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PATTERSON PARDONS COOPER
promptly Freed by the Governor After His Cl*? Had Been Affirmed by the Supreme Court of Tennessee Robin Cooper Gets New Trial Nashville, Tcnn. —In the case of Col. Otincau B. Cooper and Robin J. Cooper, (atlier and son, convicted of killing for mer United States Senator K. \V, Car pack on the streets here, Nov. <), IDOS, ,nd sentenced to twenty years each in the state penitentiary, the Tennessee lupreme court Wednesday morning, by i divided vote, aftinned the sentence as (o D. B. Cooper. As to Robin Cooper the case, also by a divided vote, is re versed and remanded to the lower court (or anew trial. While Chief Justice Beard was reading a dissenting opinion in the ease of Duncan B. Cooper, Gov tnior Patterson wrote a full pardon for ;he defendant, in which he declares: “Being thoroughly familiar with tbs record, having read all (lie testimony ind testified to certain facts within my personal knowledge, it is neither de sirable nor necessary to delay action for petition to be presented, asking ex ecutive clemency. “In my opinion, neither of (he de fendants is guilty and they have not had a fair and impartial trial, but were convicted contrary to the law and evi dence. The action of the supreme court in vacating the judgment as to Robin Cooper, leaves fhe sentence of final con viction as to his eo-defendant. The proof showed that Robin Cooper killed the deceased and tlfcl D. I!. Cooper did not fire a shot. Without reflection upon the court, it is Tnconeeivahle to my mind and repugnant to every principle of jus tice that a man should he found guiltv of murder who was not in a conspiracy to kill, and who, in fact, did not kill.” The reversal in the case of Robin Cooper is based on assignments of error in the trial judge’s failing to charge sep arately as to Robin Cooper's theorv of self-defense, linking the defense of (he defendants together, excluding testimony of Governor Patterson as to talks with the defendant, Rolan Cooper, and ad vice given him as to Colonel Cooper be fore the tragedy, and the admission of cross-examination of Robin Cooper as to intent of certain state’s witnesses in testifying as (o certain incidents. Wanted Robin’s Vindication. Colonel Cooper was still at the eapiled when the pardon was entered in the secretary of state's of lice. He was at once surrounded by a crowd of friends t seeking to congratulate him. "I wanted Robin's vindication more than J wanted a pardon,” was his smil ing remark wnen told of the governor's action in behalf of himself. Leaving the crowds gathered about him, he entered a carriage with his daughter, .Mrs. Lucius E. Burch, and his sister-in-law, Mrs. James (’. Bradford, and. accompanied by Marshal Robert Marshall, was driven to the county jail, where formalities in con nection with the pardon were gone through with and he was released, lie reached the jail at 2:20 p. nn, leaving there about 2:30. Robin ('ooper is under a $25,000 bond. His friends freely predict that ho will not again be arraigned for trial. Should he he, it would be a most difficult un dertaking to 'secure a jury in Davidson County under the law's requirements. Courtroom Was Packed. The opinions were road before a court room packed to suH'oeation, t lie corridors being crowded with those nimble to gain entrance. Every word was listened to with breathless interest, and (he scene ivns a memorable one. It marked an epoch in not only the legal annals of the state, but the political as well. The Democratic party of Tennessee has been rent into bitter factions over tlie prohi bition question, and, as a wheel within a wheel, “the Cooper ease” has played a conspicuous part. Cooper is the elose friend and alleged politieal adviser of Patterson, who is the leader of the anti prcluhilion forces in Tennessee. Carmack *as the chief of the prohibition move- Bient. Patterson was a most important witness for the defense at the trial of tbe Coopers for the killing of Carmack, whoso death his friends allege was the outcome of political machination. Now, on the verge of an election of the judici ary, the supreme court was called on to pass finally on the ease over which it seems the party factions have actually aligned themselves on one side or the other. For sixty-nine days the court bas