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If i l.A"t v--3 iX. j. J jv'Nyw wwftftivHta5usy-4n a word, 1 Tnr TTA7Ai?n? op tviR fi'I J I J Hwmnt itwi'tHwwaM - tab fr--t " - ' "" - 11 A V1 D'- . U " 'V A K. 1 y i -i i pth Ti7 Ittt Tirtm WE 71 DDTEMICDmAlPo 3d A HOI " We claim as large a Charter as tho IVind, to blow on whom ice please." 0.0. Doacc. PAULDING, MISS., WEDNESDAY, MAY 21, 1813. Vol. I ITo. 2. I'izcJ t ., ttw;S I IV. TERMS. TAe True Democrat is published tvery Wednesday, at three dollars jier ' AnfBT",E:r.NTS inserted at the vsual j'les, viz: One Dollar jer square, (ten lines ' or h.ss) for the first insertion, and fifty cents .for eick continuance. A lihtral discount al lowed io those who advertise by the year. An nouncing county Candidates for any ojfice five dollars others, ten dollnrs. 'Job Work executed ttith neatness and des patch. TCrL'tters on business connected with the o'jl-ej must It post paid, to ensure attention: From the Knickerbocker The Printer. Hp tiort-l tlif.ro alone ntthat !i!doy hour, By tho Aivintiing lamp tllmfj- bu.tni.j.-; All silent wkhin, save the ti'linr' type, AM silent without save the nljht watch tirr-tntr: ,, All heavily echoed the solemn sbvml, As slowly he placed o'er the frozen ground. And J irk we re the mansions so lately that shone With the joy of festivity gleaminir, And heai ts tint were beating in sympathy then, Were now living it o'er in their dreaming; Vet the printer still works at his lonely post, As slowly he gathered his tni-jhty h St. Arid there lay the merchant all pillevtd i;i down. ' And building bright hopes fur the narrow, Nor dreamed he dint Fate was waving o w;.r.l, Tha would Liinj him to fl-ar and sorrow; Vet the Pi inter was there in his shadowy rum, ' ' ., ' As Ju e.-it in his-frame work t!;at ri-.h man's douji. That younjf wif-i was smiiine:, whom lately h-d Icind r4 The lies that dwuih bdy can 9r(r; And dreaming she started, yet woke vvith a Slli.I J For the thought they were parted forever; But the I'ri.-it r was ebdun., th typi-S tint uo'ill ( II On the meriow the lruU of the midnight spell. And there lty the statesman, whose feverish trow, " . - An! restless the p:llj-v was .' sn:; "v, , r t, .1. . . . .1. . . .. i ,., , ! ,;, diiam His kftirbt hopes now joi-?irta; Y-' the tViETTkf J ;ta '-i'-;t s-l'W. en I Qliom, , And d-ag fj'A;rbitirn in let Iic tou.b. And owly that uoiiinm wir.t gu'niiri? vp lIiLucvt of rrirf nr,d of'tlm-; A wreath .r theint!e, a fttnve for the lv, F r the happy, a cep fiil l wiisi eirr.fi-e'oiits cf wor,d r,to tnc!u. the ur, Af.d Jrk on-- v.::li t-rr:r, to cu: 1'l with fea-. Full itrrnjeare tic Lihs whiith tint daik l.tct shall bear To palace ond Cut cf; the morrow; Oh welcome, tbrio) w ktnie to many a heart! To many a bearer cf torrow; Itsl.dl! r.j like i he wind and wandci :3r'r.ir; For lifeanJ iit !.un?f are insprtts'd there. Te at pe ion ce Ode. BV THE RrV. HATIIFLn. lyTTit nds el freedom! fwell the sen?; l ouns anJ olJ! toe strain prolong, Make the 'I'errp'runce army ttrenr. And on to vietoiy. Lift your banners, 1-t then wavr, Oiiwnrd rrnroh tiie. moi'J toir; Who would fill n iiuijkard' gn e, And bcr bis inf.'i y? 2 Shrink net when tie fr erpitr; Surn the coward's pu.lty l H arthrt sht i k , It hoi 1 the lur.'; Of ruined famuiix! IT: is: t' c ciy in p"t Te v;i not; ta not; hanclc not!' WL v.uu'.d be a d.unli' n tot. TK; weist cf n,isc ri t? "(live tbea.heie? m rf; t)if; Carry py r' for thra' incritf f.lAe ue wretcheldrunkaid 1 1 5t. l0 cy Dy iivu; r ' ny. lU.t- ti. s'.T'-iii vfc'iliwor-J I i'h: tovch .not; Tn tilvmc rt'. Ut the tcho uh be ky. AuJ earth ktfji juLIee. 4 flod cf mercv' b'3'os r'fai'i FoMhjhllpVrif.TTCrdt: Stlo many toj-rJ Hred! Anl b-l then pfd.!j. Il-irt-n. L-rJ, thehpry d-r Wr.n xc hn-E'J ? f " 1- Try, Trr'n"cr, H cecrUhiill mar, Aal Ifi'imrhin.ly. t ,tw, !: t d.tr.Td "e Mdirn ia:i io'Mc.fi$. Fih &Do-, toih.:J Ji- j tut Wkve, ,l(o!lcomnKnce it thetii!oftheConHt,.!