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Dr. B. H. Edwards,
DENTIST, PHILADELPHIA, MISS. Office over Mars Bros.’ store. Ir. j. stribling. e. b. stribling Stribling & Stribling, Physicians and Surgeons PHILADELPHIA, MISS. Office in Hotel Hush. POWELL &TOAL Resident Photographers PHILADELPHIA, MISS. Good work guaranteed. Prompt an 4 efficient service. Have your picture made now. a I* DOBBS. JAS. B. xIILLMAN Dobbs & Hillman, Attorneys at Law, Philadelphia, Miss. Prompt attention given to all matter! entrusted to us. S. M. HOUSTON, Attorney at Law, Meridian, Miss. H. L. AUSTIN, Attorney at Law, Philadelphia, Mise. Prompt attention given to all Better! entrusted to me. Offc? over Mars Broe.’ store. Byrd,Wilson&Richardson Attorneys at Law, Philadelphia, Miss. Prompt attention given to all matters entrusted to us. Subscribe for THE DEMOCRAT Onr Sympathy Is always extended to those In distress, but we have no sym pathy to waste on the man who borrows his neighbor’s paper when he can have one of his own at a mere nominal expense. Your home paper stands for your interests and the interests of your home town. It deserves your moral and financial support If you are not a member of our family of readers you should begin now by sending in your subscription. Your Printing It (herald be a fit representative of yonr business, which means the high grade, ar- Nstic kind, Thats the kind we do. AH EXCELLENT ASSORTMENT Or TYPE, GOOD PRESSES AND TYPOGRAPHICAL ARTISTS • These represent ear facilities for doing fee kind of printing that will please yon. The prices ore right, end prompt delivery fee invariable nils at this office. I AO the News *£'£ . r happens the home town; the births, mar- Of the /loath*. the social affairs, • Banda, those only who ha all those regular in attendance for Ist, 2nd and 3rd quarters) * pf the year. | V A VICTIM Op" TREACHERY Story of Jonathan’* Capture and Death BY THE “HIGHWAY AND BYWAY” PREACHER (Copyright, 1800, by the Author, W. 8. Edsou.) Based on the Apocryphal book of 1. Maccabees, 12 to 13:30. Period of Maceabaean Wars.—The vari ous glimpses of national life which can be gained during the period, show, on tlie whole, a steady adherence to the Mosaic law. Probably the law was never more rigorously fulfilled. The interruption of the succession to the high-priesthood was the most Important innovation which was made, and one which prepared the way for the dissolution of the state. After various arbitrary changes, the office was left vacant for seven years upon the death of Alclmus, The last descendant of Jezadak, in whose family it had been for nearly four centuries, lied to Egypt, and established a schismatic worship, and at last, when the support of the Jews be came Important, the Maceabaean lead er. Jonathan, of the family of Joarib, was elected to the dignity by the nomination of the Syrian king whose will was con firmed as It appears, by the voice of the people. Little can be said of the condi tion of literature and the arts. In com mon intercourse the Jews used the Ar amaic dialect which was established aft er the return: this was their own lan guage. and it is evident from the narra tive quoted that they understood Greek, which must have spread widely through the Influence of the Syrian officers. There Is not. however, the slightest evidence that Greek was employed In Palestinian literature till a much later date. The de scription of the monument which was erected by Simon at Modln in memory of his family, is the only record of the architecture of the time. The only recog nized relics of the time are the coins which bear the name of "Simon" or “Si mon, Prince of Israel,” in Samaritan let ters. The privilege of a national coin age was granted to Simon by Antlochus VII. Sidetes: and numerous examples oc cur which have the dates of the first, second, third and fourth years of the lib eration of Jerusalem. SOkOSOSOSOkO *OO ~0 O O a OSO o ~ SERMONETTE. k 0 § O “Kor we have help from § 0 heaven that succoreth us, so we Q it are delivered from our enemies, 5 and our enemies are brought un- a. (5 der foot.” § q This declaration made in a 0 g letter written by Jonathan, the § js victorious Maccabee leader, to <3 the Lacedemonians when he § p sought peace and alliance with Q g them, is indicative of the man’s 0 X character and the secret of his g 9 power. g 0 With David he could sing: 0, * “I will life up mine eyes unto 5 § the hills, from whence cometh p my help. § g “My help cometh from the Q K Lord, which made heaven and § g earth. m !g! “He will not suffer thy foot to 9 0 be moved; he that keepeth thee 9 g will not slumber. g “Behold, he that keepeth Is- k Q rael shall neither slumber nor g b s|ee p- g g “The Lord is thy keeper; the Q XI Lord is they shade upon they g 0 right hand. g 0 “The sun shall not smite thee g g by day, nor the moon by night. 