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THE KEMPER HERALD.
VOl.. XXXIII SCOO BA, MISS., THURSDAY,,JANUARY 9. 1908. NO. 20 _____ _ ANNUAL WHITE HOUSE RECEPTION GORGEOUS IN DIPLOMATIC FEATURES. MAY CHANgTfOOD LABELS Board Wants to Osit Words “Guar anteed Under Drugs and Food Act”—Where Is All the Gold and Silrer. President Roosevelt received at the "White House in a New Year’s throng of well-wishers which was .three hours in pasing his hand. Mrs. Roosevelt and wives of the cabinet members were his assistants. Though curtailed in number—5,643 —by more than a thousand short of the preceding New Year’s Day, the reception <was resplendent in all the incidents and traditions which have accumulated to make it interesting. The gorgeousness of the diplomatic military features, the cordiality ?f the many personal friends of the president, and the intensely human and patriotic characteristics of the American people, typified by the thou sands who represented them today, all combined to make a happy conclu sion to the historic event. From greeting in stately dignity and appro priate surroundings, the ambassadors and ministers of th* nations of the world, to stooping far down to grasp 4 lia Ufl Wei n ^ ^ flint fvi#l* dling parent of a year and a half might be gratified, were the extremes required of the president, and both the infant and the diplomat realized ■an anticipated pleasure. And the president enjoyed it all. The setting, the historic White House—and the picturesque and en tertaining accessories were amply suf ficient to enthuse. There were other interesting phases .besides the scenic , beauty and presidential cordiality, which constituted the entertainment of the public. The presence of men whose names are daily in the public press as presidential aspirants, lent interest to more subtle observations. The vice president, the speaker of the house of representatives, Secretary tontelyou, Senator I-aFollette, all of whom had pleasing things said to them in the big JJast Room, where the distinguished guests gathered to chat after passing through the Blue Parlor and making their bow to the receiv ing party._ May Change Food Labels. The Board of Food and Drug In spection has sent an important let ter to each of the principal trade or ganizations interested in the admin istration of the food and drugs act. This relates ,to a change which is proposed by the board. It has been found that the public is inclined to misinterpret the words “guaranteed under the food and drugs act,’’ which are now parried on .the labels used by all firms which have a registered num ber under the act. There is no com plaint of the action of th^ trade in using these words, they having been adopted from the regulations of ,the hoard itself but experience has shown that they are likely to be misleading to consumers who are not well in formed as to the signification of the impression. Most persons, it is be lieved, understand the words to mean that the article on which they ap pear is guaranteed by the United States government, to be good or pure or made as represented, when what is meant is merely that the original •manufacturer warrants the retailer that he will assume all liability for prosecution that may- he based upon alleged nonconformity with the pro visions of the food and drugs act. Tt is desired by the ■ board to omit from the labels the words “guar anteed under the food and drugs aet,” leaving merely the words “ser ial No —. ” The .board, however, is not inclined to take this step un til it has been ascertained what would be the effect upon the trade and how much loss of labels, etc., would re sult therefrom. -- Petroleum as Fuel. Possibly the fact that California produces great quantities of petro leum inclines Secretary Metcalf to favor the use of ithat fuel in the navy where it can be done beneficially. Therefore, plans for the new torpedo boat destroyers, about to be prepar ed, will probably include a require ment that they be designed for the burning of oil. The fact .that tho newest British boats of this class, which have attained the extraordin ary speed of forty miles an hour, are oil-burners has influenced our navy department iti favor of the adoption of liquid fuel. I December Coinage. ' The report of the directors of tho mint shows the coinage executed at the mints of the United States in the month of December amounted to $16,767,780. Free Treaty. President Roosevelt is considering the question of negotiating a treaty providing for free trade between the ' Philippine Islands and Japan, , , Parcels Post. The desire of the governments of France and the United States to