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1 -r-W " fciWfciKt. fcSm.-. True Democrat. EDNESDAY, DEC. 31, 1815 j O. C. DEASE, Editors. JEFF. M. GR&YBILl, FOR U. S. SENATOR, iklcsander G ZvIclJutt rj-The Rev. Mr. Anderson will nreacli : t-irt Court House, at early-candle light, this , v ning. 1 ihe public ami Patrpns of the Tnic Democrat . Ti e undersigned is thankful to his friends fur t pport which they have so liberally ex 1 to him. The True Democrat Ins U'-Ai m successful operation for the last six tu'v, ha. He has had during that time, many cities to encounter, all of which have been . i.naily overcome. He now has the pleasure it inform you that the True Democrat is upon a linn basis. It has a wide and extensive cir culaiirn and many warm friends who arc taking a J.vp interest in its success. When he enter ic it1. Editorial corps, he pledged himself to frauds, whether in high or low places. U nks that his pledge has been fully com j i: . vith, not only in this but in reference to aii citier subjects. He would also inform you that Mr. Je(T M. Graybill having purchased one half the True Democrat, will in future aid in conducting it. O. C. DEVSE. To the Patrons of the True Dem ocrat. I am sensible of the difficulties attendent up on li s Editorial department of a newspaper. The weighty responsibilities that attach to the Lb rs of an editor are no less familiar, nor u i ro they slightly considered before I made :.i7 mind up to connect myself to so arduous and responsible a station. There- was a time when I could have assumed it with foolish alac rity a time when I conceived it honor enough .o bean editor, without any'othcr tpialijicali'oi than f rule, and without stopping to inquire in what extent I could ndvanco the condition or enlighten ihe minds of any of the human race. J3utnow with no very limited cxpercnee, I fu riously doubt my ability to aid in coaduoiing a public journal, so ns to make it useful, eut -i-; lining and instructive. Albeit I have no other -Meets in view. If interest or nmbition con-l lelled the enterprise I could better satisfy my va mind for engaging in a work replete with so much perplexity and toil. Cut I am actu ated by neither, then fore, with oil my imper- jrcuons as a wrncr, i piacc mysen ni me mer ry of a generous public to deal with mo ns to them shall seem reasonable and just. The liberty of the press is a subject in which the people have a deep intenst. It is said to be tho shield of American freedom, and. I ap prehend, no declaration contains a higher de gree of verily. Yet, it is demonstrable, no constitutional right secured to ,a free people, is more abused, and no abuse more to be deplored. Truly I am apprehensive, the time, is not far distant when this inestimable light, n conse quence of its corruption and prostitution to base and criminal purposes, Till be wholly abrogat ed or very much abridged. , , Whilst it should be the proud privilege of on Editorto attack the reputation of any man cither in high or low places, yet a correct sense of duty, to all men at all times, would recommend, in fact, command a faithful adh erencc to truth. However much prejudice or pruhhclic n may drive me from this duty, as far as I am capable of comprehending it, all subjects and all per sons of which I write, whilst I contimi'i an edi tor, shall have all its benefits. There can bo no doubt of this that the characters of private men should be free from injury or insult. If guilty of off ncc they are responsible lo the law and God the first somcwhat'uncrrtain in its administration, but God will, on that great day when all shall be judged out of the book of righteousness, sufficiently punish such as forget to improve the things which were confided to their care. In the case of public mm, latitude niust be allowed the press, else its liberty would not promote the political interest of the people. All legal meant should be used to resist and check private malice and personal slanders, but a constant investigation of the characters anJ conduct of publie officers sboulJ be