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East Mississippi times. (Starkville, Miss.) 19??-1926, June 28, 1912, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065609/1912-06-28/ed-1/seq-2/

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China'3.Fip^Re^emptfon
■■■■ (HOUSE OF .PftRL
Sun Yat Sen and Other Oriental Progressives Who Led Strug
gle For Emancipation From the Manchu Grip of Centuries
and Turned Their Empire Into a Republic of Hope and Promise.
IOOSED from the oppressive yoke
of Manchu rule after 250 years,
China, like a great, big back
ward boy In school who has
Siscovered and surmounted the cause
f his delinquency. Is entering upon a
new epoch In which leaders of the
present republican form of government
see Immense opportunities. Develop
ments of the past few months in the
political welfare of this nation, whose
population (439,214,000) exceeds that
of any other, have indicated to the
peoples of other countries that the
emancipation of China bids fair to ef
fect a complete revolution of condi
tions in a country which skeptics be
lieved would never be able to climb
very far up the ladder of world ad
vancement.
The struggle of the progressive Chi
nese for emancipation from the bar
barous Manchu autocracy enlisted the
sympathy of Americans from the be
ginning. In fact, the successful war
THE NEW CHINESE NATIONAL HYMN
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Qn Imperial rule had Its inception In
the United States. Dr. Sun Yat Sen,
a small, energetic, black eyed Chinese
physician, who arrived in San Fran
cisco eighteen years ago with a band
of Manchu spies on his heels, started
the light. Hiding himself in the China
town of the coast city, he lost no time
In working out his great scheme look
ing to the organization of the present
republic.
With a price put on his head (75,000
taels, about $50,000 in American cur
rency) and hunted by men of his own
country with murder in their hearts,
his position was far from comfortable.
Yet the Intrepid little revolutionist did
not falter, and 7,000 miles distant from
the Flowery Kingdom, which he had
vowed to redeem, consecrated himself
to a work that seemed audacious and
destined to failure.
IN HIDING FIVE MONTHS
Five month./ passed after he reached
San Francisco before he ventured in
the streets. There had been,all this
time frequent exchange of cipher ca
ble messages with his followers In
China. Then Sun Yat Sen set
•all for Europe, visiting the foreign
•••••••••••eeoesscosooooao
• MANCHUS AND CHINESE. °
• o
• The Manchus were a hardy and c
• aggressive race when they con- o
9 quered China, but they rapidly do- ®
t, generated. However, they were ®
• kept In power by their Chinese sup- e
• porters and even so favored that a
• they were provided with a pension 51
B at birth. Needless to say, this ill ®
• bestowed bounty has been stopped. %
• There Is little difference in fea- o
• tures among the various groups in o
• China. A Manchu and a Chinaman *
s can hardly be told apart, but dlf- *
• ferenco in dress and ways of wear- 2
• Ing the hair distinguish the Man- o
• chu women from the Chinese worn- o
J en. Even the Jewish population of *
• the interior closely resembles the £
• native Chinese. 0
• •MMMMMIItIttKMtIOiI
capitals. He established branches of
the revolutionary movement in I’uris,
London, Brussels, Berlin, Johannes
burg, South Africa, and Melbourne,
Australia. While engaged in this work
his San Franclsdo followers were
spreading the doctrines
throughout the tw7 Americas.
It was nine yearS,ago that work was
begun In San Fra#fcico on the consti
tution of the republic of Chunghwa.
It took three yearjß’to draft it. Among
its principles wefe these:
FREEDOM OF SPEECH
No taxation without representation.
Equal suffrage tor classes.
Suffrage to woipen, restricted only by
educational provlslom.
Limitation of wealth.
Government control of commodities.
Absolute religlousffreedora.
Open ports to th* world.
Free trade In reciprocity.
Compulsory education.
It was planned that the Manchu
government should be superseded by
a military government, to endure un
til the last of the Tartar powers was
exterminated; that the people should
then elect their representatives to a
parliament and that provincial gov
ernment should be placed. In the hands
of the masses. As the people became
educated and familiar with the new
system the 'military ru|g was to ter
minate and a president bo chosen by
general election.
