Newspaper Page Text
1 TaT 'T J " IVti claim us largo a Charter as Ih'i Wiud,'io blow on tchom tea jikusc;' TT ii:ffliiiEAm "By 0. 0. Bogs. IWLILDIXC, "MISS., WEDNESDAY, DC!CI3Ji:il 21, IS 15. Vol. 1 Ho. 27. rve " Decemiumi, 1343. Tclluw-cUlzi'ns of the Srnate, ami House of Jtrpreseilnt'frt: It is to mo a source of unntlVctnl satis faction to meet the Representatives of tin; States and the people in CongTess nsscin Mcd, as it will be to receive the nid of their combined wisdom in the administration of public affairs. In performing 1" i the lht time, the duty imposed on me by the con stitution, of giving to yon in(irrati u of tlio state of the Union, and recommendicr to your consideration such measures- a- n my judgment are ii(-ccfsnry,1trihap:.vi:'at lean congratulate yoil on l'w euo'ei'i! d prosperity of our country. 'Under the blessings of Divine Providence and t!i he nign inlluenee of our to. u ins. tittr.ious, it Hands before the world a N-ctaelo of na tior.a! happiness. With our iinei-ampled ndvnnoemenl h all the elements of national gre'itttirs.;, the att'ection of tho people is con I'm uied fort!;e union of the Slates, end for the doctrines of popular liberty, "which lie at the founda tion of our government. It becomes us, in humility, to make our devout nclyiowlodgnictit to the Suproir Jtuler of tho Universe, f.r tie' ineslimabh; civil and r licr;ous blcsin-tjs with which we .are fa ve red. in callit::rtho ftttenlion of Congress to our relations wii.'i fuciu Powers, I tun gratified in ,o cUo to sta'e. that, thnreji will; son!'.? ot them the re have existed since; your last session serious causes of irri'ati.-:i and misunderstanding, yet no actual hos tilities have taken place. Adopting t!ie maxim in tin; conduct of our 1 r : ir n a;' airs, to "ask nothing that is no; njhr, a;;d submit to nothing that is.wr I cell luyauxioiis de-ire (." pre vit!i nil nation-: hut. t;t li.v -.niC time, to be prepare I t i p-f-i-t dc .:v si, n. and to maintain all our just n-rhis. In pursuance of (he joii.t resnlnuoii nf ( 'oiUM'ess, '-fur auut'vii! -r T-a:- to Sell t-N"s" IttV pied. Ci' v-r o I1,,. I-;, id I;iV 1 .March, 1 I"'. !(; (.1 t.i;: .: .! :iisl and second s'i iioi.s 01 that n i. f ; -i . 10 the republic o Teas, as a:i ovci vi re, ;r the pail of the United states, tar !,t r inisiioii as a State into our Cm n. T!.t:i flection I approved, and nci "r,;:!.: ! v tin? liaise d'ai'aus the I. ailed '.si 'J'-.- 1 , n, under mar 1 w ;. oft!." ((::' d a! eeb, lb 13, prciflitrii lie-.-r i-ec". ' ' K the I ".-O lotion !'!' ih ; ;n c ; ta1.:- v oi th..l lepu! !;:. The i-x.'CUtivc:;overnM!ei:,I the 'on 2a niid t!;e jeop! l' 'i'exa.s in couvtMliau. Iiavest;ec( sm veyl cuiupii d v. ii.'i I hi; t 1 u.s and conditions of the j nut rcsoli;!.--!. A constiiutiou fur the ;roernui.-ut of th? .St to of 'l' xa-;, firun.d le a cdii vent ei f depuM.s, is here w:l:i laid ' (:- U.m ,rr. :s. Jtn weil l.i. own, a!so, that llie p"op!o of Texas at the polis have accepted l! et. rius of a.i.iexaii'Ui. and latiji d til ; con t;!uii n. I counnuMlcl. t ("onirrc'-s the corrcs jiond' t;ce bt tv en lie; ':' cn tary of .'ilate and our cliared'iiiraii'ts i 1 Texas; and al so the corresp'iud'.'uce of (lie latter v. kh lie; authorities of Texas; to -vila r viil the oliieial ducmucnts trantu it:id 1 y hu:i to lus tAVti covi ; nii.i't.f. The Ui ni s i.f anm ;..vi.'ti whu'i vcre f ln ridby llie UuUul Man liaviu.' I feu j ceepti d by T X.'