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The Neshoba Democrat
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. PHILADELPHIA, : MISSISSIPPI MEWS ATA GLANCE Brief Epitome of th e Events From All the World, Including Our Neigh bor States. Strike of stable boys caused riot •t Auteuil race track, Paris, France, which was quelled by police, soldiers and firemen. The German emperor declares he is in favor of universal peace and that the czar of Russia also believes in the plan. Elsie Sigel, the victim of the Chi nese murderer in New York, was buried without the presence of a sin gle woman at the funeral. John S. Holmes, G 7 years old, Confederate veteran, musician of note and prominent business man, died at Mobile recently. The Cunard Line steamship Mauretania has established anew world’s record for passengers be tween New York and London. General Worshaw, who killed Lee Phillips, whom he found with Mrs. Worshaw, was discharged from cus tody after a preliminary trial at Chester, Miss. According to the Bureau of Rail way Statistics, the railroads of Illi nois lost $15,000,000 during 1008 by the operation of the 2-cent pas senger rate law. While bathing in Linn Creek, Marshalltown, la., Carl Johnson, aged eight, and his brother, Leon ard, aged seven, wore drowned in 12 feet of water. A show window of fireworks in the ten cent store at Canton. 111., *sas exploded by the heat of the eun’s rays, damaging the building and stock $1,200. Melof Osman at New Orleans went to get gun to kill neighbor in quarrel over a cat and found his wife in arms of another man and used gun on them. Prof. G. B. Foster of the Uni versity of Chicago, who denied the divinity of Christ, was dropped from the Baptist Ministers’ Conference of Chicago, after a stormy session. Chicago is worth $2,293,602,345 this year. That is the grand total of real estate and personal property from which the assessed valuation T will be deducted, according to the computation of the board of asses sors. Through the breaking of a brick and cement wall of a reservoir at the City Waterworks Pumping Sta tion, six miles north of St. Joseph. Mo., three men lost their lives and five others had narrow escape from death. As the result of a big sight-seeing automobile, filled with merry-mak ers on their way home from Coney Island, New York, Thursday, run ning -wild, six of the occupants are in hospitals with severe injuries and one young woman is expected to die. The German ’ superior court re jected the appeal for a new trial made by the legal representative of Karl Han, the young German- American lawyer and professor, who was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of his mother-in law. Orville and Wilbur Wright have started in at Fort Meyer to assem ble their aeroplane, the official gov ernment test of which will begin in a few days. Orville expressed the belief that this new machine will make an average speed of 40 miles an hour. Throughout the Oklahoma oil belt the action of the secretary of the interior in authorizing a change of Oklahoma pipe line regulations is regarded as insuring the early construction of a pipe line by the Prairie Oil and Gas Company from the Mid-Continent field in Oklaho ma and Kansas through the Caddo oil fields of Louisiana to New Or leans. Sarah Orne Jewett, the author ess, died at her summer home at South Berwick. The pope has been annoyed by ihe presentation of an automobile by Americans. The Gedman Eeichstage rejected <the government’s bill for the taxa tion of inheritance. A mass meeting was held in Xtmdon recently to protest against Jhe new British budget Another insurrection has broken out in Morocco. Wheat is selling at St. Louis for $1.30 per bushel. California suffered from an earth quake shock last week. A daughter has been born to the king and queen of Spain. Don Carlos, the pretender to the Spanish throne, is seriously ill. The Roosevelt expedition has kill ed a deal of big game in Africa. Bandits recently held up a train on the Canadian Pacific railroad. During the hot wave last week 13 people died of heat in New York. Thomas Stone, aged G 7, dropped dead at Herrin, 111., by heart fail ure. Secretary of Agriculture Wilson denies the report that ho will re sign. Sixty-one new cases of cholera have been reported in St. Peters burg. Rev. Father Buckley was drown ed while surf bathing at St. Augus tine, Fla. Ten persons, eight of them chil dren, were bitten by a mad dog at Scott, La. The sultan’s troops were victo rious in a battle with insurgents in Morocco. Death has separated John Seers and wife of St. Louis after G 1 years of married life. The Oklahoma State Corporation Commission is inspecting the Okla homa railroads. Fire at Lake George, X. Y.. caused $250,000 damage to the Fort William Henry Hotel. Seventeen men were killed and 1G injured by an explosion in a coal mine at Wherum, Pa. Christian Small, aged five, acci dentally