-,n- The rress ra!oa of rrtr inihaU. Ctt'es UeriirratrJitSWnon:! It ifi announced in l' Tenu) Ivan, v,at Vice President " tis Murid u Fhsiede'f .hif and ; cr';r,:iertda g thecourti ia the eicrctftai'ton- C-i'-rer.iccirn Ut t-t fj ntike From the Missbsippian. Chickasaw School Lands State Skmi n art 500:UU0 Acres the Two per cent Fund the Brandon Rail Road. By the compact between the Unlte4 States and thd Statu of Mississippi on the 'entrance of the ljttef into tho Union, the loth section of each township of land in the State was reserved for school purposes. This right was sedulous ly nihered to by both parties up to the period ol'the Chickasaw Treaty. By that Treaty all the lands claimed by the Chickasaw Tribe were to he sold, nnd the net-proceeds paid over to ihn Indians. The IGth sections like other lands in the nation, were put up and sold for the b: m f,t of the Indian, contrary to the com pact and in di-rogation of the rights of the Stntf. A controversy arose between the State an I b rumal Government, which resulted in tin? 17. S'.ati s uq;rei.in' to ffiy to Mississippi nn erjuik'ftfciit for tho less of her 16th sections, in other lands, to be located under the direction ol the Secntary of the Treasury. Directions were accordingly jjiven to the Registers on 1 lteceiveis in this State to make locations. So little attention was paid to the interest of the State, that afier about twenty thousand acres of very inferior lands had been located, the work was arrested by an earnest remonstrance on the part of the State. Another controversy arose which eventuated in thqUniled States agretinqf to permit the lands to be located under the di rection of the Governor cf the State, and in quantities of not less than one quarter-section in a body. The work wrnt forward immediate, ly, mid has now been completed. The Chick a.?av couri'.ii s have for school enrposes, 174, 500 aens of the very bist lands in the known world. Selected ns it has been by experienced woodsmen with great care and i:i small bodief, all the refuse h:nls have been thrown out, and the cream of the country so to speak have beij) selected, thus giving to the Northnn counties a most ir.unilice ut school fund, and t'rriino; to their advantage what at fiist seemed to he a cros disregard of their ri.rhta and int. r s?s. It is pleasant in loolfintr over tlie history of the past, to perceive that in the nc position of these important advar.tis to a sin !; 9-ct:'e'i. nil parrs of the Si-ite hive joined with iquil i ner ?y and V a!; nnd we are s-iie that the S.jui'h in couiitiis louk with no jatindic d ye i nthiir Noithei n sist'-rs in the fnjoym'r.t cf a!! their pat." ssions hut fid a hearty nnd d ep n joi cini.t their happy and pros-ii roin cenlitir.n. We Know that in assertinsr nud proMirin:j a rc cofriiitinn of tin serigl ts. that Suithi rn mem b' is of th-" Lweislature. Smith-em Senators and i Kir.bets ol' lYn'rs. wint with as rnurh ac tivity end sincerity ns the most active and sin ce'ie m in!) 'is fifim tlm Noith nor does any Sfftwm-TTr 'Tttmrd'-mfit "Ms rltrbrur the ri 'lit of his part of th Stat", to o snack" with the North in tho us" anJ etijoymt nt of this rieh bounty albeit three foniths oJ'the IGth ect;oi:s in this rart (f the State were coinpr.itively vahii h'S this was oir ill f.rt'inc. To line yot tieti r I j mis n tii ir good fortune, which we thr tut ri.vy tin m, but reijoie? tlirtt it is s), and tint oar cils ccrttrib'atti to y.s eousani ;:;itu:i. TliC sr.VTL firMINARV. Mr.ny years ar, the ITuited S'afes payc Id Missip'f ii a lownsliip of latnl as nil rndnvtr.ci.t of a State University. Tlicso lands were r lectej with great care, nttd were o!J at h'vh prices about tiiuety fivo tlieitisar.d dollars rft.'ie money was in rt'stcJ in I'ianters Ihttik Stock, nnd lias proven nn iiluiosl ci.tire le.ss, to-retlii r willt all tho interest wliiclt slunild have ac crued on it. The? I.thmce of the fund, nninuntit: to soaio one liundred and sixty tlious.iijd d liars, has either hern collect ed mid paid into the treasury, or has l:e n placed in a condition to be 'entirely secure, so that tho institution may now he regard ed as Lcinjf hcyoird the reach ul contin gency, with tlie handsome t-ndotvuirnt of 100,000 dollars. Alatiy tliotiglit that rs this was a state institution, it ou;ht lo have been located near the centre of ihe State in which tivonf, Jackson, Clinton, Braiid.in, cr Canton, or some neighboring point, would have been sehtted; Lut com-' inissiotiers wore pprmintcd to select a site, and the beautiful village of Oxford, in the , county nf Lafayette, was the favored spot cL" o '-V Ihem. The Eonih, cast, wet, .