.s, th- J id iie la.iii .!'.. til parties is solcmniV pltoj- d to tie- c :i ; act of their union, ot'iin rem dii" to cei Fiunmato t!io event, but th p i- .--, ,,: ;ict by Uonros to admit tiir i ; ( '' v as into tlio U. 110:1 iijun i 1 . 1 ; t i witi'i ilia uritual States. Suo,.: t xist why i!im slnuild Ix; don. ( period o t!ie sissiou. It wib ;i tiiat, by tlio constitution ut "j : ' istuifT uovrnuiitnt iculy -. o t ; I warily li.l ('o:i'f'' can "act J ' .a: llio third Mtju !av of l'o- r,-. it i.; .: the d iy appointed f r h ' lm.r lii ; iir t iieiicrol cUclion. Va la. I day a nvcriiv?.-, a ii r.tei;atit governor, nnJ l;h Iranchis of the b-ri-jl iture, will le ihovii by the people The Urcsid U 1 f Tiwns a ie iiiircd. iui iii d.ately af: r the rcc ;j t f f I'.cial infonnatiou tiiat tin; i,i v Mat' has l.ecn ndiiiitttd into our Ui.i-ui by U'ti v to ronvciie the lei,!a:i;re; and. upasi i's meeting, tho tii.imr givcuiu;c;:t wi.l I . stipcr.-ed. J. and l!ic State fovc ri.na r.i r-Puiz-d.- tl'H'sticni th.cply interi.-:io to Texas, in co:n:n-n with 1! c clhrr : the extension .f our rtvenuj la as juJiciil systan cverl.tr pVr.i.Jtun tory, ns well a? vs asures 1 ( n Irrai ci.ar rcttr, wiil claim the n 1 T y r.:M.l;o:i Cvuzu sf; .'.i d, iLeiiT- rr, cuiy pri 1 ci,'Jof rr publican 2 .-vi ri.mcnt, she ;:'..t to Lc reprtM ntul in that Un!y v. id. out r.n le ccssary t!i.i.iy. I cauj t l tarn 'l!y if commend r:c:.ij t r.c:i;i c:i th. 11.1p.or tant n;lj ct. As soon as t!.e net I - cJ.:i!i T "C" n a State shall !? p tscJ, ihe tmioti of tl.? t vo rrpr.Ll;cs vviil 1 2 c.-..l!iji wieJ ly t'.-.:r on volii' i3iy c:r.s::.J. Tl.is uc 1 n ct.r : .;: ry !,as j ,c;i If w; consider tho extent of territory in volved in tho annexation its prospective( itiilueuceon America the- nicausby which it lias been accomplished, Eprinin purely from the choice of the people themselves to share tin; bles;ius of our union, the history of the woild may be challenged to furnisii a parallel. Tlie jurisdiction of the United States, which at the formation of the federal con stitution was bounded by the St. Mary's, on the Atlantic, has passed Capes of Florida, and been peacefully extended to the Del file. In contemplatine tho grandeur of ihi - e :.t, it is not to be (oiotten that the r.'M.'lt was achieved in despite of the diplo matic inteifer-mce of European monarch-ie--. I'.veu France tho country which, had been-our ancient el'y t!ic country which lias a coiuiiMii interest with us in m liutaiuiiiLT the f:eed ni of tin? seas the country which, by the cession of Louisia na, (it.-t opened to us access to the Qulfof .Mexico the country with which we have be l) cverv x- ar drnwinti more and t more closely the bonds 0fiiucce.-s.sf1d comm-.-rte most unexpectedly, and to our unfeigned regret, took part hi an el fort to preve nt au iifxatioti, and to im ose on ' Texas, i.s a coudi'iou nflhr -::C'v'liiiiou of iiel" indepeU- d"!ice by .Mryi.?o. t!:;.t she would never j iin herscil to t!:e Unite,! Suites. Y e '.nay rejoice that tLcti;vi-p;il .-.I'.d pervading it ''"....." e.flhe ne'lieau IsitiCtlee OiVeli- '-ovciiituent was :a nt to (J'.'irat tne 'it ;,e!i interference, ;-. i ;;;;.: ; i .:.c. of the; ive a .i 1 :.-.;! liit' r i 1 r f. c'.i ve i' bn!;e. Frem ! a, 1 .ovelul a l,'!:; l.i'iy :r. :it .c tuts end u.tri vi upon this continent, .y'e:; 01 sen "ovcrnmeni ifmai to our r-a:1, and which !r 1 m'ei-ter.