con clude a parcels post convention,where by parcels post may be sent through the mails between the two countries, was one of the matters considered at cabinet si^sion. Postmaster General Meyers made the explanation that the reply of France to the initial propos ition of the United States had been received, and was referred to Secre tary Boot, who 'will indicate to the French ambassador wherein the sug gestions of his government will make necessary a variation in the uniform convention in force between the United States and all other European countries, except Italy. Gen. Meyer would not go so far as to say (that suggestions \f France could now be complied with, but indicated that he believed it possible for a convincing showing to be made as to the desir-. ability of adopting the uniform con vention. Where Is All This Money. The monthly comparative state ment of the comptroller of the cur rency shows that at the close of busi ness December 31, 1907, the outstand ing circulation was $690,130,895, which is an increase for the year of $93,968,426 and an increase for the month of $33,912,699. The circula tion based on United States bonds amounted to $643,459,899, an increase for the year of $94,179,815, and an increase for the month of $33,303,891. The circulation secured by lawful money amounted to $46,670,996, a de crease for the year or ana an increase for the tnornth of $606,808. The amount of United States bonds on deposit to secure circulation notes was $646,783,000 and the amount of bonds on deposit to secure public de posits was $296,338,417. Illegal Coal Land Entries. At the last cabinet meeting of the year 1907, the decision was reached by the president and attorney gen eral Bonaparte that t.he government will use every means in its power to bring about in the higher courts dis approval of the decision rendered in Colorado by Judge Lewis that there is no law against citizens agreeing in advance tto purchase coal or other public lands that may be acqnired by others under what is known as the “dummy entry naan” system. At torney General Bonaparte said after the cabinet meeting that it was for tunate that congress last year passed a law giving the government the right to appeal in criminal cases, as un doubtedly ithe government would ap peal to its fullest extent against a decision quashing indictments against men charged with illegally acquiring coal 'lands. Qr.t Startling Deficit. The monthly statement of the gov ernment receipts and expenditures shows that for December 1907 the receipts were $47,283,825 and the ex penditures $55,818,873, leaving a de ficit for the month of $8,535,000. For the six months of the present fiscal year a deficit is shown of $0,303,000. As compared with the first half of the last fiscal year, the receipts for the last six months show a decrease of about $11,000,000 and the expen ditures an increase of over $23,000, 000. Traffic on the Great Lakes. Traffic movements on the Great Lakes during November, as measured bv the volume of shipments from the various lake ports, totaled 8,970,748 net tons, compared with 8,594,533 net tons shipped during November. 1906. and 7,402,114 net tons shipped dur mg November, 190a. the only nem showing a large increase oyer the corresponding 1906 figures is coal, ad other large classes of merchandise showing but slight increases or even decreases. This is particularly true of lumber, the shipments of whi^ wove 33 per cent below those reported for November, 1906. Eminent Mason. Allison J. Naylor, secretary of the supreme council of the Ancient and Accepted Order of Scottish Rite Ma sons, southern jurisdiction, died of grippe at his residence in this city Mr. Naylor was also president of the Oldest Inhabitants’ Association of the District of Columbia. He was born in Washington 71 years ago. Won’t Ask Probe. Senator Hale, chairman of the sen ate committee on naval affairs, denies the report that he wild introduce a resolution calling upon the secreta ry of the navy for the facts bear ing upon the recent retirement of Rear Admiral Brownson from the of fice of chief of the bureau of naviga tion. Railroad Merger. Attorney General Bonaparte, is pre paring to attack the Harriman rail road merger. Financial Legislation. With the approach of the recon vening of congress there is renewed talk of legislation for the relief of the financial situation and the pres et prospect is that both house# will be soon .busy on that line. \ WHAT AUDUBON . SOCIETIES ARE 18 EXPLAINED BY H. H. KAP MAN SPECIAL AGENT. IHJUWCT1QN IS GRANTED In Case of Revenue Agent Against Certain Piano Houses Operating in State Snccessful Farmers