0 ® “The Lord shall preserve thee q O from all evil; he shall preserve W 0 they soul. Q g “The Lord shall preserve thy 0j g going out and thy coming in g 0 from this time forth, and even x! 0 for evermore.” Q “ 6 O 'OIOEOO£O aOSOSOSOJf OSO OR THE STORY. TRYPHON had set his heart upon gaining the throne, and he plotted to kill Antiochus, the king, but he feared the power of Jonathan. “If he knew of my purpose he will never permit me to pass through his land,” Tryphon exclaimed one day to one of his captains. “Why not do away then with Jona than, and then shall thou be able to compass thy purpose,” the other coun seled. “But how can I? No army has yet been able to withstand his prowess. Thou surely hast not forgotten what he has already done to the forces which Demetrius sent against him, and how he has fortified the wails of Jerusalem as never before and has strengthened himself in all the king dom?” “No, I have not. But what thou cannot do by force of arms thou canst do in subtlety. Draw Jonathan forth from the walls of Jerusalem and when thou has made as though thou wouldst light with him make over tures to him and draw him to one of thy cities where thou canst do with him after the purposes of thine own heart.” “But he is too wise to be thus caught,” replied Tryphon, dubiously. “Nay, his very Security now will make such plot possible,” was the re ply. So it came to pass a short time later that the alarm was sounded through Judea that Tryphon had raised a mighty army and had come Into the border of Judea and was then at Bethsan. Jonathan lost no time In gathering his forces and a few days after the report was brought to him he was marching to Bethsan with 40,000 chosen men. But instead of battle array he found Tryphon coming to meet him. “Why hast thou put thy people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war between us?” Tryphon exclaimed, half reproachfully when he had come into the presence of Jonathan and had exchanged greetings. And then before Jonathan had time to answer. ' tie ’"ant on: 'lt Is a fine army thou hast, Jon* than. And I am glad of this occa sion which has come to me of seeing thy perfect discipline and the obedi ence of thy men to thy every com mand. Happy must thou be with such an army.” “And why hast thou come with such a great army to Bethsan?" ques tioned Jonathan, not altogether satis fied by the cordial words which Tryphon had spoken. "That I might have thy judgment upon them and mlghtest give them into thy hand for discipline as thine own army is disciplined," he replied, with evident sincerity. “See," he ex claimed, “here are the orders which command that the men in my army shall obey thee in all that thou shalt say to them, and fortunate indeed will I count myself if thou wilt but come with me and show the manner of thy orders in thine own army." Jonathan took the proffered parch ment bearing the seal and writing. “Yea, thou knowest that I may well covet thee as a friend, for do I not know that Rome has again made league with thee and have not the Lacedemonians likewise entered into convenant of peace with thee?" Tryphon continued to argue, and Jonathan seemed satisfied, for the next day when Tryphon urged him to return with him to Ptolemals he consented thereto. “Send home thy army, but take with thee those whom thou wouldst have serve thee until thy return.’’ Tryphon counseled, and Jonathan, believing such advice was good and that his men were better back in their home* and busy on the laud, he dismissed them and sent them back. But 2,000 he sent into Galilee and 1,000 picked men he took with him. Now as soon as Jonathan had en tered into Ptolemais with his men the men of the city shut the gates in subtlety at night, and going forth they slew while yet they slept all the men whom Jonathan had brought with him, so that when he went forth In the morning he found himself a prisoner in the hands of Tryphon, and he expected that he would be killed, but instead, Tryphon hastened back into Galilee to destroy the forces there before the rest of the army could assemble. But when Simon, the brother of Jonathan, heard all this he hastened to gather the men of Judea. But they were in great dismay until he had spoken boldly, saying; "Ye yourselves know what great things I, and my brethren, and my father’s house, have done for the laws and the sanctuary, the battles also and troubles which we have seen. By reason whereof all my brethren are slain for Israel's sake, and I am left alone. Now be it far from me, that I should spare mine own life, in any time of trouble; for I am no bet ter than my brethren. Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and the sanc tuary, and our wives, and our chil dren; for all the heathens are gath ered to destroy us of very malice.” Now when the people heard these brave words their spirits revived and they shouted; “Thou shall bo our leader instead of Jonathan thy brother. Fight our battles and whatsoever thou com mandest us, that will we do.” In this spirit Simon and his array met the great army of Tryphon, which came into Judea, Jonathan be ing held in ward. And Tryphon sent messengers to Simon, saying: “Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother in hold, it is for money that he is owing unto the king’s treasury, concerning certain business which was committed unto him. Wherefore now send a hundred talents of silver and tw’o of his sons as hostages, that when he is at liberty he may not re volt from us and we will let him go.” “Now Simon suspected further de ceit, but he knew that his followers would blame him if he consented not to these terms and would charge that he had caused the death of Jonathan. So he sent Tryphon the children and the money. But Tryphon kept not his word, but when he had come to Bascaraa, he slew Jonathan and buried him there and then returned to his own land, and Simon went and took the bones of Jonathan and buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers and he built a monument and all Israel made great lamentation for him and be wailed him many days. Spiritual Exercise. Anew pastor was met by one of his parishioners who was fat and of many years, who said to the pastor: “You must feed the sheep.” Where upon the pastor replied: “My dear old man, you do not need food, you need exercise.” In this repartee there is a great deal of truth, appropriate to the spiritual conditions of thou sands of Christians. There are peo ple who are constantly clamoring for preaching—and this particularly true among our people; we are not given to relishing lectures on econom ic, educational, and varied subjects. Whenever there is a gathering and It Is possible to turn It into a preaching service, this is done. The sheep must be fed. But as a matter of fact, what our people need more than feeding 1s the spiritual exercise. They are fed; abundantly so, and If they were to put into practice only a small part of that which is given them in pulpit ministrations, they would be better and the world wduld be better and happier. No, we are not in need of feeding. Truthfully, we are not in need of much preaching; we are well fed. What we are in need of is the overclse of that which has been given to us by the pulpit. This done and there will be a quickening of our church life.—Southwestern Christian Advocate. [ForfoeaterMississippi Devoted to the Agricultural, Commercial and Industrial Development if the State's Incomparable Resources —Official Organ if Department if Agriculture and Commerce. By H. E. BLAKESLEE :: :: :: JACKSON What About Pellagra? A great deal is being said in the public press these days about a supposedly new disease that has been discovered as prev alent throughout the country. While the medical profession is not agreed upon the causes for this disease, a majority have attributed it to the use of damaged corn meal. It’s symptoms and progress have been given general publicity and do not call for repetition. Suffice it to say, that it is being advertised as a seri ous malady and largely confined to the South. Reliable research has proven it to bo one of the oldest maladies to which human flesh is heir, having been prev alent for hundreds of years in a number of the old countries across the waters. Then too, there are those who have in vestigated and claim that it was a well known malady, even before corn or In dian maize was discovered. Instances have been given where the victim was never known to have eaten a pieee of corn bread. So it is possible if not prob able, that when the true cause ia lo- '* * ' * ' ’ ' -* . ' - (ti - : tv. - . ' " * ' •* V • V;' •#* •.-' V *V- } ' . - ' . • , , V V -, , ~ , # ■ PECAN NURSERY AND ORCHARD—Dumbarton, Miss., property of I. E. Bass & Sons. The pecan is a native of Mississippi and thrives in all sections. Messrs Bass have a splendid orchard and nursery, finding the venture very profitable. cated it will be far removed from our popular diet of corn pone. The Soutli has been generally named as the home of this disease and the im pression left that it was another of the plagues to which we had fallen heir, to run its course as did yellow fever. With in the last few weeks comes the an nouncement that one of the middle north ern states had 100 eases and the investi gation was not half over. Others in the same section reported a number, and the indications are, that it dees not con iine itself to any particular section. Mis sissippi has no more of it than Illinois and wo do not enjoy the unfavorable advertising that has been given us re cently. If it is caused by immature or mould, ed corn as claimed, our people can soon get rid of it by raising their own corn for bread and making sure that it is thor oughly ripe and dry before being gath ered. Western corn is usually cut be fore being thoroughly dry but not so here in Mississippi. Let us hope that it is only one more scarecrow that will goon vanish. At any rate, it is not eon fined to the South, but thrives in other sections