shot and killed his sister Esta, aged 13, at Jasper. Ind. An official report on the French naval scandal has revealed an as tounding condition of affairs. A bill providing for a government subsidy for ocean mail ships has been introduced in Congress. The political crisis in Germany has assumed a serious phase and the dissolution is threatened. J. Ogden Armour of the beef trust declares that business pros pects were never brighter than now. Edward John Gregory, 11. .A„ president of the British Royal In stitute of Painters in Water colors, is dead. The indications arc that Presi dent Taft's corporation tax law will bo passed at the present session of Congress. The New York police think Leon Ling, the Chinese murderer of Miss Elsie Sigcl, may bo hiding in Nfcw Orleans. A branch of the Wagoner Bank and Trust Company at Fort Worth, Tex., was held up by a lone high wayman. The robber escaped with SB,IOO in currency. In a stampede following an ex plosion of gasoline during a moving picture show in the town hall of Somers, Ind., dozens were slightly injured in the crush or by leaping from a second-story window. The building was; saved. James Pruitt, a laborer, attempt ed to kill his wife at his home in Sedalia, Mo., shooting her while asleep. He then turned the weapon upon himself, sending a bullet into his brain. Jealousy caused the shooting. Pruitt died at the hos pital and Mrs. Pruitt will recover. Six armed men believed to be from Victor, Col., last week held up Caretaker Arthur of the Colora do Springs Water System, opened the floodgates on Pike’s Peak and turned 174,000,000 gallons of wa ter into the Victor reservoir. The water supplies for Colorado Springs and the Cripple Creek district are located on the slopes of Pike’s Peak, ■and disputes over them are frequent causes of friction between the two cities. Victor is short of water this year, although Colorado Springs has an ample supply, having 900,000,- 000 gallons left after the theft. The government suit against the New York, New Haven and Hart ford, the Bostop and Maine and other railroads for violating the anti-trust law was dismissed. Sanford Robinson, personal coun sel to F. Augustus Heinze, was con victed in the United States Circuit Court in New York of impeding the administration of justice in advis ing a grand jury witness to evado the service of a subpoena. Mbs. Edith Woodill of Los An geles, Gal., who was found dead near Baltimore, Md., is believed to have been murdered. Miss Bessie Day, school teacher, and her cousin,’ M. E. Barton, were drowned by the capsizing of a boat near Pittsburg, Kan. William Carrokcr, a negro, ac cused of the murder of William Leonard, was taken from jail at Talbotton, Ga., and lynched. Oscar Lewisohn, the husband of Edna May, the former actress, is reported to have been killed in an automobile accident in Europe. Grover Brandt, 17-year-old son of ex-Mayor George P. Brandt of Pass Christian, Miss., is missing. He left a note indicating suicide by drowning. The parade of the North Ameri can Turnbund at Cincinnati was participated in by 40,000 turners, soldiers, school children, civic so cieties and secret orders. Carrying out a suggestion of the Mississippi Press Association, Gov ernor Noel named J. G. McGuire, E. A. Fitzgerald and Fred V. Sul lens a committee to solicit sub scriptions for the fund to erect a life-sized statue of the late Bishop Galloway at Jackson. The question of the eight-hour law iias been submitted to Presi dent Taft in the form of a request by Thomas Dolan, president of the Steam Shovelers’ Union, that the president obtain from the attorney general an opinion as to whether the law prohibiting payment for over time is not being violated on the Panama canal. The commission authorized by Tennessee legislature to select a site for the monument to .Senator Edward \\ ard Carmack, who was killed on the streets in Nashville last November, has decided on a lo cation above the south entrance to the state capitol grounds. It is proposed to erect a memorial cost ing $25,000. Subscriptions to the memorial fund are being received. ■ One man dead and 22 injured, several seriously, arc the result of an error in train orders which caus ed two night passenger trains on the Southern Bailroad to meet in a head-on collision at Belmont,. 111. 