had the case, and the state lias been on the tiptoe of expectancy us ttie Opinion days came and went without its being referred to. The announcement at last shows an interesting status to those familiar with the intricacies of tlie political situation. Chief Justice Beard and Justices Mc- Alister and Bell reverse the case as to Hohin Cooper, Justices Neil and Shields dissenting. •fnstices Shields, McAlister and Neil oonfirm as to Colonel Cooper, Chief Jus- Bee Heard and Justice Bell dissenting. The supreme court was more widely i t ruled than it ever was before. Two of the most elaborate opinions ever ren uered were banded down, and neither one ®f them, strange to say, actually accom SEEK MORE PENSIONS. ®ill Would Grant Retired Pay and larger Sums. Washington.—A pension bill to grant all surviving volunteer officers of Hie Waited Scutes army, who served six Months or more, retired pay according to length of service, and to nil honorably Discharged enlisted men over 70 and suf enng a certain degree of disability a *traight pension of S3O per month, wag ported to the house from the commit- on military affairs. plished (he icsult intended liv the npin or >hc justice who wrote it. '"sine John K. Shields read an opinion 7„ 1 \ju*uriltoii pngps, affirm "lf B ,,l ß lW '" t "f the court below in ail things, in this Justice M. M. Neil concurred. Chief Justice Heard read an opinion covering <>.> typewritten pages. This opinion reversed the judgment of the court below as to both defendants. In it Justice R. I). Bell concurred. I pou the shoulders of Justice IV, K. McAlister rested the responsibility of actually deciding the case. || ( > ‘con curred with neither opinion in toto. Upon Hie (wcnty-tvvo assignments of error, lie concurred with Justices Shields and Veil in tlie majority of them, but differed "ilh them as to all of those affecting Robin ( ooper exclusively. Asa result of this wide division of the court on this case, the opinion of the eourt was not handed down for the first time in the history of the jurisprudence ol the state. The opinion of Justice Shields is not the opinion of the court, nor is the opinion of Justice Heard the opinion of the court, but a part of each taken together forms the actual decision that goes into effect. Nashville Excited. I lie news created more excitement and liiorc widespread discussion probably than any event in the history of the eit\. the telegraph and telephone of lies were besieged not only liv repre sentatives of out of town newspapers, hut liy hundreds of private messages to friends all over the state and in adjoin ing states. The pardon was not unexpected. From Governor Patterson's testimony in the court below there could remain no doubt ns to his personal conviction of the in nocence of the defendants. Such being the case there was never any doubt in the public mind that he would grant a pardon to both defendants should the supreme eourt affirm the sentence. Rut while this action did not come as a sur prise, it created all of the interest and all of the wild excitement that a totally unexpected denouement to the whole series of events could have done. Political Results. As (o the result politically in Tennes see of the state supreme court's decision in the Cooper case and the pardon of Colonel D. R. Cooper by Governor Pat terson, opinion seems general that the old factional lines—Patterson and anti- Patterson, the latter representing the prohibition or state-wide element of the state Democracy—are unchanged. In fact, they are more taut if that be pos sible. The governor's friends claim that ids action lias served to cement more closely than ever his following—that it has given them a rallying cry to battle. On the other hand, it has embittered to even intense!' degree the hostility to him on the part of Ids politieal enemies. Cap mack was the leader and idol of the state-vviders. Ills friends, charging that his killing was the outcome of a po litieal scheme, made it the chief issue against Patterson, and the Cooper case has colored the entire political atmos phere of Tennessee. A governor and state judiciary are soon to be elected. The state Democratic com mittee, dominated by Patterson men, re eently called a blanket primary for June 4 to make nominations. Enemies of Pat terson freely charged the inclusion of the