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Barred Nehemiah Ctosci Jerusalem*! Cates Against tha Traders. by the -highway and byway preacher (Copjrlgtit, IIHID, by tlie Author, w. 8. Scripture Authority—Nehemiah 13- 15-21. Historical Difficulty.—The chief, indeed the only real historical difficulty in the narrative, is to determine the time of the dedication of the wall, whether in the ®!nd year of Artaxorxes. or before The expression in Neh. 13:1. “On that day," seems to fix the reading of the law to Hie same day as the dedication (see 13:431. But, If so, the dedication must have been after Nehemiah's return from Babylon (mentioned 13:7). Then, if the wall took only 52 days to complete (Nehemiah 0:15), and was begun immediately Nehemiali entered upon the government, how came the dedication to be deferred till 12 years afterward ! The answer to this probably is. that, in the first place, the 52 days are m lie reckoned from the resumption of the work after 1:15, and a time exceeding two years may have elapsed from the commencement of the building. But even then it would not be ready for dedication There were the gales to lie hung, perhaps much rubbish to be cleared, and the ruined houses in the immediate vicinity of the wails to be repaired. Still, even those causes would not he adequate to account for the delay of 12 years. One cause immediately presents itself, viz,, that Nehemiah s leave of absence from tlie Persian court, mentioned in 2;G, may have drawn to a close shortly after com pletion of tlie walls, and before the oth er above-mentioned works were com pleted. Tlie last words of chapter G point to some new effort of Tobiah to Inter rupt his work, and tlie expression used seems to indicate that It was the throat of being considered as a rebel by the king. 000-OO'OO-CfO-0000000-0000000-000 S SERMONETTE. o O Apart from the incidents of § g Sabbath breaking here recorded, 5 which has to do with Jewish his- 0 0 tory alone, we have a broader g question of the observance of the O Ct one day in seven as a day of § 5 rest sod worship, with which to O S deal. 3 g The Jewish dispensation has 0 ended, and we are no longer un- § g dsr the Mosaic law, but the eter- 0 O- nai principles which found ex- o g pression in that law are as im- g t> portant and binding to-day as <> 2 ever. O O ~ 0 O The same observance of the 0 g Sabbath day is not incumbent g O upon mankind to-day, but the o X same need of rest from secular g O- toil and of upbuilding of the o g soul in Godly thought and pur- g fpose is as desirable and neces- X sary to full rounded human life X O now as it was under the old p g Jewish law. X P Jesus freed the world from P 2 the burden of mere formalism of 2 P Sabbath day observance, and re- P 0 vealed anew conception of the 2 P day's purposes and possibilities P 2 as God had intended them. g P He broke almost every pre- P § conceived notion which had g P grown up around the day, P 0 and herein was the chief source 0 P of complaint of the Jewish P rt rulers against him, and gave § g them ground to charge that he P O was destroying the Mosaic law. 0 2 But Jesus said that he had not P pt come to destroy the law, but to 0 f fulfill it. Not to put greater bur- g dens upon mankind, but to fres p g it from the burdens which in g & the name of the law had been p 2 laid upon it. g p Two very important declara- p g tions were made by Jesus in ret- g P erence to the Lord’s day, the p fday of rest, and that they are g authoritative is certain for he p § stated positively that he was g P "Lord of the Sabbath.” p 0 From these two statements all g P necessary deductions can be O 2 made for the proper observance 2 P of the day. P 2 First: "The Sabbath was made § P for man, and not man for the P 2 Sabbath.” 0 § The second is in the form of a O question which Jesus put to his 0 (enemies and to which there can p be but one answer: “Is it law- X ful on the Sabbath days to do g good or evil? To save life, or X to destroy it?” g PPPI>OPP<I<H>PPP<H>P<H>PPPPPPPP THE STORY. iit E MUST hurry, Poncho, or else Tf all the best stalls in the mar ket place will be taken,” exclaimed a dark-visaged individual to the young man walking at his side, while at the same time he urged on the laden donkey in front of them. They were on their way to Jerusa lem where was to he found a good market for their wares which they had brought with them from Tyre. "Oh, we’ll be there in plenty of time,” grumbled the boy, 111-naturedly. "Yes, but we must get our tent pitched and our goods in place to be gin business on the morrow!” ex claimed the older man, impatiently. It