encouraged and allowed. It must be conceded, whatever fnay be said of the licentiousness of the prtss, that newspapers act as a restraint upon the con duct cf bad men. It is difficult to d termin which acts with the mrst weight upon the con dad of men either in rrgmd to private or pub lic transactions, duty or reputation. One thing is easily settled whenever a corrupt officer is brought to the dilemma of choosing one or the other, cine times out of uo be selects the first, because he is-sare of the Lucr I y such aa dec- lion. If the freedom of the pri yu rrs to ciiy this nlj'.ary tr. 1, ev a w i:h nil its fiulis it should be liberally sustain far wVq i!.3t i pane the people bite but I. ale 1 ft o.' h!- rv. It is tit le :t'. r that a f. ir.nc cti.t j rsons t !.ou ! J tutTtr, be totally rub'-l tban corrup'.i-m sboull ullt abroai unwhiff J an I liua'i ly p tL rcry ci:iJ. Is of liberty. Kepir.g in iwth- lb rg, itihali cm be rr.y o? j't to A.rntc-it rn! f t'-.e oVIin'piBcifs and corrupt ctn ujU vtfjU.c characters, s,u I X rpf'b"'. ,,. ftn pral !Hv:ll I fe I injim-i, lb J-poft3i.f f CjoI rvsfiih'fia pM,e crr rt or p i- JYSV M, fiRJLYBirJ Faumlrs Lidraky. I his is me ol tin- best agricultural papers now edited in tin; TJ. Statt st ; and we might add in the world. It is edited by John S. Skinner, arid published by Grctly & MeEIrath, in the city of Svw Yoilc. Each number contains 10 ) pig s closely printed. It is published at live dollars per annum. We would be much gratified to procur' fr this vahablo work a nuinbi r of Ful-scribi rs in this country, nnd wilt take n'rtat pleasure in noting as agent for such as wish to tike it. As this is a favorable peiiod for planting fruit trees we copy from tint paper an article, which will be founJ in uu other column, upon that iulj'Ct. James Clarke has Jb' rn nprointfd Gov. of Iowa, in pl.ice tif Gov. M ii-ou rmoved. Gov. Chrkc is ;,u old school Deuiecrat, and u prihK r by prof s.-ion. The news from Englanl caused H nir to rio from 4 to 3 dollars. Tin- nnvs do s not jus'ify the rise. The sp cuki'.ors will su!iin, weoj.'m a luavy loss. Oops are wry In avy lit noilli, e.li l tho-e u! the wist have lall'u but b'.ile short of hut year. Mr. E rrien has withdrawn his opposition to the Amu xation of Texas, an 1 in los sjh ich be: fore the ( ieorgia legislature promised to vote lor the consummation of that Democratic mea sure. Exceedingly kind. When help is not nei lid it is ins'. freely t nb red. Eut Mr. I'er rien was always the man to float upon a popu lar stream, and if thcra are any apples along, he manages to get anieng the m. The late Elections in N. York, still support j the Democratic flag. In the assembly the par- ties will stand 70 Democrats ami 50 wbigs.- I In the Senate, 23 Dmocratsand 7 whigs and Lalivts. The convention is carried by an overwhelming majority of Democrats. Fierau ''Let the Government take care of the rich and tho rich will take caieo the poor, " says Daniel Wilster. The doc. trine his been a Ivocatel and acted upon in Eng- ! Janl . The poor are starving, and the rich ! looking on with perfect indifference. We are j not urjch surprisJ that D.itiitI used such Ian- t i i .i .t gjage. He lias always octn poor, yeimericn manufacturers made him a prm nt of one hun irti thousand dollars at one tim, end Daniel is ever grateful for twail favor. Whether the gift was a compensation for past, prrsmt, or lutare service?, we Kave to the country to say. Daniel surely is" in the Hon'i Jf-n, on I the lions will devour lua i( Lu&gry, if not "they'll la bun f ivv" ET.ic Georgia I-;;t! .:tirr l.as cUct.J 9 ctfeuit j 'jf , f"l virr This ir.ros:rip?k.a. Y'tt'i ''. .z never rrooenbe. . tut of jowcr thy ffc-fji'ln e f iiliVrality cf the P, ""s-ncy; jn powf r, lb")' can't ( r,l f iF.cif nt int'iligcncr mcng thf ir cpp-o?r.ts tt civeooeof tbt the T.slie-s: of the brrt (,.:r. Tic wb:gi have 'TroKnbci prcr .on," to sir k'jrf t tri-riif. 7hm ytVe propos furnishing our readers eve r week with asslibrl article on the Tarilll We commence with the following: . The farmer raisis