-ne , d int d v,i' t t'-nt n e; . ; irit ' iil actuate t e "r.is icr interests d l''-t s'l" will never n t tie , the has united p'irpo.v. -sof H; ;t:t!i i.::d 1 a 11. 1 ii a'.u t:i;.t tn? a.nr.i 1 people of i'eN as has ence a pf areii:' this e.a:cj "le. ! 1 1 am I: iu ( v vain 1; v.i i. l ever pi ar iti.'t that wiiivll seems will ever re dsf fir Toward T 'Vi n i"ra a i 1 a . I it' v, t-i r ' I., 111 ens constellation. v o i'eit r-':atio:;ri .ia ion ave WtllCil e i ,e,f I leiis V It'l Xiao. :!!;: V'lir . 1 no: ici 11 ? : ti.e fnte:i!i e cl.arac 1! cut u esjie tor.tltiv.do widi ail f-t''.i.Lru i-Mtiet;-:. On the si t!i day of " arch last, ;,e .Ib.xlea'i .civoy fxtraojdlnrtry c.'.td min ist. r p;.-..i;-Mti"iit:ary to the United States a I'.roud t ret -st, 11 the ttrtm ot ins . . I .. ., .1.,. m OViMlonent, i.Z tlltJ.l II- j a-il l.siillbi'.l p:ns, d by ('oul'P'ss, "fir the annevali-m efTe-asto tie- United Sint'sf which lie .hereto regard as a vi"',iiMii of the ri.:!i's e M .vie 1. iiu'l. i.i c a'" ri if-- e.f it. he de- ,,;,!,,! ,J j.,. ; ,v.ni..N. lb' V. as ili!om!CJ tleii 111 ' 1, did f. t r VI .Via ) e, M'lu nl "1 (.1 j'Oflt ri'i t this of at.1, of to .1 Uoit;d SMf reselution as it, .1 11 .-.'' 1 r -!i 1 1 i. ti v ifj-t ciM-eol olb nceto his r.)vern-n"".i r. wn i an i;: I ; aile J itie." to M j-. ir! e.f le r te: .e.l.i'i.;-.!. 'i it V.I the. S 'i t il ea v ,f j ,r, aed .irie'i ).; r'. Ih.-V I p: '- r o .lv t u n :i t.r .Mexico, or .ublic ofTex- t t!.- .'.: nt !' rer, M'n:;' no vi o. ; 1 c .fistitniiir; no 1 fv i-i ?'rfu! j-.tvereitity 1. 1 1 v ev 1 a -ir.d .it c-l m,.: ex' r M'th 1 1 n'lirw.'.m o.-l i ti: .'!Cn"!lt j Thit j tlild ter ,...1 ah- ( ;.; ;y- m. a. id sl.ertiy ( oauiry. Hr Uavoy j -il v 1 1 II it wh locf r i uT S :? r!v :. 'vi d ta; vi- i:;tr,- v.K.ury :. 1 Miuit. r lh' jn;pot.-!it:.a-rv t 'd'Mco w;i ref .s.'dail 1 fiicial inter eo;;r! wiih 'hat tri verurn'-nt. and, oft-r s -v- red i:i"ni!h. by the p rnn oi" lii-i o wn " ve,r.TM',t:t. h- Uoi'-vl S: ites. Ti. ll ie a. I d pie.ua'ir uit-acai lis.' between tiie . 1 caritfi .s wvi Niij e;j Jed. ,,,e ; i!.at t x " ;i a h.i , u ; it i ' r'Cer.l- d an attitude oi hostility towards ;on returned to the by t!iH ets of .Mex- ihe Uii.l.-d s has been m-'iiUa .ri 1 or rauic:u arr.ros, issuiti-j proclnma t: iiiS, and avev.viiu the intention to make war on the Ui.it e ! State", eitlier by t;u open (bciar.- io.i, orb; t.iu!.:;: Texas. IJ.lh liir :.iir.r'-s .1. 1 1 (':, v.-otion of the prop'o i.r T.-v.s iaviie l t'.i Civcnim nt t: fci:d an nr d f. !i I l!e-:u r dn-t I Toe moi 1 'Ut li e tr;. i'IiiC and maintained it by her arms for more than nine years. She has hatl an organiz ed government in successful operation dur itig that period. Her separate existence, as an independent State, had been recog nised by the United States and the princi pal powers of Europe. Treaties of com merce and navigation had been concluded with her by different nations, and il had become evident to the whole world that any further attempt on the part of ftlcxico to conejuer her, or overthrow her govern ment; would be vain. Fven Mexico her self had become satisfied of this fact; and whilst the question of annexation was pending before tjie people of Texas, during the past summer, the government of Mex ico, by a formal act, agreed to recognise the independence of Texas, whether with or without this condition, is conclusive