was a motley throng which tilled the gate and market place of Jerusa lem. Traders of every description were there and the goods they had on sale ranged from food products down through the list of things to wear, and things to use in the household, Bed lam seemed let loose as the throngs of traders busied themselves in prepar ing for the business of the morrow, and each new arrival only added to the confusion. It was upon such a scene as this that Nehemiah came that first Sab bath eve after his return to Jerusalem. In horror and amazement he stood and watched the activities, and listened to the medley of voices, and then turn- ing upon his heel, he swiftly left the n , Was thls the Jerusalem which God had permitted the children to re turn and establish? Was this the be ginning of the Sabbath day? 'Oil. God!" Nehemiah exclaimed as he hastened back through the streets to the governor’s house, “that the peo ple could so far forget Gods law! Something must be done,” and he closed his lips tightly with the grim inward resolve. Little sleep rame to the troubled governor that night, and he was early astir, and went out through the fields surrounding Jerusalem, thinking that at least there he would find the peace and quiet which should prevail upon the Sabbath day. But there again he found that the people had forgotten God, and no long er remembered the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Here was a busy seene in a vineyard, where pickers were plucking and bringing in the grapes while the proprietor and a helper were laboring in the winepress, treading out the grain's. Over on tlie other side of the little valley through which he passed, there was another man busy in the field, tying and stacking the grain, preparatory to loading it and drawing it to the threshing floor. And still again, further on, he found a group of men busy upon the threshing floor, the sound of the flails ringing out upon the morning air. And this is the Sabbath day,” he in wardly groaned. At that moment he met a man pass ing along the pathway and, stopping him, engaged him in conversation, sav ing: "Do not the Jews observe the Sab bath day?” The man looked at Nehemiah for a moment without speaking, and then a deep crimson spread over his face as he stammered: “The rulers gave not the portion to Ihe Levites. and so the temple serv ice has been broken up, and we have been forced to return to our fields for a livelihood." "Thou art of the Levites?” ques tioned Nehemiah. “I am,” replied Ihe man, uneasily, “but there is no longer place for us in Jerusalem.” "And are the Sabbaths given over to work in the fields and buying and sell ing in the market place?” demanded Nehemiah, severely. “Such is only too sadly the truth,” admitted the Levite. “And how came such condition to exist?” persisted Nehemiah. "Well, first the worship in God’s house was neglected, the rulers of the people not giving the portion to the Levites which was due them. Then the traders from round-about invaded (he city and (he people, having naught else to do. fell into Ihe habit of fre quenting the market place, and, step by step, conditions have come to the pass that you see them. But,” and the Levite hesitated, "are you a stranger to these things?” "Yea, T am Nehemiah, the governor, just returned from Babylon.” The Levite threw himself upon *ho ground before him, and cried out in dismay: "Now is trouble come upon us, In deed, and the city will feel thy dis pleasure.” "Rather, may we fear the wrath of our God. Summon thy brethren of (he priesthood to me at the temple at once,” exclaimed Nehemiah, and turn ing about he hastened into the city. If the market place had been a scene of confusion the night before, it was now a place where bedlam was let loose, and what with the cries of the traders as they called their wares, and the voices of the people as they hag gled over the prices, there was a din such as Nehemiah had never be'bre witnessed. On to the temple be passed, and when the rulers and priests had gathered unto him he de manded to know why these things were. Excuses there were in plenty, but reasons none, and Nehemiah. turning to the scroll of the Mosaic law, read the law of God concerning the Sabbath day, and pointed out that the wrath of God would certainly fall upon them and consume them if this iniquity was not purged from the city. "But how can we?” questioned the rulers and the Levites, in dismay. “The traders are so firmly entrenched in their place in the city, and to of fend them will be to ruin the business of the city.” "Would you temporize with evil?” sharply demanded Nehemiah. "Come. 1 will show you.” And striding forth again into the market place, followed meekly and wonderingly by the Levites and the rulers, he commanded them, saying: "Bass among the people, and say: •What evil is this that ye do to pro fane the Sabbath day? Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city?’" Not daring to disobey, tlie voices of the rulers and Levites sounded through the market place, and soon a stillness fell upon the place, wonder filling the hearts of the traders, and fear the hearts of the Jews. 4nd then, with a loud voice, Nehe miah ordered all the traders to depart from the city, and not daring to refuse, for fear was upon their hearts, they silently gathered together their mer chandise and went outside the city, and the gates were shut. go it was done the next Sabbath day, and Nehemiah, observing that the traders were preparing to carry on their business outside the walls, he spoke to them from the wall, and warned them that did they gather there another week he would lay vio lent hands upon them and confiscate their goods. And from that time forth they trou bled not tbe city on the Sabbath day. ~ — ~ State Capital Notes Weekly Budget of State News Items Gathered by Our Special Correspondent at Jackson. — - J Jackson. Arbor Day Proclamation. (<o\. Nod lias prepared bis proclama tion. designating Tuesday, April 20, as At bur Day lor Mississippi, the procla mation in words and terms being ns fol lows: to tlie School Authorities and Pupils of Mississippi: As governor, I join in the request that Tuesday, April 20, 1909, be consti-1 titled Arbor Day for tin- Slate. Our forests, like those of other States and of other countries, are rapidly disap pearing. At the present rate of growth and destruction of timber tlie supply of the whole I niou will be exhausted in thirty years. Of course, high and in creasing prices of lumber will lessen use and consumption and postpone, to some extent, the evil which will certainly be fall us, unless a revolution is effected in the timber industry, forests, tlowers, shrubbery, birds, the beauty and use fulness of a country, rise and fall to gether. Extremes of beat and of cold, of drouths and of floods, mark all tree less lands, from such unfortunate con ditions we can be delivered by timely thought, study and labor in the conser vation and development of forests, tlow ers and bird life. 1, therefore, recom mend that on the day mentioned, all educational institutions discuss and study tree-planting, forest preservation and bird protection: and that every per son be encouraged to render some per sonal service along these lines, at least to the extent of planting and overlook ing the growth of some tree, plant, shrub, vine or flower, and to be im pressed with Hie important bearing bird life sustains to (lie successful growth of farm crops, trees, flowers and of all vegetable life. In witness whereof, etc., “E. E. NOEL, Ooveruor. “By the governor. Attest: “JOSEPH \V. POWER, “Secretary of Stale.” Pontotoc Depot Contest. Another phase of the Pontotoc depot contest has been settled, and it is be lieved that it is settled for keeps this time. This was the appeal of J. W. Cooper and others from the Chancery Court of Pontotoc county, in their in junction suit to compel the Mobile, Jack son and Kansas City Railroad Company to build a depot at a point other than that determined upon as a result of the decisions of the State Supreme Court. Owing to the close connect ion of Justice Fletcher with this ease, both in ids pri vate practice before becoming associated wit 1 1 tin: attorney-general's office and since that time, the ease was reviewed by Hon. L, Brame, special justice the opinion sustaining the contention of the railroad company that the courts have fixed the depot site and that they should be allowed to build there or else revert hack to their old position. It is be lieved about the eapitol and in Supreme Court circles that the decision in the Cooper ease spells the finale ia the ever lasting Pontotoc case. Good Evidence Found. In an opinion reversing the case of Julius Weathershy vs. the State, from Lincoln county, being a capital case in volving the death sentence, the Supreme Court states that the application for the rehearing of the ease on the ground of newly discovered evidence seems sound. In the brief accompanying the ease ap pellant's counsel pointed out (hat the de fendant was convicted on the testimony of negroes, mid that since the trial a white man by name of French lias been located, whose evidence in the case would be so material to the defendant as to alter the status, or at any rate minimize the offense. Un this ground, and without going into the merits at all, the Supreme Court believed that a remand is warranted, and so ordered. Farmers’ Warehouse Company. Gov. Noel received today, for examina tion and approval, the charter of incor poration of the Farmers’ Warehouse Cos., the new concern which lias been organ ized ns part of the policy of the Farm ers’ Educational and Co-Operative Union in Mississippi. The company is organ ized witli a capital of $1,000,000, hut under the charter can begin business when s.