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I gTfl HiltihiiiiTiifiii ID IS MI ( " II cai??i as large a Charter as the Wind, to blmc on v irrE.niTE il o By O. 0. Doasc. TERMS. The True Democrat is published every Wednesday, at three dollars pei annum. . Advertisements inserted at the usual rates, viz: One Dollar per square, (ten lines tr less) for the first insertion, and fifty cents far each continuance. A liberal discount al lowed to those who advertise by the year. An' nouncing county Candidates for any office five dollars others, ten dollars. Job Work executed with neatness and des' patch.' XXLetters on business connected with the office, must he post paid, to ensure attention BISHOP GEORGE, AND THE YOUNG PREACHER. An aged traveller, worn and weary, was gently urging on his tired beast, just as the sun was dropping behind the range of hills that bound the horizon of that rich and nicfuresquecountry.it) the vicinity of Springfield, Ohio. It was a sultry August evening, and he had journeyed a distance of thirty five miles, since morning, his pulses throbbing under the influence of a burning sun. At Fairfield he had been hospitably entertained, by one who had recognized the veteran soldier of the cross, and had ministered to him for his Master's sake, of the benefits himself had received from the hand of Him who feedelh the young lions when they lack; and lie had travelled on refreshed in spirit. Hut many a weary mile had he travelled over since then, and now as the evening shades dar kened around, he felt the burden of age nnd toil heavy upon him, and he desired the pleasant retreat he had pictured to himself when that day's pilgrimage should be accomplished. It was not long before the old man checked his tired animal at the door of the anxious looked for haven of rest. A mid dle aged woman was at hand, to whom he mildly applied for accommodation for him self and horse. 'I dont' tknow," said she coldly, after scrutinizing for some time the appearance of the traveller, which was not the most promising, "that wo can take you in, old man. You seem tired, however, and I'll see if the Minister of the circuit who is here to night, will let you lodge with him." The young circuit preacher soon made his appearance, and consequently swagger ing up to the old man, examined him for a few moments inquisitively, then asked a lew impertinent questions and finally af ter adjusting his hair half a dozen tinies, feeling his smoothly shaven chin, consen ted that the stranger should share his bed for the night, and turning upon his icel entered the house. The tia veller aged, and weary as he was, dismounted, and led his faithful nnimd to the stable where with his own hand, he rubbed him down, watered him, and gave him food, and thencnteied the hospitable mansion, where he had expected so much kindrrss. A Methodist family resided in the house, and as the circuit preacher was to be there that day, great preparations were made to entertain him, and a number of the Methoaist youngladies in the neigh borhood had born invited, so that quite a party met the eyes of the stranger as he entered, not one of whom took the slightest notice of him, and he wearily sought a va cantchairin the corner, out of direct ob servation. but where he could noticeallthat was going on. And his anxious rye showed that he was no careless observer of what was transpiring around him The young minister played hispart with all the frivolity and foolishness of a city beau, and nothing like religion escaped his lips. Now he was chattering and bandy ing senseless compliments with this young lady, and now engaged in a trifling repar tee with another, who was anxious to ap pear interesting in his eyes. The stranger, after an hour, during which no refreshment had been prepared for him, asked to be shown to his room, to which he retired unnoticed grieved nnd shocked at the conduct of the family and minister. Taking from his saddle-bags a well worn bible, he seated himself in achair, arid was isocu buried in thoughts holy and elevating, and food to eat which those who pasid him by in pity and scorn, 'dreamed not of Hour after hour parsed away, and no one came to invite the old, worn down traveller, to partake of t!ie luxurious sup per which was served below. Towards eleven o'clock th minister came up stair, and without pause or pray er, hastily threw oil his clothes, and got into the very middle of a bed, which was lo be the resting place ef the old man as well as Lin. 