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The Neshoba Democrat. (Philadelphia, Miss.) 1881-current, September 08, 1921, Image 1

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Sljc Kfrsholui Ocmorrai
VOL. 40.
rELPHIA SCHOOL
MAKES CHANGES
F .tnCUION MISED. PHYSIUL EUMIMTION
ORDERED
Board of Trustees of Phlladel-
JKi Schools raised the curriculum
HRresterday’s meeting adding the
bjßlfth grade work to the local High
Kool. This places Philadelphia
KJbng regular accredited high
Schools adding the sufficient number
of units demanded by Mississippi
foliages of all entrants.
kThe Board of Trustees also ordered
■physical examination of all pupils
or the current year. The examlna
lon will be carried on by experts in
■e line, and soon after school opens.
was also decided at the last
ueetlug of the school board to add
ihysical and chemical laboratory
qulpment for the ensuing year.
The added units will eliminate a
graduation class tor 1921. The senior
£luss of this year will be the senior
glass next year as well.
Indian work progressing
Lgl FROS UIZOIU UDEDIO KENT •
imiil'S STUFF.
I The U, S. Department of Indian Af
■airs has detailed Mrs. Ruby S. Wal
ler of Waco, Texas, as a clerk In the
Kofflce of U. 8. Agent F. J. McKinley
Nof Mississippi Choctaws here at
Philadelphia.
Mrs. Walker has been In the Indian
JServlce for several years and until
lust week was stationed at Leupp,
Arizona, In an Indian School. Agent
HdcKtnley’s staff Is now composed of
■Harry Seymour, farmer, Mrs. Mo-
Bkinley, financial clerk, and Mrs.
(walker clerk.
M Three Indian Schools have been
f oompWM jU s cost afsfcssl 111,000
L>ach. Earl E. Givan of New York is
pa charge of the Pearl River School
j|n Neshoba County, Frank Guthrie Is
■barge of the Tucker School in Ne-
Roba County and Harvey E. Fox Is
Ta charge of Standing Pine School In
i,Leake County.
The United States Attorney Qener
ntl has approved the purchase of lands
recently bought In Jones County for
pi Indian School site, and plans are
being made for the erection of three
other schools.
. Teachers are being employed tor so
‘called contract schools, which will
be operated until Agent McKinley
fean have other government schools
■erected and teachers employed. The
r schools being built are modern in
every respect, and are bringing to
'the Choctaw boys and girls. In this
jnd surrounding counties the very
' oest educational opportunities.
HIS DEFINITION
f “Father," asked the young son,
"what Is a lawyer?”
“A lawyer? Well, my son,alawyer
Ms a mao who gets two men to strip
a fight and then runs off with
Mkhelr clothes.”
Mules, Mules
Will have car of good
sound, broke young mules
here next week weighing
from 1000 to 1350 pounds.
Mules are cheaper than
they have been for 15 years
JIM DEES, Phi S phi ”'
A TRIP TO AJUR- COLLEGE.
IEFUCTIMS M THE TRIP 18 <■ IRIT
C. t ROBERTS IF IBM
Some little time has elapsed since
this trip was made by 160 Neshoba
County citizens, but It often occurs
that an old story Is sometimes very
proudly remembered. It is also re
membered by the reader, that this
crew of citizens made the trip Aug.
15th to the State Institute. It’s useless
to state that we were very royally
entertained by the boys who were
taking the summer course and teach
ers.
At least 30 cars assembled at Phlln
delpbia at an early hour on the 15th
and proceeded to move rapidly to
wards Starkvllle via Louisville.
These cars came from every nook and
corner of the county. I regard this
trip as an Important and pleasant
one to every member of the party.
It offered every man an opportunity
to learn something by observation,
If he would only open his eyes and
look.
We have only three ways to Im
prove and grow into big manhood
and womanhood, namely; studying
useful books, asking questions and
observing. Of course, everybody
could not attend the Institute, but
let us all go somewhere, sometime,
to see what the other fellow Is mak
ing out of life.
Recreation is Just as necessary In
this life os work, and the fellow who
“sticks close home,” evidently Is a
foe to himself, and falls to get much
from observation.
Narrow mindedness, prejudice and
selfishness, often are found creeping
oni from the life that moves'a small
circle.
To view the college, and farm of
some 300 acres, is well worth making
the trip for. Many useful men In
Mississippi and other states, made
tirrir beginning at this great school,
la spite of -till the pleasure of this
trip, I must confess that I reached
home a little blue and discouraged
over our highways or rather the
place where they should be. It seems
that Neshoba County Is bringing up
the rear In road building in Missis
sippi. Just think of 80 counties and
every one ahead of us In roads. We
must wake up and get a business
move on ourselves, or take a back
seat. With the exception of Just a
few miles, our roads are a reflection
the public pride of Neshoba County.
