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I - k i --a 4 I GOVURNOR MESSAGE .The following document is copied fron: tbe Vicksburg Whig of the 16 h irist., whict says rit was found a few days since in the neighborhood of thcstnte house, and is sup posed lo be the original draft of the message of his excellency, governor McNmt.n Otntlemen of the Senate l" , . and House of Representatives: Thi5 comes to inform you -ilpt we are all well; howjsjt with yourselves? Cmps is- good and we don't care if corn is twenty um. wtiroK rtgntris gumg- waiver. No body aint spit on me in some time, thank Hod! A good many of our folks have slid fj. Texas notwithstanding. Cotton is rath er on the drap. Early shipments, forced shipments by broken hanks, and the suspen sion of the Brandon Bank r, I think is the cause of it. , South Carolina and Georgia will have to quit raising cotton tbats flat; and then folks must come over and buy some of my land on Deer Creek. f f-' You must do something Uks session for the neoDle." Mr. Van Buren says his boys can't i!oa thing. The Sub-Treasury humbug is all over. You must divide the people into the rich and poor, legislate for whichever has the majority of votes and to the devil With the rest. The constitution is now a seven year old with a full mouth of democratic teeth, and iroes iust as well as ever the people. expect ed such a critter would go, As for my fiart 1 have bought property here at Jackson now and I am opposod lo i convention because thev miirht ho wantins to move the State House a blanket or so further north, and 1 would be afraid to oppose it you sec, for those northern fellows go it for me like wrath.- So I think you had better just try and hew down Fray's Code so ns to fit the constitu tion and let it alone. You see that the poo pie won't vote for your amendments, they Have etiier nan io iry. do h ami wo while to make any more. - ' This thing of incorporating more towns ought to be done away with. J am agin town incorporations any how; one of them fined Gov. Boggs, of Missouri, five" dollars for shooting a pisfol in its limits, and some of them in our State have laws against get ting drunk and being noisey in the street. This is a democratic country and a man has a right to holler if h'e "chooses; the uofceof the Deonle oucht not to be stifled. A word to the wise" &.C., some of know the hallance, and those of you that don't know can ask the others. Something ought to be done in relation to contesting elections. It is always well to keep an eye on the future. Though we're in now we are not in for always. To guard against accidents at next election you,jhd better givo me., me power 10 appoint can vassers for each county (I. know who to anDoinOand the thing is fixed. This fel low Dixon. Clerk of the' Chancery Court, holds his office too long. :He ought to be rotated out. Ho struts about the streets he re pretending he spit on me. I will take it as a kindness if you will let him down a button hole or two. You must also say how much' is to be deducted from the salaries of officers for keeping sober and neglecting to drink a gallon as the law requires, lor your Governor is determined to abide strictly by the law. . ' Extensive p owersare vested in the boards of police and much evil has resulted from tlieir improvident action, to remedy which I lecommend in accordance with the estab lished principles of our party that you in- - crease their powers until they do right. Let them fill all vacancies in their own bodies j and other county offices, for these popular 1 elections are not the things to my notion, notwithstanding what 1 said about our demo- 5 era tic constitution. Something ought to be done to prevent ; Sheriffs and Coroners from resigning just j before Court, for it is only in a few counties 1 that it is done. If it was done in a majority 1 of the counties it would be all right, for the -, mnioritv is alwavs ri"ht. ; : laca JoldAhat mosfof the clerk's offices are in 'k tumbled up condition, a proof of - whit I said before, that the new conslitu- tion has answered the expectations of the j people. I recommend you to let me appoint 1 a Clerk General io.examine all the offices. See how that Bank Commissioner system has improved the currency, and 1 have more j of tbe same sort of boys jtt-my command, -.who are just as well qualified to examine clerk's offices as banks its just the same to I them, so they gettheir eight dollars a day and mileage. ! Thq. Clerks and Sheriffs make too much money. To rerrldy this evil, I recommend r that all over a certain sum a year be jaid into the treasury, it would furnish the gov ernor's house. It is not worh while to re duce the costs that the debtors have to pay, because you know the true democratic doc trine is, that "those who trade 'on borrowed capital ought to break," and We-must carry out our principles and make them break. I again call your attention to, thewfubject of common schools. 