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East Mississippi Times
Pskllihed Every Friday by Wa. Ward. WPAItK VILLA, I MISSISSIPPI c__ 111 . . Precipitation Is aviation's worst en emy. Airships have not yet filed freight tariffs. Winter Is looking over the fence at us. Nicaragua gives signs of refusing to slay put “The hohble skirt is passing,” says a fashion note. But slowly, of course. One of the requisites of an aero plane flight Is a check for a good-sized amount. One of the shocking new plays brought out In New York Is named “Electricity.” The thumping of the steam pipes In the early morning means more noise but not more heat. Chinese officials must give up their Jobs or their queues. The latter will naturally have to go, A London scientist has Invented a sure cure (or a cold. So has every body else In the world. A Hoosler dentist has planned a tooth insurance policy. He may bite off more than ho can chew. In future, when aviation meets are to be stopped by the police, they will have to have more “fly cops.” There are 80,000 rooms In New Tork without light. And yet they boast of the Great White Way. With aeroplane makers organized the pickets could have lots of fun making faces at non union craft. King Chulalongkorn Is dead. Com positors will bo glad to learn that his Successor’s name Is Chowfa Malta Va- Jlravauch. A lecturer declared lately that the perfect woman of the future will not be a mother. Then she will not be a perfect woman. The woman who has a pet bon con strictor 11 feet long shouldn’t kick If her husband brings homo a load of snake bite cure. Man Is n useless creature, asserts a Chicago woman lecturer. What? Who'd stay home and tend the baby If It wasn't (or men? Still, there are some young men who are more Interested In the price of American beauty roses than In the cost of beefsteak. About the time a man begins to grow brush heaps In his ears ho loses Interest In the changing vagaries df fashions In socks. The Massachusetts girl who can Jthrow a baseball like Ellam la a fac tory girl. No college or society girl pan compote with her. Shakespeare may have had the man birds In mind when ho mentioned the condition of being “horsed on the alghtless corners of the air.” It la alleged that dressed Peruvian monkeys are being sold ns rabbits In the London market. What a waste there must bo In monkey tails. A Toronto girl who thought she was marrying a young capitalist soon dis covered that her husband was a bur glar. Is not marriage a lottery? The Swiss are going to construct another tunnel through the Alps. Evi dently they do not take much stock In the aerial route taken by Chavez. Three of the Inst load of deer brought Into Bangor, Me,, says an ex change. were shot by women. Who ■ays a woman can't hit anything she alms at? They are going to put up another huge building in New York, this time one of 40 stories. Daylight will yet be at a premium on the Manhattan street level. A preacher says that young women prefer marriage to missionary work. II they tackle the former, however, they’ll find that they’re In for a bit of the latter. Only scientific Institutions or learn •and chemists will be permitted to buy radium. As It is $36,u00.000 a pound, one can readily see what hardship this arbitrary regulation Is going t work among the general public, seek ing radium bargains. In Detroit a man was arrested be cause he shot off firecrackers on tha twenty-fifth anniversary of his wed ding, A man who wants to celebrate because he has been married twenty five years ought to have some privi leges. “ An Oregon detective has been deco rated by China for guarding the Chin eee prince on the latter's recent visit to this country. But a detective sport Inga yellow Jacket and a peacock feather would be rather hampered It ils business of secret Identity. STUDY OFGRIMINALS Bavarian State’s Attorney Writes Article on Juvenile Courts. Munich Prosecutor Finds Less Than 500 Youthful Offenses in One Year Among More Than 600,000 People. Now York—Slates Attorney Rup precbt of Munich. Bavaria, has writ ten an article for the Munchener Me llzlnlscho Wocbenschiift on juvenile courts and the study of the Juvenile delinquent as the result of his expe riences as a practitioner In the chil dren’s court In Munich, concerning which the Medical Record says; "One result of the establishment of children’s courts ihould boa more In telligent study of the juvenile delin quent. The boy criminal differs radic ally from the girl offender. Youthful offenders differ from adults. The chil dren also differ, as to the relative fre quency of offenses, according as they dwell In agricultural, manufacturing sr commercial communities. "In that city (Munich) the chil dren's court takes cognizance of all Offenders between the ages of thir teen and eighteen, Inclusive. The lad or girl of healthy stock must at this period bo regarded as potentially a criminal, because