Newspaper Page Text
MY BIRTHDAY EDITION
w i ihphhhbrhibw By Tom Rand The directors of the Neshoba County Fair, and My Daddy, who runs the Neshoba Democrat, think this is the Fair copy of the Neshoba Democrat. They are wrong. My birthday is August?, when I shall be five years old, and this paper is published in honor of my birthday. Mr. Might’s little boy up in Louis ville was writing an essay on; ‘‘Why lAm Going To Be An. Editor.” His mother told him to write that he was going to be an editor because his father was before him and his mother was behind him.” So may be I’ll be an editor sometime, and if 1 ever do run a newspaper I am going to run a better newspaper than my Daddy does, I’m going to run a newspaper that little boys will read all the time, I’m going to have noth ing in it but funny pictures and stories about bears and snakes and good things to eat. I slipped into Aunt Cenie’s one day and had my picture made. Daddy and Mother didn’t know anything about it, so I put it in this birthday issue of the Democrat so you all would know who really runs this paper. If you want anything done, like making mud pies or eating water-melons, and my Daddy won’t do it, just call on me. Road Meeting Wednesday A road meeting was held in Beat 3 VVedensday at Tom Lowry’s Store. Rumor had spread that a highway was to be built connecting up Phila delphia with the Collinsville, Meri dian road, and a meeting was called to discuss the matter. A committe was appointed to meet with Road Commissioner J. M. McßeaJ,h of Philadelphia. The committee posed of J. A. J. McDonald, Dr. Q. F Pruitt, I. K. Calvert, F, B. DeWeese and (J, W. Mars met wtth Mr, Me- Beatb at Philadelphia, but Mr. Me- Beath’s mission was a different one, and be did not have time to go into locating road problems. Mcßeath Discusses Constit utional Amendment Mr. Mcßeath, Road Commissioner, with Mr. Hardy,' District Road En gineer and Mr. Deitzer, State High way Engineer, met with the Board of Supervisors at Philadelphia Thurs day afternoon to discuss the Road Constitutional Amendment, which is to be passed ou in Novemder, and* which will put about 7 per cent of the roads iu the county under State Supervision. The meeting at Phila delphia was well attended, and Mr. Mcßeath along with Mr. Deitzer ex plained the amendment, and what its passage would mean for the roads of Mississippi He said that when the amendment was passed that the road north and south east and west through the county, would be main tained by the State highway depart ment, and that though this would not assure good roads. It would provide better roads than we now have. When Mr. Deitzer and Mr. Mcßeath had answered many questions explaining the amendment the senti ment of the Board and those present favored the passage of .the amend ment. The amendment failed two years ago, according to Mr. Deitzer, because many voters did not vote on the amendment either one way or the other. The constitution of Mississippi provided that a constitutional amend ment can be passed only when a ma jority of those voting ” vote in favor Of the amendment. Those omitting to vote at all really vote against the amendment. In the last election on tbo amendment a majority of those who voted on the amendment voted for the passage, but many of those Who voted omitted to express tbeip- M lvtg on the amendment either one way or the othA, and the amend* meat failed. /Mr. Deitzer urged everybody to vote so that it • might carry, for if the amend* meat failed it mod*" that Mississippi will lose in the napt two years some thing like 12,600,000 of federal aid on on her roads and highways, and this federal aid for roads will be spent in other states. EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS IN NESHOBA COUNTY ' ■ . ♦ 9 . ■ ? ■ ■ ?^S • W , ; 'jgm± j * fe/ By R. 0. Peebles Superintendent Of Education For Nerhoba County; i Twenty five years ago Neshoba County, witbent a Rail Road, a trad* ing center and without a market nearer than Meridian, lay as a her mit in the dense forests that cover* ed the earth like the sands cover the sea. This forested country was sparsely settled, and there were few schools and churches. It was a com* mon thing for people to go eight or ten miles to attend /jhurch, and' children often walked from two to three miles to school and didn’t com plain that it was too far. However, very few people had the encourage ment and inspiration to equip them selves for efficient service. There was little competition and few' people aspired to excel in anything, except to be the best marksman and be able to bag the most game in a hunt. Schools were considered of little importance, since most people made a livelihood on very small farms, and at that time, it was thought that no education was necessary for a man to succeed on a farm. With the exception of three or four schools the one teacher school was the high est educational