judiciary was an attempt to wield a club over the supreme Court, which had the Cooper ease under advisement, and every member of which vves a candidate for re election. .Matters were complicated by the refusal of Chief Justice Heard and Justices Shields and Neil to cuter Die primary. They will run independently, and now that their attitude on the “cause celebre” is known, the question is what will the alignment be? It is most complex, if the attitude of individual members of Hie court is to lie taken into the analysis. Meanwhile Pat terson, serving Ids second term ns gov ernor, lias not said if lie is n candidate for a third term. Many of ids friends are insistently urging him to Se, while equally strong pressure is being used to induce him to run for United States senator to succeed James B. Frazier. In cidentally, Mr. Frazier, a candidate to succeed himself, has refused to enter the June primary. The state-wide faction is well organ ized and prepared to fight Patterson wherever lie lauds. But they have not as yet put forward a mime to he used in connection with the gubernatorial race. The campaign, when it opens, is expected to be furious. ROBIN OUT ON BOND. Nashville. Tenn. —Robin Cooper, whose case was reversed in the supreme court, stands upon Ids bond of $25,000. At torney-General AleCaru says he will put his ease on the May docket of the crim inal court of Davidson county. Break Immigration Record. New York. —The influx of immigrants at this port, which has been unusually heavy this week, reached such a point Wednesday that it was impossible to handle them all at the Ellis island im migrant station. The steerage passen gers on the Carjnia. Oceanic and Presi dent Lincoln, 4,iC>:i in all, were held on board the vesse.s, where they will stay until tomorrow before being examined for admission. On the island today are n,0(1(1 aliens. The immigration officers think the week may be almost a record breaker. VERY CARELES3I Mrs. Subbubs—Now. look out how you get on and off the cars. You’re f=o awfully careless about the trains, you know. Subbubs—That’s a fact. I lost two yesterday—one going to the city and one coming home. HIS HANDS CRACKED OPEN “I am a man seventy years old. My hands were very sore and cracked open on the insides for over a year with large sores. They would crack open and bleed, itch, burn and ache so that I could not sleep and could do but little work. They were so bad that I could not dress myself in the morning. They would bleed and the blood dropped on the floor. I called on two doctors, but. they did me no good. I could get nothing to do any good till I got the Cuticura Soap and Cutieura Ointment. About a year ago my daughter got a cake of Cuti cura Soap and one box of Cuticura Ointment and in one week from the time I began to use them my hands were all healed up and they have not been a mite, sore since. 1 would not be without (he Cuticura Remedies. “They also cured a bad sore on the hand of one of my neighbor’s children, and they think very highly of the Cuti cura Remedies. John \V. 1 tasty, So, Ef fingham, N. if., Mar. 5 and Apr. 11, ’09.” Good Law That Should Be Enforced. Anti-spitting ordinances, laws and regulations in more than five-eighths of the cities and towns of the country are not enforced as they should be, alleges (lie National Association for the Study of Tuberculosis in a recent report. While most of the larger cities of the United States have such laws on their books, in the great majority ol cases they are ignored or over looked. The report covers in detail the enforcement of the anti-spitting ordinances in SO of the largest cities in the country. During the year 1909 in these SO cities. 3,421 arrests were made for violation of the laws regard ing spitting in public places. Over 2,900 convictions were secured and 54,100 X 7 was collected in fines, DOWNWARD COURSE. Kidney Troubles Grow Worse Every Year, Charles S. Dailey, SOS Locust St.. Yankton, S. Dak., says; "I suffered a agony from kid ney complaint and was almost helpless. The dis ease grew worse each year al though 1 doc tored and used many remedies. There were excru ciating pains in my hack and the urine passed too freely. Doan's Kidney Pills gradually helped me and soon I was cured. Some years ago I recommended them and have had no trouble since.” Remember the name—Doan's. For sale by all dealers. 