‘>o,ooo has been paid in, and will have its domicile at Meßaven, Hinds county. Meßaven is a village on the lino of the Jackson-Natehoz branch of the Yazoo and Mississippi Valley rail road, some seven or eight miles from Jackson, and is unincorporated, so that the object in locating at that point is obvious, as the property will not be subject to municipal taxation. Night Riding Charged. Gov. Noel has been notified that the grand jury of Clarke county has re turned several indictments against par ties on the general charge of night rid ing or whiteenpping, and he is informed that Judge Buckley will endeavor to have the cases disposed of at the present term, as the State is ready for trial. The governor feels u special degree of interest in these cases, for the reason that lie was instrumental in procuring the evidence, through authorized agents, upon which the indictments have been found. School Matter Settled. State Superintendent of Education Bowers lias obtained from Attorney- General Stirling an opinion, the con clusions of which will be of interest to the men in charge of public schools in the several counties. The opinion was sought pursuant to the receipt of a query from Superintendent L. 11. Jobe, of Tippah county, who appears to be right in the middle of a bad fix finan cially, which is that he needs money for the settlement of teachers’ pay war rants, and that there is none to that ac count in the county treasury. He points out, however, that there is the June distribution forthcoming, and that if it is legal to do so he can meet the pres ent demands by anticipating the Juno appropriation, which, when received, can be covered back into the treasury. In his answering opinion the atlor -11,1 .''general holds, after quoting the sec tions of the statute law bearing on school fund distribution, that it is mani fest the money appropriated for the use of the public schools is for use at any time during the year, and whether it is in the treasury to the credit of the county school fund during the actual scholastic year, or whether it be used after that period, so lung as it is ap plied during the year for which it is np propriated, it is obvious that the actual payment of the amount due can he made in anticipation of the receipt of the an di tor’s warrant of distribution. Ui course, the money so used must not ox coed the amount that will lie actually due when the June distribution is made. State .Superintendent Bowers states that the opinion of (he attorney-general covers his own conception of the law, as well as that held hv some of the county superintendents; but there are others, like Superintendent .lobe, who want to he shown be lore taking an advance step. Had the Goods, But— The very close and difficult question of proof of actual sale of strong drink, or of keeping liquor for sale, was dem onstrated by a case brought up in City Magistrate Thompson's court at Jack son. A negress named Bet tie Jackson, one of the rather preposessing and some what. simple and sanctified appearing sort, was the defendant. Arrayed on the table fronting the bench were six quart bottles of liquor, which the ex perts testified was whisky, and which the police, who raided the Jackson wom an's home,' swore (hey had found there. There were also found glasses, a small funnel and small empty bottles, all of which were suggestive, if not actually conclusive, of sale. But the police were unable to prove a sale, and the court considered that, notwithstanding tlm rather large supply of the goods for ou small woman to have for domestic uses, he could not hold her on the charge of unlawful sale, ami she was discharged. By way of a salve to the discomfited of ficers, however, (lie court ordered the liquor destroyed, over the protest of the woman's attorney, and soon six police men, each carrying a bottle in liana', marched from the court room and a mo ment later the necks of six bottles were cracked against the jail wall and the contents spilled. Cotton Planting Begins. Willi favorable weather