1 he two trains had been ordered to meet at Belmont, but later this or der was revised so that the meeting place was fixed at Browns. The east-bound crew did not receive the Inf ter order and expected to pass at Belmont. Five years ago J. E. Marcell, the cashier of a bank in Highland, Kan., swindled banks in Kansas City, St. Louis. Chicago and New York ont of $300,000 and wrecked the bank in Highland. He was con victed and sentenced to 32 years in prison. Fifteen months ago lie was pardoned by Governor Hoch. To day Marcell is a fugitive from jus tice. He is wanted on the charge of defrauding Kansas City banks again, this time ont of $25,000. When Representative Bartholdt of Missouri called on General Ains worth, adjutant general of the army, a few days ago he was told that the plans of making Jefferson Barrack. St. Louis, the model and central re cruiting station of the army were being perfected and that, beginning in the near future, it was the inten tion of the department to have about 2,000 soldiers and recruits there at all times, as it is to be a recruiting station for all tire branches of tiro service. Tuberculosis has its latest and an all-powerful foe in Miss Mary Harriman, eldest daughter of E. H. Harriman. She has taken one of her father’s Eric ferryboats and turned it into a man-o'-peace to fight consumption. She has present ed the craft to the Brooklyn com mittee for the prevention of tuber eulosis and the Brooklyn Red Cross Society. The boat is to be refitted on an extensive scale. Hammocks, steamer chairs and other conven iences for out-in-the-air sleeping will be arranged for the accommo dation of 300 men, women and chil dren. A Mexican child worth millions has been kidnaped, and authorities suspect relatives. Hr. Dominick has discovered new way of applying radium in cancer treatment. Two men were killed and four in jured, three seriously, by a „ explo sion of powder at the Macßeth Fuse Works, Pompton Lake, N. J. There were two explosions and six build ings were wrecked. COTTON CROP FLOODED WORK IMPEDED IN MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA AND GEORGIA. Elsewhere the Crop Shows Slight Improvement —Some iielcls Abandoned. Memphis, Temi. —The condition of the cotton crop at the close of the week was worse in Mississippi, Alabama and about two-thirds of Georgia than at the close of the preceding week. Continuous rains stopped cultivation and the grass made such headway that a greater percentage of the fields must he abandoned. Some crops have received no cultivation at all. The best of weather in the future can not repair the loss already sustained. The plant in these States, even where partially cultivated, is small and grow ing slowly. It is far behind last season. Elsewhere the crop has improved. The improvement in North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas was not great, being rather less than normal, because ruins delayed work and pre vented the farmers putting fields in a good state of cultivation. It is still possible, however, in these districts, to regain much of the loss. In Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana cotton made normal progress, and is now in the best condition of the season. Tennessee—The cotton crop in Tennes see is grassy and not well cultivated. ISome improvement resulted during the week, as rains were not so heavy as elsewhere east of the river. Mississippi—Many ruins fell during the week and little cultivation was done. The plant is small and badly in grass. The abandonment of acreage because of the impossibility of cultivation will be considerable. The best weather hence forth will not repair all the loss. Alabama—Little progress was made in cultivation, as rainfall was general and in many sections daily. The crop is very grassy and some lands in the bottoms will be abandoned. The plant is very small and the outlook is regarded everywhere as gloomy. Good weather can not repair the loss that has been snll'ered. Louisiana—With a few local excep tions the rainfall of the week was bene ficial. The crop improved greatly in condition and growth. It is regarded now as pro mining in the south and west. Bull weevils, however, are numerous. Arkansas—Cultivation is behind a nor mal, and some of the crops are very grassy. Rainfall during the week not general, and in the drier districts con siderable progress was made in cultiva tion. Some reports are good. The boll weevil is becoming increasingly numer ous. Texas—Rains were local and, except on the coast, where they were excessive, benefit ted cotton. A few sections bad no rain, but have not suffered. Temper atures were high and cheeked the boll weevil, which arc growing more numer ous. Cultivation made progress and the plant is growing well. CALIFORNIA GIRL PERFECT. Eleven-Year-Old Margaret Edwards Has Wonderful Development. San Francisco, Cal.—Miss Margaret Edwards of Oakland is claimed to be tde most perfectly physically developed girl under 13 years of age in all the world. The child’s mother is a teacher of physi cal culture. Miss Margaret is 11 years and ( J months old, is 5 feet 5 1-8 inches tall and weighs 10t> pounds. Her physical measurements are as follows: Neck, IX 1-2 inches; arm, 9 inches; fore arm, 8 3-4 inches; wrist, 0 inches; el bow, 8 3-4 incres; chest, normal, 31 inches: contracted, 27 inches; expanded, 32 1-2 inches; bust, 33 inches, waist, 23 inches; hips, 34 inches; thigh, 19 inches; calf, 13 inches, and ankle, S indies. Senate Passes Census BilL ushingtoii.