After reaching Winston County, Just
north of Stallo, we had a nice dirt
road to Starkvllle via Louisville.
Returning, we traveled east, south
and southwest over 60 miles of ideal
rock road, passing Mayhew, Craw
ford, Brooksvllle, Artesia and Ma
con. Six miles west of Macon the
rock.road stopped, but the good road
did not really and until we reached a
point five miles west of Philadelphia.
We also passed thru old Masbulaville
of Noxubee County and Fearn
Springs of Winston County, touching
a short link of Kemper, and entering
Neshoba near the northeast corner.
To my surprise. 1 found the old North
Bend road leading to Philadelphia in
Patience, Tolerance and Triumph.
PHILADELPHIA, MISS. THURSDAY, SEPT. 8, 1921
ideal condition. Why Is it that these
counties, Winston,Oktibbeha, Noxu
bee and Lowndes have good roads?
Just simply because they want them
and have put forth the right effort.
Are the citizens of these counties all
millionaires and Just open up their
hearts and pocket books and pour a
constant stream of money on their
roads? Not so. They are just average
people like we Neshoba County folks.
Fortunately though, they have put
together their money, brains and
muscle. It takes these three things
to do things. This being the case,
lets go after the possibilities of this
county In earnest.
If the average citizen of this county
will stop one minute and count the
cost of bad roads, I think he will
catch anew vision. We have got
sand and clay, some money, a lot of
mules and horses, some. Implements,
and a lot of brains. The trouble is,
we have not got these things all rig
ged up. We must have better roads
and better schools if we expect to
keep pfice with our sister counties.
cover crops Improve! soil
NOW IS BEST TIME TO PUNT
USED FDR MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED YEARS
DY 6000 FARMERS, WHO FOUND PRACTICE
PROFITABLE.
They Add Humus, Accumulates Ni
trogen, Prevent Erosion and Loss
of Plant Food— Varieties
Adapted to Different Sec
tions —Sow in Time to
Secure Good Growth
Planting cover or green manure
crops Is a matter whith requires at
tention in September In most parts
of the United States, says the United
States Department of Agriculture.
Clover, vetch, and other legumes
serve the triple purpose of adding
humus to the soil, accumulating ni
trogen, and preventing soil erosion.
With some tender. berry and fruit
crops they also serve to protect the
roots from severe winter weather.
Outside of the nitrogen-forming
plants, rye* is largely used as a cover
crop sown In the fall and plowed un
der In the spring to add organic mat
matter to the soli. The cover-crop
problem varies largely with locality,
but for over-winter purposes there Is
one rule which Is universal, and that
Is to get the crop in the ground in
time to secure good growth before
freezing weather.
FARM AND GARDEN HINTS
FALL PIGS TO EAT THE CORN
On account of the relative high
price of bogs many farmers have
planned to produce fall litters of pigs
instead of fattening their brood sows
for the market. The ratio between
the prices of bogs and corn makes
this a commendable practice. With
corn at present prices, eight or nlue
ceut bogs should return liberal prof
its and farmers who raised a good
spring pig crop should consider them
selves fortunate. With another big
corn crop practically assured, the
production of fall pigs has been en
couraged. While hogs may not bold
their present high market position,
it would take a material drop In
prices to make feeding unprofitable
at present corn values. Men who
have gone thru similar periods of de
pression in years past say that once
again hogs have come to the rescue
of the farmer. Time and again hogs
have “rooted” the farmer out of dis
tress, and there is every reason to
believe they will do it again. An
abundance of corn plus good pork
prices bid fair to bold op the morale
of the farmer, provide him with
money to pay bis Interest aud taxes,
and encourage him to stand ready
for another year.
FALL SOWN CROPS IMPORTANT
Fall-sown grains and winter le
gumes will help to accumulate the
nitrogen so badly needed in southern
agriculture; will prevent washing
and erosion and will add the much
needed humus to the soils, besides
furnishing winter pasturage and
summer feedstuff for the livestock,
says Director J. N. Harper of the
southern soil improvement commit
tee. Not only this, but these crops
will help in that rotation of crops
now being sought for by many far
mers.
Mr. Harper states that as a rule
southern farmers have- not given
much attention to planting thPftfe
• • •'*
fall-sown crops and that their Im
portance in agriculture has been
largely overlooked. Where such sum
mer crops as cotton and corn have
been planted, these wlutercrops may
follow without the use of much fer
tilizer. Then such plant food as re
mains in the soil can be accumulated
in the plant tissue of the winter
growing crops and not t>e lost as
where the land Is allowed to lie idle
during the winter months and the
valuable plant food is washed away
or lost by leaching.