1 nave written to all . the schoolmasters in the state, and they say thaC they and ' all the boys are well, and schooling is cheap. Hard timed. js making schoolmasters plenty. You; can form no idea of the benefits -of ed ucarkm until you try it. As Ido not expect any of you know how to draw up a law ; on this sublet, you had better take that one 4rawn up by Gen. Fray. It js paid lor, and ought Jo be used or else ttiei money is:as rood as thrown I am happy toinform you that I had lots of fun and drinking in natste,ring ; that 75 cap of mine aint slow Must f;;t till you see me have it on when ucnr Jackson comes All I want you. to do on this subject is to carry out toe Danx cosip.jsii system, ana let me appointtan inspector general with campingout privileges. ifAs I said before I have lot8 0ftnese ooys wno win examine any thing for 8 a day and mileage. I wish you abo to establish the old system cf going to war according to Gunter and adopt Coop era new way; by the by el bought seven hundred and geventy-threedollars and seven bits worth of his books and distributed them unong the boys, which amount of money I vill thank you to fork orcr as soon as pessi- 'e. . . . Soma of the Jndiyes lnve been making rules to p event lawyers from talking, and to compel them to write out their arguments. Tuis is very hard on such lawyers us do not know how to write. As you aouoness un derptand these things much better than they do, Ihope you will examine Iheir rules care fully, and perhaps iltvould be as well if you would allow me to nppoint a Judge General to examine thbtr decisions. My boys, as J said before, are as baddy at one thing as another. " ' Something must be done wth these auc tivaicctsj xtwT cneat mo people and don't fork over the taxes. You had better raise the tax to make up for lost time, aud vest in he boards of police the power of recom mending suitable persons for me to appoint ns ai c;itnceis. This will have a tendency to weaken tho power of tbe Executive, as I shall hereafter prove to you ia this message, and to force more power on the hoards of police, which, as I before said, is necessary to bring them back into the right track. The Auditor and Treasurer don't watch each other close enough, under the existing law. Look to it. There is a smart chance of good old Brandon in the treasury, and there might be some Swartwouting done. The people in making' the constitution, (which, by the bye, they never had any hand in,) provided for electing all officers except tax collectors and assessors. This omission proves that the mode then in exist ence of appointing those officers, to wit: by tho Governor, was perfectly satisfactory, (notwithstanding what I have before said about the Chancery Clerk. He said he spit on me, "and no tax collector ever did that, which alters the case materially.) The long list of defaulters shows that -the present democratic sjstem of electing them won't do. I submit to you the propriety of letting J me and the senate appoint these officers, or to crowd it on the board of pttic any how. rowei Biiuuiu oe given roe, oi rrmoving any of them at ary! time, and o( .appointing for ihe whole unexpired term, rid then it would not make any difference how the original ap pointment was made,; 1 could just toddle out any or all of them at any Jime and put in my own boys, they are just as handy for that as any thing, and it is all the same,&c. The exercise of -the TOwer-bf, making such appointments could never be desirable to me; oh no, not at all.rTBeu nQmber appointed would only be ISt a Vear: and the number aisappoiniea woum; be ten tunes as great and although the nuhr"expecting the ap pointment .next year would he forty times as great, it is plainly to be seen that the influ ence of the Executive would, be thereby, materially weakened rather than increased. In fact, it is strange to me that the power ex ercised by tho President of appointing and removing so many officers has not broken down Mr. Van Buren long ago. It is lucky for me that the Constitution prevents youi giving me the appointment of all tbe officers in the State, for then you might crowd them all on me and ruin me at any time you pleas ed. - I think however, that I could "manage to surwive" the appointment of assessors and collectors if you would put it upon me, and I am willing ttJ t!3 Iffy "thing for the people. " . .