institutional in the County. The length of the public school term was from three to lour months, two months in the winter and one or two mouths in the sum mer. The ideal school teacher was not the erudite teacher, who was able to impart his great store of knowledge to the pupils, but the teacher who conld discipline the school and bad a reputation of being the biggest castigator in the County, was Considered to be the criterion am mg the pedagogues. The schools were not graded and no pupil ever knew when he had finished the pub lic school course, except as he ,was able to spell by memory anything found in the old “Blue Back 1 ’ speller more especially such words as, “Im materiality” and “incomprehensi bility”. There were no libraries and very few blackboards. The school houses were small one room build ings with holes out out in the walls to let the light in. The school rooms were arranged to give plenty venti tation, but not proper ventilation. There were no patent desks, but seats were made by putting wooden legs under each end of a long plank. The only financial support given the schools was. money raised by poll tax and small appropiation by the State. There were no bond issnes for the construction of school build ings, no county wide levy for the support of schools and no local levies for maintenance. There were few schools that had sufficient support to enable them to do high tchool work, and consequently if a pupil had the desire and ambition to se cure even a high tchool education, he bad to go away from home to do higher work. ' * For a number of years the schools were in a state- of apathy, and ‘the lethargy or lack of vision on the part of the part of the people made the educational interests of the child of little-concern. But beneath this deeming languor there was energy and there was strength. Where only a village stood, the Philadelphia of today has grown with her splendid school system and every necessary modern convenience. According to size Philadelphia is the best market and trading center on the Gulf Mo- bile and Northern Bail Bead. Big lumber mills surround the town and smaller mills cover the County. The lumber industry has increased the material wealth of the County: the diversification of farming, brought about by co-operative marketing andjihe Installation of a creamery in Philadelphia, has made the rur al people more prosperous and has helped in giving them a vision of the future possibilities. This pro gress is largely due to the quicken* ing of the interest in education, and people are coming sto realise that education Is really the foundation Of all progress. There exists today a very wholesome Otraospftert for better schools thru out the In 1906 the County levied a one * *-* " * *- and One half mill ‘tax for ihe iUp port of the schools, and in 1918 the levy was raiasd to five mills. Under the increased state appropriation for schools, this county is now receiv ing near twice as much money from the State as was received four years ago. Asa result of this, the school term has been lengthened from four or five months to six months. Teach ers are paid better salaries, and teacher efficiency* has greatly in creased. Schools are . graded and records kept of the progress of each child, Better school houses are being constructed and modern equip meat installed. ' In 1918 toe first consolidated school o *. the oouny was created at Providence in Bent Five. This school has a splendid school build tag with modern equipment Sis well trained teachers are employed in the school, and they do eleven grades of Since this school was created, there have been twelve other consolidated schools establish* ed, and the majority of them have already issued bonds for buildings and equipment, and have special levies for the maintenance of the schools. These schools are as follows Bloomo, Bond, Burnside, Bardale, Dixon, Dixie; Forest Dale, Linwood, Mt Pisgah, 'Neshoba, Shady Grove and Zepbyrhills. This is truly the consolidated school era In the his tory of the county, and judgidg from the rapid progress that has been made during the past few years, before all schools of the County will be consolidated schools. Edu cation has been too long with held from the masses, but this condition will not exist much longer, .for the consolidation of schools every child an opportunity to secure a high school education .at minimum cost. Children in rural communi-. ties will no longer be handicapped by the limitations of their*educa tional advantages. Verily, this solu tion of the problem of rural educa tion will make the nffal population gradually become the most Indepen dent, the most contented and the happiest people, who inhabit the free State of Neshoba. HOUSE The Sunday School Convention at the Chapel- was quite a success. Some fine lectures were delivered on Sunday School work by Bro. Fred Long, Lamar Williams and Clyde Strlbllng. Little