50 cents a box. Foster-Milhurn Cos., Buffalo, N. Y. The Irish of Shakespeare. An Englishman and an Irishman were having an argument on the sub ject of Shakespeare. ”1 defy you.” said the former, “to find a single Irish character in the whole of his works.” “Well, I can give you two, at all events." replied the Irishman. “Miss O'Phelia and Corry O'Lanus.” He forgot Hamlet’s intimate friend, who strtod beside him while lie was con templating his uncle in devotion, and observed: “Now, would 1 do it, Pat, while lie is praying.”—Springfield Re publican. His Way of Doing It. "I met young Faker on the street some time ago and he told me he was making money very last.” "He made it too fast.” “How was that?” "Went to the penitentiary for coun terfeiting.” CUT THIS OUT Ami mall to the A. H. Lewis Medicine Go., St. Louis, Mo., and they will send you tree a in day treatment of NATUUK’S HHME DY INU tablets) Guaranteed for Rheu matism, Constipation. Sick Headache, Liv er, Kidney and Blood Diseases. Sold by nil Druggists. Better titan Pills for Liver Ills. It's free to you. Write today. He is a cheap man who lets his actions give him away. Dr. Piorro's Ploasnnt Polleta row:lnto nnd tnv'fr orato .stomach, liver and bowois. Sugar-coated, tiny granules, easy to lake as candy. And much is done in the name of charity—also many. AFTER SUFFERING FOR YEARS Cured by Lydia E. Pink 3 ham’sVegetableCompound Park Rapids. Minn.—“l was sick for vears while passing through the Change of Life and was ,i w hardly able to bo around. After tak w \M ■’ ing six bottles of ' Lydia E. Pinkham’s L / ’ Vepctalile Com pound 1 gained 20 BRyliL, •: pounds, am now able to do my own imillJ'l'K WOa\B work and feel Mrl well.”—Mrs. Ed. Ml'. .'ll„ V—'4 MLa Dou, Park Rap ids, Minn. Rrookville, Ohio.—“l was irregular and extremely nervous. A neighbor recommended Lydia E. Pinkham’s \ egetable Compound to mo and 1 have become regular and my nerves are much better.” —Mrs. R. Kinnisox, Prookvillc, Ohio. J.ydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Com pound, made Irom native roots and herbs, contains no narcotic or harm ful drugs, and to-day holds the record for the largest number of actual cures of female diseases we know of, and thousands of voluntary testimonials are on file in the Pinkham laboratory at Lynn, Mass., from women who have been cured from almost every form of female complaints, inflammation, ul ceration.displacements, fibroid tumors, irregularities.periodic pains, backache, indigestion and nervous prostration. Every suffering woman owes it to her self to give, Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vege table Compound a trial. If you want special advice writ© Mrs. Pinkham, Lynn, I>lass.,for it* It is free and always helpful. CATARRH Cured by the Marvel of the Century, B. B. B—Tested for 30 Years. Hawking, Spittliifr, Foul Drouth, discharges of yollow uiattor permanently cured with pure Botanical ingredients. To prove it wc will send you a SAMPLE TREATMENT FREE CATARRH IS NOT ONLY DANUEKOT'S but it causes ulcerations, death and decay of bones, kills ambition, often causes loss of appetite, and reaches to general debility,idiocy and insanity. It needs attention at once Cure It by taking Botanical Blood Balm (11. B. 8.l It Isa quick, radical, permanent cure because it rids the system of the poison conns that cause catarrh. At tho same time Blood Balm i B. B. 8.l purities UiebkHMl.doesavray with every symptom of catarrh. B. It. B. sends a tingling flood of warm. rich, pure blood direct to the paralyzed nerves, and parts affected by catarrhal pobon. giving warmth and strength Just where it is needed, and In this wav making a perfect, lasting cure of catarrh In nil its forms. DKI'GfiISTS or by express. |1 PKK LAIK.K mn me. with directions for home cure. SAMI’LK SKNT KRKIC by writing Blood Balm Cos., At lanta. Bn. Describe your trouble and free medical advice given. Your Liver is Clogged up Thai** Why You’r© Tired—Out of Sorts—Have No Appetite. CARTER’S LIVER PILLS jdKSBWm 1 \ ™ i IKr,:*'jMCARTERSr They do WITTLE thc.r duty. jMHSSaw i| IV ER Cur* * pills. Conjtipa- V\ iousncss. Indigestion, and Sick *J*adachc. SMALL PILL. SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE GENUINE must bear signature: W. L. DOUGLAS $3.00,53.50,54.00&55.00 Union IM| E"? Boys' Shoes Made On ULO $2.00 fc $2.50 W. L. noughts shoos sire worn / by more moil t linn / any other make, f.