He believes also that better yields
will be secured w here some of these
crops are plowed under In the spring
and the land planted to the summer
growing crop. Fall-sown crops gen
erally do better, however, when the
land has been well prepared, fertilized
liberally and good seed of known
quality is used,
In case of grains Mr. Harper advo
cates the use of the grain drill, which
puts out the fertilizer and seed at one
operation. Seed sown in the dril in
this manner will give bigger returns
than when sown by the old method
of broadcasting and plowing or har
rowing under. Clovers need lime
and fertilizer to give best returns.
Grain needs liberal quantities of fer
tilizer at planting so as to give big
ger yields, heavier, plumper kernels,
stronger straw, and to make desira
ble growth before extremely cold
weather. The North Carolina experi
ment station recommends about 300
pounds per acre of a good fertilizer
at planting time. Such treatment al
so prevents winter-killing.
CO-OPERATION HELPS
Cotton classing was conducted co
operatively by the Federal Bureau
of Markets and Crop Estimates with
the state extension service and local
associations of cotton growers in 85
communities during the past fiscal
year, A total of 450 000 bales of cot
ton was classed, and approximately
60,000 bales were sold by the produc
ers collectively at an average saving
of 4 cents a pound. Asa rule the lo
cal associations bore the expense of
local classers and the federal bureau
furnished supervision for the classers
In each case the local classers sup
plied information as to methods of
selling and the factors that Influence
grade. It Is estimated that the grow
ers received from one-half cent to 6
cents a pound more for their cotton
than they would have received but
for the co-operative service.
CULL YOUR FLOCKS
There is one thing that keeps down
the egg average of most flocks of
poultry on the farm and Increases
the cost of feed, and It Is the lack of
knowing how to cull your flock. In
many flocks there are hens that lay
very few eggs, Ail such hens should
be weeded out. You will be surprised
at the results after carefully culling
your flock and the proper feeding
and housing of your bens thru the
winter.
Produce winter eggs. They bring
the best prices.
WHEN YOU ARE OLD
What will you be doing in your old
age? Will you be sitting on the front
porch, stroking your white hair? Or
will you be active, powerful and a
leader? Most of os have the false no
tion that old age necessitates inac
tivity.
The Earl of Dude is rounding out
his sixty-eighth year of service in the
House of Lords, along with 89-year
old Baron Eversley, both extremely
active. Compared with these English
politicians. Senator Lodge, 71, is a
youngster. So is Senator Dillingham
77, and Senator Culberson, 66. Only
Uncle Joe Cannon, 85 is a real rival.
If you have an idea of retiring when
you are 60, consider these great ex
ploits by old men.
Comraod ore Vanderbilt did not be
come a great railroad king until he
was 70. At 88 be was the most ac
tive railroad man of bis day.
Socrates began studying music
when he was 80.
Pasteur discovered bis hydropho
bia core after he was 80.
Columbus between 60 and 60 made
his first voyage of American discov
ery.
Voltaire, Newton, Spencer, Talley
rand and Thomas Jefferson—all were
active and In their intellectual prime
after 80.
When Galileo discovered the month
ly and daily vibrations of the moon,
be was 73.
There are tens of thousands of oth
er instances of great men, who did
their best work In old age— Capper’s
Weekly.
PINK 60LLW0RM TO BE
ERADICATED IF POSSIBLE
TEUS LEGISUTBRE USES NEW PINK MU
ROM! uw
Agricultural College, Miss.
September 1, 1921,
A report that will be of interest to
every cotton grower in the Southern
States has Just been received by the
State Plant Board of Mississippi. On
August 15 the Texas Legislature pas
sed anew Pink 801 l worm law. It Is
l>elleved that the Governor’s approv
al of the law will be forthcoming
within the time limit of twenty days
allowed by the constitution of the
State of Texas. The law when ap
proved will furnish a strong safe
guard to the cotton Industry against
the further distribution of this seri
ous Insect pest of cotton an<J pro
vides authority and funds for the
Texas State Department of Agricul
ture to do everything within Its pow
er to control and eradicate the Pink
801 l worm.
FIRE-COLORED SUNSET WARNS
OF NEAR-BY TROPICAL STORM
A lurid sunset during the hurricane
season below the thirty-fifth parallel
of latitude may be an Important
warning of an approaching storm,
says the Weather Bureau of the
United States Department of Agri
culture. This Is especially true If the
typical fire-colored sunset Is combin
ed with other signs, such as clouds,
moving from an unusual direction,
increase In suspicious wind directions
[northeast, north and east], sea
swells, and even when there Is no
particular fall in pressure. Such a
sunset, which may precede the sea
swell and upper clouds by 24 to 48
hours or more, may be the only clue
to the dangerous tropical storms of
small diameter which form in a bend
of the isobars, over the Gulf Stream,
or are offshoots of larger hurricanes
undiscovered by ships.