a eainrt Mexico. The independeucs' of Te-;r.s is a fact conceded by Mexico herself, and she had no riejit or authority to pros cribe restrictions as to tho form of govern ment which Texas nitght after wards choe.se to ii'-SUUiC. paid. Seventeen of these instalments re main unpaid, seven of which are now due. The claims which were left undecided by the joint commission, amounting to more than three million of dollars, togeth er with other claims for spoliations on the property of our citizens, were subsequently presented to tho Mexican government for payment, and were so fir recognised, that u treaty, providing for their examination and settlement by a joint commission, was concluded and and signed at Mexico on the 20lli day of November, IS 13. This trea ty was ratified by the U. States, with cer tain amendments, to which no just excep tion could hnvebcen taken; but it has not yet received the ratification of the Mexican government. Tu the mean time, our cit izens who sulle-red ffreat losses, and some of whom .have been reduced fioui afiliieuce to bankruj'tcy, are without remedy, unless their rights be enforced by thtir govern ment. Such .'t continued and unprovoked series of wrongs could never have been tolerated by the United States, had they been committed bv one of Furope. Mex- IJut tliouirh Mexico cannot complain of jco was, however, a neighboring sister re the United .Vates on account ot tiie-annexation of Texas, it is to be regretted that se rious causes of misiundi r.-tandir.g behveoii the two countries continue to exist, grow iugont of intredressed injuries iutl.icted 1 y the Mexican authentic ; an J peopleon the prisons and property of citizens of the Uni ted State-, ihroiuh a long reri s of yean. M;:;;:co Ins i,d;uitt. ,! t! : itijui ics, but has ne;;-ee!':d and refii-. d to impair tiicm. Such was th j character of the wrongs, and sucli 1 . , 1 1 . e cii ui na. a and ilia I: its r ) 'iite.li v" ode ix d to American and til-; A;iieric.ii itjg by Mexico, I e. , i i'i . :n,.vj nf rmtniim 1 luu.iriii n in 11 j ..i imi ty l.etvri. e:i the tw o couutiii s of the fifth of April, ls:3I, that they have been r -peatedly bro;i.:ht to the notice of Ooncrfss by tny pr.dece:-sort?. As early as l h eighth February, 1S37, the president of the United States declared, in a message to Congress, that "the leiifjth of time since same of the injuries have been committed, the repeated and unavailing application for redress', tin; wanton character of romo of the outrages upon the persons and prop eiiv of our ci'izeus. noon the oflieers and ilagof tho United Siaks, iudeprndeiit of 1 if possible, to this state of things. With public, which, f )llow.;nj our example, had achieved her independence, and for w hose success and prosperity aliour sympathies weie early enlisted. The United States were the fust to recognise her independ ence, and to receive her info the fundy of nations, and have ever bee.n desirous of cultivating with her a good understand ing. Wchave, therefore, borne tho re peated wrongs she has committed, with great path nee, in the hope tii at a returning reuse of justi-'o would ultimately guide her councils, no I that we might, if possi ble, honorably avoid any hos,!e co!ii-:on with her. Without the previous authority of Con-press-, the F-eciaive possessed no power to adopt or enfuee adequate remcdi'.s ior the injtiiies we had sulf.Ted.or to do' .more than b" pn-pan-d to rejiel the threatened aggression on the part of Mexico. AVer cur army and navy had remained on the frontier and coasts of .Mexico for many weeks, without any ho.stile movement on her ra;t, though her menaces weru contin ued, I deemed it important to put an cn J, iy iot a tiiat ter.iio.