-'.' . - . Ihe reports of the Treasurer and Audi tor are herewith submitted, by whph ittap- pears tha: the ireasurv nas suspended .-and the Chickasawhay are not cleaned out. We have charged them however, with $30,000 appropriated for that purpose, be cause we conld hav? paid it if we had had it. 1 hirty-three defaulting tax collectors have been sued, and twenty-six more ought to be, and that ain't half! The tax of. the present year amounts to $154,517 70, according to the best guess t ie Auditor can make and he is good at guessing, 'practice makes perfect.' The assessors oi several counties nave railed to make returns, vve will pufjfoj Strews to them in due time.'. ' fP'l'!jM::. It appears that many of the banks' pay no taxes. This wont do. Even admitting that the law exempting their capital stock from taxation is law, which I deny, it does not ex empt their real or personal property, or money loaned from taxation; it is only what they owe that is exempted. My messages and the bank commissioners reports hare tended greatly to depreciate their paper, and they ought to pay for that at least. I am opposed to raising tho taxes generally, but I am in favor of putting it to the banks, brokers and lands holders .1 would also recommend a tax on promissory notes. Several persons hold notes of mine, and I would like them to pay or the privilege. Although bank notes are promissory notes, I say nothing about taxing the holders of mem, Because m is presumed me amouni thus collected would be small. The law however, imposing a tax "on all paper pur chased by individuals, or held by them for property Sold," would have an excellent ef fect, as many individuals hold notes which they would rather burn than pay taxes on, this would pay oil a large amount of debt. The banks indebted to the State have failed to settle, and have been sued. We have obtained judgment against the old Brandon for $229,584, but I am afraid it is a bad old chance. In my absence, the State .Treasurer settled up with the Planters Bank, .and took; pay in Brandon. ; satisfied there, were some swindling J part of the Bank, and 1 would be ob..tJ to you to to look into it. The last legislature ap pointed a committee to look into it, but old Simon Pure failed to rattle. . I have the honor to transmit various reso lutions, from various States on various sub jects, and various communications from dis tinguished individuals, all of which are de serving of your regard, that is to say, of be ing read and laid on the table. i Bob Walker has been ; tryic for eeveral years to get for us some of the public lands in our State! and there is no doubt that he and Henderson will support a bill for the same purpose when" it comes up. Still it would be well enough to etir thein cp a lit tle by way of instruction . There are but few' sections "of it, and those cf no value, and consequently our State pride should re volt at the idea of the general corerenssnt withholding it trom us ny longer. ; If there was a large body of it, nd that of good qua lify, it would be a di&rent matter. The fuss about Ihe abolitionists is "ajlin my eye and Elizabeth Martin." of our merchants have any credit ,-the north, or any money to buy goods for cash with, I would respectfully recommend that we cease trading with the fanatics. Two bills will come before you for pled ging the faith of the State for about seven millions, but I think 1 have succceeaed in destroy big "our credit so completely , that we shall not be able to borrow more than e- nough to build a fort at Mississippi Cityi& clear out the little stream furrowed cWwy the band of Providence for our special nse, and called Deer Criek. ? r i I transmit the report of the Engineer ap pointed to survey our sea coast. From the depth of water there, the contiguity to the West Indies, and the quality of ship limber which never would be cut down otherwise, (the land being so poor that cultivation is out ot the question,; ii is certainty an ex cellent place for a naval depot. At any rate, it is not fit for any thing else- Please fork over the amount of monies paid - for these valuable discoveries. The State Ar chitect says that the Governor's