of the United States as well. * * * Bee-keeping in the Delta. No country can surpass the Yazoo Della for the production of honey, which is the paradise of bee-keepers who fol low the occupation on a large scale for profit. Few have gone into it as an avoca tion, as it requires thorough study as a science with reasonable enthusiasm, cou pled with hard work. '1 he great revolution in bee-keeping able frame, by which the bees were made to build their combs on a frame that could be moved from the hive, all hives was caused by the invention of the mov bcing of the same construction so a frame could be passed to any one of the hives of the apiary. The invention also of a honey extractor so the honey could be thrown from the comb by centrifugal force after the cappings were removed by a sharp knife are a great help. With such improvements honev can be harvested on a large scale and the comb removed from the hive many times during the season and returned to bo filled again, preventing the bees - from building an additional comb, which would consume much time and great quantities of honey, to the bee-keeper’s loss. When, therefore, the hives were filled with comb the apiculturist would he complete mas ter of the situation, moving the combs of honey and at once replacing the same with combs emptied with the extractor. Any one who desires to go into busi ness in this alluvial country should handle a large number of hives (not less than 1!>0) and spend at least one season with a first-class bee-keeper, os there are a thousand little things to be learned by observation. For books I w'ould only recommend Langs troth on the Honey Bee, revised by Charles Dadant, as a practical work. There are two diseases of bees to con tend with, “foul brood,” which destroys the old as well as the young bees, and is very contagions. We have never been troubled with it. The other is “chilled or black brood,” pronounced by I’iof. Phillips, of the entomological bureau, as “European foul brood,” and is very con tagious. The young bees and larvae (maggot stage) become chilled in the spring from cold, damp weather and die when the old bees remove them and the queen lays the fresh eggs in the cells and the colony soon acquires its normal strength. I am satisfied that it is not contagious. All the large bee-keepers in the country have been alfccted by it, and the damage has been from 10 to 15 per cent. In spite of it the bee-keepers will produce more honey than last year. The resources for honey in this great alluvial delta are beyond computation, where one bee-keeper with 150 colonies last year made 31,000 pounds, which is equivalent to 17 gallons to the hive, and throe other large ones produced from nine to ten gallons. Bee-keeping is no light work, and it is not to be supposed that the bees do most of it. To have a good constitution, plen ty of energy, perserverance and a mod erate amount of enthusiasm are the r* quisites. Two rules must he observed in bee keeping : Keep your colonies strong by uniting the weak ones and take the sur plus honey as fust as the bees bring it. All bee-keepers in this country use th& Langstroth frame. It is the standard hive, simply constructed and of easy and rapid manipulation. To make honey work for extracted honey—to lose your time and money try for comb honey. O. M. BLANTON. * * ♦ Salt Keeps Out the Corn Weevil. Dozens of replies have been received to tlie inquiry made a month since for a plan for keeping weevils out of corn. A great majority of these recommend common salt. There must be something in it, from the number of people who testify in its behalf. S. Ilagnell, of Hankinson, says: ‘‘To keep weevils out of corn, put about one-half bushel of coarse salt to every 100 bushels when you throw the corn, in the crib. I have tried this for forty years, and it has never failed.” J. E. Lamb, of Union Church, says: “An effective remedy that I have used for years with perfect success is: Take fine salt; thoroughly mix it through the corn when cribbing —no particular amount, possibly 500 pounds to 1,000 bushels. This docs not injure the corn, but, on the other hand, makes it more palatable for the stock. Horses ani mules relish the shuck when treated in this manner. Rats and mice do not dam age it so much when salt is used. Possibly it is not pleasant to their eyes.” J. M. Thompson, of Waynesboro, says: “My remedy is to gather the corn as soon ns it will keep in the crib; gather without slip-shucking, and pack as tight ly as possible. The weevil fly lays eggs in the end of the ear, and this seems to kill them. I have used this plan for years, and have but little trouble in keeping my corn.” Ihe writer, as well as readers of this department, are under obligations for the prompt replies made to the inquiry. Others may have a remedy to offer. Would be glad to hear from them. • • # State Senator James McDowell is pre paring a bill to be introduced at the coming session of the legislature provid ing for a state reformatory. This is one of the imperative needs for our state. Young boys should not be kept alongside hardened criminals for a term of months or years, serving for the in fraction of law. They should, by all means, be given a chance for reforma tion. Senator McDowell’s bill is un doubtedly a good one. f hold it as a point of self-education, that the student be continually engaged m forming exact ideas, and in express ing them clearly by language.