-y. l protect and r: unresi attac k. il ntui 'Xiii; jii, - .1!. f, n 1 by ihc I t y 4 x -, ' i,f o ;r o.r.i cii.tiy lii .. ii . pie. tii..;. 1-.. . 1. .. :.i d .t ! , we re acc pted i.i-. ; 1 f.'f a pail .-. t 1 : . 1 ' : it c ur ti u t V I itl- No f rn off l. r sa nlio: lias 1 tn ra. f 1 to rr r xcr 1 1.r.s l.r.J 1,0 part 1:1 t!.c ry. Iiacivwt sought U cxtei Jo .r P r:. por-;crj.:cn l y cor pi or cur re; i;.:.ut;:t!or. ccr a f'-hictai.t p- .-'' TI.- W, ! i It was the d-'1aaf8 l.o.v:-: 1 1 t ": J; cf cur f to t.c ;;rir.l rr: I - .If , !!.' ) o: 1 . iin-l d Y r a ; .vCil 1 . sipi?;rui 10 r a strou ri i ti of Mex.ee, a,, j t one, ntiato asi i&u. nt luiiil-ry l'rcc c.itli; western f.'ji.ti'. r of Ti a- C.:r .-r:.,y v;.s ordered to tae isit 1 1 '. c unify 1- :w ?.; ton T-ineCi and the I) any i n.. -.01 fit!.' i.i '.l 1 e a t ! 1 ' i ,Olt. 'I Il ,11 t'e- I ) It IM. ! 1 o O c o .r ..r my I. m tod TeVV, i': a.t r.r I rlr. ! u .i'i the a-.d 1 nvy ' -. 1 f..:ro'.v w 1 r , recent insults to this government find peo ple by tha bite Fxtraudiuary Mexican minister, would justify in the e yes of nil nations immediate war." lie did not, how ever, recommend the rcsctt to this extreme men -ure, which, he dec!;ired,'hould not be used by just and generous nations, confi ding in their strength for injuries commit ted if it can be honorably avoide'd;" but in a spirit of forbearance, proposed that uuo- ther denMud he made on Mexico fir that redress which had been to long and un justly withheld. In I'ue.se views, commit tees of the two Ileus's ri Congress, in re ports mad.; t their re p ciive hod.es, con curred. Since these j.cct-dipg. more than ( igh't vars have elapsed, (luting which, in addition to the wrongs then com plained of, others of iin aggrava ;! char ic tcr b.ave hcc-ti committed c 11 the persans and property of our eiiiz u". A special a : eit was s"i;t to Mexico in th fmuuiv rof 1 Vl wit!) full authority to nal.c nnod.rr and tiual demand for redress. Th:- elemavl w h made; the M-'Xicaii govcriimcnt pio iuis"d t) i pair (he wrangs of which we complained; and after much delay, a trea ty of indemnity with tiiat view was con cluded between the two powt rs on llth April, 1S30, and was duly ratified by both governments. IJy this treaty n joint com mission was created to adjudicate and de cide on the claim of American citizens on the government of Mexico. The commis sion was organized at Washington on the day of August, 1!0. Their time w.'.s limited to eighteen t-e.ontl.s; nt the r x riratiouof which, they had adjudicated and decided claims amounting llwo mil lious twenty-six thousand one hundred i.nd thirty nine eloilars and ixty eig!;l cts. in favor of the U. States. Oftho!utt;r,lhe Amci icnti commissioners had decidc-d in favor c(out citizens, c!ains nnioutrirg trt s 1 2.r27 S.wliich wre left unvote J ttpo:i by the ttmpiro authorized by the treaty. Sii.l f jrthcr claim', nt.icttntipg to between three and four millions of dollars, w?re j submitted to the hoard too Kite to be con- j siJerrd. iti',1 were left imdi: posed rf. The ' sum rf i2:'S.,21 CS, d-cid d by th. j bn;i:d. was a liquidated and escert.iined debt tine ly Mesico to the claimants-,' and i there wa- no ju:-lifi.ib!e re.