Velma Simms Is, very 111, with acute appendicitis. Mrs. Ida Sullivan returned from the Laurel Sanatorium last week, where she has been for an operation. Mrs. M, B. Robinson has as her guests this week her eon, Lonzo Webb of La., and her niece, Mae Beeson. Bud Winstead and family visited his sister, Mrs. Jennie Breland of Muckaiushla community Sunday. The Infant child of J ofm George Is very 111 with colitis this week., (Above should have appeared In last week’s Democrat) LETTER FROM MR. MCBEOTH After the Road meeting the other day some of those present carried away the Impression that If the Uoad Constitutional Amendment passed, and the State Highway Department took over' two road east and west, and north and south, through Neshoba County, that the County would have to give over its proportionate share of the gasoline and automobile tar to the State to use In maintaining these roads. Supervisor Wallace Cox was questioned as to this, ;aud took the matter up with Mr. Mcßcath. The following answer Is clear, and should answer the question to the satisfaction of all Meridian. Miss. July 28, 1922. Mr. Wallace Cox, . *>.■ Philadelphia, Miss. . . ” Dear Sir: Responding to yourletter will say ,11 the Constitutional Amendment pass es in November placing 7 per cent of the roads under the supervision of the State Highway Department, then then the department will im mediately take over an east and west and north and south road in your County and maintain them by what is known as the patrol system, patting a competent man with team and road machine, shovels and slip on every ten miles, and keep these roads so that they can be traveled, 366 days in the year. This will be done without any ex pense to the county. The county can take their portion o I the autor mobile-and gasoline, tax and spend It on roade leading Into these main highways or as they see flh The patrolmen who keep up these roads receive their pay by State warrants, and not one cent ts paid by the connty. > • Yours truly,’ J - M. Me Beth, Chairman. THE BOY UNO IHE SCOUT MOVEMENT -a - - - - - - ■* ... / iii By Weitver Bridges, Scoutmaster Philadelphia Troop I. The Boy Scouts of America is a corporation formed by a group of men, who are anxious that the boys should come under the influence of this movement, and be built up in all that goes to make character and good citizenship. The affairs of this organization are managed by a Na tional composed of the most prominent men in our country, who gladly and freely give their time and money, that the purpose may be ac complished. In the various cities, towns and villages, the welfare of the Boy Scouts is cared for by local council, like the National Councils, and are composed of men who are seeking for boys in all communities, the very best things. The National Council is composed of our leading men, both in business af fairs, as well as social and political, who give no little time, to the study of our young manhood and hts needs. The Boy Scout movement has be come almost universal, and wherev er organized. Its leaders are glad, as we are, to acknowledge the debt we owe to Lieut. Qen. Sir Rul)ert S L. Baden-Powell, who has done so much to make the movement of interest to boys of- all nations. In all of our lands today, scouting Is regarded, by all the nations leading characters, as the most beneficial to the future uplift of manhood. It has been my honor, as well ns a great pleasure, to be associated with boy’s work for the past ten years. In boy’s clubs of the city, the boy’s department of the Y. M, C. A. and at one time associated with the State Reform Schools, where the state makes an effort to force a boy to “Be liopd”. In past experience. It has been my desire to study care fully the need of our boy, and to see. If possible, what he wants and needs most. I believe, the one outstanding Impression gained by years of thought and study, is that a boy has more reserve energy to the square Inch, than any other living being. Energy, like steam, must be put to work or It will escape. Boiler mak ers knew that there had to be some outlet,.for un over supply of %team, or fatsl would be the result, so they put what is commonly known, as the “Pop Valve” and when the steam rises to the capacity of the boiler, the said valve releases and the sur plus steam escapes, thus removing the great danger of serious harm to the machine, and those who may be near.' Boys-like the boiler, must get rid of the surplus energy, and unless the men of today devise some wor thy method of taking care of this en ergy. It 1* useless for us to exhort our efforts lb nmklrtg a better world in which to live. WJnyjever and wherever, the Scout movement is or- ganised and proper leadership ob -1 talned, It is found, that there Is no better way, than taking, the boy be. fore the steam rises and prepare him for the day, when bis energy will be thrown In the right channel