wheat, tobacco, or cotton, which he is forced to export to a foreign coun try, and exchange' it for dry goods. What i.s the product of this fanner's labor? The dry goods which he has receive! in exchange or bis wheat, tobacco or cotton. The dry goods thus procured are as inuclf the product of American industry as though the farmer had made them at home. The farmer, when he teaches the custom house to enter his bale of dry goods, so receiv ed in exchange for his wheat, tobacco or cotton is told ty the receiver of customs that before he can he permitted to use them, he must pay from GO to 50 percent on their priginal cost, be cause that much protection is uflbrded to the home manufacturer, so that he can sell his bale of similar goods, that much higher without paying any duty whatever. Take the cotton planter, who is forced to foreign countries lo sell his produce, fur nn example. I lo sells in Liverpool, 20 bales .of cotton, and receives for it one thousand dollars which he invests in goods. lie puts themdown in the city of New York, side by side with one thousand dollais worth, original cost, owned by a home manu facturer. Here, however, 50 per cent, must be paid by the planter before he can sell at all, which raises the cost of his bale to fifteen hun dred dollars. Who has the advantage? The manufacturer can sell his at or below the whole cost of the planters bale, and realises a line pro fit, and the planter is driven to the dire ncres sity ol sacrificing his goods at less than cost, or keeping them until they becenc worthless; a dilemma truly, from which, any good whig cotton planter, would desire to bo rtleived. A democrat would take a chill right off! Dry Goods can be bought as cheap in Paul ding as in the city of Jackson. We refer our readers to the ndvertisemits of Messrs. Knox & Smith, and Mr. M. L'elton, to be found incur advertising columns. Jr5"Papt'rs" that exchange with tho True Democrat, to which I am a subscriber, will picas discontinue thcin lo my address. J. M. GKAYBILL. CO.NGUIvSSIONAIir Mr. Cass an 1 Mr. Manrim are discussing the Oregon and War epilations. I'oth in on:1 thing agree that Oregon belongs to its, and lh.it we w ill have her even at the ex pi nre of war with Engl md. The Washington Union says. Ill Senate, a most interesting' elcbnli; sprnnjriip, to-dtiy,oii 1 1 o resolutions dlfernJ bvlliedistingiiisiied senator from Mieliigaii Mr. (i.-s, calling fr nn iii-i'iny into tlio stale of llio national (Jeli-nces. Tliis was liasml on the portions of the message- inform ing ( 'oDgn ss oftlirt prescntcoiidition ol the foiciun relations of lli country, nnl re'roui nieiieliiii,' the projuit ty of elireeliiig their attctitioii to the state el the national delen ccs. Mr. Cass snpi-rirtul his reditu ion? in n speech characterized by Ins uunl force nnd clearness. Mr. Miiulruin ' oiposcd the pasfngo of the resolutions, oil to urouiid that it would Lea dpaiture from the ordinary conrsoof procedure, and that it was inex pedient in tho present posture of our rela tions witli Great Ihilaiti. Mr. Allen replied lo Mr. Matigum., and ini.stcd at considerable, length, and in tin dorpicut inaunrr, ihat lite uieasuie was not oiilv justifiahle, hut of urgent necessity. Mr. Archer lind couehul-d, and Mr. Crts lind lisen to reply, when n me'sae was ;iti rjo n nc d from tim 1 1 hi i: of lleju'est iil.i ti ves.coniuiuiiieutngtlie ieoli;i!ous passi d on tin; niiiioui;rcm 'ut i'1'llio death of the late Hon. Joseph II. lVyioti. The .S-nat.! immediately adj uirmd. and Mr. Cass will, to-morrow, resume the floor. We give a full report "f the delate. In the J'iirsr, the business possessed nr spe cial interest, the session being occupied in llic presentation of petitions. Union. Gen. Speight is s ill at his post doing gool S'Tviee. H lus iiitioduced the following res olutions: Ilr sohcil, That the Committee on the Post Office and Pest Roads be inslrncted to inquire into the expediency of estahlish- in? a iri-wcekly mail between the city of j Mohiln and the city of Jackson, in the State i of Mississippi. j Itcsolvcd, That