character and will are undeveloped, and experience has not yet had Its Innings. Such must not be confounded with defectives. “Munich has but a small contingent of youthful criminals. In a population of nearly 600,000 there are less than Bvo hundred serious offenses a year committed by juveniles. Petty of fenses multiply this five fold, but with these wo are not concerned. “Theft Is the great offense of youth. It overshadows all others so far that the latter appear almost freakish. The boy steals In an unpremeditated fash ion. while the girl has a plan. Boys tend to steal ‘Junk’ —not to sell, but for making playthings. Girls tend to appropriate cosmetic articles. “We have heard much as to moving picture shows tempting boys to pat tern after burglars and highwaymen. This theoretical position may be quite offset by the actual knowledge that In Munich boys steal to be able to visit these entertainments, which, for all we know, may be highly moral. The temptation Is so strong that even a ‘‘good’ boy may pilfer the price of the entertainment. He will do as much to get hold of a Nick Carter or Sherlock Holmes story. “The boys In Munich also steal In connection with deep laid plans for Visiting the frontier and lighting sav ages. But the Bavarian youth must be much more long headed than the Anglo-Saxon In this respect, for he usually steals a horse and firearms be fore sallying forth. He robs the fam ily strong box for the sinews of war. “Girls sometimes steal to make a present to a favorite school teacher. One took the flowers oft a grave for this purpose. “When caught In the act of a theft a boy usually confesses, repents and refuses to betray his associates. A girl lies until the last minute, and then endeavors to throw the blame on someone else. Boys almost always rob In bands; girls usually act alone. “A boy seldom robs his employer, but some outsider; the reverse Is the case with girls, who, since they pilfer cosmetics, adornments, etc., must al most necessarily rob their mistresses. ‘The chief value of Rupprecht’s study Is that It deals with normal subjects, the policies advisable In dealing with whom have hitherto re ceived comparatively little attention.” CHINESE SAILORS FEED FISH Crew of Steamer Chatham Throw Food Overboard for Member Lost by Drowning. Boston.—So that their drowned brother might not feel the pangs of hunger while on the spiritual high road to the other world, 23 Chinese sailors, comprising the crew of the British steamer Chatham, which reached Boston the other day from the west coast of South America, threw rice and other foodstuffs Into the sea all the way from off the coast of Brasil to Boston lightship. Li Chow was the late lamented. Chow fell over board while engaged in boat drill when the steamer was off the coast of Brazil. The Chatham was stopped and lifeboats launched, but before the speediest of them got within twenty feet of Chow he disappeared beneath the waves. Almost immediately after the steamer resumed her way the rest of the Chinese on board began stinting themselves and casting overboard what they saved from their own fare so that Chow might not go hungry. That the Chatham encountered se re weather in her 10.000-mile Jour- Bey was amply testified to by dam aged deck fittings and smashed deck houses. The steamer was very bard hit when passing through the Straits of Michigan, sustaining most of the damage at that period. She was caught in a blizzard that kicked up waves, which in washing over her decks tore up steamplpes and washed all movable objects overboard. The steamer's hospital was smashed In by one comber and several of the crew had to cling with all their might lest they be carried overboard by the re ceding water. Throughout most of the passage from Chile ta Montevideo CHICAGO’S MONUMENT TO GOEEHE V- x ■ *><: THTGOCTHC HIMOX/Al. CHICAGO. —Preparations for the of the memorial to the poet Goethe In this city are progressing, and art lovers are congratulating themselves on the fact that Chicago is to have a monument that Is at once unique and artistic In design. The model selected was the work of Prof. Hermann Hahn of Munich. It is surmounted by an Ideal figure of Youth, and bears a portrait of the poet In relief. IGNORANCE OF LAWS Much Money Lost Through Care lessness in Using Coins. Jewelers Guilty Every Day of Commit ting Criminal Offense In Filing One Side of Coin Smooth— Other Offenses. Chicago.