'f. After a while the aged u ranger ro , arid after partially disrob ing himself, ,e!t down, and remand for many minutes in fervent prayer. The earnest breathing out ofhis son I, soon ar rested the attention of the young p readier, ho began to (eel feme few reproofs of conscience for bis cwn neglect cf duty. The old man now ro5e from his knee?, and after nr.dre?f!tg himself, got into bed, or rather upon the edge cf ti e for the young r reader bad taken possesion rftbe centre and would not, voluntarily mere an inch. la ihisnncf:rfbr!at!e potion, the Urcrgrr lay fr trr.it tinsr, in n'rr.re. At Kr;th tht yc.rg reader nio a rtrr-ark, PAULDING, to which the old man replied in a style and manner that arrested his attention. On this he moved over an ii.ch or. two and made more room. - "How far have you come to iay, old gentleman?" "Thirty-five miles," "From where?" "From Springfield." "Ah, indeed! You must be tired after so long a journey, for one of your age." "Yes, this poor old body is much worn down by long and constant travelling, and I feel the journey of to-day, has exhausted me much." The young minister moved over a lit tle. - "You do not belong to Springfield then?' "No, I have no abiding place." "How?" "I have no continuing city. My home is beyond this vale of tears." Another move of the minister. "How far have you travelled on your present journey?" "From Philadelphia." "From Philadelphia ! (In evident sur prise.) The Methodist General Conference was in session there a short time, since. Had it broken up when you left?" "It adjourned the day before I started." "Ah, indeed!" moving still farther over towards the front side of the bed,and al lowing the stranger better accommodation, ' Had Bishop George left when you came out?" "Yes he started the same day I did! we left in company." 'Indeed." Here the circuit preacher relinquished a full half of the bed, and' politely requested the stranger to occupy a larger space. "How did the Bishop look? Ho is get ting quite old and feeble, is he not?" He carries his age tolerably well. But his labor is a hard one, and he begins to show signs of failing strength." "He is expected thiswnyina week or two. How glud I shall be to shake hands with this old veteran of the Cross? But you say you left in company with the good old man how far did you come to gether. "We travelled alone for a long distance." " You travelled nlone with the Bishop?" "Yes! wo have been intimate for years." "You intimate with Bishop George?" "Yes, why not?" " 111 ss me! Why did I not know that ? But may I be so bold as to inquire your name?" After a moment's hesitation, the stranger replied "George." 'George! Georgi ! Not Bishop George?" 'They cull me Bishop George," meekly replied the old man". "Why, why, bless me! Bishop George," exclaimed the now abashed preacher springing from the bed " You have had no supper! I will instantly call up the family. Why did you not tell me who you were?" 'Stop--st.-p, my friend," said t'ic Bishop gravely, "I .want no supper here, and should not eat if it were got for me. If an old man, toi! worn and weary, fainting with travelling through all the long summer day, was not considered worthy of a meal by this family, who profess to have set up the altar of God in this House, Bishop George surely is not. He is at best, but a man, and has no claims beyond common humanity." A night of severer mortification, the young minister had never cxpenilkid. The Bishop kindly admonished him, and warneefhim of the great necessity there was of his adorning the doctrines ol Christ by following him fcincerely and humbly. Gently but earnestly he endeavored to win him back from his wanderings of heart,, and direct him to trust more 111 God, and less iu his own strength. In the morning the Bishop praved with with him, long nn.l fervently, before he left the chamber; and was glad to sec his heart melted in contrition. Soon after the Bishop descended, and was met by the heads of the family with a thousand sin cere apologies, lie mildly silenced them, and asked to have his horse brought out. The horse was accordingly soon in readi ness, and the Bishop, taking up his saddle bag, was pre paring to depart. "But surely, Bishop," urged the dis tressed matron, "you will not leave us? Wait a lew minutes breakfast is on the table." N'of sister L -, I cannot take breakfast here. Yon' did. not consider a poor toil worn travel fer worthy of a meal, end your Bishop has no claim but such as I. inanity urges." And thus he departed, leavfctg the n.in isterand family in contusion and fofrow. He d;d not act thus from rcv-htmctit, for such an emotion did not rise in his heart, but he desired to teach them a lesson such as they wuuM not easily forget. .Six month from this time, the Ohio An nua! Conference met at Ciacim.a'i, et.d the yourg minijur was to rre-t;i f,ime!ffr ord. nation as Deacon, and B sl.rp George was lobe the f residing D.J hop Oo Ue Ctti c-f tbt- am Rilling rf Ccn v re.jon, oar iriir. hrt mk "r.l la I an as ac tiT fit T'.s.r.ll'.c fci?r.rp tike tf ftU MISS., WEDNESDAY, DECIttl i:iTjiT:;ir.iiiIrripr'Tir'.jjr-.:a'J'. i i.j..