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The Neshoba Democrat
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. PHILADELPHIA, MISSISSIPPI NEEDLESS NOISES. It Is possible to have a big town and a prosperous town without mak ing so powerful much fuss about 1L There is a large amount of unneces sary din about everyday traffic. To begin with, we build a lot of our streets out of brick and granite when we might just as well construct them of material that is less productive of noise and less calculated to bring wagons and other vehicles to a state of premature debility and disrepair, says the Louisville Courier-Journal. Then we tolerate all sorts of nui sances that ought not to be tolerated In a civilized community for the sim ple reason that "everybody’s business Is nobody’s business,” and everybody Is so absorbed in looking after his own personal affairs that he has neither time nor Inclination to do much for the general comfort and welfare. Pos sibly about seven-tenths of the noise Incident to city existence could bo subtracted without any especial detri ment to the progress of industry and commerce and the ordinary transac tion of business, and with undoubted relief and pleasure to persons of su perabundant nerve and others who delight In the quiet life. Under such conditions the average city, however, would lose its attractions for that more self-assertive element of human ity which revels In racket and believes In "whooping It up” all along the tine. It Is Interesting to learn from the seat of war that the experiment of us ing the aeroplane in war operations was tried at Adrlanople with a result which went a little further than pre dicted. Lieutenant Popoff, aviator With the Bulgarian forces, made a Bight not for the purpose of attack by propping bombs, but to view and re (ort on the disposition of the Turkish jrces, says ths Pittsburg Dispatch, tn doing so he got within the Turkish line of fire, and a shot from the Turk ish cannon killed him and wrecked bis machine. .Much attention has been given, especially in Europe, to devis ing means to repel aeroplane attacks. Army squads have been trained In Bring at kites, and specially mounted rapid-fire guns have been Invented. But at Adrlanople an ordinary field gun loaded with shrapnel was suffi cient for the purpose. This gives a hint of what could be done with guns of longer range, specially adapted to the purpose. In the line of repelling aeroplane bomb-dropping attacks. The London Sphere asserts that there Is a national awakening to the persistence of ancient errors In the training of boys In the public ele mentary schools. It Is now seen, the Sphere says, that to teach a boy read ing, writing and arithmetic only and to dismiss him from school at fourteen or younger without further training either of his hands or his mind Is suicidal for the hoy and for the na tion, too, inasmuch as boys thus brought up ultimately tend to swell the ranks of adult nondescript labor, of the unemployable, or even of heoll gatts. The Sphere praises the results which have been achieved by tech nical training schools where boys arc taught manual crafts, and, after a thorough course, are watched for three years with a view of seeing how far they win out In the battle of Ilfs. The careers of these trained boys are said to be very encouraging. It Is remarkable under what diffi culties the crusade for fire prevention, which Is one of the leading Issues of the day, is being pushed. No danger Is greater, more horrible nor more Imminent than that of fire, yet the apathy of the average person to means of protection from this worst of the elements is little short of mar velous. The majority go on, inviting destruction by living In the conditions of fire traps, and resenting all Inter ference with this criminal careless ness, trusting to luck that ths danger so courted will not come to pass. With cordial co-operation with the efforts of the authorities in the matter of , this defence, the large cities could lx i made practically almost fireproof. * Now, to realize universal peace, why not send the fool that rocks the boat, the practical joker, and the nuisance who plasters newlyweds with signs, out hunting with the fel low who mistakes the guide for a deer and the fool who didn’t know If was loaded? A Boston divine advises a young man to walk across his best girl’s car pet with muddy feet, and if she smiles to marry her. He might get a good hatured wife, but her housekeeping would be a little off color. The Los Angeles council endorsed an action whereby men are allowed to carry nippers to clip off the ends of offending hatpins. Many theatergoers .wish that scissors would be Included $o trim the plumage. REVISE TARIFF BY PIECEMEAL PLAN WILL TAKE DP THE SCHEDULE? ALPHABETICALLY. DAY EACH TO A SCHEDULE First Hearing Will Be Given January 6 and Will Be Continued Until All Schedules Have Been Considered. Washington. Thorough revision, schedule by schedule, of the present tar iff law by the next congress was indi cated by the decision of the Democratic members of the house ways