and cause him to believe that never be fore has the word “Manhood” meant so much to the world. With the personal touch In the boy life, not having been oat of, that pe riod but for a short time, I believe, day after (Jay, the boy is beginning to realise responsibility and what they are, and at the same time Is able to visualise, to a certain ex tent, what he is—lnstead of what he was. Nevertbe less, no one can be more conscious than 1, of the diffi culty, In that, of providing ample rocreat on and leadership, pertaining to the Interest, which will meet ail demands of such widely scattered opinions In out communities. I have constantly kept in mind the evils that confront th*boys of our coun try, and mow than evsr before, be lieve, if the boy w||l Join the Scout movement and abide by It* laws, he will be better fitted to Withstand the a tor ma of life In after years. Through out the workings of the Scout movement, it has been made obligatory upon the boys that they cultivate courage, loyalty, patriot ism, brbtherlldessv self control, cour- tesy, kindness tn animal*. usefulness! cheerfulness, cleanliness, thrift, puri ty and honor. No one can doubt that with such training added to his native gifts, the American hoy will In the near future, as a map, ie mu efficient leader in the paths of civili zation and peace. In discussing the meaning of the work, I can add nothing (f ore inter esting than the Boy’s Oath, designed to give him an insight Into what he Is about to enter, he Is required to learn the Scout Oath, which is a promise rather than an oath, in the commonly accepted definition of the word. It says: “On my honor, I will do my best; To do my duty to God and to my Country.and to obey the Scout law, To help other people at all timed. To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake and morally straight” Does not that threefold promise embrace, In concrete form, the very essence of your own teaching? Now, consider the twelve parts of the Seout law given below. Nrtte that everything is affirma tive—not that the scout must do or be, but that he is ALL these things. He Is expected to live up to these qualities, not by command laid up on him by constituted' authority, but because he, himself, recognizes that they are desirable and are part and* parcel, of the inheritance of manhdod Into which be is Just en tering. Is there one of them, which you have not a thousand times prayed that your boy might possess? THE SCOUT LAW 1 A Scout Is Trustworthy. A Scout’s honor Is to be trusted. If he were to violate his honor by telling a He, or by cheating, or by not doing exactly a given task when trusted on his honor, he may be di rected to hand over his Scout badge. 2 A Scout Is Loyal. He Is loyal to all to whom loyalty is due: his Scout leader, hts home, and parents and country. 3 A Scout Is Helpful He must bC prepared at any time to save Iff-*, help Injured perso-'b, and share the home duties. He muse do at least one good turn to somebody every day. 4 A Scout Is Friendly He is a friend to all .and a brother to every other Scout. ' 5 A Scout Is Courteous He Is polite to all, especially to women, children, old people, and the weak and helpless. He must not take pay for being helpful or courte ous. 6 A Scout Is Kind He 1b a friend to animals. He will not kill nor hurt any living creature needlessly, but -will strive, to save and protect all harmless life. T 1 A Scout Is Obedient He obeys his parents, scout mas ter, patrol leader, and all other dply constituted authorities. ' 8 A Scout Ib Cheerful He smiles whenever he can. His obedleucp to orders Is prompt and cheery. He never shirks nor grum bles at hardships. I) A Scout Is Thrifty He does not wantonly destroy property. He works faithfully, wastes nothing, and makes the best use of his opportunities, • He saves his money ko that he may pay his own way, be generous to those In need, and helpful to worthy objects. He may work for pay but must not receive tips for courtesies or good turns. 10 A Scout Is Brave He has courage to face danger In spite of fear and bus to stand up for the right against the coaxings of friends or the Jeers or threats of ene mies, and defeat does not down him. 11 A Scout Is Clean He keeps clean In body and thought, stands* lor dean speech, clean sport, clean habits, and travels with a clean cr,owd. 12 A Scout Is Reverent He Is reverent toward God. He is faitWul in his religious duties and respects the conviction of others in matters of custom and religion. There is no militarism, or sugges tions thereof, anywhere in the entire movement. There are no military drills and only a few direct com mands. The Scout-nmSter guides by suggestion rather than by direct or ders. He Is a grown up pal of his followers, rather than a command ing officer. Social casts and religi- ous creeds are unrecognised. The Scont is neitherrich or poor; lie is simple a plain citlsen