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The Neshoba Democrat. (Philadelphia, Miss.) 1881-current, November 11, 1909, Image 6

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065535/1909-11-11/ed-1/seq-6/

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rJf/7T/0N AT PULMCAYO, BOLIVIA I ||
A RESULT of having lost its Pacific
I Jt I seaboard province of Antofagasta, follow-
I I lug the war with Chile in 1879, Bolivia
I I f° UD <l itself shut off from the sea and de
pendent upon its neighbors for an outlet
Great as was the blow to national
ISSrvjBSl P ri de, for the Bolivians felt the loss of
BhSuJotPI Antofagasta more keenly than even the
B B ®' renc^l *-hat °f the Rhine provinces, and
lljrHro'lll serious as was the loss to the national
treasury of the revenues derived from
BIjA cUI the rich nitrate fields of the lost province,
lm gPI yet the blow was perhaps less heavy than
the Bo,ivians themselves then thought.
It changed entirely the country’s eco
nomic outview and pushed it forward into lines of de
velopment which in all probability would otherwise
have been delayed for many years. Even prior to 1879
the nitrate fields were for the most part owned by for
eigners, the Bolivians themselves being engaged in gold
and sliver mining. But the taxes from nitrate produc-
tion paid in a large measure the expenses of gov
ernment and with the loss of this revenue the
state was forced into consideration of the eco
nomic development of the country in other lines
than gold and silver production alone.
The settled part of Bolivia was then and is
to a large extent yet, that high table-land, one of
the most spacious and elevated plateaux to be
found on the globe, which lies between the west
ern and the eastern Andes. This table-land ex
tends from about the Argentine border in the
south into Peru on the northwest, and is from
80 to 150 miles in width.
On the Chilean border the western Cordillera
la In reality less a mountain range
than a line of huge cliffs. The table
land Is itself 12,000 to 13,000 feet
above sea level and slopes gradually
2.000 or 3,000 feet up to the crest of
the western hills and then falls away
abruptly nearly three miles down,
15.000 feet, to the desert land lying
between the foot of this immense line
of cliffs and the Pacific ocean. To
the east of the table-land lies the
high Andes, the Cordillera Real, ris
ing In Illampu, Illimani. Ancochuma
and Sajama over 21,000 feet. North,
east and south from the Cordillera
Real the land falls away to the great
Amazon and Parana plains. This
country, three-fourths of Bolivia in
area, is but little settled, but is in
natural resources and soil one of the
richest parts of the world.
It could easily sustain an agricul
tural population greater than the
whole present population of South
America.
The first and most pressing need
t n.
to Bolivia is railways. This need was recognized
to a certain extent prior to the war with Chile.
as June 1863 the national assembly
authorized the president to enter into contracts
for the building of railways, and In 1868 a con
cession was granted to a citizen of the United
States to build a railway from Cobiji to Potosl
with a government guaranty of seven per cent
on the capital invested. In addition, the conces-
on carried a grant of land one league on each
side of the line. A number of other concessions
were made in 1868, 1873.1874,1877,1878 and 1879.
In 1904 the Bolivian national office of imml
gration and statistics issued a volume of nearly
400 pages containing the acts, decrees and con
cessions in aid of railways, covering the years
1880 to 1904. Every effort was made by tl^gov
ernment during this period to induce capital to
invest in railway construction in the country
Perhaps nowhere else in the world were such in
ducexnents held out by any country to secure the
end sought as by Bolivia, following the termina
tion of the war with Chile. These inducements
were offers of land, mines, exemption from taxa
tion and customs duties, government guaranties,
financial aid and exclusive privileges. But unfor
tunately for Bolivia the offers were not made in
the right quarter. In its eagerness to secure re
sults, concessions were granted to and contracts
made with the most irresponsible parties, in
many cases mere adventurers without capital or
Influence. The net result was naturally to retard
rather than to help railroad construction.
In 1904 all that Bolivia had to show in rail
ways as a result of 40 years’ legislation and in
numerable contracts were the Guaqui and the
Antofagasta roads. The former gave an outlet
from La Paz to Lake Titicaca, whence passengers
and freight were transported across the lake by
boat to the Peruvian port of Puno and thence by
the Peruvian railway to Noliendo on the Pacific.