House and the Penitentiary are nearly ready for me &. the convicts. In regard to the latter, J would recommend that the part now unfin ished should be made on a different plan. It will not do to let the convicts work togeth er. If they do, the Democrats who are ud to trar. will let the Whigs into the the party secrets and make them as smart as any of us. Thi9 should bo avoided. - A geological, topographical and agricul tural survey of the Slate ought to be made. It is said that we have large quantities of coals, in our state, and it is worthy of consid eration whether it would not be well to find means for hauling the rag-barons over them. - A law should be passed, making cotton hooks unlawful weapons to draw on cotton bales. The Union Bank and some other, have 'hooked' a great deal of cotton in the last two years, which has induced me fre quently to say, that had prostituted them selves for the love of gain, meaning that they were .'hookers.' As I said, I am op posed to levying taxes, , but . with regard to rivers, my opinion is different. I wish lev ies to be made on all of them, but more par ticularly on the Mississippi, to reclaim those lands of mine which old Downing and the other surveyors crammed on to me, at the land sales at Clinton. One thing is certain, unless you make them more valuable, by a levee, the Sheriff will levy, on .them, and then they will be of no value at all. - !. Some of the banks refused to let the Com missioners examine them, saying they had no authority, &c. This conduct was very ridiculous, but it failed of its object. The boys have got the per diem, and it will be some trouble to get it out of them. . I had this in my eye when they were appointed. The President pro tern of the Union Bank in-particular, put on some airs, but he's small fry. I'm after the old bell-wether, who was gone to the north to sell the bonds. I do not, know how they could spare him, when his services are worth $10,000 a year to them, unless it was on the principle by which the fellow got $15 for singing the song, $5 to begin and $10 to leave ofl ' The time foe borrowing money out of the banks has passed. I have no credit, and I expect you are in the same situation! J have made a fool of myself, you have made fools of yourselves, and every body bas made fools of themselves, or himself, (I am not certain about the grammar) with the money we got out of them. ' Let us make the banks look as foolish as we do. -Let us repeal their charters. It is not demo cratic for them to have money when nobedy else has any. 'Democracy is equality, and how is one men to be equal to another man, when the other man has more money than the one man hast What did our forefathers .fight, bleed and die for seven years together for, unless it was that all men might be eqoali Thirteea4HiBdredof our citizens have 'made themselves unequal, by taking stock in the Union Bank, and some of them are wicked enough to be men of great wealth. This most be stopped. . If you do not do so, the stockholders will select eight directors obi of thirteen, and then what will become of the democracy? I recommend that you cut down the bank to a State institution, and then we will elect all the directory. Do you understand? It may be said that if you crush the banks we will have no circulation, but this is all in my eye. Our annual export of fifteen millions of dollars, will make more dollars rush back here sorter like back water, and then foreign creditors will come in here &. buy your farms at half price, and of course raise cotton at less expense, by 50 per cent, and you will coy the consolation of know ing that t!c..bMi will get just as much for raising' cottii as 'you did," although the raising will not cost half as rrrSch. Ar3 then too, foreign errors wcu!J net 3 hif so a nxious to get ' sJ money as t are now to get bad. . When things get to the worst they must get better, ana when all ihe present poDuIa tion is broken and sold out, the character of the State will be restored. The honest planter who has kept out of debt, will buy the house and home of his neighbor, while tnose .wno deal on borrowed capital will break, as they ought to do. ? ; f I am told that the Agricultural Bank is t nsfernng their .bills receivable to the U. , -es,mme among the rest, thi wool do. I shall be sued and Billy Gifipa jrMIkba a $20,000 fee. Dick Gainesrb eviJaJly a Federlist from bis long ccjnexUrrrrilh'jhe r eaerai ijourt . e must C$,rc party and I hope you wili er;': vrst