Meeting. Stated briefly, .the purpose of an Audubon society is to prevent the in discriminate killing of birds. This purpose is accomplished partly by teaching people that birds are not here expressly to be shot. In other words, an Audubon society, while not opposed to legitimate bunting, seeks to create among the people a varied interest in bird life. When it suc ceeds in .t!fts work, birds are not as sociated entirely with the thought of •hunting. The Audubon workers be lieve that bunting is a part only of man’s relation to birds. They deal with the value of the live bird; many hunters deal only with the value of the dead bird. The bird protection ists claim that most birds are more valuable alive than dead, and .that very few birds are valuable only when fchey are dead. The Audubon Societies believe in the value of live birds for three prin cipal reasons: Their service to ag riculture, their beauty, and their ap peal to our humane sentiments. We nna mat most mras snorna De preserv ed for some or all of these reasons. A few birds are not valuable as food and as objects of sport; fewer still are directly injurious to the interests of man. The destruction of these is not opposed by the Audubon socie ties. So the question is not merely one of sentimental objections to killing birds, but of whether a bird is more valuable to a hunter when it is dead or more valuable to the average citi-, zen when it is alive. That is the only test by which the matter can be set tled, for it is a social question. The country art large is interested in its proper solution. The birds do not be long to any particular class, but they do belong exclusively and inaliena bly to the whole people. There are comparatively few birds whose de struction does not cause a loss to socieity at large, which does not hunt, is conferring a favor upon the hun ters therefore when it permits them to kill its birds. The hunters 6hou.d recollect this, and instead of dictat ing terms, as they sometimes try to do, should be governed by the in terests of the people in general, who will assert themselves in the end, and the more unyielding the longer their interests are disregarded. The most important way in which society is served by birds is the de struction of injurious insects. Mil lions of dollars of crops and timber are ruined annually m this country by these insect pests. All the impor tant kinds of such insects are preyed on by various species of birds. The bull bat or night hawk, the flicker, or raincrc.v. Now we know that the ithrasher, the renin, ana scores of oth ers are engaged in this warfare against insect enemies. The country cannot afford to sacrifice one of them to the pot hunter or the boy gunner. Ducks, snipe, wild turkeys, these are game birds, not the kind whose song, plumage and service to the farmer entitle them to 'absolutely safety in oqr .midst.. People have been supposing for mgny years that the majority of small birds were fit (Or notbihggand 1 f Ivoiiofoea 11 nrna n .in a i f n x aP in dijjfrence whether, we killed them or not. It was supposed to rest with the conscience of the individual whether he w^s doing a wrong in killing some innocent song bird or some silent and inoffensive woodpecker, hull bat or raicrow. Now we know that the individual’s interest in the fate of these birds is only a trifle compared with the sacrifice suffered by society when we permit their killing that, al most without exception, they are of the highest economic importance to mankind. These are the considerations that have developed the Audobon work to its present large jroportions, and that have created a term that sums up the attitude of bird-pro:ection to-day. That term ia NON-GAME. Non game, in the light of recent study, is the largest and the most important part of the feathered creation. Non-game, the birds we must keep alive, the birds that ere useful, beautiful, or harmless if nothing else. Woodville Saloons Close. Friday was the first day in many years when Woodville had no open saloon. Late in December, 1906, an agreement between the prohibition ists and the anti-prohibitionists was reached, whereby the saloons were to operate for one year longer. This brings Wilkiuson county into the dry column, Woodville being the only place in the county where saleons were allowed._ , I Back Tex Snits. The efforts of the State Revenue Agent to back-tax certain piano man- \ ufaaturing concerns, or their distrib uting agents in the State of Missis sippi for certain assessments, on the ground that the deferred paymenti 1 under which so many instruments are sold on the installment plan are really on a parity with