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How well these plans, most of
which owe their origin to the fertile
brain of J)r. Sun Vat Sen, have suc
ceeded is shown by the recent propos
al to establish the republican form of
government for the Celestial Kingdom,
with Yuan Shih Kai president, Sun
Vat Son vice president, Tang shao
Vi premier and Li Yuen Hong minis
ter of war. With Yuan Shih Kai, an
educated Chinaman, in Sun Vat Sen’s
own class and Sun Vat Sen himself
at the head of affairs, instead of (he
tyrannical rule of the Manchus, the
future would seem to hold out hope
that the dreams of a now China
which Sun Vat Sen brought with him
to (ho United States will be fulfilled.
The republican loaders will allow
the infant Pu VI to retain the title of
Manchu emperor, but not emperor of
China.
YUAN’S NOTABLE CAREER
Yuan Shih Kai favored granting the
court generous pensions and according
special honor to the dowager empress
because her husband, the late Kwung
su, was the first reformer among mod
ern emperors of china.
Yuan Shih Kai has had an eventful
career. Last year he was placed in
supreme command of the military op
erations of the imperial troops. On
•lan. 2, 1000, he had been dismissed
and ordered to vacate all his offices.
This was following the death of the
late empress dowager, in whose time
lie was vastly powerful. His dismissal
was said to have been due to his be
ing an obstacle to the reapportion
mont of imperial patronage and power
for the benefit of the prince regent’s
family and that of the new empress
dowager.
Yuan Shih Kal’s consent to return
to office came after refusal of several
government overtures. The most im
portant effort to get him back occur
red in 1910, when the government ap
pointed Tang Shao Y 1 president of a
hoard in Poking as a conciliatory
measure and sent him to ask YTmn to
join in arranging railway and curren
cy loans and pacification of the oppo
nents of the government’s policy of
Industrial development by use of for
eign loans.
When he was appointed commander
of the forties in 1903 Yuan Shih Kai
set to work at once to put the Chinese
army on a modern, basis.
When the Boxer uprising began he
,-w.as appointed governor general of
, Shantung. He took his foreign drilled
i soldiers with him and at the very open
■ ing of his reign struck terror into the
hearts of the Boxers.
TANG SHAO Yl
Tang Shao VI is not only one of the
most emineht of the younger school of
Chinese statesmen and one of the most
successful and modern of Chimps ex
ecutive officials, but be is thorougliljf
imbued with western ideas, an educa
tor and a, reformer. He was the pro
tege of Yuan Shih Kai and is classed
as' an astute' politician and leader.
Tang has participated in moat of the
recent International negotiations.
Sun Yat Sen’s success has been at
tributed to his simple, striking meth
od of stating the revolutionary party’s
case. He illustrated this well In a talk
with a gentleman farmer at a dinner
given by a New York physician. Sun
Yat Sen first asked what a gentleman
farmer was, and then he interrupted a
long winded explanation to say: “Oh,
yes; I see. The difference between a
gentleman farmer and an ordinary one
Is that the former sells what he can’t
eat and the latter eats what he can’t
sell.”
"American training, American Ideas,
American longing for freedom and
equality, have carried Sun Yat Sen
through the years of planning to his
present position ns the first choice of
the nation for which he labored,” said
the Hawaiian Gazette when the un
daunted little chief of the revolution
ists was chosen as president of the
republic of China upon the abdication
of the throne. One might go further
and say that Sun Yat Sen comes close
to being an American. He was born
in Hawaii, which now belongs to the
United States.
The first official act of Sun Yat Sen as
president of the republic was to an
nounce anew calendar for China, mak
ing the Chinese new year conform to
that of most other countries. One of
the reforms that it has been said the
new government will seek to establish
Is no less than the adoption of the
English language as the national
speech of China. An argument in fa
vor of this proposed departure is that
many and varying dialects are spoken
In China. The educated Chinese learn
the English language quite readily.
SUN YAT SEN’S WIFE
The wife of Dr. Sun Yat Sen has
been at the side of her husband
through many of the hardships and
perils ho has faced in the interest of
a better China. Her name before mar
riage was Lee Shoe, and Sun Yat Sen
first mot her after his graduation from
tlie Alice Memorial hospital at Hong
kong when he went to Macao, a Por
tuguese settlement at the mouth of
the Canton river. The accomplished
young Chinaman was a whirlwind
suitor, and they married soon after
their first meeting.