The total length of the road from Alto of La
Pax to Ouaqui on Lake Titicaca was 87 kilometers
(54 miles). The gauge was one meter (39.37
inches) and the rails weighed 18 kilograms per
meter—about 12 pounds per foot.
The Antofagasta, Bolivia’s first railway, had a
total mileage of 925 kilometers (573 miles), a
gauge of 75 centimeters (29.53 inches) and rails
weighing 17.40 kilograms per meter, or about
11 pounds per foot.
It was not until 25 years after the outbieak of
the war with Chile and 20 years after the signing
of the agreement of April 4, 1884, wli'ch marked
the close of that war, although it did not con
clusively settle all the questions arising
therefrom, that on October 20, 1904, at San
tiago, plenipotentiaries of the two countries
signed the treaty of peace and friendship
which put a final end to all disputes between
Bolivia and Chile and secured in addition
concessions to the former.
In the preceding year, 1903, was signed
Undwthf t° f ? i0 dG Janeiro with Brazil.
betweei h S eXchange of territories
between the two countries was effected r„
■..la .Culm, on ,h. .on.Kea.t .L 2r,„
r~ i\ u
mS \ |
i I 1 1 h|| n 1
erntory lying between its boundary and the
araguay river, and Brazil acquired Bolivia’s
aim to the Acre region on the northeast. The
' a . , r territory being considered the more valu
of %> B n™ Z iL StiPU ' ated t 0 pay a cash Indemnity
of £-.000,000 sterling.
These two treaties were of immense conse
to, 1 Bolivia: fir st. in relieving her from
the old railway and mining entanglements; sec
nd, in securing the construction of the Arica.
La Paz railway; third, through the loan of Chl
lean credit in internal railway construction; and,
Jf "’ in Providing a cash fund of £2.300,000
with wh ch to guarantee or to begin the actual
construction of the trunk lines.
™.foH loWing the ratifica tlon of the treaties ne
gotiations were opened with prominent European
American capitalists and on May 19, 1906
L n ? r foWas 0 Was Signed with the National City
and Speyer & Co- of New York. The con
nf fv, W * B 8 gned In La Paz by a representative
” e concessionaires and additional stipulations
were made on May 22.
Under article 111 of the contract the conces
sionaires oblige themselves within a period of
terns 601 " 9 t 0 COnstruct the blowing railway sys
.. (a) F^ m ° rur ° t 0 Viacha > with a branch to
line ' Ver Desaguader °. connecting with the Arica
(b) From Oruro to Cochabamba.
(c) Prom Oruro to Potosl.
(e) Prom Uyunl to Potosl.
(f) From La Paz to Puerto Pando
All of these roads are to be one-meter gauge
except the last two mentioned, which, in the dis
cretion of the concessionaires, may be of 75 cen
timeters gauge.
COS * °* t * le railways is estimated at £5-
000.000 sterling, including £1,200,000 allowed for
the LaPaz-Puerto Pando line.
The concessionaires are authorized to issue
two classes of bonds—first mortgage and second
mortgage, or income bonds. The first mortgage
bonds, which are a first lien, are authorized to
the amount of £3,700,000 sterling, bear five per
cent, interest and are payable in 20 years. The
interest for 20 years is guaranteed by the gov
ernment of Bolivia.
A further issue of additional first mortgage
bonds to the amount of £2,000.000 sterling is
authorized in case the sum of £5,500,000 proves
insufficient to build the lines. These bonds will
// wi mjmr w
I LAYING S,
4 NEAR ORURJA J
—-n #
\^ /JT GUAQUI, BOLIVIA
bear six per cent, interest and the in
terost will not be guaranteed by the
government. The second-mortgage o*.
income bonds run for 25 years, bear
five por cent, interest and are a sec
ond lien on the roads.