—Thousands of dollars are lost yearly by big Arms through ig norance or carelessness in observing the federal laws governing abuse of coins. Just lately in Chicago a piano com pany came to grief In this way. Had they asked the proper authorities (the information would have been furnish ed gratis) or had they looked up the law they would have found in Section 165, public act No. 350, these words; "Whoever fraudulently, by any art, way or means shall deface, mutilate, impair, diminish, falsify or lighten . . . the gold or silver coins which have been or which may hereafter be coined in the mint of the United States . , . shall be Aned not more than $2,000 and imprisonment of not more than Ave years.” Much trouble and expense would have been saved the Arm and the gov ernment had the law only been read. It all happened in this way: Some clever advertiser conceived the idea of an "ad" of metal just the size of a dime, with the wording and printing placed in such a way that at Arst glance it would appear as a dime the steamer was covered with Ice and snow, winter weather prevailing. The Chatham started from Junin, Chile, on August 22. and called at five ports while en route. At Antofagasta she took on 3,010 tons of silver ore, valued at $500,000, and thus her cargo was one of the most valuable ever I "ought to Boston from South Amer ica. COWS IN HILARIOUS FROLIC Make Bacchanalian Raid on Cider Mill, Easily Accumulating Joyous Old Jag. Rocksburg. N. J.—When the work ers at the Warren county cider mill, near here, went home the other day at noon they left the trough of apple mash uncovered, with the result that a herd of ten cows from an adjoining farm, wandering In from the tn closure, ate most of It. Farmhands were attracted to the place a short time later. The cows were frisking about, kick ing Into the air and assuming atti tudes that In a human being would have been described as hilarious. Pus sled at these antics, the farmers be came worried when one after another of the cows sank to the ground. Be lieving the prevalent epidemic of hog cholera had reached the supposed Im mune cows, they summoned a veter inarian, whose diagnosis relieved the anxiety of the situation. "Just a Jersey elder Jag of unto ward proportions," was his verdict The cows’ heads were bathed In Ice water and In a short time they re covered, since which time they have refused all food, subsisting on copi ous draughts from the pasture spring. The idea was cleverly executed, A fair imitation of the head of Liberty was on one side and the advertise ment on the other. The number was placed where the date on a dime is and the first glance certainly im pressed one as the real coin. The other side bad a sheaf of wheat and in the center the words “On Time." The firm had no desire to defraud the public. But unscrupulous people who had access to them did. Several waiters at a summer park lost money by accepting the advertisement for real money, chewing gum machines were Ailed with them and at last the secret service learned how matters were :.nd began an investigation. There were 150,000 of the metals conAscated. Some stray ones, how ever, were in circulation and it took almout a year to “hunt them down.” Jewelers are guilty every day of committing a criminal offense. Every day someone of them lays himself liable to the law. According to the or dinance quoted above, to mutilate money is an offense in the eyes of the law Jewelers Ale one side of a coin smooth and monogram it. The other side is perfectly good. Pins, bracelets, lockets and numerous other things are made. The owner never means to use the article for money. But someone gets hold of the pin or locket. He thinks the money would be more useful and so passes the coin with the pin or ring pulled off and tbs good side up. To "change the complexion" of a coin also is an offense. That means to dip silver in gold. Only a few days ago a "lot” of shirt sets were confis cated and sent to Washington. Ths sets were made of Panama halfpen nies glided. Carelessness of the law again. The only kind of coin that can bo worn is that so completely mutilated that there can be no chance at all of passing it; for example, the Allgresd dimes that the Mexicans make. SILK FARM STARTED IN U. S. Syrian Is Raising Worms and Will Erect Looms In Louisiana— First In South. New Orleans.—An experiment in silk culture which is watched with Interest by the United States depart ment of agriculture as well as the silk Industry at large has been started by a Syrian, Kalil Joseph, near Pica yune, La., about 92 miles from New Orleans. Mr. Joseph has raised many thou sands of silk worms from eggs hatch ed on a farm two miles from Pica yune. He says Picayune Is an Ideal section for silk culture on account of the numbers of wild mulberry trees there. The silk made from the co coons is as Ane a quality as any made in Syria, which is famous for ita silk worm farms. Mr. Joseph has formed a company capitalized at 1100,000, and will erect looms and handle the silk In much the same way as it is manufactured in the great silk centers. The officers of the company are: Kalil Joseph, presi dent; Ellas Salk, vice-president; W. A. Stockstill, secretary, and Charles Marcelle, treasurer. The Kalil plant will bo the Arst bona Ade silk farm in the south, and the factory will be the Arst In the country where the raw silk Is trans formed Into the Anlshed