When Sun Yat Sen was compelled to
flee China following the discovery of
the plot to seize Canton he took his
pretty wife to Honolulu, where the
couple resided for several years In a
house near where lived the former
Queen Lllluokalanl of Hawaii. Dr. Sun,
immersed In th’e task of organizing
the Young China movement, found In
the woman of his choice a constant
source of help and Inspiration.
Old Time Politics.
"Politics is getting too finicky,” de
clared the old timer. “Things were
different in my day.”
lie was encouraged to proceed.
“One time when I was in politics in
a certain city we wanted to make a
certain man health officer.”
"Ves.”
“Hut he wasn't a doctor, and some
meddler dug up a law which made it
necessary for the health officer to be
a doctor.”
“What did you do?”
“Why, we had the legislature pass
an act making our man a doctor. It
was simple enough.”
AN AGGREGATION OF ABSURDITIES
Unreasonable.
He—So your father thought I want
ed to marry you for your money, did
he?
She —Yes, and when I explained that
you didn’t care a snap about money
he said that you must be a fool, then.
—Variety Life.
A Woman's Way.
Mrs. Clawson— Why do you always
weigh each of your two cats before
you leave the house?
Mrs. Musselt -So 1 shall know which
one to punish if I come home and find
my canary has disappeared.—Judge.
Easily Explained.
“Pa, what is simple addition?’’
“Ask your ma She's got an Idea
that one and one make one and that
she’s it.”
Keeps at • Distance.
“McFeo is a man who juggles with
the truth, isn't he?”
“Well, 1 wouldn't want to put it that
way,” replied O’Bectle. “You see, he
never gets near enough to the truth to
juggle with It,’’—Judge.
Couldn’t Help Himself.
Owner—How did you come to punc
ture the tire?
Chauffeur—Ran over a bottle of milk.
Owner—Didn’t you see it In time?
Chauffeur—No; the kid had it under
his coat.—Town Topics.
Struck a False Note.
"This is an exceedingly healthy sub
urb,” exclaimed the real estate agent
“Then I guess we won't take the
lease,” said the lady. “My husband is
a doctor.”—Kansas City Journal,
Boarded by Convicts
By LE ROY BHYMER '
WE had discharged our cargo at
Georgetown from the brig
Albatross and were ready to
start on our return voyage
to Liverpool when the captain was no
tified that ten French convicts from
the penal settlement of Cayenne had
escaped to sea In a yawl.
Three days later and 120 miles to the
south our lookout sighted the craft and
her convict crew. In a quarter of an
hour the yawl lay off our port bow
within speaking distance.
"Hello, captain! Our ship went down
off here (pointing to the east) yesterday
afternoon. We have neither food nor
drink, and we ask you, In the name of
humanity, to supply us.’’
“I have nothing to spare, and I warn
you to keep off!” shouted the captain In
answer to the request
We had seen no arms among them
and had supposed them to be without
weapons of any sort. To our great sur
prise, five muskets, taken from the
guard when they escaped, were sud
denly lifted Into view, while four oars
dropped Into the water, and the yawl
made for our bows. There was a fierce
yell from every convict, and those with
muskets opened fire. Captain Rothsay
was killed and the second mate wound
ed even before they had hooked on.
Wo scalded them with boiling water
and fought them with whatever we
could lay hold of, but within five min
utes the brig was captured. We had a
foremast hand killed In the fight on
deck, and none of us escaped Injury.
As an offset we killed two of the con
victs while they were trying to board.
As chief officer I was asked about our
cargo and destination, and, on the other
hand, the leader Informed me that they
were sorry to interrupt our voyage, but
Intended to use the brig to make good
their escape.
The first thing was to get rid of the
dead bodies. They allowed us to sew
them In canvas before they went over
board, and then our wounded men were
made comfortable. After the burial the
leader said to us:
“We mean you no harm. We are
desperate men and intend to make our
escape. After we have been landed in
some safe place you may sail away
with your brig. If you try to deceive
us we will show you no mercy.”
I was further Informed that I must
act as captain and navigate the brig,
and I was allowed to choose a mate
from among my men. After that a
council was held among the eight of
us as to what place should be steered
for. I brought them the charts from
the cabin, and after a long debate it
was decided to run for the Amazon.