boy, dielr-ap parant to independent, free thinking, noble manhood. Realisation of this, has swept away opposition, which at first, de veloped in certain quarters through mis-appreheusion of the ideals and purposes of the organisation The ’Roman Uatholtachurcb has accepted the movement. The Socialist Party has withdrawn its opposition. It is becoming universally known for wbat It is—an organised- effort to make Big Men of Little Boys. To make them sound in body, sound in character, sound in mental and mor- a) development, without, la, thl slnallest degfee, Infringing nponheir Ood-given rights oflndependenei-and freedom la thought and action. After leaving Qa. for Mississippi, 1 fully made up my mind that I would In no wine attempt to organize a troop of Scouts In the new Held, lint after associating with the boyb of Philadelphia for a few montljs, found myself la a rest.lean condition, espe elall.v, after seeing the great possi | hilltles, >lo finally I approached some I of the boys of the scout age, and they were of the opinion, that a troop here would be hard to reorganize, as several attempts bad failed, not due entirely to the man who organized, but largely to the fact, that few peo ple really knew what Scouting means. Therefore, only a short time passed, before tlie leading men re quested that I take this matter up atvooce, and attempt to orgnnifl>„ And though, a part of my heart buck in Gh. where I left a troop of the most manlyboys la the world, to day, who had grown to be part of my life, and to leave seemed impossl- Me, then too, my stay here seemed unsettled,- but when men like A. De- Weese, “Dick” Molpus, H. H. Bates, Homer Turner and Clayton' Rand, gald they would act as troop com mitteemen, that ws all 1 needed. And on the opening night o( the troop, we had thirty-six boys, eager to enlist as scon la, and today, the troop numbers nearly sixty. Thirty three is the number allowed to a troop, but by permission (torn Na tional Headquarters we were grunt, ed a permit, to have a larger num ber. Thirty-three, however, is mom than one man can look after well. I have associated with me in this work Roger Barrier, Jap Moore and Harrison Drake, as assistant Scout masters. If could not be placed where could work and live for boys, I would soon lose one of the holiest ideals of life— the ability of individu al servlet, making men out of boys seems to be the hardest work we have on earth today. A boy is the only thing we have to make men of, and unless the product be taken be fore it is ruined mentally, physically and morally, then it is of little Use to attempt to make our great United States 100 per cent American. Will It benefit your boy to hhve him a Boy Scout? I believe It will, physically, mentally and morally. Will It aid you as a mother? Yes, directly and indirectly. Will it ben efit the community? Most emphati cally, yes. The solution of the world’s great problems, every one of them, is in your hands and mine In the shaping of characters In the pres ent generation of young people. The hoy of today, is the most potent force, for good or evil In the man of tomorrow. The Boy Bcouts of America furnish a tremendeously ef fective medium through which to aid hi the development of that mas ter creation, high principled, clean, clear thinking, independent man hood... THE BOY OF TODAY: IS THE MAN OF TOMORROW -WORK WITH HIM. WRITES HOMEFfIOM CHINA. Mr.'ami Mrs. Anderson White have just received a letter from their son, Adam O. White, from Shanghai, China. Adam White Is on the U. S- Ship Waters and located at Manila, Philippine Isl&nds. The hitter from China contains some Interesting passages which follow: *‘We are now in Shanghai China we arrived here the 6£h of June I like this place flue and seeing the wondrs of ray life but when It comes to starving and dead people It sure Is terrible. I received the Democrats that you girls and mother sent me and cer tainly did appreciate them. I am taking the training through mall that l spoke about once before and like It tine. I put all my spare time on it thats the reason 1 hardly ever write home, when I have spare moment 1 make It count.' This division of destroyers la coming buck to the states In Septe mber, but 1 am not sure (hat 1 wilt get to come back with them. I may have tostuy out here for sometime”' FARM FOR BALE—I hare 40 acres all fenced and in cultivation with pasture and lasting water and a good hovse on it close to a good school at Stallo. Will sell at a bar gain. Claud Duett. 810 2 p \f : v "noticjT The voters of the Cughiun volug precinct created on the 3 day of .1 tine 1922 are hereby Nutlfield th it they cannot vote at that Newly Consti tuted precinct until Six months after | the date of the Creation of said I)'ft. Bald voters can Continue to vote where there use registered until Six: months shall here elapsed from June 2,1922. 8. H. Btribitug F. X. brocket Commissions.