the Committee on Pub- j lie Lauds be instructed to inquire into the I expediency of granting to Hie btates res pectively in which they are situate, alter nala sections of the public lands, inundated by the Mississippi liver and its outlets, on ! condition that the proceeds of the sales of ' said sections be applied by said bta'es in tlie reclamation of said inundated lands, by sufficient and permanent levees. Uacfv The races over the En'crprizc Race Course will tale place on the First Monday in February ni-xt. There are two purses O be contend. -d (or: one fcr for cobs two and ihrte years old, carrying weight to rule; single dash of a mile the other for , 1100. for ny grown horse, mile and rrpcat carrying weight to rules of the Jackson Jockey Club Entries: for the Cobs purte, J12 53 for iheagej borees, f25. All per sons a'c iinied to att'nX The Micblj'.n Lhe:ie.r., so fir s rrturns Live lm rfdr(J ypixk frtoinliiy for tie dfTTiTrsfy. Inrt;'l rr"'"'Tiii s in all the ronii'ii l.e-arJ irn yet rt Va!aTi.iw. I'l'eh, d n.ocril orer Vicryl cleciiJ ly tpv,sard cf ttre-e tho jf .sl ic-nn-r: Original Items. The papers estimate that n licked, six millions of human beings have no o:1ht pros peet before them than death by starvation. In England a nnich larger number. Let the rich of tlu so countries, whoso barns are overflowing tremble, for a hungry man stops not to count j consequences, when tho pimndimeiit of treason is a better death than that of famine. Slavery has been abolished in Oregon. Ow ners are allowed two years to take their slaves away and freo negroes the same length of time to leave. A good many slaves were car ried out with the lute expidition to that country Mr. Win. Smith, Democrat, has been elect ed Gov. of Virginia. GJv. Smith has done good work for the cause, in Virgina. Jesse G. Hright, bus bom elected Senator from Indiana receiving t'O votes.- Joseoh G. Marshall, GO. Blank, The country every where sccins to be alive upon the subject of Education. The Georgia Legislature has at last oigan ized its Supremo Court, for the correction of Errors. Joseph Henry Lumkin, Hiram War ner and Eugenius A. Nisbitare the judges. Fire. There was a fire in Vicksburg, on the night of the 17th inst., which dislroyed two dwelling houses. One belonging to Air. Has tings and tho beautiful dwelling of Mr. l'axton. We have almost any kind of weather just now but the kind one would look for in the sunny South. Sentinel, Dec, IS. We have had storms and clouds, real and artificial, in East Mississippi, for some months, but we are now making "fair weather." We have news from Washington to the 15th. Mr Creese intioduced, in the Senate, a bill to graduate nd reduce the price of public lands. There is but little doubt of its passing. Win. Wufus Elliott, who was charged with killing Wm. Z. Kendall, was on the loth in-:t. discharged by the criminal court, at Washing ton city. I he grand jury fount! specially that Mr. Kefid.ill came to his death from a piatol fired by Mr. Elliott in self defence. There is, strange to say, some opposition to tho course of the government in regard to Ore gon. We are for Orpgon because, like our anceslers. we lore real estate, and because the more w e have the cheaper it w ill be to the poor men of our country. Jyt ever' poor hend of n linnilv have a home without pi i re and then wo. shall be salisfkj, so lar as laud is concern ed. Flour selling from G 50 to 80 in Mobile. The Tariff convention in Pennsylvania, from which the whigs expocted "tho most tremi n deous consequences to ensue," has terminated iu iriitd. Emigi ants ITn) arrived nt N. Orlenns in the month of November, ehii tly from France and Gcnr.anv. J t-HAni'r.r.s. A few nnliesi the S' mini I & Evjiosi'or of i'ie jrentry, siy .t!i ii it. s cured OH) III" t'e.nni r I I 11 1 inn s, the news of the 1 1 ii leaner of llour, by stealing an I suppres-in the in w s papers coo'aiiiii it, and mado quite a speculation. !v ti' per barn I. TV.xas JiiK, nut. So fur, glorious for ill friends ol Texas. A coi respondent from Wiishiuoion City, of 1) eeiii!ci 115, Today, in the Iioiim' of representatives, the bill lor the admission of Texas into Ihe I'liion, (only yest-'iday introduced) was passed, tietu. con. and se.".t to the senate. ii fuiitrr. The Edict o! the Gei . ii;ui lli.t. which pro hilits the intpoduction to the Germain S'.iti s, papt rs piinted in the Get man hmeu y in t'.e U. S. has very jus' ly c.