product at the same place where the silk is spa* from the cocoons. -FARM DEPARTMENT- Edited by G. H. ALFORD I All Questions Pertaining to the Farm Addresaed to Him, Box 182, West Jackson. Miss.. Will bo Uladly Kecelved and Answered In These Columns - - -J DIPPING CATTLE IN SOUTH ALA BAMA. Monday was "dipping” day In Dallas county. The farmers of south Sumter “dipped” yesterday and those of Ma rengo will "dip” today. The farmers all along the black belt region are "dipping” twice a month. The fad has spread to the cities. Merchants, bank ers, business men, clerks and shop people have caught the fad, and are dipping. Those that have no call to dip themselves go out and see that It Is well done. A “dipping” vat has been establish ed in the city of Selma for the accom modation of the people at the expense of the town, and county. “Dipping” fluid for the free use of the people Is prepared in a big tank In the city of Selma for the use of other vats that have been built all over the county for the people. It Is a great movement. It marks an epoch in the history of Al bania. It is no senseless fad. Perhaps you do not understand. It is a sim ple proposition. It has been described in this correspondence before, but per haps the item escaped you. As every cattle man of experience knows, it is useless to undertake to raise cattle In Alabama as long as the cattle tick is allowed to exist. A gov ernment quarantine against all Ala bama cattle prohibits the raising of cattle for commercial purposes. Cattle shipped from Alabama are discounted from 20 to 30 per cent, by reason of the existence of the cattle or Texas fever tick. It means an anual loss to Alabama of not less than $2,000,000, and Alabama has not been classed as a cattle raising state at that. When it is considered that this might become one of the greatest cattle raising states in the Union but for the tick, the loss Is Incalculable. The Western cattle raiser would come to Alabama to engage in the business if It were not for this pesky parasite, which, really, as •trange as It may seem, has been fos tered by the people of the state. No wise man will engage extensively In business when his neighbor Is al lowed nr persists in breeding ticks on the adjoining farm. Though the one Intelligent farmer may keep his cattle free of ticks, the ticks on his neigh bors’ cattle makes the general quaran tine effective and he loses in the sale of his cattle. A few years ago the agricultural de partment at Washington sent a num ber of cattle tick experts into Ala bama. They begun a campaign of edu cation, but found rough sailing. The people could not be brought to see so much harm In the little tick that they had been used to seeing ail their lives. They resented the interference of "hook farmers” from the government office. If they had tlcky cows, It was their business, and Washington had no right to interfere. To make eradica tion effective, the county had to en force the stock law—that Is, require every man to keep his cattle under fence the year round. This aroused vigorous opposition in most of the counties, and the county officials, afraid of their political future, sided with the people, who In more than one instance held monster mass-meetings to threaten the county commissioners If they dared to interfere with their “personal rights.” But the more Intelligent farmers of the state began by degrees to listen to the experts. They soon aroused themselves to the vital importance of the problem and began to study the matter. The result was that they soon became en*huslastlc tick eradlcators. The movement was infectious. County commissioners changed their positions and began to enforce the laws neces sary to make eradication effective. There are still some people in all the counties that are skeptical and stub born, but they are forced to follow the rules and are being benefited against their choice. Large vats are provided In almost every community where the people have adopted the plans of the government. The cattle of the commu nity are driven through these vats filled with water and a small percent age of the arsenic. The cattle are cleansed of all impurities and the tick is killed. The cattle are really ben efited by the arsenic dip Instead of in jured, as some of the skeptics believe would be the result. The dipping is done twice a month and dipping day in the black belt is a holiday. It is one of the most Inter esting sights in the state. It is esti mated that by September of next year those counties that have adopted the method will be free from the pest and the quarantine will be raised. The method is not expensive and most of he counties are bearing the expense, though many of the vates are being built by public and private subscrip tion. Every enterprising cattle raiser In the state has hi* own vat on his farm and gives its free use to his neighbor. The building of the vat with MOTOR FIRE