Under an agreement made in Lon
don in 1907 by the Antofagasta and
Bolivia Railway Company, which is a
British corporation, and Speyer &
Cos., the Antofagasta Railway Com
pany agreed to guarantee the inter
est on tlie line from Oruro to Viacha
and in addition to make a payment
to the concessionaires for a majority
of the lino’s stock. This agreement
made necessary the law, mentioned
above, signed by President Montes
on December 1. 1908. The purpose
of this agreement is to make the new
lines serve as feeders to the Antofagasta line in
stead of playing the part of competing lines, as
would have been the case had the original pro
gram of construction been carried out.
*he ° r " ro t 0 Potosi line of the original plan
would partly parallel the Antofagasta line. It Is
' ery P r °bable that a complete merger of the in
terests of the Antofagasta and Bolivia Railway
Company and the American concessionaires will
be made.
A STOUT THING
Miss Burden was not devoid of good sense, but
she had brooded over her neighbor’s treatment ol
her until It seemed both intolerable and lawless It
Involved a question of shares in the privileges of
a certain spring of water and of rights in a certain
p “ h> disagreement over these had led to
other differences, small and large, until the main
issue seemed hopelessly confused.
Finally Miss Burden resolved to consult a law
yer, to ascertain it there might not be comforting
relief for her feelings in a lawsuit. When a wom
an s exasperation reaches the point where she Is
n S °. rt t 0 the law ’ Bhe 18 t 0 be dreaded,
and Miss Burden went to Lawyer Falrman’s office
with a long and spirited story of her wrongs
Unfortunately for her plan, these wrongs were
rather of word than of deed, and rather of fancy
lna n *°n r n d - VVhat the neighbor wanted to do
and talked about doing, and even what he meant
to do a some future time, did not greatly Impress
Mr. Falrman. He gently suggested to the angry
client that her mood was unjustified by what had
actually happened and concluded his advice with
some words which she never forgot.
“Don’t go to law, my dear lady, until you have
some facts to take with you. Law by itself is a
poor friend; but a fact’s a stout thing—a fact’s a
stout thing!” s laclß a
The country lawyer’s wisdom is sound philoso
phy for every day in the year. Fancy gives birth
to a long train of children, good and bad, and they
all have legs and arms of characteristic slender
ness and a grasp on life too gentle to be control
ling. Set them in line of battle and Master Fact
will scatter them all like dry leaves-for in deed
and in truth a fact is a stout thing!—Youth’s Cos
panioa w
another important victory
FOR THE CARTER MEDICINE
COMPANY IN THE UNITED
STATES COURT.
The United States Circuit Court for
the Southern District of New York
sitting in New York City—has just
awarded to the Carter Medicine Com
pany a decree which again sustains
the company’s exclusive right to use
the red package for liver pills.
By the terms of the decree, it is,
among other things:
Adjudged that the Carter Medicine
Company is (he owner of the sole and
exclusive right to the use of red col
ored wrappers and labels upon said
small, round packages of liver pills of
the style described in the bill of com
plaint; said right having been ac
quired by the prior adoption of said
style and color of package for liver
pills by the complainant predecessors
more than thirty years ago, and es
tablished by the continuous and ex
clusive use of the same in constantly
increasing quantities by said prede
cessors and by the complainant, the
Carter Medicine Company, itself, from
the time of their said adoption until
the present day.
The decision just announced is per
haps the most important and far-reach- j
ing of all, by reason of the character
of the tribunal which rendered it. No
Court in the country stands higher.
—National Druggist, St. Louis, Mo.
THE REASON.
Weary—Gee! I wonder wot dat
dorg bit me on the foot for?
His Friend—l suppose it's cause he
couldn’t reach no higher.
Grace.
A paper out in northwestern Kansas
tells of a pious old farmer who has
the habit of gazing at the rafters in
his dining-room when saying grace.
One day while so engaged he for
got himself, and his grace sounded
something like this: “We thank thee
for this food and—by Joe! there's that
darned gimlet I’ve been looking for for
the last six months. I’ll have Jim
go up there and get it. Thou hast
been gracious to us, O Lord, and
again we thank thee. . Amen!”—Kan
sas City Star.
For Headache Try Hicks’ Capudine.
Whether from Colds, Heat. Stomach or
Nervous troubles, the aches are speedily
relieved by Capudine. It's Liquid—pleas
ant to take—Effects Immediately. 10, 25
and 50c at Drug Stores.
