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True Democrat. (Paulding, Miss.) 1845-18??, December 31, 1845, Image 1

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" II cai??i as large a Charter as the Wind, to blmc on v
il o
By O. 0. Doasc.
The True Democrat is published
every Wednesday, at three dollars pei
annum. .
Advertisements inserted at the usual
rates, viz: One Dollar per square, (ten lines
tr less) for the first insertion, and fifty cents
far each continuance. A liberal discount al
lowed to those who advertise by the year. An'
nouncing county Candidates for any office five
dollars others, ten dollars.
Job Work executed with neatness and des'
XXLetters on business connected with the
office, must he post paid, to ensure attention
An aged traveller, worn and weary, was
gently urging on his tired beast, just as
the sun was dropping behind the range of
hills that bound the horizon of that rich
and nicfuresquecountry.it) the vicinity of
Springfield, Ohio. It was a sultry August
evening, and he had journeyed a distance
of thirty five miles, since morning, his
pulses throbbing under the influence of a
burning sun. At Fairfield he had been
hospitably entertained, by one who had
recognized the veteran soldier of the cross,
and had ministered to him for his Master's
sake, of the benefits himself had received
from the hand of Him who feedelh the
young lions when they lack; and lie had
travelled on refreshed in spirit. Hut many
a weary mile had he travelled over since
then, and now as the evening shades dar
kened around, he felt the burden of age
nnd toil heavy upon him, and he desired
the pleasant retreat he had pictured to
himself when that day's pilgrimage should
be accomplished.
It was not long before the old man
checked his tired animal at the door of the
anxious looked for haven of rest. A mid
dle aged woman was at hand, to whom he
mildly applied for accommodation for him
self and horse.
'I dont' tknow," said she coldly, after
scrutinizing for some time the appearance
of the traveller, which was not the most
promising, "that wo can take you in, old
man. You seem tired, however, and I'll
see if the Minister of the circuit who is here
to night, will let you lodge with him."
The young circuit preacher soon made
his appearance, and consequently swagger
ing up to the old man, examined him for a
few moments inquisitively, then asked a
lew impertinent questions and finally af
ter adjusting his hair half a dozen tinies,
feeling his smoothly shaven chin, consen
ted that the stranger should share his bed
for the night, and turning upon his icel
entered the house.
The tia veller aged, and weary as he was,
dismounted, and led his faithful nnimd to
the stable where with his own hand, he
rubbed him down, watered him, and gave
him food, and thencnteied the hospitable
mansion, where he had expected so much
kindrrss. A Methodist family resided in
the house, and as the circuit preacher was
to be there that day, great preparations
were made to entertain him, and a number
of the Methoaist youngladies in the neigh
borhood had born invited, so that quite a
party met the eyes of the stranger as he
entered, not one of whom took the slightest
notice of him, and he wearily sought a va
cantchairin the corner, out of direct ob
servation. but where he could noticeallthat
was going on. And his anxious rye
showed that he was no careless observer of
what was transpiring around him
The young minister played hispart with
all the frivolity and foolishness of a city
beau, and nothing like religion escaped his
lips. Now he was chattering and bandy
ing senseless compliments with this young
lady, and now engaged in a trifling repar
tee with another, who was anxious to ap
pear interesting in his eyes.
The stranger, after an hour, during which
no refreshment had been prepared for him,
asked to be shown to his room, to which he
retired unnoticed grieved nnd shocked at
the conduct of the family and minister.
Taking from his saddle-bags a well worn
bible, he seated himself in achair, arid was
isocu buried in thoughts holy and elevating,
and food to eat which those who pasid
him by in pity and scorn, 'dreamed not
of Hour after hour parsed away, and no
one came to invite the old, worn down
traveller, to partake of t!ie luxurious sup
per which was served below.
Towards eleven o'clock th minister
came up stair, and without pause or pray
er, hastily threw oil his clothes, and got
into the very middle of a bed, which was
lo be the resting place ef the old man as
well as Lin. 'f. After a while the aged
u ranger ro , arid after partially disrob
ing himself, ,e!t down, and remand for
many minutes in fervent prayer. The
earnest breathing out ofhis son I, soon ar
rested the attention of the young p readier,
ho began to (eel feme few reproofs of
conscience for bis cwn neglect cf duty.