-, on ford.'.iviiig , inniuur re to d; charge a. I c its piyir.-u.t accoru.iig ii t..c ttnus rf th ; treaty. Il was 1, t, haw v r, t o J. Mex 1:0 rppli d f;r P.rt. ;-r inJuIg- ncc; and, i i that sj irit cl li-'cra'ity end fuLe-.rancc, bii !i has cvei ir.rukrd the Lo'icy of the this view, 1 caused steps lobe taken, in the tnenth of Scj tetnber last, to ascertain dis tinctly, and in an authentic form, what the designs of the Mexican government were; w he'herit was their intention to de clare war, or inval'J Tea?, or v. he'.hcr they were disposed to odjusd and fettle in an amicable manner, the pending differ cuces between the two countries. On the ninth of November an olicial answer was rece ired,that the Mexican government con sented to renew the diplomatic relations which had 1-ceni suspended in March last, pud for that purpuoso were willing tone credit a minister from the United States. With a sincere desir to preserve peace, and restore rc'ations of good understanding bel'.vei u the p'. o republics, 1 waived all ceremony as 10 the manner of renewing diplomatic mtercmir-e between them: and, I re sinning the initiative, 011 the HHh of j Nowi'ber a distinguished citizen of I.ou I isiana was nppoiu?i . I cp.vny extraordinary j r.nJ ruin is.br p!cn;p"teii'ii4ry to Mexico. ; cl.v.tiej with full power; to adjust, and do- liuitely Settle all pending difi't'ieticts 1 e ! twecu'the tTo cotmt.-ies, including those (if j l ouulary between Mexico and the State; of Texas. The minister appointed has ret out on his mission, and isprohu'niy by this time ncr.r the Mexican capital, lb; has been instructed to bring the negotiation with which he U charged to a conclusion at the earliest practicable periodpwhich, it ii expected, will be in time to n:ab!o me to coianvmica'c the result to Congress during the present srssien. Until that result is known, I foibcnr to recommend to Con gress Mich ulterior measures of redress fr the rons ni: 1 injuiies we have so ! :;g borne, as it would Live b rn proper to make had in r.Kh negotiation beet) in stituted. Congress ni 'rroriiatcd, nt the ht ses- i io;i, tho iiUin of two hundred and seventy he asserts that he had not received a single dollar in cash; but that he holds such secu rities as varranted him at the time in giv ing the r eceipt, and entertains no doubt uui that he will eventually obtain the mouey. As the.se instalments appear never to have been actually paid by the government of Mexico to the agent, and as that govern ment 1 tas not therefore been released so as to discharge the claim, I do not feel myself warranted in directing payment to be made to thrj claimants out of the Treasury.with out further legislation. Their case is un doubtedly, one of much hardship; and it remains for Congress to decide whether any, and what, relief ought to be granted to them. Our minister to Mexico has been Instructed to ascertain the facts of the case from the Mexican government, in an au thentic ana official form, and report the result with as little delay as possible. My attention was early directed to the negotiation, which, on the fourth ot March last, I found pending at "Washington be tween the United States and Great Britain, on the subject of the Oregon territory. Three several attempts had been previous ly made to settle the questions in