scnooi master come shall have not sooner. He's been in tha party too loss and has got too hHi larn't 13 thesd tzzZZzzsi I will let you know more when I sea trbsilH er he will divida or net Ia ccelcdci) Izt me bvcleycJ b lay: id? ell f;clin-s cf kicdatcs fcr Huc-rli a ZH.CT you see to do U- ULv cr vt W - - T ----- .. r it. Case why ? If fca 'ccmes V rwe togo it' to Texas imnstdiatcly if any one elss opposed to me in lira consider ation of tho matters presented- w you. we alt have our own interests et heart. Our constituents expect us to do, something to wards fulfilling the pledges we made them during the canvass, and things will look bet ter if you all pull together. I therefore fondly hope that none of you will kick up at any thing I propose, but that you will manage every thing for the welfare of the great democratic party, and to secure to the boys who electioneered tor you a jusi re ward for their labors. , :, A. G. N. , P. S. Call over at my house. I know w nature the duties of a Governor, as you tnay learn by.reference to ihe members from Jefferson county : V FROM WASHINGTON CITY. Correspondence of the N. O. Bulletin. Washington. December 26. 1 Neither house of Congres is in session to day, but there is some little news and gossip afloat in the city, which you may -as well be in tbe possession of. 4 : ' The two houses adjourned from Tuesday to Friday, and will probably adjourn to-morrow over to Monday. One hundred mem bers have left the city, most of them not to return until the new 4 year has opened upon us, Those who have gone, have generally Daired off: and this, by the way, has become a nonular and a fashionable Dlan. One of each party leave with an agreement not to return until a certain day. i nus notning is lost on party grounds, where there is hones ty enough to stand by a bargain. As the Locofocos, however, dont believe in the obli- srations of contracts, it may not be well to trust them too often: The Speaker of the House will announce the standing committees on Monday; and af ter next week, the two houses will com mence seriouslv the consideration of the of the public business. Of the standing com mittee, it may well enough to inform you in advance, that the executive committees will have a majority of one member the chair man friendly to the administration. The committees of foreign Relations, and of Ways and Means, will be composed in the same way, for the reason that it is but jus tice that a chairman of a committee should be so far friendly to the executive and heads of departments, as to have the freest and ful lest communion with him . and them. Mr. Hunter, the speaker, has been requested by his Whig Xnends, to make those appoint ments; knowing the dispositicn there will be on the part of tho Van Buren men to so con strue the act, as to make the reader believe that Mr. Hunter is an administration man He is no such thing, as all of his votes have shown from the commencement of the sess ion. He sustained New Jersey valiantly. and opposed the re-election of the Clerk, Hugh A. Garland. The Whigs asked not a party Speaker, and they have not got one. They wished for an impartial and honest man one who would be not as Mr. Polk was the" Speaker of a party rather than the Speaker of a House. When the voting comes, Mr. Hunter, 1 think, will be found right, except it may be in defence ot the Sub-Treasury scheme; but in that, I doubt if an Administration Sub-treasury bill will meet with his approbation; ' 1 The "sober , second thoughts," I find is less in favor of the message than the first and unsober thought. Southern men think that the President has made a much better tariff than Sub treasury argument, and the tariff men in Congress contend that what the President says of the British money power, has been their argument for years in defeece of high duties. Others think that the President's especial homily upon retrenchment and reform has been spoken in reference to the approaching eventful year. 1840 either makes or unmakes him J and hence the study to make a popular mes sageone that would tickle their ears by promises, and dazzle their eyes with" the lustre of gold and silver. Who shall be the public printer, and how shall the public " printing be done, will be the question discussed , to-morrow . The Whig members will fight for the contract system for giving the printing to the lowest bidder for aaving the government the a mount of a President's f salary . per annum, and for the divorcement '"of tthe