The old man now ro5e from his knee?, and
after nr.dre?f!tg himself, got into bed, or
rather upon the edge cf ti e for the
young r reader bad taken possesion rftbe
centre and would not, voluntarily mere an
inch. la ihisnncf:rfbr!at!e potion, the
Urcrgrr lay fr trr.it tinsr, in n'rr.re. At
Kr;th tht yc.rg reader nio a rtrr-ark,
to which the old man replied in a style and
manner that arrested his attention. On this
he moved over an ii.ch or. two and made
more room. -
"How far have you come to iay, old
"Thirty-five miles,"
"From where?"
"From Springfield."
"Ah, indeed! You must be tired after
so long a journey, for one of your age."
"Yes, this poor old body is much worn
down by long and constant travelling, and
I feel the journey of to-day, has exhausted
me much."
The young minister moved over a lit
tle. -
"You do not belong to Springfield then?'
"No, I have no abiding place."
"I have no continuing city. My home
is beyond this vale of tears."
Another move of the minister.
"How far have you travelled on your
present journey?"
"From Philadelphia."
"From Philadelphia ! (In evident sur
prise.) The Methodist General Conference
was in session there a short time, since.
Had it broken up when you left?"
"It adjourned the day before I started."
"Ah, indeed!" moving still farther over
towards the front side of the bed,and al
lowing the stranger better accommodation,
' Had Bishop George left when you came
"Yes he started the same day I did!
we left in company."
Here the circuit preacher relinquished a
full half of the bed, and' politely requested
the stranger to occupy a larger space.
"How did the Bishop look? Ho is get
ting quite old and feeble, is he not?"
He carries his age tolerably well. But
his labor is a hard one, and he begins to
show signs of failing strength."
"He is expected thiswnyina week or
two. How glud I shall be to shake hands
with this old veteran of the Cross? But
you say you left in company with the
good old man how far did you come to
gether. "We travelled alone for a long distance."
" You travelled nlone with the Bishop?"
"Yes! wo have been intimate for years."
"You intimate with Bishop George?"
"Yes, why not?"
" 111 ss me! Why did I not know that ?
But may I be so bold as to inquire your
After a moment's hesitation, the stranger
'George! Georgi ! Not Bishop George?"
'They cull me Bishop George," meekly
replied the old man".
"Why, why, bless me! Bishop George,"
exclaimed the now abashed preacher
springing from the bed " You have had
no supper! I will instantly call up the
family. Why did you not tell me who
you were?"
'Stop--st.-p, my friend," said t'ic Bishop
gravely, "I .want no supper here, and
should not eat if it were got for me. If an
old man, toi! worn and weary, fainting with
travelling through all the long summer
day, was not considered worthy of a meal
by this family, who profess to have set up
the altar of God in this House, Bishop
George surely is not. He is at best, but a
man, and has no claims beyond common
A night of severer mortification, the
young minister had never cxpenilkid.
The Bishop kindly admonished him, and
warneefhim of the great necessity there
was of his adorning the doctrines ol Christ
by following him fcincerely and humbly.
Gently but earnestly he endeavored to win
him back from his wanderings of heart,,
and direct him to trust more 111 God, and
less iu his own strength.
In the morning the Bishop praved with
with him, long nn.l fervently, before he
left the chamber; and was glad to sec his
heart melted in contrition. Soon after the
Bishop descended, and was met by the
heads of the family with a thousand sin
cere apologies, lie mildly silenced them,
and asked to have his horse brought out.
The horse was accordingly soon in readi
ness, and the Bishop, taking up his saddle
bag, was pre paring to depart.
"But surely, Bishop," urged the dis
tressed matron, "you will not leave us?
Wait a lew minutes breakfast is on the
N'of sister L -, I cannot take breakfast
here. Yon' did. not consider a poor toil
worn travel fer worthy of a meal, end your
Bishop has no claim but such as I. inanity
And thus he departed, leavfctg the n.in
isterand family in contusion and fofrow.
He d;d not act thus from rcv-htmctit, for
such an emotion did not rise in his heart,
but he desired to teach them a lesson such
as they wuuM not easily forget.