ENGINES. Buffalo Is the latest city to doom the fire horse. Contracts have been let for the last horse-drawn fire en gine that the city will buy. The fire commissioners announce that any ap paratus they purchase in the future will be of the automobile kind, and for each piece installed five horses will be put out of commission. That is the motor engine will be both a pump and a hose wagon and one of the new •tyle vehicle* will carry all the equip ment of two of the old-faahioned kind. cement costs about $35. The dlpp mixture, water and arsenic, 400 to I, inexpensive. The existence of the cattle tick the only Impediment In the way of abama becoming one of the most i portent and profitable cattle raisi states in the Union. The eradicat movement Is spreading to ail parts the state, and within a few years beef animal raised in Alabama sho stand side by side with the best tl is raised in the West, and will be the farmers will not stand in their o light and will forget the small pn dice they have nurtured in their hea for these past years. It means millk to the state. POVERTY VS. WEALTH. “No man is rich whose expenditu exceed his Income; and no man poor whose income exceeds his o goings!" These are the words of c of the world’s great men. Of cout it is customary to cry out against i struggling for money, but whate’ may be said of the dangers of rich the dangers of poverty are tent greater. The man who is exposed continual want, not only of the lu ries of life, but of the actual necei ties of life is no condition to exerc the higher functions of mind and sc He is hourly beset by many temi tlons which the well-to-do man ne’ encounters. It is wealth that, above all otl things, gives standing in this couni We will not admit It, but It is so. W 1 out money, talent, learning and mo worth have but little Influence in cc mandlng the respect of men. Aim every man you meet graduates the gle of his bows according to the a of your bank account. Let us, th frankly admit that, even in the tov and cities, there are fifty yeung n who need incitements to hard w and economy where there is one v needs to be checked in hie pursuit money. GOOD PLANTING SEED. The variety tests at the experlmi al stations in this latitude name best varieties. We act very fool when we buy seed that the experira stations have not shown to be the I by actual test in the fields throng sufficient number of years to eliniln weather conditions. We ought not buy seed because of high sound names or on account of exagera statements from seed dealers. ’ business world is rated in Dun’s i Bradstreet’s; the varieties of seed rated in the bulletins of the exp ment stations. Now is the time to buy seed to pi next year, and it is advisable to the best seed from some repuU breeder or grower and in the yean come use every known scientific m od to further improve the seed. 1 buying of the best seed will save y< of labor and expense In breeding the seed; however, this must be lowed by the most careful seiec and the best cultivation or the a will rapidly deteriorate. The si principles and practices that have b employed with such striking result the Improvement of the diffei breeds of animals must be foliowei breeding up seed. • BUSINESS SENSE. The successful farmer of the prei and the future must combine busii sense with increased knowledge how to economically Increase the tlilty of soil; must know how to nomlcally breed up his stock; he n know how to breed up his seed; must know how to prepare his I and how to cultivate his crop to best advantage; and he must know how to dispose of his product the best advantage. In other words must know how to produce the n and the best of everything and at same time know how to dispose of products at remunerative prices. EDUCATION. The difference between the avei yield of corn and cotton In this sec and the largest yield is about flve-l The average cost of cultivating an i of cotton and corn is double the i economical cost. We have, therel between the average and the bes farming an attainable thousand cent. This difference of one thoui per cent against the average farmi due wholly to conditions which he easily control with the neces knowledge. The educated fat knows how to make his soil excep ally productive by plowing an Inc so deeper every time It is broken practicing rotation of crops, by pi ing leguminous crops, by keeping i ty of good stock and saving the nure and putting it on the land, am turning under a large amount of v table matter. The educated far knows the advantage* of strong te and labor-saving implements It I* figured that the co*t of mo power of the horse-drawn appar is about SI,OOO a year for engine wagon and that the automobile largely reduce this. Although a great deal of *uga Imported from Cuba, some people ttnue to borrow it from their nf hors.—Chicago New*. A woman can even be proud of huaband'a bad habita it hell at church on Sunday.