A man never realizes what a small
potato he really is until he hears in a
roundabout way what the girl whom
te could have married but didn’t
;hinks of him.
Not Sisters
Now and againyou see two women pass- /f
ing down the street who look like sisters. //f "
You are astonished to leam that they are /ff
mother and daughter, and you realize that lit \\
a woman at forty or forty-five ought to be llt 1 \l
at her finest and fairest. Why isn’t it sop II
The general health of woman is so in- I I C 11
timately associated with the local health \\| V P - ‘'VT /■
of the essentially feminine organs that \% v, Jm
there can be no red cheeks and round Tj. N. ft
form where there is female weakness. V\
Women who have snflfered from /Jr
this trouble have found prompt
relief and cure in the use of Dr.
Pierce s Favorite Prescription. It gives vigor and vitality to the
organs of womanhood. It clears the complexion, brightens the
eyes and reddens the cheeks.
No alcohol, or habit-forming drugs is contained in “Favorite Prescription.*’
Any sick woman may consult Dr. Pierce by letter, free. Every letter is
held as sacredly confidential, and answered in a plain envelope. Address t
World s Dispensary Medical Association, Dr. R.V. Pierce, Pres., Buffalo, N.Y.
Difference That Ten
Minutes Make jSsSSt
From 35 degrees to 70 degrees— (T
from an unbearable cold to a glow
ing heat that contributes the cheery
comfort you want in your home is
the difference that can be made in
10 minutes when you have the
PERFECTION
Oil Heater J|W'
(Equipped with Smokeless Device)'
to do your heating. It is unrivaled
for quick work—and effective, clean- ™ \l/
Impossible to turn the wick too high or too low—impossible
to make it smoke or emit disagreeable odor—the self-locking
Automatic Smokeless Device
y XrT S Sm ° M e ’ Lig i 1 I t , ed in a secon d—cleaned in a minute
—burns Nine Hours with one filling. Rustless brass font.
Automatic smokeless device instantly removed for cleaning.
g nr%-M iCnCy 5n heat ' n{? power—Beautifully finished in
k P Hety of N styks. ° rnament anywhere-a necessity everywhere.
Eve. Bea.er Everywhere. U Hot Wrhe Cor Descriptive Circular
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
School children
should eat
Quaker
Scotch Oats
at least
twice a day
s
A Simple Cold
I* n nerloun thing. Often, in.
tieed hiiM the neglect of a neem.
ingly trifling cold been fol.
lowed by dUantroiiN conne
qucucc*.
It Hhonld he borne in mind
perpetually that the COLD (
to-day la the Conaumptlon of
to-morrow.
The insignificant cold h the
untiring pathfinder •( those
deadly diseases.
Pneumonia Pleurisy
Bronchitis Consumption
They start with a mere cold;
atop It there.
SIMMONS COUGH SYRUP
will do it.
Manufactured by the
AC. SIMMONS, JR., MED. CO., Sherman,Texas
SSTRBrBff sin saw film
(A v BOjSaw <hi Filed in
I Over 100,000 Cotton Gina
''■' e "h°' 1 ' n tlle 650,1111 to
uml thp y have to Im- filed
BKKnBSBSrfI 0116 m ' morn tlmeo each
MBMly season, by using New
ton's Saw Uin Filer, every
pinner can keep hia Gin in first-class order,
and the Gin will do more work and make a
better sample titan any other method oX filing.
Price of Filer and File, ------ (ttS.OO
Price of Extra Files, each, - - - - - .75
By Mali, Postage Paid.
THE W. S. NEWTON CO.. New London, Conn.
FOR We will make from any Good Photo
A A HALFTONE ENGRAVING
I Size ten square inches or less, to
print in Newspaper or on Sta*
• tionery. Portrait, Building,
- ~~ Landscape, Live Stoek or any
subject you may select. This
paper will do the printing for you.
Western Newspaper Union, Little Rock, Ark.
Five Minutes in the Morning
NO STROPPING NO HONING
KNOWN THE WORLD OVER
W. N. U., MEMPHIS, NO. 4S--1909.

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