From the very first I had hoped that
we might retake the brig, but the con
victs would-only trust us so far. The
watches were so divided by order of
Moran that our men were separated,
and two of the convicts were kept un
der arms to act as sentries. Moran
and the second mate had quarters aft
with me, while all the others berthed
forward. All of us were under sur
veillance, and no two of us were ever
left alone together. While none of
them could take the "wheel, they kept
constant watch on the compass.
The winds were light and variable,
and it was the sixth day after our
A Falling Out.
I |
capture before we drew In with the
coast. Moran’s orders were to avoid
Para by entering the north mouth,
and when we were fairly in the river
he told me their plans. I was to take
them in the brig up as far as the
mouth of the Xingu river, and they
then would pull up the stream in the
yawl and make for the diamond dis
trict. We were not above thirty miles
up the river when we were obliged to
came to anchor for want of a breeze.
About the time we anchored the de
meanor of the convicts seemed to
change for the worse. It appeared as
if three or four of them were anxious
to pick a quarrel with our men. That
evening the second mate found oppor
tunity to say to me:
“Depend upon It, Mr. Lenox, they
never meant to stand by their bar
gain. I shouldn’t be surprised If they
were planning to cut our throats and
scuttle the brig.”
I strongly suspected them of soma
evil intention, but nothing came of it
that night. Next morning we had
wind and tide in our favor, and at
noon, when we anchored again, we
had made twenty-five miles. Right
away after dinner the yawl was low
ered, and Moran began to outfit her.
Whatever they thought could be made
useful was placed in the boat, and they
were rummaging about the whole aft
ernoon. At about 6 o’clock Moran or
dered ail of the old crew of the brig
into the cabin. Every man of us at
once realized that the climax was at
hand, and, acting in concert, we made
a sudden and furious attack. We got
possession of two of the muskets and
were making a good fight of it, though
bound to he beaten in the end, when a
Brazilian gunboat, which was on her
way up the river, sheered alongside of
us and had grappled on before some
of us saw her. Her presence put an
end to the fight, of course. We had
two men wounded, while we had kill
ed one convict and wounded a second.
Our captors were neatly trapped, but
they no sooner realized it than they
claimed to be the real crew of the ves
sel and denounced us as convicts. They
were so.earnest and emphatic In their
declarations that the commander of
the gunboat was almost convinced. 1
destroyed their case, however, when 1
asked them for the captain’s name,
our port of hall, the names of the dif
ferent ropes and sails, etc. They were
ironed and taken aboard the gunboal
to be conveyed to Cayenne, while the
brig was towed down to Para to be pul
through the legal forms necessary In
such cases.
Preferred an Earthquake.
A certain island in the West Indies U
liable to the periodical advent of earth
quakes. One year before the season ol
these terrestrial disturbances Mr. X,
who lived in the danger zone, sent his
two sons to the home of a brother in
England to secure them from the im
pending havoc.
Evidently the quiet of the staid Kng>
lish household was disturbed by the lr>
ruption of the two West Indians, foi
the returning mall steamer carried a
message to Mr. X., brief, but emphatic:
“Take back your boys. Send me ttu
earthquake.”—Everybody’s Magazine.
The Only Party.
“Is your husband at home?"
“Yes. What do you want with him?"
“I’m—er—revising the voting list, and
I Just wanted to inquire which partj
he belongs to.”
Do you? Well, Tm the party wol
’e belongs to.”—London Tatler.
Disabled.
Magistrate—What! Do you mean ti
say your husband struck you, and h<
a physical wreck?
Mrs. Heavyweight—Tes, your honor,
but he's been a physical wreck onlj
since be struck me.-McCall’s Maga
ziue.
Obliging,
Scientific Guest (to waiter)—ls then
ptomaine In this pie?
“We only put It In If ordered.”
A Case of Figures.
“Doctor, how much will his opera
tlon cost me?”
“How much have you got?"
“About a hundred.”
“Then you ought to be able to bor
row four hundred more.”—Life.
' f
Alda to 'History.
Mrs. Brown—Haven't you found pel
sonally that history* always repeats it
self?
Mrs. Bliss—Not always. The neigh
bors repeat most of my history.—Boa
ton Herald.
t-
Not as She Knew Him,
Mrs. A.— Your husband alwayi
dresses so quietly.
Mrs. R.—He does not You ought ti
hear him when he losds a collar but
ton.—Milwaukee News. *

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