and means committee to have hearings on the taritl every Monday, Wednesday and Friday in January, beginning January 6. It is ex pected to devote one day in each sched ule, though if necessary two days will be allowed. There are fourteen sched ules, but by merging two or three of the minor schedules with the adjoining important ones, the committee expects to get thorugh with the hearings by the end of January. The schedules will be considered in their regular sequence in the present tariff law. The first hearing on January 0 will be on schedule A, fixing the duties on chem icals, oils and paints, medical prepara tions containing alcohol, or in whose preparation alcohol is used, perfumery, medicated soaps, etc. Then will follow on January 8 the hearing on the earths, earthenware and glassware schedules. In their sequence the other schedules in this Monday, Wednesday and Friday program follows: Schedule C, metals and manufactures; D, wood; E, manufactures of sugar, mo lasses and manufactures of; F, tobacco and manufactures of; G, agricultural products and provisions; 11, spirits, wines and other beverages; I, cotton manufactures; ,1, flax, hemp and jute and other manufactures; K, wool and manufactures; L, silks and silk goods; M, pulp, papers and books; N, sundries, beads, buttons, brushes, coal, bark, dolls, chains, gloves, paintings, plows, umbrel las and parasols, etc. One day at the end of January will be •et aside for a hearing of those inter ested in the free list and the adminis trative features of the proposed tariff legislation. BRITISH"PROfEST~ON TOLLS Ambassador Bryce Reads Document to Secretary Knox. Washington.—Great Britain’s formal note of protest against that section of the Panama canal act which exempts American coastwise shipping from pay ments of toils for passing through the Panama canal, was presented to Sec retary of State Knox by the Britisli am bassador. It is an elaboration of the points of objection in t' e note presented to the state department last July. In brief, these objections are: That, while it was clearly in violation of the Hay-Paunccfote treaty either to remit or refund tolls on all American shipping using the canal, the same ob jection probably would apply to the coastwise trade shipping, in view of the probable impossibility of framing regu lations that would not result in a prefer ence to American shipping. In addition to supporting these points by long arguments, the protest indicates very clearly that strong resistance will be offered to any attempt to exclude from the canal British ships owned by Canadian railroads or whose owners may be guilty of violating the Sherman anti trust act. He holds that this section of the act cannot apply to British ship ping, but only to United States vessels. TO PREVENT MISCEGENATION Representative Roddenberry Introduces Resolution. Wasnington.—“lntermarriage between negroes or persons of color and Caucas ians or any other character of persons within the United States or any terri tory under their jurisdiction” would be prohibited by Representative Hodden berry of Georgia. The term “negroes or persons of col or,” is define- in the bill as any and all persons of African descent or havinc any trace of African or negro blood. Woman as Judge. Chicago, 111.—Miss Mary M. Bartelmc, for 18 years public guardian of Cook. County, has been inaugurated as Chi cago’s first woman judge. Miss Bar tehne will assist Judge Pinckney in the juvenile court ana will direct most of her attention to girls who come under the court’s jurisdiction. Sell Big Oil Lands. Tulsa, Okla. Announcement was made of a deal with a syndicate of British bankers for the sale of 5.050 acres of oil lands, scattered throughout the mid-continent field, containing 210 producing oil wells, with an average daily production of 3,200 barrels. The price paid is $1,500,000. Men Monopolize Bible. Chicago.—“A woman cannot be a con scientious Christian and a suffragist also, because of man's monopoly of the Bible and religion,” said Mrs. Laura G. Flxen, business manager of the Working Wo men’s Home, before the woman’s party here. “We cannot accept the Bible as a di vine inspiration because it features the male sex in everything almost to the ex clusion of the female,” she continued. “Man has usurped almost everything in ralUtion. as well os everything else.” VERY LATEST IN ORGANIZATIONS | Prevention of UaeleM Gifts Has Been Formed.—News Itene. SOUTH SHOULD RAISE ALL CROPS SECRETARY WILSON PREDICTS* GREAT FUTURE FOR DIXIE. NO STOCK IS RAISED NOW Secretary of Agriculture Declares That South Should Not Have to Depend on West for Meats —Value of Diversified Farming. Washington.