—Faraday. HIS REAL WOE “Why so glum, old man? Won’t she return your love?” “No. But the worst of it Is she won’t return the presents I gave her!” Feeding Farm Hands. Every farmer’s wife knows what tre mendous appetites farm hands usually have; but while they eat well they work well, too, 5 Here’s a good suggestion about feed ing farm hands. Give them plenty of Quaker Scotch Oats. A big dish of Quaker Oats porridge with sugar and cream or milk is the greatest break fast in the world for a man who needs vigor and strength for a long day’s work. The man that eats Quaker Scotch Oats plentifully and often is the man who does good work without excessive fatigue. There is a sustain ing quality in Quaker Scotch Oats not found in other foods, and for economy it is at the head of the list. To meet needs of those in different climates Quaker Scotch Oats is packed in regu lar size packages and hermetically sealed tins; the latter for hot climates. Would Find Use for It. After a day and a night spent in an swering telephone calls from people who wanted the latest news from Peary and Dr. Cook, the secretary of one of the arctic clubs had retired for a well-earned rest, when the per sistent ’phone bell rang again. A voice at the other end said: “Do you want the ambulance sent right over?” “What ambulance?” roared the irate secretary. “Why, the one you sent for.” “I sent for no ambulance.’ “You lie!” The secretary gasped, then he screamed into the ’phone: “Send it as soon as possible, and you come over, too, and I’ll send you back in it!” Poker Finance. Mose Coonley (a winner) —Guess I’ll cash in, boys. Abe Mokeby (also to the good)— Guess I’ll do de same. Jefferson Yallerby—Me too! Bill Bingy (the banker, a big loser) —Well, I guess yo’ each done got an uddeh guess a-comin’, gen’lmen! Ownin’ to dis heah attempted an’ un called-fo' run on de bank, de instertoo tion am now suspended an’ won’t re sume oppyrations till de panicky feel in' hab fully subsided an’ de foolish deposilahs continues doin’ business as fohmahly. And it’s youah deal, Mose Coonley!”—lllustrated Sunday Maga zine. On a Time Limitation. In spite of the reputation for latitu dinarianism he gained from his early trial ior heresy, the late Prof. Jowett of Oxford was intolerant of preten tiousness and shallow conceit. One self-satisfied undergraduatg met the master one day. “Master,” he said, ”1 have searched everywhere in all phil osophies, ancient and modern, and no where do 1 find the evidence of a God.” “Mr. ,” replied the master, alter a shorter pause than usual, “if you don’t find a God by five o’clock this afternoon you must leave this college.” The Way of It. “But I don't love you," objected the young woman. “Then why,” howled the indignant youth, referring hastily to divers mem oranda in his pocket diary, “did you eat up a total of 65 boxes of chocolates I bought you during the past year if you didn’t love me?” “Because,” she said, with a rapt ex pression on her lovely features, “I do love chocolate.” CHILDREN SHOWED IT Effect of Their Warm Drink In the Morning. A year ago I was a wreck from coffee drinking and was on the point of giving up my position in the school room because of nervousness. “1 was telling a friend about it and she said, ‘We drink nothing at meal time but Postum, and it is such a comfort to have something we can enjoy drinking with the children.’ “I was astonished that she would allow the children to drink any kind of coffee, but she sand Postum was the most healthful drink in the world for children as well as for older ones, and that the condition of both the children and adults showed that to be a fact. "My first trial was a failure. The cook boiled it four or five minutes and it tasted so flat that I was in despair but determined to give it one more trial. This time we followed the direc tions and boiled it fifteen minutes aft er the boiling began. It was a decided success and 1 was completely won by Its rich delicious flavour. In a short time I noticed a decided improvement in my condition and kept growing bet ter month after month, until now I am perfectly healthy, and do my work in the school room with ease and pleas ure. I would not return to the nerve destroying regular coffee for any money.” Read the famous little “Health Clas sic,” “The Road to Wellville,” in pkgs. “There’s a Reason." Ever rend the above letter? Anew one appeara from time to time. They are Kenulne, true, and lull of human intercut.