dispute between the two countries, by negotiation, upon the principle of compromise, but each had proved unsuccessful. These negotiations took "place in London in the ycarlSIS and 1S21; the two first under the administration of Mr. Monroe, and the last under that of Mr Adams. The negotiation of ISIS, having failed to cc cornplisii its object, resulted in the conven lion of the 20ih Oct. of that year. By the third article of that convention, it was "agreed that any country that may bo claimed by either party on ihe northwest coast of America, westward of the Stony mountains, shall, together with its harbors, bays, and creeks, and the navigation of all rivers within the same, bo free ntid open for the term of ten years, to the ves sels, citizens and subjects of the two pow ers; it being well understood that this agreement is not to be construed to the prejudice of any claim which cither of the two high contracting parties may have to any part of the said country, nor shall it be taken to affect the claims of any other Pow er or State to any part of the Said country; the only object of the high-contracting par ties in that respect being, to prevent dis putes and differences among themselves." The negotiation of 1S21 was productive of no result, and the convention of ISIS was left unchanged. The re e-'ti 'tiori of 1320, having also failed to edict a;i adjustment by compromise', resulted i7j the reinvention of August the Gih, 1S'27, fy which it WiisnQrred to continue in force, foran iii-.li f!niup 'rio.l. the provisions of the third ar ticle of the convention of the 20th of Ocfjbrr, Ulf nni it was further provided, lint "it shall be competent, however, to either of the contract ing parties, in cas:u either should think fit, at aiiy lime nf'cr the 2'Jih OcL-brr, 1S23, cn giv ing due notice cf twelve months to the other contracting puty, to annul and abrogate this convention; an J it slnlf, in .such case, be accord ingly entirely annulled nnJ abrogated after the expi'jliun cf th s iiJ term of notice." In these attempts to aljnrt the cor.lro vcrsy, ihc parallel of the 4'.H!i di greo of north latitude had been oit. rtJ ry mo 1 nun &t ites 10 ureal urituin, an! in those of ISIS and I82'i. with a further concession ofihe free navigation of the Colum bia river south of that latitu.le. The parallel of the. 4eUh degrre, from the Ilorky Mountains to it intrrs'ftion with the nDrtlicisirrnmost hr tn -h of the Celunibia, tnl thence do wn the r h in vl of 1'i.it rivrr 10 the km, had b n offered by CrKit IJii'a'.i. with an nll.tion cf a final! nVncheJ territory north oi the Columbia. Each of th- se propositions hal been rejected by the parties rrppe ctirtly. In October. 1913, the Envoy Extraordinary nn I Mii.ister I'lcnipetTitiary of tho U. States in U ui Ian, was authorized to make a similar of-fe-r to those rrnJe in ISIS cnJ 1S25. Thus stood ihe'qurstion, when the negotiation was s.Vrdy afterwards tr,in;rt rred to Washington ; an I, on the tflvnty third of August, 1311, was frm illy cp nrtl, under the direction of my Im m di.to predecessor. Eike nil the previous ncg.itii'.icns, it was bis-d upn principles of "compromise," nuJ the arowed purport? of tho parties w-;s. t3 treit of ihc respective claims of ihr two co'inui-4 to the Orrri tT ritry, wi;h tii" vi"w la r-.stiblish a pcrnwfKht baundarr bttwen tlKm wcstwarJ of tie Hockv Accord in. five thousand daliais f r tho payment of ibo April and July itrta! incuts of the Mes- ican iiidemnitie s far C.w v ar 1 1 1: ' Trovi- j mjir.tain to the Pacific ocan" ded it sh.il! I casccrtr.ine d to the satisfaction of the American government thrl rad in stalr.ii n; have be-eii paid by the Mexican rrovcrnntent to t!? neut rppoiii!cel by the L olled Stated to receive tho smr, lu Jucti 0:1 t!;-; o .1. t ...it H i.' :; ..f w,. - J -, 1 J -;:.y. E ;t lliy.Ji :i jJaccd iM. a -i- n:;l t'is'rg'.sof rc :!.: d to f .r.ev.lt ni r.