—That there lias been no member ol the cabinet in more than half a century who has entertained a higher opinion of the soil and industrial capa bilities of the southern states than James Wilseon, secretary of the Depart ment of Agriculture, and that he has proved his judgment by his works, is abundantly attested by southern sena | tors and representatives with whom he has cheerfully co-operated in advancing the farming interests in their states in every way within the power of his de partment during a period embraced by enough to make four administrations, he has seemed to delight in using the department’s resources to promote the wonderful productiveness of southern •oils, demonstrating their importance in contributing to the nation’s wealth. The department during the past 16 years, under tho direction of Secretary Wilsoi, hag spent millions of dollars to improve farm conditions in the south. "During the IS years I have been sec retary of agriculture,” said Mr. Wilson, ‘most earnest efforts have been made by the department to put agricultural con ditions ia the south where farming not •nly would produce a maximum yields of cotton, but produce corn, wheat, oats, potatoes and all kinds of vegetables to eupply the demands of the home mar kets and sufficient cattle, hogs, poultry, eggs, buter and cheese to supply the needs of local consumption instead, as has been the case, of relying upon the outside market* for a great amount of these products.” TALE OfIiEXICAnTuTRAGES Man Who Has Spent Months There Tells Story. Washington.—President Taft listened to some startling disclosures about con ditions in Mexico. Four American busi ness men with Mexican interests, two members of the Senate and a congress man sat in the cauinet room in the White House offices and heard the story, vouched for by all, told to the president by one man, who had been in the south ern republic within the last few weeks. It was a tale of outrages on Mexican women, of murders and holdups of Americans and held them for ransom, of general lawlessness and disorder such as seldom has come to the ears of the presi dent since trouble began in Mexico near ly two years ago. DRINKS AND DRUGS DEADLY This Causes Nearly All Diseases. Says Doctor. Washington.—Declaring that 60 per cent of all cases of insanity, nervous diseases and diseases of the body are caused from excessive or moderate in dulgence in alcoholic drinks and the drug habit, Representative John Joseph Kindred of New York, speaking before the American Society for the Study of Alcohol and other Narcotics, declared that unless locomotive engineers, tele graph operators and mental workers are total abstainers they are apt to commit grave errors in judgment and execution. Representative Kindred is a physician and one of the foremost nerve special ists in this country. “Experiments show,” he said, “that the drinking of even one glass of beer is followed by decreased perceptive powers of the brain and nervous system. Con trary to the common belief a few drinks do not strengthen the body or mind.” Taft May Go to Yale. Washington.—President Taft is con sidering an offer of the Kent professor ship at the Yale Law School. The place was last filled by Prof. Phelps, at one time American minister to Mr. Taft. Used Mails to Defraud. Kew York.—The American Telegraph and Typewriter Company of Brooklyn, u corporation capitalized at $10,000,000, has been indicted by the federal grand jury on a charge of using the mails to defraud. OFFICERS CAPTURE DESPERATE GANG CITY DETECTIVES KILL ONE AND ARREST OTHERS. POLICE SURPRISE OUTLAWS Bandits Planned to Kill U. S. Officers and Free Comrade —Captured Trunks Reveal Wigs, Skeleton Keys, Po lice Circulars. Memphis, Tenn.—Sensational develop ments tending to clear up the mystery -surrounding tho identity of the bandits who held up and robbed Rock Island train No. 64, on February 7, across the river from Memphis, are expected, fol lowing a raid made by city detectives when three desperadoes wanted on nu merous charges in several states were arrested, while a fourth member of the gang was shot and killed while firing at Uie police officers. A complete outfit of wigs, almost a bushel of skeleton keys, monthly police reports of criminals arrested, reward cir culars issued, flashlights, dirks, police badges, scores of letters and other arti cles were found in the trunks confis cated by the police at the time of the arrests. The arrests came as a sequel of a plan which members of the gang had formed to rescue Diggs Nolen, when he -was brought through Memphis in chargs of United States deputy marshals. The arrests were made just before 5 o’clock Tuesday morning. Kinney Ber gen, member of the gang, escaped in a running pistol fight with twe of the detectives, hut afterwards returned and again attacked the police, when he was shot dead. Those captured are: Frank Holloway, an alleged train rob ber and safe blower. Luther B. Wallace, alias John Mc- Coy, alias Texas Wallace, and wife. Wal lace, with the dead man, Bergen, is charged with shooting at Jules Stifle!, Memphis merchant, in an attempt at highway robbery. Brantley Mitchell, alias “Country,” Memphis youth, arrested numerous times here on theft charges. Jack Mundy, another member, who was not at the house, is at large. The plan of the gang, as related to Chief of Detectives James Roper by Hol loway, was to rescue Diggs Nolen at a lo cal depot at any cost, but it was nipped in the bud by Nolen being taken on a circuitous route from Savannah to Omaha, Neb., where he is now in prison on a charge of using the mails to de fraud. Wallace is known to have formerly been in the employ of the Frisco railroad as news agent and is supposed by tho police to have gained knowledge of the exact movement of trains in this man ner. In a trunk was found a circular is sued by the Rock Island railroad, offer ing $4,000 reward for the arrest of the men who held up the train at Hurlburt, Ark., early this year. A letter ascertaining Wallace’s correct name was found and addressed to his father at Hillsbors, Tex. It was written from Memphis on December 8, and urged Wallace's father to address him as Mc- Coy. The letter was never mailed. Threat to Kill Gov. Wilson. Newark, N. J.