.Six month from this time, the Ohio An
nua! Conference met at Ciacim.a'i, et.d the
yourg minijur was to rre-t;i f,ime!ffr
ord. nation as Deacon, and B sl.rp George
was lobe the f residing D.J hop
Oo Ue Ctti c-f tbt- am Rilling rf Ccn
v re.jon, oar iriir. hrt mk "r.l la I an
as ac tiT fit T'.s.r.ll'.c fci?r.rp tike tf ftU
i:iTjiT:;ir.iiiIrripr'Tir'.jjr-.:a'J'. i i.j..-f')TriLi. '. ii jii :
So great was his grief and agitation, that lie was
soon obliged to leave the room. Thatcvcning
as the Bishop was seated alone in h:s chamber,
the Rev.. Mr. was announced, and he re
quested him to be shown up. He grasped the
young man by the hand with a cordiality which
he did not expect, for he had made careful in
quiries, and found that since they had before,
a. great change had been wrought in him. He
was now as humble and pious, as he was met
before worldly-mind' d. As a father would
have recived a disobedient but repentant child,
so did this good man rtcejve his erring but
contrite brother. They mingled their tears
together, while the young preacher wept os a
child upon the bosom of his spiritual father.
At that session he was ordained, and is now
one of the most pious and useful ministers in the
Ohio Conference.
As nearly all fruit trees are raised first
in nurseiies, and then removed to their
final position in the orchnrdor fruit garden;
as upon the manner of trfis removal depends
not only their slow or rapid growth, their
feebleness or vigor afterwards, and in many
cases even their life, it is evident that it is
in the highest degree important to under
stand and practice well this transplanting.
The season best adapted for transplant
ing, fruit trees is a matter open to much
difference of opinion among hortcultnrists;
a difference founded mainly on experience,
but without taking into aecont variation
of climate and soils, two very important
circumstances in .all operations of this
All physiologists, however agree that
the best season for transplanting deciduous
trees is in autumn directly after the fall
of the leaf. The tree is then cornplelly
in a dormant state. Transplanted at this
early season, whatever wounds may have
been made in the roots commence hoaliug
at once, as a deposit directly lakes place
of gratuitous matter from the wound, and
when established, and ready to commence
its growth. Antutnn planting is for this
rason greatly to be preferred in all mild
climates, and dry soils; and even for very T'
hardy trees, astheaple, in colder latitudes;
as the fixed position in the ground, which
trers planted then get by the autnmnal and
early spring rains, gives them an advantage
at the next season of growth, over newly
moved trees.
On thii other hand, in northern portions
of the Union, where the winters commencs
early, and are severe, spring planting is
greatly preferred. There, autumn and
winter are not mild enough to allow this
gradual process of healing and establishing
the roots to go on; for when the ground
is ii ue.. io ... u u. .c wu a ,rte,
an tuai siow growm nuu collection or nu
triment is necessarily at an end.
And the more tender sorts of fruit trees.the
Peach and Apricot, which are less hardy
when newly planted then when their roots
are entire, and well filed in the soil, are
liable lo injury iu the branches by th cold
The proper time in such a climate, is as
early as the ground is iu a fit condition in
the spring.
Iltrly in autumn, and in spring before the
buds expand may as a general rulebecon-
siJiT-d the best seasons tor transplanting, j parati vimiy he m.tdejtist before the tret
It is tino that there are iustar.ces of excel- i is nlanted. but. in lieavv soil, it is much
lent success in planting at all season, ex- '
cept midsummer; and there are many who
from having been once or twice successful
iu transplanting when trees were nearly
in leaf, avow that to bo the best season;
not taking into consideration that their
success was probably entirely owing to a
fortunately damp state of the atmosphere
at the time, and abundant rains hfter the
experiment was performed. In the middle
States, we are frequently liable to a dry pe
riod in early summer, directly following
the season of removal, and if transplanting
is defetrod to a late criod in spring, many
of the tree will perish from drouth, be
fore their roots become established in trie
soil. Spring planting should, therefore,
always be performed as soon as possible,
that the roots may have the great benefit
of the early ami ahuudant rains of that sea
son, and get well started before the heat
commences. For the neighborhood of N.
York, therefore, the best periods are, from
the fall of the leaf, lo the middle of Nov
ember, in Autumn; and, from the close of
winter, to the middle of Aptil, in the
spring; though commonly, the seasons of
removal are frequently extended a month
beyond those limit.