government from the newspaper press. Tne Van Buren men will stand by Blair & Rives, and prob ably in the teeth of their professions make them public printers. This will be the first act after the President's retrenchment les son. Blair & Rives are already printers to the Senate, and' the first act of tharyery democratic and economical body, has been to give them the printing of 10,000 copies of the President's message without, the pub; documents, and 5,000 with which number of messages is double the number usually ordered 1500 documents till now, has been considered a sufficient number for all useful purposes. These motions to print, which should be remembered, were made by Messrs. Allen, Benton and Buchanan, (gjrmrgo&fand rtw yatf Buren men. ' ' Dec. 28. Congress is not in session to-day, and the members in the city are in doors, busily em ployed in franking messages and documents to their constituents. The holy-days, all in all, will pass off heavily, for . the reason of bad weather. 1 ought to have mentioned in my letter of yesterday, that the President and John C. (CatcUine the Globe dubbed him) Calhoun had an interview on the day: previous. It was the first for many years, and was brought about through the agency of friends, for useful political purposes. The meeting of two head men after a separation of years, of course attracts some attention in iho city . It is known that they came together upon theonderstanding, brought about by friends, ilzt neither durtng the interview, nor at any future meeting, should any thing be said ofi tba past. Mr. Van Buren probably did not care to be reminded of the past no more than !ir. Calhoun. The one ; remembered the casting vote of the other against him when 3kter to England, and the ether of tt 3 pc:s?3 which a certain Cacrctarv of tha Ctote (11. V. a) plored into the cars cf U3. Jsczsca rrZLFrziiizrA. "Ea that tt may; Uity met ej itrsnjers, and tho JJsn r'or fori fJ. Carolina vrxa formally introdu ced as a stfger to M. Van Buren, Presi dent of the U. States! . It is understood now. that Mr. Calhoun has given in bis adhesion to the President, and that he will both laud and follow in sup port of his favorite schemes. What he ex pects fof such an adhesion and for such a service, you can judge as well as any of us. Mr. Calhoun's opponents are not the only men who think him sectional in his opinions, selfish in bis views, and ambitious to be President of the United States. Eiit this he cannot he, for there is another beir to the throne who comes before him, with the fhor claim of a longer and a better service; mean Thomas H. Benton, who is play ing the demagogue to perfection bowing lower than he was wont to do graiping your hand more affectionately than was his custom, and exceedingly happy to see you at his house and at dinner. Mr. Benton comes here known as the designed candi date of his party, after Mr. Van Buren shall have served through another four years Mr. Benton and Mr. Calhoun are, therefore, rivals, and so jealous of each other, that they may prove dangerous allies of the hx ecutive and troublesome to tie great loco foco party of the Union. Mr. Calhoun has twice the mind of the Missouri Senator, but Mr. Benton has miud enough to outwit him; a rare capacity for decrying well the char acter of the demagogue. The session, will, as it progresses, make some important de velopments in regara to me janaticai leei inga and prospects of the Executive, and his soutnern ana souui-wesiern Doay-guara . - t - Washington, Jan, 3d, 1840. Important Session A brush between Mr Clay and Mr. Calhoun a personal rencon - t j , : tre in the House. This has been a strange but an interes- ting session in the two Houses of congress. That of the House was brief and that of the Senate of more than three hours length. Both were exciting. In the House, Mr. Jen ifer, of Maryland, asked the indulgence of the members while he corrected a statement which appeared in the Globe of the 31st In stant. It was the report of one of Mr. By num's speeches in the which, that little Hot spur and Madcap from North' Carolina, made some allusions of a personal nature, such (or example as calling some of the op- Eonents of tbe Administration "bullies," &lc. lr. Jenifer was alluded to by Mr. Bynum, though not at the knowledge of Mr. Jenifer at the time the remark were made. F5r the sake of his friend?, Mr. Jenifer said he would state the character of the relations existing between him and the member from N. C; they were of a character that would not allow him to take notice of the mem ber. From the 7th of June 1836, a day that Mr. Bynum will not forget, I have purposely abstained taking any notice of that man; I have avoided having any collision with him, because holding hi 111 in the estimation I do, I could not be upon terms of intercourse with him. 