-.t: 1 t..ntd!c counties p.cijuiosccd, civinjf n u ttier instance of their indisposition lo ertidje the hotuitios wliich both the Mate and national government were disposed lo gire O their norilirrn sisters. There is but one fjc'in; in this end of ihe state, and that is, that the seminary may flourish nr.d prosper, find that the youth cf north Mississippi, njny er joy nil th advantages which rheir proximity to this seal of Icarn inz nnd science affords, and that Oxford may become ns famous in the annals iS literature, cs its great transatlantic mmc f-wke. Tilt. 500,000 ACRES OK LVXU. The Federal Clevermnent, vajlgarly termed Uncle Sain, in onerf ih-ise gener ous and jolly mood into which it some times fa 1 is, iu spite cf the ccld avarice of the Yankees and the cormorant proaliu? cf the ue stem peep'e, opened i:s heart and pave to Mississ;; pi 51)0,000 acre cf land, for works cf internal improvement. This land may recorc (and e fear it will) a fruitful aource of cor.ter.tion re lwn ihe d .rcnt KCtions cf the State. It has been ul loctd nd is rfprcsfti'rd J as immt.M:ly va'utb'ehy the corn T.i-ion-crs appointed to se!ect. Wc rc:a this d s-advunt?- in rf.jkir.g the locttirs f rihis crast. We were cc.rrp-!ed to take not l?ra than 320 acrf in a Liy, wherrss the to take ns little as 150 acres. There must be proportionahly a larger amount of re fuse lands in this grant, than in the Chick asaw school lands. Here again, in the dis position of this land, the south is ready to display her eenerous disposition towards 'the north. Not only is south Misssissippi ready, willing and even anxious to give to the north her due proportion of the land, but as we believe, to go lurther; to give her as much as will sufliccto improve all her fine navigable rivers, even though it amount to two thirds or three-fourths. The leveeing of the Mississippi is a work often spoken favorably of, and we daresay that Wilkinson, Pike, Copiah, Lawrence, and other southern counties, will be found as ready to embark in it, whenever Ipshall bo fountl to, Uv pnujiicHLle, DesntOjTuni ca,Pono!a and other counties influediate ly interested in it. We feel a prymd exal tation in being able to say, that so lar from nursing any feeling of scclional jealousy, the people of the south, r.s a people, spurn the very idea, and are always ready to show by their actions, that one part of our glorious commonwealth, is as dear to them as another. Tllli TWO PER CENT FUND. When Mississippi became a member of the Federal Union, five per cent, of the net proceeds of the sules of all the public lands within her limits, was guaranteed to her for works of improvement; three per cent, of this money was to be expended under the direction of the Legislature within the State, and this look -the name of "throe percent-fund." -The Legislature divided it among Iho several counties in equal portions, and'it has "gone glimmer ing through the Him distance" to parts un known. .The remaining two of the five er cent, was to be expended under the directioti cf Conrrrexs on works lead'mg to ihe Stale. This took the name of the two percent, fund. Congress did notex-wrcis-a its riht to expend it. and the fund to accumulate, until it reached the sum of about 300,000 dollars. After repealed memoiiahs on the part of the Legislature, (all parties uniting,) Congress finally yield ed to our earnest solicitations, and passed Senator Walker's bill, relinquishing the entire two percent, to tho rail road lead ing from Brandon to the Alabama line. Now, to our mind, this money no more belonged to Mississippi before this relin quishment, ih y'hr !,.