R. LLOVD, H. E. BLAKESLEE. * • * Tobacco in Miscissippi. Since time when the mind of man rim neth not to the contrary, the people of Mississippi have raised more or less to bacco for home consumption. Very few attempts have been made to establish tobacco as a staple crop and these only in a very small way. During the past few months, inquiries have come to this office from a number of parties in sec tions of Tennessee and Kentucky desir ing to come hero and engage in the busi ness, as to the development of tobaccc growing and the possibility of it becom ing a good crop in Mississippi. There had been no compilation of facts concerning tobacco in the State and youi commissioner began an investigation as to what it might offer our people as a safe money crop. The names and ad dresses of a few who bad given it a triaj wore secured and letters addressed them asking for their experience. One of tin most prominent among these was Judge \V. 11. Hardy, formerly of Hattiesburg now of Pass Christian. His reply was characteristic of the man, terse, com plete and to the point. It is here given: “I have found your letter of the 15th inst. on my return from circuit court at Leakesville, Green county, asking me tc give you an article for publication on tlie ■possibilities of tobacco culture in South Mississippi,’ or, more properly, the pine belt of the State. I can’t undertake t< write an article on the subject, but take pleasure in giving you the result of an experiment made by myself in 1901-02-03 on poor pine land near Hattiesburg, in growing tobacco from seed imported from Havana. “I bad about an eighth of an acre planted in Irish potatoes which 1 dug about the 20th of April and immediately set the ground in tobacco plants. The land had been fertilized with cotton seed meal for the potatoes, with a little sta ble manure and pine straw added. The tobacco grew off beautifully, was culti vated, thoroughly cultivated, and liner tobacco I never saw grow in Virginia or Kentucky. "When i( ripened, 1 out it and hung in a house, well ventilated, and cured it in the shade. When tt was thoroughly cured, I had the tobacco stripped from the stalks, tied into hands and closely packed in a large bin or box, covered with gunny sacks, nailed tip the box where it was allowed to remain for six months. When opened it was of beau tiful color and possessed a rich aroma. I then had it made into cigars that, would readily have sold at from SOO to $75 per thousand. These cigars pos sessed a distinctive Cuban or Havana Havor—l mean the flavor of the best Havana cigars. “The two succeeding years 1 planted seed from the preceding year’s crop, on different tracts of land, and made splen did crops each year, though the third crop, in my opinion, was not so richly flavored. "There is no doubt in my mind bur that the greater portion of onr cut-over pine lands can be converted into as line tobacco farms as could be found any where. About the lime my tobacco be gan to ripen, I carried a gentleman to see it who was raised njs?n a large tobacco plantation in Virginia, and he frankly stated that lie had never seen liner to baceo grow in the Old Dominion, Cod bless her! "I smoked •Havana cigars,’ made from tobacco grown at I’inelmrst, near Hat tiesburg, for six years, and have smoked few as good cigars before or since.” Five years ago the writer had (he pleasure of smoking a few of the cigars made from tobacco grown by Judge Har dy, and while he does not profess lo he even a second-rate judge of cigars, thought them equally as good as those usually retailed for ten cents at the cigar stores. The experience here given is worth a great deal to those who would give tobacco growing a trial. It demon strates that good tobacco can he grown in Mississippi and should encourage those interested to make the effort. Others have written and their com munications will be given later on. It would seem that there is really no seri ous obstacle to growing the weed if the parties who make the attempt have ex perience in producing it. At ( luuiclmla. Ala., only a few miles from the Missis sippi line, tobacco is fast becoming one id the principal crops and is being grown with the greatest success, hi Northern Florida, in latitude similar to portions ol South Mississippi, hundreds of acres ■ire under canvas and growing The linest of wrappers that readily sell as the gen uine Sumatra article. There can be little doubt of the adap tability of the lands of Mississippi gen erally for the growing of tobacco, ana particularly those in the ent-over pine section. The condition of affairs in some parts of the tobacco growing district is causing those who have been engaged in the business for years to seek new loca tions. If a few of these ex|>erieneed men could come to Mississippi and en gage in tobacco growing, it would not lie long until it would develop into an industry of proportions. Faeh and every crop Unit will bring money, added to onr staple crop of cot ton, will tend to make Mississippi rich er and happier. Then, the failure of one only Mould not cause Ihe depression and hard times that a failure of the cot ton crop does at present. Let the writer know what yon have accomplished in the way of growing tobacco. • ♦ * Constable Abe I.oftis fell from the Southern Railway coal chute at