-f')TriLi. '. ii jii : So great was his grief and agitation, that lie was soon obliged to leave the room. Thatcvcning as the Bishop was seated alone in h:s chamber, the Rev.. Mr. was announced, and he re quested him to be shown up. He grasped the young man by the hand with a cordiality which he did not expect, for he had made careful in quiries, and found that since they had before, a. great change had been wrought in him. He was now as humble and pious, as he was met before worldly-mind' d. As a father would have recived a disobedient but repentant child, so did this good man rtcejve his erring but contrite brother. They mingled their tears together, while the young preacher wept os a child upon the bosom of his spiritual father. At that session he was ordained, and is now one of the most pious and useful ministers in the Ohio Conference. PLANTING FRUIT TREES. As nearly all fruit trees are raised first in nurseiies, and then removed to their final position in the orchnrdor fruit garden; as upon the manner of trfis removal depends not only their slow or rapid growth, their feebleness or vigor afterwards, and in many cases even their life, it is evident that it is in the highest degree important to under stand and practice well this transplanting. The season best adapted for transplant ing, fruit trees is a matter open to much difference of opinion among hortcultnrists; a difference founded mainly on experience, but without taking into aecont variation of climate and soils, two very important circumstances in .all operations of this kind. All physiologists, however agree that the best season for transplanting deciduous trees is in autumn directly after the fall of the leaf. The tree is then cornplelly in a dormant state. Transplanted at this early season, whatever wounds may have been made in the roots commence hoaliug at once, as a deposit directly lakes place of gratuitous matter from the wound, and when established, and ready to commence its growth. Antutnn planting is for this rason greatly to be preferred in all mild climates, and dry soils; and even for very T' hardy trees, astheaple, in colder latitudes; as the fixed position in the ground, which trers planted then get by the autnmnal and early spring rains, gives them an advantage at the next season of growth, over newly moved trees. On thii other hand, in northern portions of the Union, where the winters commencs early, and are severe, spring planting is greatly preferred. There, autumn and winter are not mild enough to allow this gradual process of healing and establishing the roots to go on; for when the ground is ii ue.. io ... u u. .c wu a ,rte, an tuai siow growm nuu collection or nu triment is necessarily at an end. And the more tender sorts of fruit trees.the Peach and Apricot, which are less hardy when newly planted then when their roots are entire, and well filed in the soil, are liable lo injury iu the branches by th cold The proper time in such a climate, is as early as the ground is iu a fit condition in the spring. Iltrly in autumn, and in spring before the buds expand may as a general rulebecon- siJiT-d the best seasons tor transplanting, j parati vimiy he m.tdejtist before the tret It is tino that there are iustar.ces of excel- i is nlanted. but. in lieavv soil, it is much lent success in planting at all season, ex- ' cept midsummer; and there are many who from having been once or twice successful iu transplanting when trees were nearly in leaf, avow that to bo the best season; not taking into consideration that their success was probably entirely owing to a fortunately damp state of the atmosphere at the time, and abundant rains hfter the experiment was performed. In the middle States, we are frequently liable to a dry pe riod in early summer, directly following the season of removal, and if transplanting is defetrod to a late criod in spring, many of the tree will perish from drouth, be fore their roots become established in trie soil. Spring planting should, therefore, always be performed as soon as possible, that the roots may have the great benefit of the early ami ahuudant rains of that sea son, and get well started before the heat commences. For the neighborhood of N. York, therefore, the best