-, ana iov any other purpose than to build this road, it no more belongs to the State now than it did before t!ia relinquishment. It is n trust conveyed to Mississippi for a spe cified purpose, and ihe State has no more right ti refuse lo cxtcute the trust, and retain the money than has one man a right lo get another's money under a promise lo npply it in a particular way, and then re- Itiiie to apply K, and use it lor nnoltier pur pose. We speak with great confidence when we assure our I'astcrn friends that there cannot be the least doubt that tho State will, in good faith, apply the money to tlie road, that the great north is too no ble and generous to withhold from the 1' in that wliich is her due; and that if ev ery nt'iJT consideration failed (but with the; North there can bo no such thing as fail 1:1 doing right) her gratitude to the List would prompt her to give her justice. But we will not speculate on a subject so improbable In it-self as that the north or any other part of tlie State will interpose la rob L'astern Mississippi of that which the United States has given her with the full consent of all tho States interested. It i? hers by gift, nnd oilier parts of the State cannot nnd will net insfc-t on taking it from her. There would be more justico in ma-king a son divide his patrimony with his brothrrs and sisters, after they bad got their full shares, than to compel Eastern Mississippi lo divide this money. We al ways hated family jars: lut we have al ways hated worse to see a good naturcd little boy imposed on by bis larger broth ers. e hope there is n disposition any where t ) impose on Ihe List. We can almost say we know there is not; justice is nil she wants; justice, we are certain she will gel. Then let us say t-a Ihe Last, the Gibraltar of Democracy, stand lo your an cient battlements; stand lo your principles; do your duty as you have always done; demand your rights and they will not be withheld. Agriculture in the Xuth. Wc arc greatly interested in th cause of Agricul ture, and how very gratifying to see such a spirit fr improvement manif sted, in many cf our friends turning their atten tion ta other proiiCli besides cct:on. Iu the stead cf cotton ine, many changes are recommended, such as the rearing of Sheep, IIos d:t, I Ioncs, Mules, Corn, .c., divcrsifymgtha labor bestowed on cot Ion, iucittdin; Sdk. If we mistake not thtf e maters have often been Ixfore our rca dersar.dil appears that tiotbir.gbutstemnc cesi.ty wi.l produce action. Sheep could l-e ra:sed in many parts cf Mississippi and AiaVans. no d?cU ti great pr?, and ihen ra;e rrv'lr.s cf crt;cn. S 'k could be rai d, for eVtjn.V-t s'icces tins attended r.any expf rimT.ts thai hare tcn n.air. and sre s?e th;i rr.ttter tri rrht before ci:r so ithfm readers n a st g and forcit'a interest is manifested in establishing man ufacturtes, and also in South Carolina, we seethe establishment of a Cotton Factory strongly recommended. Great interest is being taken on, rqpst all these subjects, and while so vast amount of cotton :s forced in to market, the price must necessrily be low. Many say it will not pay for culti vation; well, this being the case, why not turn your labor to something else. Un less, like an active friend in South Caroli na, make your cotton crop entirely clear. One says Wool will not do, another says, Silk wont do a third tells us stock is too unprofitable a fourth reiterates the old saying, that manufactories will ruin our country and so we go, like an old time piece, pursuing the even tenor of our way, without appreciating the great and untold advantages weenjoy the invaluable re sources that are lying entirely dormant, only wishing for some one to call them forth. But it would t .ke an age to do this. We discover that our friend Cockbfll, strongly recommend the rearing of Wool in the south, and not only to rear, it, but to manufacture. Should the establish ment of Cotton and Woolen Factories prove successful in the South, (and we see no good reason why they should not,) no doubt great would be the good arising from such a course. It matters not much to us what article shall be produced more abun dantly than another, but we do feel an abiding interest in the general prosperity of our country, whether Cotton, Wool, Hemp, Flax, Silk, Rice, Sugar, Grass, Live Stock, or what not, we wish to see the people prosperous and contented. Diver sify your labor so ns to give all emplyment. When one cannot raise Cotton, let him raise Wool when one cannot raiso Wool, let him