- BECAUSE: Qfe MPi W. L. Douglas ft.t.OO f J "* n ini kliopm aro k rJJ the lowest tiricn, .Tyf quality considered, Wdmjjp Uv ■ - in the world. • %', / W.L,Doughm 81.00 W‘' " I and 85.00 shoes yjs equal, hi style, fit and J W#:- /' Pjs. wr, other makes ABBI )/ly’f^hw coßtin K s.ootoB.oo. %£•/ m •.■MPI Fast Color Eyelets. iV&SI* The genuine have W. L. Douglas name and price •lamped on the bottom. Tako .\o Suhsi itnir. Ask your dealer for W.L. Douglas shoos. It they are not for sale in your town write for Mail Order Catalog, riving tall directions how to order by mail. Shoes ordered direct from factory delivered to the wearer all charges prepaid. W. L. Douglas, Brockton. .Mass. Hay's Hair-Health Nevrr Falls to Rpstorp Gray Hair lo Its Natural C.olor and Beauty. Stops its failing out. and positively removes Dandruff. Is not a Dye. Refuse ail substitutes. fi.oo and 50c. bottles by Mail o. at Drussists. PfPfJ Send toe for lame .ample Bottle TIICC ( Philo Hay Spec. Cos.. Newark. N. J„ U. S. A. PUTNAM FADELESS DYES Color more coodi brighter and (aster colors than any other dye. One 10c package colors all fibers. They dye In cold water bolter than any other You can dye any garment without ripping apart. Write (or tree booklet -How to Dye. Bleach and Ml Colors. MOKROE DRUG 00., Quincy, Iflinoim. Remember that. life is not a fulfill ment of one's ideals, but an eternal compromise with them. Mrs. Winslow** Soothing Syrup. Forehlldren teething. softens the sums reduces In flammation,allays pa In, cures wind colic. I&ca untie. No, Cordelia, rain checks never check the rain. AN UP-TO-DATE STOVE Do you realize there is no longer any reason why you should use a coal range? Oil is cheaper than coal; it is lighter and easier to handle, and gives an intense heat. Provided you have the right stove, oil is more economical, cleaner and less trouble. Have you seen the Oil SSST The accompanying illustration gives you only a rough idea ol its appearance. You really can’t appreciate it until you either use it yourself, or talk to someone who has used it. It does everything that a coal range will and beat the room. The New Perfection Oil Cook- Stove will do anything, from beating a S kettle of water to cooking a course dinner, but it won’t heat a room. It doesn’t “ smell,” it doesn’t smoke. It can’t get out of order. Light it and it is ready. Turn it down and it is out. Only a woman who knows the trouble of carrying coal and cooking in a hot kitchen can appreciate what it means to have a clean, perfect stove that will cook anything, boil, bake or roast, and yet won't heat the kitchen. How is it done? The flame is controlled in tur quoise-blue enamel chimneys, and directed against the bottom of pot, pan, kettle or oven, and only there. The flame operates exactly where it is needed —and nowhere else. With this stove The nickel finish with the bright blue of the chimneys makes the stove orna mental and attractive. Made with I, 2 and 3 burners; the 2 and 3-burner Cabinet C3n W ‘ th ° r withoUt Lvery dealer everywhere; If noint yours. writ© for Descriptive Circular to the nearest agency of tho Standard Oil Company Zs2oooe2 f li iGold—^ [ Given Away in Prizes I Defiance Laundry Starch I B Five hundred and seventy-two cash prizes divided as follows, to the man, woman or I child who sends to us before November 15, 1910, the largest number of trade marks, I "THE GLADIATOR," cut from our 16 ounce package, (or two fnhr, of 3 ounce I package— to be counted as one), we will give TWO HUNDRED DOLLARS IN | CASH. To the one sending the next largest number ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS B IN CASH, and to the next twenty, TV/EHTY-FIVE DOLLARS each. To the next I fifty, TEN DOLLARS each, The next two hundred, TWO DOLLARS each. The next three hundred, ONE DOLLAR each; in all, 572- prizes distributed as follows! 1 Grand Cash Prize, $200.00 ...... $ 200.00 1 Grand Cash Prize. 100.00 ...... 