solvent credits, met with a check in. the way of a restrain ing order today. The restraining or der was issued on the strength of an injunction which has been sued out iri 1 the federal court by Attorneys, Fitz- | hugh, Biggs & Fitzhugh. of Memphis, ,the plaintiffs being E. Witzman Com- ; pany, Inc., and E. Witzman. jointly, as an individual, of Memphis, tile suit being leveled at Wirt Adain3, Revenue Agent. The bill declares in effect that the firm is a corporation organized slid existing under the laws of Tennessee for the handling of musical instruments, having no cor porate existence in Mississippi, but selling their instruments solely through agents directly to the indi vidual, sometimes in cash and to some on part payment, with note to T. Witzman Company for the balance, and averring that such notes had r-.o status in Mississippi. The bill claims exemption under the commerce clause of the Federal Constitution, article 2, section 8, and enters a general denial of the solvent credit allegation. According ,to the prayer petitioners, a temporary restraining order was granted to prevent interference with the plaintiffs by the Revenue Agent pending hearing of the suit on its merits, 'which has been made return* able at the ensuing term of the Unit ed States Court at Vicksburg. Poor Anna Gould. Paris.—Count Jean de Castellans has sent a letter to the press in which he denies the statements that he helped his brother beat the Prince do Sagan, and says that his part in the affair was limited io efforts to stop the fight. Mme. Gould had a protracted con ference with her lawyer here this afternoon, but at its conclusion, it was announced that no statement would be issued. Mme. Gould howev er reiterated her denial of an engage ment of marriage with Prince Helie de Sagan. Her attorneys stated that Mme. Gould intends going to Amer ica in (the spring to fulfill the require ments necessary to the resumption of American citizenship. Mme. Gould, they explained, will not reside permanently in America, as this course would involve a sepra tion from her children, who under the terms of the divorce must be sent twice must be sent n aon annan n twice a week to their grandmother^ house where the father has an oppor tunity .to see them. The children un der the French law are French sub jects and can only become American citizens by going to the United States to reside after they have attained their majority. Meridian Salaries Raised. A,t a meeting of the city Finance Committee a raise of salary for each city official, from the Mayor down, including policemen, was decided up on. The Mayor, marshal and clerk will get a raise of $15 per month each while the other city officials will get a corresponding raise, ac cording to their present salaries. The schedule will be passed on by the boards at the regular meeting next Tuesday night and is sure of adop tion. Farmers Convention. The State convention of-the Far mers-’ Educational and Co-operative Union of Mississippi'met at- Jackson in regular annual session, me. aii tendance end the enthusiasm of the members was such as to demonstrate beyond’the shadow of doubt that the members of the union in this state at least are determined ,to abide by the fundamental tenets of the order. Fire Qoal Storage House. The coal storage shed of \V. H. Westfall, iu which he had 10,000 sacks of charcoal, *aa completely ie strowed by fire at Van Cleave, Miss., There was no insurance. It is claim ed that it is the work of incendiaries Mr. Westfall immediately telephoned to New Orleans for blood hounds, which will be put on the tracks, which are very pronounced. Fire at Canton. There was a considerable fire at Canton, entailing a loss of $6,000. The old hotel west of Wohner’s saloon, owned by Dr. Miller, colored, and the Mississippi Baptist prjnting office, a negro Baptist religious organ, own ed by Rev. Simmer, were destroy ed. The fire was hard to control and the whole block narrowly escaped. . 26 Per Cent Dividend. The directors of the Ocean Springs State Bank met and declared a div idend of 25 per cent for the year just past. New York.