-:us-d s..:i." dl.- .i..-f ,e tiou in tliis counti y. his a me.;-ore .!:,. ,l!y at war with liit pi incijl s oi I ,'hoa!.! l,.-eoa-deitmed by vtry juM Mtrl htei:d man wlet'.- r onthe wrsl or e.ist si !- t.fth- tl..ut.V. The f.dlovving ! :tri- of M r. lbielian.. u's pus. n: a very correct v i w i i't'e- sub; t. I U.i'.vk rt i. r or Sr.vi Wasliill.-:: Ii. N ..v. !'., I - i 1 (n jit i ,nm: I leive Hie l e-i.or lo ac- 1 Knowledge ihe nceij i of your c iiiieiiiiea lioii, under date the 1 iiist'int, in w l.i'h, after stating that you wish lo transmit the newspapers piihlhhe J I y yoit' tolhe I'tii- ; ted St4 s legation nt Cerliu, and other j official fuuetionnries ol the United States iu , Ciermany," you inquire: Finl. 'VVhctlier the papers thus ad- dressed will be considered as subject to lite j prohibition of German papers printed iu j the United Stales;" Secondly. ''If (such papers be) intercep ted, v hethcr ihe proceeding will be nc- j qniesced in by the government ol ihe Uni- ! ted States." In reply to the first inquiry. I have to state, that the edict of the Ge rman diet, prohibiting postmasters from delivering newspapers in ihe German language, pul lished in the United Slates, is understood os applying to every paper of this descrip tion, to whomsoever addressed. In reply to the second, 1 have to observe, that, although the edit of the German diet must le condemned by every enlightened and lilcral man on both sidts cf ihe Atlan tic, still the rrgulationof its own osl ulllce, by Mich laws as to its own government may seems just and projer, is n rijht that belongs to every sovereign state, Cy no nation would the slightest pretension lo interfere in any way with the exercise of this right be more promptly rebnked than ly ourstlvts; by none, therefore, should it be more scrupulously re? pecked. In re gard to the transmission of such puhlica lions to our diplomatic ar.d other fi.nc- i tionanesresidufgin the Stales w here their r.roh,Lit,on is the law vi the land and ! uhcie postmasters arc forr.d to dtlivcr them it is evident that they could not reach their destination, except in conse quence of their being exempted from mut iny, through the respect showd ty the gov-cr.nin.t towards thoso fuucttotsric. i and iis confidence that they would i.ot I rr.ake thil tie tucans cf Tidatirt!:c !in nf l!m nmOvtr A . . . . r. - THE CHANCELLOR ELECT. It affords us pleasure to state that the election of gen. Stkpukn Coeici: has given general satisfaction t,i the people as well iis to the members ed the bar. Upo:i taking his scathe tout: occasion torvnuurk that: "lie felt it his duty to announce to tho lar, that he was by no means insensible to the important nnd delicate relations which would exist between them. Uiiring tho period which lie had been called upon, to presidu over this tribunal, he should be animated by ihe desire to ob serve the utmost kindness and good feeling towards the members ofihu l ar. Ho in dulged the the hope, that he should, at all times, receive from ihein reciprocal courte sy and respect. He would always expect from Joe bar, that respectful and becoming healing towards each other, which sdiould ever characterize the intercourse of so learned iu;d libeial a fraternity. This tribunal h i heretofore been re markablo for its respectability cud useful ness. The duties of our employment, arcon crous n:;d iuteiestin. 1 shall, therefore, rely wit.'i coiiud -iie'e on your aid, to til larg) an 1 extend that u-fuluess.'' Mls.sitt, ijtjtiatu I ni i v f TI.e listen Pu.-;! s-iyr x: I In ; .vi 1 . 1 1 ',!(.'.;, I f.ir believing that the i I iV' iii'iii ut will i'ii:tie,li it ly recall V .i. oi tin, v. lo it i-i mi !' rstond. has t e j i n ! i! i cieiih it iii the negotiation k.ii'H iie:-i M s i ,i .ii.