'Mr. Bynum marie a brief but humble reply. When he used the word bully, he only meant "political champion." In regard to the 7th of June, 1836, he thought that matter terminated as honora bly for him as for the gentleman from Mary land. Mr. Stanley, to whom Mr. Bynum had before & how alluded to, though not in open terms, made a reply. He demanded if his colleague meant to apply the offen sive epitnet ot a nutty to him, and to ex plain in what sense he used it. Upon the character of the answer he had to make, would depend the remarks he should offer in reply. Mr. Bynum reluctantly said .that he did not mean to use the word in an of fensive sense. He but spoke politically. But, said he, my colleague may put any other construction upon my remarks he chooses. "I shall do so," said Mr. Stanley, "and I will remind the House that I have before now personally insulted that member, and that I have said Ifhould hold any mem bor personally accountable who would in troduce me to him. ,( Here, Mr. Bynum, much excited, remark ed, "If we are to have a quarrel, let us have it in the rotunda; I will meet the gentleman there!" (Great confusion.) , Mr, Stanley then told the House of a speech he had made at the last session of Congress, in which, though he had then said all the bit ter things he could think of, the member bore it without daring to say a word in vin dication of himself. Here the contest terminated, although the effects of it will be seen some time to come. It will lead, however, to no person al rencontre ' fci . ; Washington, Jan. 4th, 1840 . The rpirited debate in the Senate cham ber y esterday is still ringing in the ears f the hundreds of hearers, all of whom are el oquent in their expressions of admiration A poor retort of the controversy appears in the city papers of this morning, and any report, however good, would gfve you a faint iaea 01 me original jrenarSs. Mr. Clay has a charm in manner and voico which you can never see 13 a written speech. His words, to use the figure of speech used by Homer, "flow like honey," and the tones off his .voice are as smooth and soft as the notes of a flute. He command, your attention and controls your feelings and yesterday, while speaking of himself, ofi his ambition. of the motives which, bad prompted him to bring forward, trom two great measures, tha act of compromise; of the motives whieh had governed his actions as a public man. du ring the quarter of a century in which he had been before the public. While thus defending himself from the almost brutal at tacks of Mr. .Calhoun, who had, connectly witn tne common slander of the day, linked himwi&abotit were excited even to tears, so strong is the a ttachment to . Henry Cla v and "tvn the general respect and cdniiraticr.j cf the man. His allusicn.to his retirerccst-it-hb" arri val at that ae, as be beautifully remarked. "his race was pretty nearly run, as well frcrnhis. hr.:3 cf lifa ca tha cUura! 'ccbrc ccurcs cf political events, wta git: His isd:sr:t rtp!y to tha 1 3 CTcrpaccn remxia cf tlr. Calbcua, that, durirj Cia t7zzz ctt, "he trr3"t,3 tizilZT cf Ut Senator from Kentucky n' that a compelled him to the actF O-t h9 izntia (Hnry ClayA Cat ir?c3 IU fcicJt te cne cf the most effective retort 1 nave csard . -tic, roy , rcrssr," said Hr. Cliy fc t7 oicttr w mm S tt wby,ir, J would net own . ma cs asiacr Here were a score cfricsilzr tzzzzZ3 which made Mr. Calhoun feel keenly the great difference ' and distance bctcrcca t..3 Irro senators; for while Mr. Clay was ezla a summer's morning, Mr. Calhoun was tLa creature of excitement, and carried away by passion, tin a personal recontre he can not control himself. He, therefore does great injustice to his acknowledged talents and natural capacity, jUmaiotaiu Jtbe poet . of honor in debate- . - ; Correspondence of the New Orleans Dee. WASHiKOTosr, Jan. 6th, 1840. The house of representatives transacted no public business to day. Immediately af- '. ter the journal was read, Mr. CalJioun of Mass. rose, and announced the decease or his colleague Mr Alvord, who had been regularly elected a representative from the Grenfield district, but died during the