—Within five minutes the census appropriation bill was passed by the Senate in the form in which it was passed by the House, it appropriates $10,000,000 for taking the thirteenth census, and authorizes the director of the census to designate three commis sioners to represent the United States in the international commission for the revision of the classification of diseases and called by the government of France to meet in Paris in July, 1900. Harriman Takes Many Cures. Scunnering, Austria.—Mr. Harrimaus physicians have proscribed various cures, including t,u ‘ cold water treatment, elec trical massage and the carbonic acid bath. Mr. Harriman devotes a consid erable portion of the time to walkin'* and driving. While the attending physb cians do not think that his health will be entirely restored, they expect great improvement in his condition. Wife s Sin May Prove Fatal. Atlanta, Ga.—Caught by her husband m a room with another man, Mrs. Kellie Jobson, a pretty brunette of 22, mar ried just six years ago, was lowered from a window by a rope of sheets, held by Harry Wolford, the rope parting when she was half way down, precipitatin'* her two stories, breaking her back in the fall. Lynch Negro in Oklahoma. Wilburton, Ok la.—A mob of fifty masked men took Sylvester Stennien, a negro, from the jail here and lynched him. The negro had shot and killed Albert I urner, a deputy constable, who had attempted to arrest him. Killed in Church. Chico, Tex.-J. E. Moser, 47 years old, was shot to death whih on his knees praying in a church neai here by his son-in-law, Roy Jiurnham, 19 years ol age. Hun,hum’s wife, who had recently ““"' 8 b ' ,ide '■“ For Greater Mississippi Devoted to the Agricultural, Commercial and Industrial Development <jf the State’s Incomparable Resources —Official Organ if Department if Agriculture and Commerce. By H. E. BLAKESLEE :: :: :: JACKSON Plant More Cowpeas. The importance of planting cowpeas not only as a hay-producing crop, but as a nitrogen gatherer and land builder, is attracting more attention in Mississippi every year. A number of the farmers in the state recently offered the following article on cowpeas, which is well worthy of consideration: “We often talk of our natural advan tages, and yet these very best gifts of the gods are the very ones most ignored and least appreciated. We do not fully appreciate health until its blessings are gone. Pure water and air are taken as i matter of no consequence until the fear ful results of their being polluted comes upon us. Heaven has indeed been gener ous to the South. All men speak elo quently of our great monopoly, cotton, and it is indeed a wondrous money maker. Yet we have but recently seen our whole people groan under this very monopoly, and on account of receiving only half-price for its production many of our farmers are driven into bankrupt DIVERSIFIED FARM EXHIBIT, DELTA FAIR. The man who thinks the great Delta section of Mississippi grows nothing but: cotton will be surprised to learn that this excellent exhibit was from a farm near Greenville, and made at the fair held there last fall. cy or to the cities. Then cotton, on ac count of the clean culture necessary to its production, is an exhaustive crop to our soil. In consequence, many a South ern farm that should be robed in ver dure is now seamed with gullies and mil lions of galled spots are left as a blot upon our landscape to tell the tale. That portion of our Southland that still re sponds to culture is taxed more than a tithe to pay enormous fertilizer bills wo are annually forced to make that we may enjoy growing our monopoly. This' is all our work; it was never heaven's plan. Nature in her kindness would have foretold such results had her chil dren been attentive to her teachings. She gives us a twin monopoly, and in tended that the wondrous easy-growing nitrogen-gathering, soil-resting, animal feeding legume, the eowpea, should re ceive equally the attention devoted to cotton. “For over one hundred years we have known something of the value of the eowpea, but we were too busy in our active pursuit of the fleecy staple to give the eowpea the consideration it de served, and which would have resulted in an untold blessing (o our soil and to ourselves. Like the children of Israel, wo have gone astray after false gods. We prefer to listen to the oily talks of the cotton speculator and guano dealer who were laying heavy tribute upon the labor of our hands, rather than the still small voice of Nature, who would have wooed us to ways of wisdom and independence. Farmers, wake up and go to doing. The eowpea is the essential crop to grow that you can plant, and one of the very best. The pea is fine food for man or beast. The vines make one of the very best hays for all your stock, and the vines and roots form one of the very fin est and cheapest fertilizers you can re turn to your soil. My advice is to grow cowpeas, feed stock with peas