—Three men, residents of Wharton, were arrested at Dover, N. J., charged with writing a letter threat ening President-elect Woodrow Wilson with death unless he caused $5,000 in gold to be left for them in a designated unoccupied house in Wharton. The men arrested are Peter Dunn, 24 years old; his brother, Jacob, 26, and Seely Daven port, 42. United States Commissioner Stockton here committed them to jail in default of $2,000 bail each. Preachers for Police. Los Angeles.—Six clsrgymen were put on the rolls of the police department ns special officers. They wear stars and are empowered to make arrests, their special duties being the enforcement of the juvenile laws and the regulation of dance halls. Die in Embrace. Hudson, Wis.—Clasped in each others arms, the bodies of Mr. and Mrs. A. L Tilseth, who attempted to cross the St. Croix river on skates, were found in the river channel. BRYCE SAYS WARS DUE TO HUMAN FOLLY REVIEWS WHAT HE HAS ACCOM PUSHED FOR PEACE. ALL WARS CAN BE PREVENTED Britsih Ambassador Says Rejection of Reciprocity by Canada Cannot Be Construed as Antagonism to the Untied States. New York. —James Bryce, the British ambassador, told the committee arrang ing for the celebration of the centenary of peace between English-speaking peo ple that nearly all wars had been due to human passions, and dwelt on how much better it was to celebrate the wis dom which had ended a war and avoid any subsequent conflict rather than the want of skill and wisdom which made wars possible. The ambassador described what had been accomplished during his official stay in Washington to remove differences be tween the United States and Great Brit ain and to avoid differences in the future. He reviewed the three arbitrations and several treaties leading to a settlement of the Canadian boundary dispute; the New Foundlanid fisheries question; the matter of the use of the waters on the boundary, and minor points long at Is sue, and continued: “All these treaties furnish an admira ble illustration of the dictum once deliv ered by Mr. Root that where two nations and governments desire to come to a fair agreement it is always possible for them to do so. With good will, every thing can he accomplished. *’ GRAIN BLOCKADE IN HARBOR Three Miles cf Corn-Laden Vessels at Buffalo. Buffalo. —Throe miles of giant freight ers, their hulls filled with millions of bushels of grain, are riding at anchor inside the breakwater of Buffalo outer harbor forming one of the heaviest blockades of grain in the history of the port. Fifty-three vessels i,n this line carry cargoes aggregating 15,000,000 bushels ot export grain, practically all of it wheat. The total cargo value of the fleet in winter quarters is estimated at $20,500,- 000. The grain will be trans-shipped at the rate of 500 to 1,000 carloads a day dating the winter and the remainder will bo shipped by canal in the spring, PELLAGRA IS SPREADING In the Last Six Year* It Has Claimed at Least 30,00$ Victims. Washington.—Pellagra is spreading in the United States, and in the six years it has been known to medical authorities has claimed not less than 30,000 victims with a fatality rate in excess of 40 per cent, according to a report of the public health service. “It has reached,” the report contends, “the dignity of a public health question of national importance.” The report, gives these figures by states for the period 1907-1911: Virginia, total cases 628, deaths 349, death rate per 100 cases 55 per cent; North Carolina, eases 2,412, deaths 1.067, rate 44 per cent; South Carolina; cases 1,880, deaths 582, rate 31 per cent; Georgia, cases 4,558, deaths 1,562, rate 34 per cent; Kentucky, cases 531, deaths 220, rate it per cent; Alabama, cases 2,314, deaths 859, rate 37 per cent; Mississippi, cases 2,985, deaths 1,250, rate 43 per cent; Louisiana, cases 670, deaths 296, rate 44 per cent. The figures show pellagra either preva lent or sporadic in the greater part of the United States, but particularly se rious in the South. Eggs at 24 Cents Per. Philadelphia.