periods are, from the fall of the leaf, lo the middle of Nov ember, in Autumn; and, from the close of winter, to the middle of Aptil, in the spring; though commonly, the seasons of removal are frequently extended a month beyond those limit. Taking up Trees is an important part cf die operation. A transplanter should never forget that it 13 by the delicate and tender pouitsor rxtri nutie of tf e root tli.it trees take np theirioodjund that the chance of complete sneers. is lessened, I y every one cf th"se poinJs that is 1 ruis xl or d t roved. If we could remove trees with every fibre entire, as we d J a 'ant in a pot, they would scarce! y show any "sign of their change of position. In nKl cases, espe cially in tat nf lr$ tnkni from nurseries, this , by the oprranou of removal, nearly itsrsil le. Bit al'bonjfi we may net lKpe lo g'-t every root eM;rr. we miy, with prop-c r c.irr, prfrrre by far the Urr r por tion r.f ihem.'ai'd more particularly the ma!! and df licate fihrrs. After U rg ta ken vp, th' j should I planted directly; r. "if th: c.i:n'l be dot , tliev J-hou'd t kcjt frca drying ty-a cotenrj of cats, uniformly showed the trees of the first, larger pfter five years, than those of the last after twelve. No fruit tree should be planted in a hole of less size than three feet square, and eigh teen inches lo two feet deep. -To this size and depth the soil should be removed and well pulverized, and it should if necessary be enriched by she application of manure, which must be thorougely mixed with the whole mass of prepared soil by repealed turnings with the spade. I his preparation will answer, but the most skilful cultiva tors among it make their spaces four or , fiyo m di(tncter of (hpw? ,,e sizo of the roots, and it is incredible how nvich the luxuriance and vigor of growth, even hi a poor soil, is promoted by this. No after mending of the soil, or (op dressings applied to the surace, Ifiin, i:i any climate ofdry smnmers like our, equal the effects of this early an I diep loosening and en riching the soil.' ItsefT'cMon thegrowth and health of the tres are permanent, and the little expense and care necessary in this preparation is a source of early and con stant pleasure to the planter. This pre better to d i it several months previously; and no shallow plowing ofihe soil can obviate the necessity and advantage of the practice, where healthy, vigorous orchardj or fruit gardens are desired. The whole art of transplanting, after this, consists in placing the roots as they were before, or in the most favpvaole posi tion for growth. Begin by filling the whole with the prepared soil, within as ma ny inches of the top as will allow the Irce to stand exactly as deep as it previously stood. With the spade, shape this soil for the roots in the form of a little hillock on which to place the roots and not, as is commonly done, in the form of a hollow; the roots will then extend in their natural position, not being forced to turn np at the end. Next examine the roots, and cut ofT ail wounded parts, paring tfie wound smooth. Hold the tree upright on its little mound in the whole of prepared soKf ex tend the roots nnd cover them carefully with the remaining pulverized soiL As much of the surce&s cf tri;ifp!autiug dv i pends ou bringing ths soil in contact witli every fibre, o as la lea vo n hollows lo cause the decay of tV routs, not only mnt ' this li secured by p.tientlr filling in nil ; cavities among the root, but when the i trees are not quite :m!l, it is customary t.i pour inpail of water when the roots are nearly covered wi'h sod. Thi carries iho liquid mcinld ta every huJYu part. After tie; wa'er bs Misled away, fill up the hole, pr sing the earth gently a,' nut the tree with lle foot, btt avoiding the common practice of shaking tip and down by th i stem. In windy situations it will I nrc cssiry lo place a stake by the side of r ach tree to hold it up- right, until it t-hall have takf i firm rrot iu th; toil, but It is r et ti'V'I'jl in ordinary c . AroiVf "p planting. Mrr than half th" I-- in or than! rauti'-g in America ris Ir n tV ranv and the eqnn'ly corn .non one cf crowding the Mrth too tightly aSont the rxts. No tr f hauld I p!,r;!d de pr than it Hm't'y crew, a its racts arc '.;::. J fi.n il.o wir.; cf r:r, cr Vol. 28. starved by the poverty of the soil at the depth where they are placed. It is much better and more natural process in fact to plant the tree so that it shall, when thu whole is complete, appear just as deep as uetore, but standing on n little mound set tles, will leave it nearly on the level with the previous surface. Mulching