and vines, and return the manure to your soil. “We figure it in this way: One ton of pea-vine hay fed to cattle is worth as much as sls for manure. A farmer should want all in any product which ho raises that there is in it for him, and hence should feed his pea-vines. Hut if he does not care to keep so many cattle, the, pea vines and roots, after the peas are gathered for seed, are worth $7.50 per ton as manure to the land when plowed under. While it is better to have the sls, it is worse than folly to lose the $7.50. Any farmer can grow a ton of pea, vine cheaper than he can buy • 300-pound sack of phosphate. I can tell it to the very row in a growing crop where peas were planted the year be fore We know labor is scarce, but this is all the more reason for planting peas so as to increase the yield of cotton and corn upon the land to cultivate. So what ever the nature and extent of your farm operations, plant peas. The peas them selves are as staple ns your cotton. Every good-sized farm should have a pea thresher and twenty-five or more bush els of peas, over your need for home sow mg, will bring more than that many dollars to buy some needed household goods for your family, if YOU are a stock farmer, plant peas; if you are in sympathy with the best interests of tto South, and have any regard for the fer tility of your soil, plant peas. This is a common ground where we all can and should meet, and as the eowpea can bo planted at any time from the first of March until the middle of April, wo call upon all to remember to plant as many peas as possible. Plant them; after grain. Put them in your corn, put them in your cotton, and put them in poor spots. Then will our soil be im proved, our stock fed better, our fertil izer bills reduced and we will be rntfeh. better oil in every way.” * * • Bee Interest Increasing. Although somewhat slow to take holdf at first, the bee-keepers are doing better is the year grows older. The associa tion membership is growing very nicely, and letters received at this office ara encouraging for good attendance for the 1 meeting this fall. The following ex- tracts give an example of the interest that is being shown: M. E. Dußosc, of Waynesboro, says: “I am very much interested in bee*- keeping and would like to join the asso eiation and attend the meetings. Have but few colonies, but am anxious to ob tain information, with a view to enlarg ing my apiary.” Mr. Dußosc has been entered as a member and a card for warded to him. Hope he will be on hand at the meeting on November 2d, and have an exhibit of honey at the State hair, which will be running at that time. Mr. At. ]). Marlow, of llulcville, says: “If possible, I want to attend the next meeting of the Mississippi Bee-Keepers’ Association. I desire to become a mem ber of the association, and will remit membership fee upon receipt of infor mation. I have forty-three colonics, built up from seven blacks last year. I have Italianized them and now have forty three on the road to prosperity. I want to learn more of the work. I have an ideal location on the bank of Quiver river. I want to join the ranks, help the work along and learn all that I can. We get both profit and pleasure from it.” Mr. Marlow is now a member of the association, and it is hoped that ho will get to the meeting this fall to hear what others who have had experience will say, and also that he may be able to give some point in his experience that will be of interest to other bee-keepers. It is expected that a program with the many subjects of interest to bee-keepers will be provided. If you see this notice and are at all interested in bee-keeping, write the sec retary and have your name enrolled as a member. Speak to your friends and acquaintances concerning the matter and induce them to join also. We hope to have a good roster of members by fall, a largely attended meeting and interest mg and useful sessions, * * ♦ Stock Raising in Monroe. I he Aberdeen Examiner recently came to the Department of Agriculture with an item marked which gives an excellent example of what is possible in the way of stock raising ifi that section. It iw as follows: Monroe county has many notable breeders of mules and horses, whose ex ploits m that line are noted from time to time in the Examiner. Mr. T. A. had Icy, whose 200-aere pasture of les pedesia and bermuda grass is near Bin ford, has sixteen fine colts. He has re cently sold four of his home-raised mules lit an average of $175. He also sold ( "ring (he past year s.'ioo worth of hogs' and SOOO worth of cattle,” * • • the heavy rains during the last two weeks of May caused incalculable dam age to farming interests in Mississippi. is estimated that the crops were dam aged from 5 to ,'!0 per cent, and it is sa c to assume that the acreage was re duced on account of it being too late- i 0 yeplant cotton. The rains were - iard blow to farmers all over the stat-ft.