conditions prevailing generally over the State, there promises to be a large amount of cot ton planting during the week, especially in the central and Southern counties. In the delta, planting is indefinitely delayed in some sections, owing to the high water. It will take clear skies and a steady fall in the Mississippi river to make conditions favorable for planting in the della before the first week in April. Cotton acreage depends largely on weather conditions. There will doubt less be a small reduction in the bill counties, where the boll weevil Ims made its appearance, and practically the same acreage in the delta, if the waters sub side in time for the planters to pitch their crops. Awarded $7,500 Damages. The jury in the trial of the Shoemaker libel suit against the Lamar Life insur ance Company and W. Warner Hines, for the sum of $30,000, returned a verdict for $7,300 damages. The parties to the suit, after conferring together, agreed to a peremptory instruction for the plaintiff on the general issue as to the libelous nature of the Hines circular. It was agreed to leave the question of amount to the jury. Four hours were devoted to arguments. Whether the plaintiffs will accept the verdict is ns yet uncertain, though the probability is that they will. Want Negroes Removed. In several towns of the State move ments are being quietly organized to get rid of the negro postmasters now in of fice at the close of their present terms. The movement tints far has been singu larly free from any manifestation of ra cial bitterness or animosity, and is backed by conservative citizens who are inspired to believe that it will be Presi dent Taft’s policy not to appoint ne groes to federal positions in the South, when qualified white persons can bo centred for the places. A LITTLE KNOWLEDGE Of Painting Requirements Will Save Much Expense. When one sees the surface of a house or other building scaling, or peeling, or spotted or blistered, or showing other symptoms of paint, "dis ease,” it is evident that a poor painter has been on the job, and that jtoor •paint was used —or possibly that a good painter had been dominated by a property-owner who knew nothing about paint. It is an easy matter to be informed on paint and painting. A complete jiainting guide, including a book of color schemes, either for exterior or interior —specifications for all kinds of painting,—and an instrument for detecting adulteration in paint ma terial, with directions for using it, may be had free by writing National Lead Company, 1902 Trinity Bldg., New York City, and asking for .'louse owner's Painting Outfit No. -tb. Then, every houseowner should make it a point to get only well known reliable brands in buying his materials. Pure white lead is espe cially important, or the paint will not prove satisfactory. The famous ‘‘Dutch Boy Painter" trademark of National Lead Company, the largest makers of pure while lead, is an ab solute guarantee of the purity and quality of the white lead sold under it. That trademark is a safeguard against paint trouble. WITH MOTHER A CLOSE SECOND. “HI. you, Willie! Wat’s do matte: ?” “Nothin’. I’m trainin’ for a Mara thon!” HUMOR BURNED AND ITCHED. Eczema on Hand, Arms, Legs and Face—lt Was Something Terrible, Complete Cure by Cuticura. "About fifteen or eighteen years ago eczema developed on top of my hand, it burned and itched so much that I was compelled to show it to a doctor. He pronounced it ringworm. After trying his different remedies the disease increased and went up my arms and to my legs and finally on my face. Tile burning was something terrible. I went to another doctor who had the reputation of being the best in town. He told me it was eczema. His medicine checked tlie advance of the disease, but no further. I finally concluded to try the Cuticura Reme dies and found relief in the first (rial. I continued until 1 was completely cured from the disease, and 1 have not been troubled since. C. Burkhart, 2215 W. Market St., Chambersburg, Pa., Sept. 19, 1908.” Potter Drug & Chem. Corp., Solo Props., Boston. The Elopers. “Did you telegraph your father?** “Yes and got Ida answer.” “What is it?” “I asked him if he would forgive us if we came back and he said the only condition on which he would forgive us would be that we shouldn’t, come back.** —Houston Post. For Colds and Gripp—Capudine. The best remedy for Gripp and Colds Is Micks’ Capudim*. Relievos the aching and feverishness. (Mires the cold—Headaches also. It’s Idquld—Effects Immediately—lo, 25 and 50c at Drug Stores. 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