—After falling 150 feet from the Blackwell’s island bridge in to the East river Henry Smith swam ashore, not seriously harmed by a fall which ordinarliy would have been fa tal NIGHT RIDERS SHAME STATE AROUSED BY RUSSELLVILLE OUTRAGE. WILL IMPRISON" COWARDS Kentucky's Chief Magistrate will Put Machinery of Commonwealth to Uncover and Purnish Mobs, Which He Bitterly Denounces. Frankfort, Ky.,—Gov. A. E. Will son in a statement issued on the Rus sellville outrages of blames the .tob acco association for breaking its promise to keep order and affairs a regard of $o00 for the conviction of any participant. He says the infor mant will be protected and the secret guarded. Circuit £udge Sandrirge has wired to the governor asking for the fire marshal, and stating that he will caU a sepcial .term of court whenever any evidence against the perpetrators .s obtained. In his statement, Gov. Will son says: “The Russelville raid was clearly a violation of the promises made by the manager of the association, in .that part of the state, and was made to hinder the prosecution at Hopkins ville, by intimidating the officials and witnesses, tout the only result will be to add new crimes and new criminals, and to make it harder for the tobacco growers of the region ever to get liv ing prices for their tobacco; to fur ther disgrace .the state; inflict im mense destruction of values of farms and all property in that district, to destroy the. tobacco market there; to oppress and drive the people and to take away their liberties; to snake their faith in the protection of the law, and to force capital and valua ble immigration to shun Kentucky and all this without the least hope or chance to help .the men who formed these conspiracies. It means the penitentiary for the infamous men who formed this con spiracy and for many of their dupes, for though their assciations number thousands, law-abiding, law loving people number hundreds of .thousands and there can be no possible hope that the Ku Klux can govern Kentucky and escape from punishment when as it surely must come to pass in a short time, the full extent of the crime and hurt is understood and the conscience, duty and faith of the people resume control and restore the full and irre sistable power of .the people’s lgw. Mean time, every power of the law ■will be invoked to instantly suppress disorders; who secretly conspired to intimidate the people into obeying mob rule. "All -these so-called-riders peace ful armies, whether night-riders or day riders, are simply taking into their own hands the rule of our peo ple by mob law, and the generals’ who figure as leaders will figure as chief criminals, and all alike will be found out and punished. The state government -will not hesitate nor re dent. Mob rule cannot stay in Ken tucky, even though it strikes cow ard-like in the dark, and runs and hides Presently the forces of the day riders in the act, and the conse quences will fall upon the heads of the men 'whose plots have brought these things -to pass.” Another Thaw Tragedy. London.—The failure of an alliance of the British nobility with an Amer ican woman of wealth became public when the Countess of Yarmouth, who was Alice Thaw, of Pittsburg, a daughter of Mrs. William Thaw, anil a slater of IJarry K. Thaw, whose sec ond trial for the murder of Standford White begun Monday in New York niv. nppucu iu me uivurcv ruiu i n»«. an annulment of her marriage to the Earl of Yarmouth. The eourt has ordered that the pro eeedings be held in- Camera and the papers are being kept secret. Tiie only information obtainable of the charges preferred is a statement to the evidence to be given makes-a pub lic hearing inadvisable. Mountain of Debt. After their sleepless night and strenuous efforts came no relaxation, however, the patty only allowing themselves a hasty breakfast before they presented themselves beforo Judge Pritchard to have put into ef fect the arrangement reached at the midnight conference, for the passing of the crippled road with its $72, 000,000 capital and $58,000,000 liab ilities ont of the coutrol of the vot ing trust into the hands of two men. The necessity for prompt action arose from the maturing of heavy liabili ties, January 1. / ) , , Indian Gets Appointment. Ardmore, Okla.—Lamar Jackson, a full-blooded Choctaw Indian, of Atoka, has been appointed to a cadet ohip in the*.United States Military academy of West Point by Congress man Oharlea D. Carter, of this die* _4__ Dr.’. Senn Dead. Dr. Nich 3 Senn, noted surgeon, died at Chi o, *’ t, ' I A Practical Museum. Permanent Exposition of Apparatus and Devices Eor Preventioa of Eactory Accidents. By William H. Tolman. MONG the curious sights In Amsterdam there is one that may escape the tourist. Leaving the royal palace behind him. cutting through the narrow streets, crossing the numerous bridges of the Venice of the North, and making his way down a side canal, he comes upon the “Museum van Voorwcrpen ter l Vorkoming van Ongelukken en Zlekten lnJ\abrikenen, plaatsen.” Reduced to its lowest terms, this means in Eng lish the "Amsterdam Museum of Security.” , . ,r-g I This building contains a permanent exposition of