The fire-colored sunset Is quite dif
ferent from the ordinary colored sun
set, being awe-inspiring and appar
ent even to a layman, untrained in
Interpreting weather signs. An ap
proaching hurricane may affect the
atmosphere and the rays of light
passing through It for over 1,000
miles. Observers should be on their
guard If a fire-colored sunset Is no
ticed during the season when the
beaches are crowded with visitors,
because beaches are especially ex
posed. Often there are no good har
bors and the available means of car
rying people to safety are limited.
To allow a hurricane to appear un
heralded might mean a serious loss
of life.
JUST ONE REGRET
A Denver man had occasion to vis
it New York. He remained for two
weeks longer than his original Inten
tion, and, in writing to bis wife of
his experience, be said;
“New York is a great city; but I
do wish that I had come here before
I was converted."
Eleventh Annual
MISSISSIPPI-ALABAMA FAIR
MERIDIAN, MISS.
0CT.10,11,12,13,14,15,1921
$30,000 In Premiums
Attractive Night Horse Show With Liberal Purses.
Ask for our Harness Racing Program. Good purses.
Automobile Racing and Auto Polo
WONDERFUL Fireworks Display
Passenger Carrying Planes Daily. Low Rates. Plenty
of Qood Music by Rocco Qrella's Italian Band, and Davis*
Military Band. Ten Attractive Free Acts in Front of Grand
Stand, Day and Might. World at Home and Polack Broth
ers Stupendous Shows (Combined) Forty Steel Cars. Two
Trains. Largest Agricultural, Industrial, Educational, Live
stock Show in the Southeast. Biggest and Best Poultry Show
ever held in the South. Largest Dairy Cattle Show in the
History of the Organization. Reduced Rates and Special
Trains on all Railroads entering Meridian.
For Premium list and further information, address:
J. W. BOSTICK, A. H. GEORGE,
President. Secretary-General 3lgr.
WEEKLYJMEI6MM
U S. BUREIU 6F MMETSI CMP ESII
KJtTES. WtSHINCTOH I. KB
ENDED SEPT2HO, ISZt
Grain: Save a decline of the 30th
and again on the 2nd wheat prices
advanced during the week. Chicago
December wheat showing a net gain
of 4c and closing at $1.26& No. 2
mixed corn 65c. No. 2 yellow corn 56
cents. No. 3 white oats 35c.
Dairy Products: The butter mar
ket the past week has shown wide
fluctuations and at the close was
still unsettled. Demand has decreas
ed. Market conditions are not the
most satisfactory. Closing prices, 92
score: New York and Phlla. 42)£c.
Boston 41c, Chicago 3S%c.
Hay: The hay movement generally
Is again light but prices have not
advanced from the level of the recent
decline. Stocks light and all buying
seems to be for immediate needs only.
With few exceptions pastures have
Improved during the past tew weeks.
Alfalfa and prairie harvesting nearly
finished in most sections. Quoted
Sept. 2nd, No. 2 Timothy N. Y. $30.50,
Chicago $22, Atlanta $26. No. 1 alfal
fa Atlanto S2B, Memphis $22, Omaha
sl6. No. 1 prairie Minneapolis $14.60,
Omaha sl2.
Feed: Mill feed demand light. Of
ferings of winter wheat feeds by
Southwestern mills continues good.
Southwestern bran offered about $1
lower than quoted by Northwestern
mills. Considerable strength has fie *
veloped In cottonseed meal since fig
ures for August condition of cotton
crop were published Present quota
tions $2-3 higher than a week ago.
36 per cent cottonseed meal $33 At
lanta.
Livestock And Meats: Chicago
live stock prices trended downward
the past week. Hogs lost 45c to 66c,
beef steers steady to 15c lower. Butch,
er cows and heifers generally steady.
Fat lambs and yearlings down
fat ewes 25c, Veal calves advanced
$2-2.26. Sept. Chicago prices; Hogs
top, $9.66; bulk of sales $7.10-9.60;
medium and good beef steers $6.25-
8-75; feeder steers #6.26-7.76; light and
medium weight veal calves sll-13.76;
fat lambs #6.76-8.76.
Cotton: Spot cotton prices advanc
ed 300 points during the week, clos
ing at 17.04 c per lb. New York Octo
ber futures advanced 253 points, clos
ing at 17.83 c.
Philadelphia Swamps DeKalb
The local baseball team defeated
Dekalb In a fast game here Saturday.
Up to the sixth Inning each team had
allowed only one run. In the seventh
Inning Philadelphia bunched hits
and pulled In another run. The re
mainder of the game was decidedly
Philadelphia’s. The two teams will
meet again soon. Batteries for De-
Kalb, Little and Smith, for the home
team, Posey and Rodgers. The score
was 6 to 1.
But It Is Not So.
jud Tonkins says life would be part
fectly pleasant If It was as easy for
human nature to forget resentments
as it is to forget obligations.
NO. 14

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