Taking up Trees is an important part
cf die operation. A transplanter should
never forget that it 13 by the delicate and
tender pouitsor rxtri nutie of tf e root tli.it
trees take np theirioodjund that the chance
of complete sneers. is lessened, I y every
one cf th"se poinJs that is 1 ruis xl or d
t roved. If we could remove trees with
every fibre entire, as we d J a 'ant in a pot,
they would scarce! y show any "sign of their
change of position. In nKl cases, espe
cially in tat nf lr$ tnkni from nurseries,
this , by the oprranou of removal, nearly
itsrsil le. Bit al'bonjfi we may net
lKpe lo g'-t every root eM;rr. we miy, with
prop-c r c.irr, prfrrre by far the Urr r por
tion r.f ihem.'ai'd more particularly the
ma!! and df licate fihrrs. After U rg ta
ken vp, th' j should I planted directly;
r. "if th: c.i:n'l be dot , tliev J-hou'd t
kcjt frca drying ty-a cotenrj of cats,
uniformly showed the trees of the first,
larger pfter five years, than those of the
last after twelve.
No fruit tree should be planted in a hole
of less size than three feet square, and eigh
teen inches lo two feet deep. -To this size
and depth the soil should be removed and
well pulverized, and it should if necessary
be enriched by she application of manure,
which must be thorougely mixed with the
whole mass of prepared soil by repealed
turnings with the spade. I his preparation
will answer, but the most skilful cultiva
tors among it make their spaces four or
, fiyo m di(tncter of (hpw? ,,e sizo
of the roots, and it is incredible how nvich
the luxuriance and vigor of growth, even
hi a poor soil, is promoted by this. No
after mending of the soil, or (op dressings
applied to the surace, Ifiin, i:i any climate
ofdry smnmers like our, equal the effects
of this early an I diep loosening and en
riching the soil.' ItsefT'cMon thegrowth
and health of the tres are permanent, and
the little expense and care necessary in this
preparation is a source of early and con
stant pleasure to the planter. This pre
better to d i it several months previously;
and no shallow plowing ofihe soil can
obviate the necessity and advantage of the
practice, where healthy, vigorous orchardj
or fruit gardens are desired.
The whole art of transplanting, after
this, consists in placing the roots as they
were before, or in the most favpvaole posi
tion for growth. Begin by filling the
whole with the prepared soil, within as ma
ny inches of the top as will allow the Irce
to stand exactly as deep as it previously
stood. With the spade, shape this soil for
the roots in the form of a little hillock on
which to place the roots and not, as is
commonly done, in the form of a hollow;
the roots will then extend in their natural
position, not being forced to turn np at the
end. Next examine the roots, and cut ofT
ail wounded parts, paring tfie wound
smooth. Hold the tree upright on its little
mound in the whole of prepared soKf ex
tend the roots nnd cover them carefully
with the remaining pulverized soiL As
much of the surce&s cf tri;ifp!autiug dv i
pends ou bringing ths soil in contact witli
every fibre, o as la lea vo n hollows lo
cause the decay of tV routs, not only mnt '
this li secured by p.tientlr filling in nil ;
cavities among the root, but when the i
trees are not quite :m!l, it is customary t.i
pour inpail of water when the roots are
nearly covered wi'h sod. Thi carries iho
liquid mcinld ta every huJYu part. After
tie; wa'er bs Misled away, fill up the hole,
pr sing the earth gently a,' nut the tree
with lle foot, btt avoiding the common
practice of shaking tip and down by th i
stem. In windy situations it will I nrc
cssiry lo place a stake by the side of r ach
tree to hold it up- right, until it t-hall have
takf i firm rrot iu th; toil, but It is r et
ti'V'I'jl in ordinary c .
AroiVf "p planting. Mrr than half
th" I-- in or than! rauti'-g in America
ris Ir n tV ranv and the eqnn'ly
corn .non one cf crowding the Mrth too
tightly aSont the rxts. No tr f hauld I
p!,r;!d de pr than it Hm't'y crew, a its
racts arc '.;::. J fi.n il.o wir.; cf r:r, cr
Vol. 28.
starved by the poverty of the soil at the
depth where they are placed. It is much
better and more natural process in fact to
plant the tree so that it shall, when thu
whole is complete, appear just as deep as
uetore, but standing on n little mound set
tles, will leave it nearly on the level with
the previous surface.
Mulching is an excellent practice with
transplanted trees, and more especially for
those which are removed late iu the spring.
Mulching is nothing more than covering
the ground about the stems with coarse
straw, or'litter from the barnyard, which by
preventing the evajwration keeps the soil
from becoming dry, and maintains it in that
moist and equable condition of temperature
most favorable to the growth of yoUngroots.