apparatus and for the prevention of accidents in factories and workshops, ^t^tmanufac ! timers and all other employers of labor may see in actual *be L devices that guard the lives ana nmDs oi wen * “ “ “an(1 i its origin to the Association for the Development of Manual Training and Hand-work in Holland. The labor inspectors of Holland find tha* m““?he is of the greatest service to them, because it meets every objection on the part of a superintendent that the safey-device in question will interfere wl the proper operation of his machinery. oppMpntR In 1889 an important exposition of devices for the prevention of^accidents to laborers was held in Berlin. An effort to preserve the valuable documents and other exhibits as a collection did not succeed at that time, chiefly througn the failure of the government to co-operate. But in 1900 an aW>ropriation of $142,000 was made by the Reichstag for the creation of a museum or security. The Reichstag also appropriated $75,000 in 1901 and $«.750 m 1902. For the maintenance of this museum, which is in Charlottenburg, an ap propriation of $7,500 was made in 1902 and $10,000 in 1903. As its name indicates, the museum of security alms to become a Imma nent exposition not only of devices for the prevention of accidents to laborers but of the best suggestions originated by any person or institution to neip workmen in any way. It is really divided into two great sections °ne com prising all that has to do with the prevention of accidents in the 'arioua branches of industry, and the other comprising social and industrial hygiene. —The Centurv. _ ■ The Duke Mercantile Comp’y DEALERS IN Dry Goods, Groceries, Furniture, Boots, Shoes and Hats. Shelf and Heavy Hardware, Tinware, Crock eryware and Glassware. i___ \|/ Agent W for the Celebrated Studebaker Wagons. ■r '* f Give us a call. We will do all in our power to please. The Duke Mercantile Comp’y Scooba, Mississippi. H. W. RENCHSR. j Physician 4c Surgeon. Scooba. Miss. Offers bis professional services to the people of Scooba and Kemper Counties. Special attention giveu to office work. J. B. MOONEY, Physician lit Surgeon Scooba, Miss. Particular attention given to sur gical . cases. Office, W ard a Drug Store. W. C. ANDERSON. Physician & Surgeon, Will respond to calls Night or Day. Office at Eastland’s Drug Store, Scoo ba, Mississippi. ! __;__ _ T. T. CHILES. Thysician & Surgeon, WatialaK, Miss. Tenders his professional services to the people of Wahalak and vicinity. Calls answered Day and Night. Geo. B. Neville. R. E. Wilbo ira. NEVILLE WILBOURN, Attorneys-at-Law, Meridian. Miss. Offices: Masonic Temple Building Fourth Street, between Twenty-*)-'. ond and Twenty-third A vs. Rooms 21 26. Branch Office—Scooba, Miss. GEORGE H. ETHRIDGE, Attorney-at-Law. DeKalb, Miss. General law practice in all th> Courts of Mississippi. Special attei tion given to legal writings and col lections. J. E. TINSLEY, Dental Surgeon, Scooba, Miss. Offers his professional services to the people of Kemper County. Ail kinds of dental work done neatly and I promptly. Satisfaction guaranteed. > Xi&utt&ry THE TROY STEAfl LAUNDRY, Meridian. Miss. W ill du your Laundry \\ ork Ntally, Cheaply and i’romptly JTAS. r>. FRENCH Afeot at Scooba. 80 YEARS' EXPERIENCE :*t>e Mr.RKS Designs Copvbish.s At> Anror.* fc-ndlna a enelcli end inmrnpuon may qntcklr aacoriHin our opinion tree « Lai tier ao lUTMitlon i» probably paramo :>K_ro.oatimlo* Uonkftrlotly nonfldi-oittal. rAKOB-jOk on Paleuq ■Biit free. Obtain afiuw-r f »r MorurM., paiaiita. Patent* taken thnmab ilk no A t o. raoals ■pedal notice, without ol.erce. la tfta Scientific American. A han<J*or«plf Ulu«tr»t«1 w#ek)r. PnUtit.il .11 an* Riiirt'Al. Tmiih**. m iMr; four month®, fi. cold b>«:i I^UNN & CO*^61 Brofc-J^ay. New York Branch OLIO* 036 * Bt- Wastitu^tuo. IX. C Out of 12,000 fires in the city of New York in 1906 nearly 3,000 were caused by carelessness, asserts the New York World. It goes this way year after year. Children play with matches and grown people heed nor. where they throw them. Smokers toss cigars and cigarettes, still alight, into baskets of waste paper. Fire Commissioner Lantry urges the Board of Education to have teaching on the subject of fire precautions go along wdth tho fire drill in the publiu schools. The oldest written history is that which is to be deciphered from the Babylonian clay tablets, and it shows that in all essentials men went about their business sixty centuries ago very much as they do now, avers the Manchester Guardian, being moved by the same passions and aspirations and ideas which are still the most potent forces in the world.