-. i.(n nanan, nun ( i i. s ii I a n w Abiii-li-r to ihii country to adjust the ili.f it a; c s l.i taeeti iholwo nations upou mo.-f li'n ral te.-i,,s ti; ni have lien tofore Lei n nn.'.td ti '-it Ly viu at lir. lain. "(.'. Mercury. i We si t d. hu-.vi vi r. that opinions ditLr wiiU ii yaid to i ii.ihi- an I having pivm ours, we u i'l -j ': i.e 1 '' e,viu'4 whii-Ii is i.ikrn fiom niih'iiu the (' e.io-,' 1 1 . -j raph o( the d.ij. ' Ahs must l j . i ni ,-';t'H'oti .f a hnrel tdsli- liacy t'f a i.iul ', iu I-ji n b t.C of ;l woed fivv yer, endurance oi a k h in-.r nnarond.i, impu ill nee of ii hi ";.'t. spm.L of a chieken cock, pcrtmacitv e-f a d in. an I entire nsirnitir n to the mo-l conf'iim I- d of nil eatthly treadmills" The latter part ol the nljve will iiet be di nied by any one vv ho li.i dom' ju?ice to a daily j-a-per for three or four yeais. Ci Com. A railway is projected from SL Petcra hurgh lo Ode.'sa, from the I.iltic to the Northern sea, widi nn embranchment to wards Persia, and from thence to the Hast Indies and t 'hina. Il is a gigantic project that, and will nsionisli run your boldest railvvpy speculators, lint if the Czar re solves upon if, 'it will be done. On such a lino, people, in ihe course of lhro day?, could pass from the frigid to the torid zone, from the inlcusrst cold to burning heat. The completion of this road would laVo the machinations of England losecme the tradeofAia all aback. Kusia has long si-ciiutJ tocherih a deteriiiiuati.iii to over lop every other E'iropoari power; and her progress to the ea-t has ben, lately, very rapid. The V. Tn: unc i in a very in. .rrsi ' I humor bicsiiM' N Y. ci'v h-i ' t J ihe v tire denncrtici, Lit. It r lit rs au.ii d m ny rt f f Pc d-ri'. l'oi k , ; n t CKr "oo O'l-ftion. lo t'uth' iiv i.l v w1 ! " - 7 i ' . r,Ht ,n tb-avr;., t-f Ar.v,.-s nf ... l!ie r ' :,r j., 3iXfia j4ii t., m,v. ,ti. ' .'ly Arnt. alene. '1 h hr !e country vi.l i .tia ti Nfv Ji rf t--Th' tfrjl cf iV cWtl-n for the 1. e ire, ii b- fo-e us Tb S'r"' s: ! Is 12 v h c nnl 7 dmrs' tbc l.eur 21 ubis and i7 i - it, .-ra: tlf-org" SyLta. 4 isrlcctcd to iatU CnlI.;:.u A pln. CCr. rrt . . JX Mv-jiixi Jor our taws is a duty on the part of every foreigner resid tug among us, the disregard of which would not bo tolerated by our governmorif and it cannot, therefore, but recognise this as -i duty toward other government on the part of its functionaries residing abroad. ' It is with much regret, therefore that r leel compelled to deuymyself ,!ie p'Ionsiire ot ndordmg you the means, through tho agency ot this department, of circulatin-r your valuable and patriotic journals in Germany. 1 am, ire ntlemcn, respectfully, Your obedient servant. JAMRS HUCHANAN. Messrs. Jacob I hi, William Von Eich tlial, and J. (. Klenck. We have been favored by a member of Congress with the perusal of a letter re ceived from Columbia, South Carolina, of (he Sth inst. It describes the spirit in which the President's message has been received by the members of the legislature. It states that nothing could be moro satis factory than what the President says of Oregon nnd the tariff; that the most dis tinguished citizen:! of the State, heretofore most strongly opposed on the subject of Oregon, acquiesce heartily in the Presi dent's views, and will decidedly support him. They say (adds the writer of tho letter)that"McHufliehimseIfcould not have written a message more satisfactory to South Carolina." We hail this sentiment of the South on the subject of Oregon as one of the best and brightest signs of the limes. Give us a united people in respect to our foreign re lationslet us be able to present a firm and united front upon these subjects let us, if necessary, be able to bring out all the moral and physical energies of the lepub lic and our tights and our honor will always be respected. This very union of public scMiuietit in our country may be the means of preserving its peace. Il may give us an honorable jieace, or it may yivu us an honorable war. Union.