-.-.i-t r::.'r-5 sh- r v.c- I :v If th- .-r5-T rr--:I'-vr. The r- !rs . I . 1 1 . ! ; 1.0 ?zre" ive c ir u "." "-r V aid r iva! r w , Ii s i : l r , ' i;a , : .: A i.i.T . I . a 1 . . . en tj 1 r r' r .1 !..- r i - f r :ers rf ;!.e v.. r.i.ie J States t jwarJ t! at t t 12 r pi rt wx g-s'itcil; a:;d. on tlis Z J.i r.mry, IS 13 a r.cw treaty was conclr.Jej. Ey th:-, trc-ty it was p.-ovid. J, Ihr.t '.he ia t te-ts Jue r l'.i2 awards in fv r of the cla;;u u id r iha convention cf llt'i of Apri', 12?: '.c Hd be faii 0:1 the.ih cf Apr:', ISnj n.-.J thit " the principal rf s.iid award-, and tho iutcrcst crismg there on, shall be aid in five years, in equal in st.i!irict,ts every three, months; the ssl friii of fire ye .in I crrr,-,.enc' eti the SOJi April, ISn. a arcsaii" The inter-st J i.'O'i tN-?3Vi Apti!. ptid the thre Lt-X cf the tweuty i.u:aUuui,.c, have lru fv. on the twenty titt'i of Atut, l?H, the untisa ptenipX'-ntiiry otT.-fd to din!-? tho Orrji"n territory by t " frty ninth pirallel of no-ti l.ttimli. f.o-.n ih Kockr me-unUms to the piint of hs iut"rx!n with the northeast-rrr.-r.ot branch nf the Columbii rivT, snJ 1'. n ln..-n I V. . . ! . a. I ... . 1 " . . . . 1 1 . . -. 1 .'ii.'eivnii u.n uui iu i,r; ri, mj iw Mi-vic-fi irnri-rn i.efsi ait tn,1 .i-r.i O ,, 1 . . ... " ' ' .' ' ' ' , free rmirven ol th" rim ta ly. rr i-tvei in t.i i': .iitiiii ..i:..i. 'tii. n.t ..1 1 t. 1 .1- 1 . i i.i .1. - - . ' C'" I rttrsl Matrr. - The it-e:t!o sra!" rf our relation ..IcMca Ii3i::ru.vid th-s s i .ject m intsc.i ; v-ne he prc?po-vd, in addition, to yield ta th mystery. The f.rsl jiif. rro.at. on, in on an- 1 Unind St-it.s a dach'-d trrkarv. north t thcr.tic l" ni:, f.c-.u the aci.t ct tlie United ' the Co '-nib j. vt .-nd nJonr ihe'lSeiris m S ta 'es, 1 ppoi :iti"t i u-idtr the uJ;ns.ii;lrati':i t'.i .Strain ff Kuca, from Ejlunch'i hrSor in- cfmy p:idi.cev.or wai rcjvtil nt t.he j clu.v, n Hnl s canal, an 4 to make fre tt State Icpartrn',ntpa the ninth of Novem j lj'-"t d tv.-- nr.j port or p.s KtH rf her hst. This iscoctniuctl in a Inter, da- j L,u; f-iy-ft ne d-jm- nLkh they tnirht tJ tb3Kevcntcc:it'i rf(lct"ber, rkl drc:.vj 1 s ire. tuUtr cm . rvie, j j Kxf '4,1 br bun to one rdourctt.zeus then in Met- 'u-'r' :.e eic-pwa u..i v, si 1 ,r litac t..j.-r wrsch ; i.-r? inn. ". i' n i i i- rivrr n U" rr.Jovf-3 in a l..e j c-.tti-,:i liy I.m'i pirti-? th eo'fn'ry south f . j this bee liWIon? to tho Ua"cd SLus, eni WiI l ' tint riorih of it lo ("rrnt B.-ifia Atthetamn rpnrtrr- nppcan l!.;it Vtr rzn? fn th" tnrrn'icth cf Ser'rmSer. 11I. iv? n r-"-ri-t to ih nr." ir wi:!i llie vie'.v of hsvirT il rn.T-.tT'er tii. i . ca'fd to that drnrtrr-rnt." Prom this it ! . f ani'- r) E..,srJ tr i ly 1I2 Afi-r. ), r.'.A -n.ir t:i iSi tr'.iry eif M'x co f ir the 0 1-e,;;it f t!.. i" liu.CiJ'il- Aptil and July i is il tj. In the i".:i.cCv34iiiaiiicatioa, however, 1. r.i' - t . . 1 T-i I as 1 a s ci, ir ,t '