raise Silk; when one cannot raise Silk, let him engage in manufactories, and so on until men, women and children are an engaged. Mrs. CAUDLE'S CURTAIN LEC TURES. Mr. Caudle has lent an ac'piaintance the family umbrella. Mrs. Candle lectures thereon. B.th ! That's the third umbrella gone since Christmas. What were you to do ! Why let him go home in the rain, to be sure. I'm very certain Ihnra .wttiUig about him that could spoil. Take cold, t - lie dosen't look like one of the sort to take cold. Besides he'd have better taken cold than taken our only umbrella. Do you hear the rain, Mr. Candle ? I say, do you hear the rain ? Nonsense; you don't impose upon me. You can't be asleep wilh such a shower as that ! Do you hear it, I say? Oh you do hear it! Well, that's a pretty flood, I think, lo fast Tor six weeks; and no stirring all the lime out of the house. Pooh ! Don't think me a fool Mr. Caudle. Don't insult me. He return ihe umbrella ! Anybody would think you were born yesterday. As ifany body ever did return an umbrella ! There do you hear it? Worse and worse ! Cats and dogs, and for six weeks always six weeks." And no unbrella ! "I should like to know how the children nrc going to get to school to morrow. They shan't go through such weather, I'm determined. No: they shall stay at home and npver learn anything the blessed creatures ! sooner than go nnd get wet. And when they grow up, I wonder who they'll hare to thank for knowing nothing who, indeed, but iheir father? People who cant feel for their own children ought never to be fathers. "But I f t. w why you lent the umbrel la. Oh, yes; I know very well. 1 was going oui u ua at dear mother's to-mor-rovy you knew that; and you did it on w-t w . ii . - r . purpose. lJom ten me ; you nnic ior me tog-j there, and taKe every meat) aavan tage to hinder me. But don't you think it, Mr. Caudle. No, sir, if it comes down in buckets fill, I'll go all ihe more. No: and I won't have a cab ! Where do you think the money's to come from ? You've got nice high notions lo that club of yours! A cab, indeed ! Cost mo sixteenpence at least sixtcenpx nee ! two and cightpence for there's back again ! Cabs, indeed ! I should like to know wlio's to pay for em 7 can't pay for 'em; and Fin sure you can't if you go on as you do; throwing away your property and beggaring your'cluldrcii buying unbrcllas ! Do you hear that rain, Mr. Caudle 1 I s ayj do you hcar'it ? But 1 dont care I'll co to mother's to morrow: 1 wiil; and what's more, I'll walk every step nf ihe way, and you know that will give me my death. Don't call me a Toolish woman it's yo;i that's tho foolish man. You know I can't wear clogs; and with' no umbrella, that's s ire to cive me a cold it always docs. But what do you care for that ? Nothing at all. I may be laid up for what you care, as dare say I shall and a pretty doctor's bill ihcre'il be. I hope there w ill! It will teach you to lend your u.ntrel!a a;ain. 1 shouli'r.t wonier if I ca-J2ht ny d?ath; yes: and thahi what yen lent tht umbrel'a (or. Of course , Nice clothes, I sh&il i too, trapesing through weather he this. My gowaar.J bonr.ft would to spo;it. Needn't 1 wer 'em then? I ;d ed, Mr. Caudle, I thill dowdy to please you or anybody else. Gracious knows ! it isn't often tbat I step over the threshold; indeed, I might as well be a slave at once, better, I should say But when I do go out, Mr. Cnudle, I choose to go ns a lady. Oh that rain if it isn't enough to break in the windows. Ugh I do look forward with dread for to-morrow! How lam to go to mother's I'm sure I can't tell. But if I die, I'll doU. No, sir; I won't borrow an umbrella. No; and you shan't buy one. ( With great emphasis.) Mr. Caudle, if you bring home another umbrella, I'll throw it in the street. I'll have ray own umbrella or none at all. "Ha! and it was only last week 1 had a new nozzle put to that umbrella. I'm sure if I'd have known as much as I do now, it might have gone without one for me. Paying for new nozzles, for other people to laugh at you. Oh, it's all well for you you can go to sleep. You've no thought cf your poor patient wife, and your own dear chUdren. You think of nothing, but lending