Colum bus, and crushed his skull on the tracks below. With two fellow officers, he was wending his way lo the sand pit, at the top of the structure, where a craps game is alleged to have been pro gressing. The night was dark, and, be ing unfamiliar with the surroundings the officer missed his foothold. A movement is on foot for (he estab lishing of a country club in Laurel that will absorb the recently formed gun club. The new organization will estab lish commodious headquarters outside the city, with clubhouse, drives, park, race track, golf course and other like equipment. HUssissippi PWS In the murder ease of .Toff Evans far killing Willie Bates last year, Attor ney W. .T. Vo',lor, of Warren county, moved to quash the indictment on the ground that there wore no negroes on the grand jury, both defendant and de ceased being negroes. Judge Bush heard evidence from the court officials and jury commissioners. There are forty two qualified negro voters in the city, and seven or eight were drawn on the December grand jury panel, but none served on that body. The defense claims that it is a fixed policy at Vicksburg to discriminate against negroes on ju ries. That the Wausau Lumber Company, of Wisconsin, will build at Laurel one of the largest saw mills in the stale of Mississippi, but that work on this enterprise, will not be hurried until the condition of the lumber market shows signs of permanent improvement, is the assurance reiterated to the people of Laurel, by W. 11. Bissell, the president, who, with a party of eighteen other Wisconsin lumbermen who are interest ed in Southern properties, spent the day in that city. Superintendent of Education John It. Ellis announces that 100 boys of Laud erdale county have entered the corn club contests, and that the interest is wide awake. He will announce the prizes to be awarded shortly, and expects that the number of contestants will be great ly increased. Prizes will be given for the best yield per acre, and for the best lon cars of corn raised. The movement launched in Meridian some months ago by the ladies of (hat city, looking to the establishment of a public library, is meeting with the suc cess that was anticipated at the time. A regular campaign of education is be ing carried on by the social clubs, and the people are beginning to awaken lu the great need of such an institution. That the people of Meridian are well satisfied with their experiment in the municipal ownership of the waterworks system has been demonstrated to the entire satisfaction of citizens in the re sult of the two days’ bond election. There were but two votes registered against the issue of $250,000 of bonds, the money to be used in payment for the system. The most enthusiastic meeting ever held in Water Valley, and possibly in North Mississippi, in the interest of scientific agriculture, was held at Water Valley last week, when 150 members of the Girls' Club, 500 members of the Yalobusha Comity Farmer Boys’ Corn Club and .100 farmers met to consider the work for the coming year and to listen to a lecture on the subject of scientific agriculture by Dr. S. A. Knapp. Candy Wilson was hanged at Fayette, thus vindicating the murder of the fish erman, Kelly, which occurred at Rodney Landing last. Christman. Wilson con fessed his guilt on the scaffold. Just before the black cap and the noose were adjusted the sheriff asked Wilson if he cared to pray, and the condemned nm a knelt on the trapdoor of the scaffold and prayed earnestly for mercy from the Al mighty, not only for himself but for all the townspeople. The March term of the Criminal Court of Warren county was convened at Vicksburg by Judge John N. Rush. Re charged the grand jury to probe into the fact that some persons had internal reve nue licenses for the sale of liquor, to investigate the locker system and to determine if “near beer” will produce intoxication. There are sixty-eight per sons and firms in Vicksburg now selling “near beer.” The Laurent military company, under command of (apt. E. R Bartlett, was given its annual inspection by Lieut. Charles 11. Danforth, of the regular army, who had been assigned for the official inspection of the national guard of Mississippi. The showing made by the Laurel company was entirely cred itable, with respect to the men, equip ment and drill. A special city election, held at Laurel, to ascertain wishes of the voters on a proposed ordinance to exclude live stock from the streets of the city, attracted much attention, and ruled against such ordinance, the vote being 207 for and 324 against. Rev. S. E. Tull has received a letter in which Andrew Carnegie offers to give $1,500 toward the purchase of a $3,000 organ for the new First Baptist Church building, now in course of construction n Greenwood. The generous offer has been accepted with thanks. A government inspector spent several days at Holly endeavoring to secure information by which to appre hend the parties who recently burglar ized the postoflice there. Beyond the finding of the strong box, which was ft part of the exploded safe, nothing has been made public. B. (L Humphreys, representative in congress from the Third district, has i n * traduced a bill for the erection of a pub lic building at Ciarksdale for the and accommodation of the postofftot).