100.00 20 Cash Prizes, 25.00 each... SOO.OO 50 Cash Prizes, 10.00 each .. , 500.00 200 Cash Prizes, 2.00 each •,, 400.00 300 Cash Prizes, 1.00 each... 300.00 572 Prizes, in all, amounting to ....... $2000.00 Tbi question may arise in your mind, " How can we afford to do this?” The answer is: we found hy 1 experience Dial instead of using $5,000 for advertising to cover a certain field, by giving $2,000 of this amount to the ladies in cash premiums and using the other $3,000 for advertising, we obtain much better result.. Reasons Why You Should Use Defiance Starch It is tbe very best cold water starch on the taarkol It never sticks to the iron waamfr It contains X 6 ounces to tho package, as against other brands* only 12 conces One-third more starch—lasts one-third longer Ironing can be done one-third quicker and twice as easy where the starch never slicks Jk. th eHW"L 80 ™ P n^, r P u wcure one Of the grand cash prizes. Think of capturing the crand cash prize cf ci .her $200.00 or SIOO.OO to be received just before ChmliWa. All prucs will be distributed noi later than Dec. 10,1910. Start the Ball Rolling 1 ———m vs Begin at once to arrange for your children to solicit Vour neighbors who will give ycu the "trade marks." 1 "’""ir, 11 . ■-■■■ ■ ~~— ■■■ ■—ff Even those who do not wish to compete for any of the prizes _ NO rOUAI will get one-third more starch by using “ Defiance. This jfey is sufficient inducement for giving it a trial. Ladies can IfßUv R( fT arrange clubs of a dozen or more and the trade marks be HI w\ Wp* Hrfjl ffli\ B\N| R|| sent in under one name and divide tbe prize among them- W| ml |MjMJ jffi) IMMI gr'wfkx I J u who would rather K .l ~2 litlf 5 |IM|M | ounce package than al6 ounce package, because customers HI Bl yl*/ jil RmJ Su|l lyxiP l V* buy oftencr. We say to you. it you have a dealer in town HI Bl who keeps DEFIANCE STARCH. 16 ounce packmen, H \AfJ .1 that is the plate to buy ALL of your goods in his line, WKr j ly because it is evident he has some interest in his custom- ers’ welfare. Some dealer in your town will be sure to fp keep on hand this starch. \J v \f (J Save all trade marks until November 10th. or 12th, of (* Ju. this year, and then s*nd them to THE DEFIANCE >MiW) fZnkfl 9 STARCH COMPANY. 6MAHA. NEBRASKA, by mail, 07 WK MAAMCP**' either by letter or parcel post. In doing so. be sure and X \h nil O give your name and correct address. In case of a "tie" in IV- - /—far .-N-A A\ VIJ the two grand cash prizes, the prize will have to be divided. (9 if * We have deposited $2,000 with the Merchants National - • Bank, of Omaha, Nebraska, payable to the order of A. M. -3k I’into, who is the treasurer of a large corporation having pw _ \ offices in 24 cities in the United States, Mr. Pinto will A/~\ | ft superintend the distribution of the prizes. ■ I I /A\ I I " I K Remember, theie are 570 prizes, besides the two granand I Prizes. That all the trade marks must be received by us by jLMj VaU U AS November 15lh. Give plainly your correct name and address. REQUIRES NO COOKING A Word to (ho Rtl.il Dealer vi PREPARED FOR (P We Mjr to the mail dealer *ho It not handling DCTIANCt IB PURPOSES ONLY UJ fTARCH now, if he will buy from hi* Jobber one halt ■ rate jF IB I fIH I iHDI Kjl (36 16 ouncr'pai hageil r onr full avITJ lt> ounce packagr., he FT ABB mfl BE] [fl eney rrlum to tie any untold portion p| auch half or full c*r a* g PW I SQM I R/M hr may have on hard November 15th. and we will arnd h.m a |ral '.H®! I BIH 11 KM 118 l I /Jw/W draft lorthf oamr *1 h.t coal price Bv (hit method no dcalrr JCa \9 1 I 89 \/£ff/ fj nerd feel that he It taking any nak la buying • hall or full IIhCbI S |r Defi “ c l,^ h Co - De^ce3tarch ; p o |y ONE-QUARTER SIZE FULL PACKAGE d* I Up. HALFTONES I Suitable for printing In newspaper or Rl/ A on stationery. Publishers of this paper wllltakeyourordorand do the printing. WEST KBS ygtmPAPKB IMPS. LITTLE ROCK, aKJL DEFBANOE STARCH Corn Planting /77XlM\ “*v y c Diefcmper® lhem ~ co ' D I'lnminp" may' Vie luie‘"f your" Lur^l SPOHN’S DISTEMPER CURE \A\ [ r Yi MU ml ’ii 8,1 — a t,uro as " < * ll s preventive—r<oc ami f I (X) bott c—s;,.oo and *IO.OO dozen, delivered. Large 1h more than twice tho Mnallersi/.e. Don t put It off. Get it. Druggists—or send to miniufuotnrerH. Spohn Medical Cos., Chcmisls and Bacteriologists, Goshen, Ind., USA fmilfl ?. r Morphine Habit Treated. U■nM■ H■ mm tree trial. Cases where other RJ B I ILD If D remedies have failed, specially - desired. (live particulars. Dr. R 0. CONTRELL. Salto 896. 400 W 23d 8t . HwYork DEFIANCE STARCH TX W. N. U.. MEMPHIS, NC. 17-1910.