umbrellas ! "Men, indeed ! Call themselves lords of creation ! pretty lords when they can't take care of an umbrella ! "I know that walk to morrow will be the death of me. But that's what you want then yon may go to your club, and do as you like--and then, nicely my poor dear children will bo used but then, sir, then you'll be happy. Oh, don't tell me ! I know you will. Else you'd never have lent ihe umbrella ! . "You have to go on Thursday about that summons; and, of course, yoa can't go. No, indeed, you donH go without the um brella. You may lose the debt for what I care it won't be so much as spoiling your clothes better lose it: people deserve to lose debts who lend umbrellas. "And I should like to know how I'm to go to.mother's without the umbrella? Oh, don't tell me that I said I would go that'3 nothing to do wilh if; nothing at all.- She'll think I'm neglecting her, and the little money we were to have, we. shan't have it all because we've no umbrella. "The children, too! Dear things!--They'll be slopping wet: for they shan't stop at home They shan't lose their learn ing; it's all their father will leave 'm, I'm sure. But Hipv io school. Don't tell met said they shouldn't; you aro so aggravating Caudle, you'd spoil tlie temper of an angel. They shall go to school; mark that. And if they, get their deaths of cold, it's net my fault didn't lend the) umbrella." "Here," says Caudle in his MS., "I fell asleep; and dreamt that the sky was turn' ed into green calico, with whalebone ribs; that," in fac', tho whole world revolved un der a tremendous umbrella." Punch. The intelligence from Europe by thes'.iam er Cnledonia, was published last evening et ihia oiliee, in advance of every other newspa per office in the city. The present ministry of Great Britain, annoas to retain their places and avert the disastrous overthrow with which they are menaced by a powerful opposition, propose a war with the United States, fortha possession of the Oregon territory. They at tempttd lo bully us out of the annexation of Texas, and noV resort To the same empty va poring on the Oregon question, not only with a vi.;w to the manufacture of political capital at home, but with the hope of yet preventing an nexation by oaeratine upon the fears cf the people of Texas. War under any circumstan ces, is a calamity. But a war for the mainte nance rf car rights is not only justifiable but honorable, and should it be necessary to resort to the dread alternative, England will find iu the United States an antagonist neither power less nor contemptible. It is the height of madness for England lo talk of war in which all Europe would be in volved, and in which five millions of her do mestic slaves, or factory openttives, with other millions of oppressed men in another part of lha United Kingdom, would be active partici pants. Is she prepared for domestic insurrec tion at home? For the severance of her colo nies? For Irish independence? For Scotch na tionality? For the repudiation of her national debt and universal bankruptcy? If she is prepar ed for all these events, then she msy war with the Vailed States. A war for Oregon would be popular wilh the people cf tho U- S , and t'a Briitih ministry may find, when it is too late, that in proposing this alternative, they have committed an error which must result calami tously far that arrogant despoiler of ii'.Kns over whass destinies they now prcsile. l.V. V. 6'a.v We publish today in our paper, the pros pectus of ihe "Thce Democrat," to be published in the Town of Paulding, Jas per County, edited by O. C. Dease I. the prospectus speaks for itself, and ncdj no comment frbm us. Its Editor has teen long and favorably known in the State, - this leing the State that pave hita birth, he should receive patronage from the de mocracy, at leait cl the whole State. DisseninaLr. A cii!ercan, while in cborch, inttti' - ' tcra'ch his bead, ia menial altence, rr 1 over Ui'o the next pw and scratched th l&d of aa c'.i card. He discover! bis rr.iuk wheo sho vitl Lisa for a breach cf pron-iie cf The town of rerrvvi'.'e, ia Perry coun ty, A'-,varr,a, hastctn a'.ntr.t entirely c?n r rer; jyrrr.: V r. rut r.H re. f- l'f't TUT.