recess. Mr. Calhoun expressed a high and merited eulogium on the character and attainments of the deceased; and moved the customary resolutions for going into mourning. Mr. Duncan, of Ohio, offered a - proposi lion for committing the testimony in the New Jersey contested election case to the com ' mittee on elections; but at thi suggestion of Mr. Calhoun that it was an immemorial us , age for the house to adjourn, after an an nouncement of the melancholy nature he had made. Mr. Duncan withdrew his prop- ositions, and the house immediately adjour- ) The senate was opened with prayer, by the eloquent divine, the Rev. Mr. Cookman, the newly-elected chaplain. f v j THE SUB-TREASURY BILL :Si Mr. Wright, from the committee on fin- a nee, reported a bill for the collection, safe keeping, transfer, and disbursement of the ' public moneys. ; v , Also, a bill more effectually to secure the public money, and punish defaulters. . ;- V The New York senator gave notice that he would, on Monday next, ask for the con sideration of those bills in the above order; and he was directed by the committee to say, they felt it a duty to press the immedjr ! ale consideration of those measures, partic ularly the TSZthesuh'lreasury biW " ' The bill providing compensation for the members and officers "of 'congress, was brought from the hbu?e, read twice, refer red to the committee on finance, reported back immediately afterwards and, by urian imos consent, taken up and passed without a moment's delay . f! - MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE. Correspondence of the Viekburg Whig. Jackson, Monday, Jan. 13. , In the Senate to day we have had nothing of much interest or importance. Divers bills of a local or minor character were in-v troduced. Mr. Miller, of Hinds, offered' a resolution proposing to discharge the committee on the Union Bank from the further consideration of so much of the jointirckfundn ' requiring ' an investigation into the affairs of tli it in stitution ns authorizes them to pubiish the names and amounts of its debtors provided all liabilities exceeding dollars shall be published.- The blank was proposed to be filled up by inserting $5000, then one thousand, and finally $750. All . of these motions were rejected, and after some dis cussion on the subject, the ! resolution was ' finally laid on the table by a decisive ma jority. 1 he examination of the committee will doubtless show that many persons who have been so loud mouthed in their denun ciations against the Union Bank, are not as Caesar would have had his wife, and hence this motion to prevent the publication of the -names and amounts of all persons indebted4 to that institution. The Senate very, prop-5 erly decided that 110 distinction should be made in this matter, and now we shall see the names of all persons indebted, together" with ihe amount of their respective liabili ties. I can see no reason for making the distinction proposed by Mr. Miller, and as it is no crime to owe a bank, the 'small debt? ' ors should not be entitled to any privileges not given to the larger ones . - , Mr. Green's bill to abolish the criminal courj, passed the Senate this morning, one. Sehatoi only voting in the negative. ' It will no doubt pass the House by a large majori ty. The bill to repeal the "gal low law" came up to-day, on its second reading, and was indefinitely postponed. A repeal of this law meets with no favor here in either branch of the legislature, a (though there can be no question of the fact that some modifi cation of it is generally called for. ' In the House to-day, while in committee of the whole we had a very spirited discuss- ; ion between Mr.-43peakerSpeig&ly and Uri Dobyns, of Jefferson, in which- the power cf the. Legislature to repeal bank chartrriwas discussed at some length. The 'Speaker won no laurels. :" His ; pronunciation aci' gram me r are as far from being correct .ts bis doctrines. ; Irf llobyns speech, thrr- snon, was and in this VOXXTtT TZZTtZ vorabla imprcrrica. lis trill fcuJ ca -over rcitch fcj C:3 C;zztz? ct cay tlr 2. " : Mr. Wilccx prcrii a pc:ca C.zz u number cf tba ci'.izzzi cl Jcr:rzi .vt prayir j a rzzi cf Ci 'r,zllz2 tzz? ' I By llr. Citltopy Ca.c - cf. eubzeriptieb cf 3"" By MnLTalthaws, to trc7cttv-xt ur u r. w use v crZ3 r z r r.: denu de, xihzn tla acrrr J f : 3 ceed $40 trixtl hzCzzo Z "z-z cf t!:3 Peace. ' " ' of post notes and to niiia tl.zj- x vn given in jsqr.i ir? tii xf .ti;S r f - not rccovcralla by tzxt, - : ?