—Eggs sold generally throughout this city Friday for 24 cents a dozen, as a result of the women’s cru sade. In addition to the 2,520,000 eggs sokl under the direction of the House keepers’ League, rotail dealers sold from their own stocks at the same price. In some instances an even cheaper rate was charged, one dealer advertising “suffra gette eggs, 23 cents a dozen.” Some cases were reported, however, of retailers sell ing inferior eggs for the purpose, it was said, of discrediting the movement. Protect Women Workers. Albany, N. Y. —Laws intended to im prove circumstance* of workers in va rious industries of this state are to- be presented to the coming legislature as the result of recent disclosures before the State Factory Investigating Commis sion of the employment of women anr childres at long hours and under in? proper oonditons. Awards $33,815 Damages. St. Paul, Minn.—The Minnesota su preme court upheld the largest verdict for personal injuries in its history. Mrs. E. D. Blakeley recovered as a result $38,- (515.35. Mrs. Blakeley was permanently injured when a street car struck a ear ’’■age in which she was riding. Eggs Are Eggs. Philadelphia,—Whether eggs in an in cubator can be advertised as chicks was the question on which the guilt or inno cence of a defendant charged with using the mails to defraud depended in the federal court here. The jury in the case of Clarence P. Payne, a negro of South Bethlehem, decided that eggs are eggs, and not chicks until they are and convicted Payne of advertising chicks for sale when he had none to sell. He was sentenced to thirty days in orison. mill on old BATTLEFIELD j Stm Standing at Bladenburg, a H** | let In the District of Columbia —To Bs Razed Soon. Washington. —Landmarks have hard time at the national capital, a In all other American cities, t’u become identified with the landscaji, and then progress comes along in guise of the steam shovel or other* vice for making things over, and tfe landscape changes. The latest lay mark doomed in the District of Q lumbia Is the ancient mill on the low and alder lined margin of eastern branch close by the hamlet t Bladensburg, a place which ac tury and a half ago was accounted t * the chronicles of the time a bustllj * city. This old mill was turning y ■ grist before the steam engine begt * Old Mill at Bladensburg. j to hum and Its product became part o < the blood and bone of early Amer3 cans. It gave stamina to many c J the men who carried flintlocks to 1 the young republic. i The mill stands on the battlefleli of Bladensburg where the American gave up the fight and the capital i the nation fell into the hands of th 1 British Invaders. American shat) | shooters used this mill as cover at some of the British received thet ! death wounds thtere. I OFFICER SAVED FROM DEATH Driftwood Gatherer Rescues the Onl< Survivor of Small Boat Run Down by Barge. New York. —For two hours befor dawn recently Policeman Otti Schmuck, attached to the East On Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Street sti’ tion, fought for life In the twlstln tides of Hell Gate, and finally woi while three companions who wer with him In a powerboat, run down) Hell Gate by a railroad barge, wei drowned. Mrs. Caroline Phillips, who lives i 58 Hoyt avenue, Astoria, makea practice each morning to search tl shore of the river only a few hundw feet away from her house for drif wood, and Schmuck owes his life I her. She saw what she at first thougl to be a log —“a nice, big log," aa tt gleaner of driftwood put it—lodge among the rocks some 25 feet oc from the river bank. As she was trying to devise sob plan for the log's recovery she heard shivering moan and she saw a mo* ment of the black streak In the i ter. Without a moment's hesitation tl woman waded out into the Icy waU to her waist and came to a man vl was floating, anchored to the tip 5 a rock by the grip of his two bis hands. Though the current was swift, as the weight of the half-drowned was dragging, the gatherer of drib wood towed the limp body ashor. The semi-conscious man was remold to the Astoria police station V> thence to St. John’s hospital. Indian Asks for divorg Ute Woman First of Original An* cans to Resort to the White Man’s Method. Vernal, Utah. —County court oflics were surprised some time ago wbt the Ute Indians from the Uintah reH vatlon took up the civilized mai method of getting married by fl* applying for a license to wed, but flu were more surprised when KalW Vasquaw filled a petition for divol* Kaibab, In her petition for divoW says she can no longer stand tt abuse heaped upon her by her b* band, Conconlno. She asked for tl custody of their two children, lb Indians have been married for tw# ty years. DIDNT KNOW ENGLISH; DIE Foreigner Fails to Understand KH sas Robbers’ Command and Loses Hie Life. Pittsburg, Kan.—Prank Gajsek, ‘ Austrian, died here from injuries 1 flkted by highwaymen who shot W near here. Gajsek’s Inability to ® derstand the English language cd, him hie life. He was driving on &• public road when he was confront* by two men, who commanded hlffl* “hold up.” Gajsek did not und* stand the order and kept on goW The men shot him. Kettle of Beans Explodes. Jj Memphis, Tenn.—Mrs, Laura Hams was seriously injured when! kettle of butter beans exploded *jl burned her face. The force of tl explosion tore a cooking stovfl Jj pieces, parts of it entering the *S man’s body.