is an excellent practice with transplanted trees, and more especially for those which are removed late iu the spring. Mulching is nothing more than covering the ground about the stems with coarse straw, or'litter from the barnyard, which by preventing the evajwration keeps the soil from becoming dry, and maintains it in that moist and equable condition of temperature most favorable to the growth of yoUngroots. Very many trees, in a dry season, fair at midsummer, after having made a fine start, from a parcled and variable condition of I he earth about the roots. Watering, fre luently fails to save such trees, but mulch ing when they are planted will entirely ob viate the necessity of watcrihg in dry sea sons, ayd promote growth under any cir cumstances. Indeed, watering upon the surface, as commonly performed, is a most injurious practice, as the roots stimulated at one period of the day by wafer, arc only rendered more susceptible to the action of the hot sun at another, and the sn rface of the ground becomes so hard, by repeated watering, that the beneficial access of the air is almost cut off. If trees are well wa tered in the holes, while transplanting is going on, they will rarely need it again, nnd we may say never, if they are well mulched directly aftei planting. The best manure to be used in prepar ing the soil for transplanting trees is a com-' post formed of two-thirds mnck or black peat earth, reduced by fermenting it several months in a heap with one-third fresh barn yard manure. Almost every farm will supply this, and it is more permanent in its effects, an less drying in tia nature, than the common manure of the stable. An admirable manure, recently applied with great success, is charcoal the small bro ken bits and refuse of the charcoal pits mixed intimately with the soil. Air-slaked lime i3 an excellent manure for fruit trees in soils lhat are not naturally calcareous. Two or three h.-ndsful may be mixed with the soil when preparing each space for planting, arid a top dressing may be. ap plied with advantage occasionally after wards, to increase their productiveness. But wherever large orchards or fruit gar dens ere lo be planted, the muck compost heap should be made ready beforehand, as it is the cheapest, most valuable and durable of all manures for fruit trees. Pruning "the neads of transplanted trees, at the season of removal, wo think gene rally an injurious practice. It is certainly needless and hurtful in the case of small trees, or those of such a sizo as will allow the roots to be taken up nearly entire; for as the nction of the branches and th roots are rapidly formed just in proportion to the healthy action of the leaves, it follow. lhat by needless cutting off branches we lesson the vital action of the whole tree. At the same time, where trees ore trans planted of so large a .size that some of iho roots are lost in removing them, it is nec essary to cut Jback or shorten'a few of the branches as many as will restore the balance of the system -otherwise iho perspirstion of ihc leaves may be so great, as to exhaust the supple of sap faster than the roots can collect it. A little judgment only is necessary, to seo at a glance, how much of the top must be pruned a way before planting the tree, to equalire the loss between the branches and the roots. ' Cvmplimtntarf. -You are the most hand ejme l.i Jy I ever taw said a gentleman to otio of ihf fair eex. I wlih I could ray ns much for you, re plied the la:!); " 'Yea coulJ. madam, if yvi paid as little re gjrd to the truth at I bare.' r,isVuH Whrn PjJJv O'n.ifllrty wnt rnt into n in c hnir whii-h hnd no bottom, he s,ud, "if it wrre not for the name of thp thing, he mijht as well be walking." The same mijla be nJ of the ladies' network gloves.' ' Why, SuS, I am astonished," .il a wor thy D ifoo "Jhl'ot we taka yo into our '. j.ch n h rt time lince t" ''IL'h.fe t ." hiccupped RIah, "awl be lve n y.xj an I (hi-) m, it ws j in a tatle ol tie- (hi'f) dimiiM die in. you ever (hie) taw or heard of." Oh, oVar ! LluUx-rcd out ' a ymn Jona- th ii. u;e rinj from the apflsoitbri cf a birch, ": tisy' ih'y till me i! r.t forty rods n .kf a iarln j, tot let th'rn cl ch a flicoej iickin i IrV !-(!, an I il t?y cne roJ tnokes aa (jcher) acre" .V'i.'iiiifu trilh Mexico. Late Mex ican p-p rs confirm the remits heir that negotiations been have been opened le-twe-ti thi country that for a retor t)ou cf harmony. Father Ritchie soma time ago pare a solemn denial lo these re-p-it; I i,t e Itbeve they are going to bo vjiiCcd in v.te c f him. V. &rtt. Tic Si-.:o rst;o Hc-rid hate Ukm licit f:r i 5 '