Very many trees, in a dry season, fair at
midsummer, after having made a fine start,
from a parcled and variable condition of
I he earth about the roots. Watering, fre
luently fails to save such trees, but mulch
ing when they are planted will entirely ob
viate the necessity of watcrihg in dry sea
sons, ayd promote growth under any cir
cumstances. Indeed, watering upon the
surface, as commonly performed, is a most
injurious practice, as the roots stimulated
at one period of the day by wafer, arc only
rendered more susceptible to the action of
the hot sun at another, and the sn rface of
the ground becomes so hard, by repeated
watering, that the beneficial access of the
air is almost cut off. If trees are well wa
tered in the holes, while transplanting is
going on, they will rarely need it again,
nnd we may say never, if they are well
mulched directly aftei planting.
The best manure to be used in prepar
ing the soil for transplanting trees is a com-'
post formed of two-thirds mnck or black
peat earth, reduced by fermenting it several
months in a heap with one-third fresh barn
yard manure. Almost every farm will
supply this, and it is more permanent in its
effects, an less drying in tia nature, than
the common manure of the stable. An
admirable manure, recently applied with
great success, is charcoal the small bro
ken bits and refuse of the charcoal pits
mixed intimately with the soil. Air-slaked
lime i3 an excellent manure for fruit trees
in soils lhat are not naturally calcareous.
Two or three h.-ndsful may be mixed with
the soil when preparing each space for
planting, arid a top dressing may be. ap
plied with advantage occasionally after
wards, to increase their productiveness.
But wherever large orchards or fruit gar
dens ere lo be planted, the muck compost
heap should be made ready beforehand,
as it is the cheapest, most valuable and
durable of all manures for fruit trees.
Pruning "the neads of transplanted trees,
at the season of removal, wo think gene
rally an injurious practice. It is certainly
needless and hurtful in the case of small
trees, or those of such a sizo as will allow
the roots to be taken up nearly entire; for
as the nction of the branches and th roots
are rapidly formed just in proportion to
the healthy action of the leaves, it follow.
lhat by needless cutting off branches we
lesson the vital action of the whole tree.
At the same time, where trees ore trans
planted of so large a .size that some of iho
roots are lost in removing them, it is nec
essary to cut Jback or shorten'a few of the
branches as many as will restore the
balance of the system -otherwise iho
perspirstion of ihc leaves may be so great,
as to exhaust the supple of sap faster than
the roots can collect it. A little judgment
only is necessary, to seo at a glance, how
much of the top must be pruned a way
before planting the tree, to equalire the
loss between the branches and the roots.
' Cvmplimtntarf. -You are the most hand
ejme l.i Jy I ever taw said a gentleman to otio
of ihf fair eex.
I wlih I could ray ns much for you, re
plied the la:!); "
'Yea coulJ. madam, if yvi paid as little re
gjrd to the truth at I bare.'
r,isVuH Whrn PjJJv O'n.ifllrty wnt rnt
into n in c hnir whii-h hnd no bottom, he
s,ud, "if it wrre not for the name of thp thing,
he mijht as well be walking." The same
mijla be nJ of the ladies' network gloves.'
' Why, SuS, I am astonished," .il a wor
thy D ifoo "Jhl'ot we taka yo into our
'. j.ch n h rt time lince t"
''IL'h.fe t ." hiccupped RIah, "awl be
lve n y.xj an I (hi-) m, it ws j in a tatle ol
tie- (hi'f) dimiiM die in. you ever (hie) taw
or heard of."
Oh, oVar ! LluUx-rcd out ' a ymn Jona-
th ii. u;e rinj from the apflsoitbri cf a birch,
": tisy' ih'y till me i! r.t forty rods n .kf a
iarln j, tot let th'rn cl ch a flicoej iickin
i IrV !-(!, an I il t?y cne roJ tnokes aa
(jcher) acre"
.V'i.'iiiifu trilh Mexico. Late Mex
ican p-p rs confirm the remits heir that
negotiations been have been opened le-twe-ti
thi country that for a retor
t)ou cf harmony. Father Ritchie soma
time ago pare a solemn denial lo these re-p-it;
I i,t e Itbeve they are going to bo
vjiiCcd in v.te c f him. V. &rtt.
Tic Si-.:o rst;o Hc-rid hate Ukm licit
f:r i 5 '

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