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East Mississippi times. (Starkville, Miss.) 19??-1926, June 28, 1912, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065609/1912-06-28/ed-1/seq-5/

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Song Language of the Various
Feathered Tribes—Even Spar
rows Can Acquire the Art of
Melody—Some Bird Parents’
Ways of Nesting—The Grouse
Dance Executed to a Nicety.
SUPPOSE spring had come with
out the happy song of a single
bird to herald it! Suppose the
voices of all the feathered crea
tures of the air were stilled!
People, as a rule, Indulge In no such
suppositions, accepting of nature’s gen
erous bounty quite ns a matter of
course. And yet If our song birds
should suddenly become extinct a
strange void would be felt In the gen
eral scheme of things. It Is the glori
ous month of May. The meadow lark
has reappeared bearing his message,
“Spring o’ the year, spring o’ the year!”
Gorgeous robin redbreast has come
back and In h(p wake myriads of other
winged messengers of good cheer. It
Is spring, and the world Is glad.
The study of birds is known as or
nithology. Ornithologists discovered
long ago that many birds are ready
learners and expressed the opinion
that the feathered tribes could be train
ed In song and speech. Remarkable
results have been accomplished. Star
lings are well known as birds sus
ceptible not only of learning to whistle
simple melodies, but as rivals of par
rots In reproducing with great distinc
tion short sentences. Canary birds
have frequently been recorded as learn
ing to whistle simple tunes, and there
are a number of well attested accounts
of their reproducing with precision
short sentences. Jays, crows and mag
pies dso can he taught.
BIRDS AS IMITATORS 'A {
Few people know that only wild
birds, hand reared from a very early
age, are educated by man in song and
speech. The catbird has been taught
to mimic the chirps and trills of its
companions, bluejays have been taught
to reproduce the song of the cardinal
so well that the listener is deceived,
and European jays have learned from
cockatoos to say, “how do you do.
pretty Polly?” and a number of whis
tles and calls. Marked success has
attended experiments with the imita
tion theory. A few observers have
heard wild birds imitate the harking
of dogs and mechanically produced
sounds, such as the creaking of a
wheel, the tiling of a saw and the like.
The whippoorwill, cuckoo, bobwhite,
jay, chuck, will’s widow, killdcer and
dickllnd do not merely tell us their
names, but some of their songs may
be syllabified to the satisfaction of the
human ear, although, opinion will vary
ns to what they say. Some say the
i guinea fowl cries "ctune back,” others
■ insist on “pot-a-rnck,? and still others
hear only "buckwheat” ns Its call.
Resides his own name.ijie bluejny cries
"phc-phay,” "wake up,” “com&out” In
most energetic fashion. TheViM\fe|
notes of the brown thrasher resVniSfe
those of the mopklng bird, only they’
are even more sweet, rapid hnd
hut the mocker cab cry like a hurt*
f thicken and can make such close Iml
| |ni ions of other birds ns to deceive not
i |he woodpecker stops his hammer to
k cry "wish, wish,” while the flicker cays
a squlch, qulch” and* “wee
’■ fchee” llkfe the swishing of willow
li tjrands or boughs. The quail to
lay. “pay pity tfiy debts,”
t *ut In Ucrumuy it is thought to cry,
a Iml Tarrv^gffiy
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wl winMOßn IBxSIBSKSBi sSXBKpMSSS
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raS V %v\ • BnQ^&KS&JV
■■■ ’ ifiltoK VOLtUREJ ■■ ’
“pray to God, pray to God.” The blue
jay calls “dearee, dear me.”
Bobolink sings a different song In dif
ferent places. Sometimes he says, “be
true to me, Classy, be true to me.”
Again “kick your slipper,” or his In
dian “quonquoedle, quonqueedle,” or
“roboliukim.” Farmers fancy he
sometimes gives them directions about
planting corn, crying, “dig a hole.”
“put it in,” “cover it up.” “stamp on
it,” “step along.” The Maryland yel
low throat says “which way so plain
ly one feels like answering the Inquiry.
The cardinal grosbeak calls “what
cheer, what cheer,” and sometimes
“hurry, hurry, hurry,” in excited tones.
Sometimes the Peter bird cries very
distinctly, “whip Tom Kelly, whip
Tom Kelly.” There is a weather lark
in Texas which says distinctly, “lazi
ness will kill you, laziness will kill
you.” The golden crowned thrush
cries, “teacher, teacher.” The tit
mouse makes a noise resembling that
of a mouse; hence its name. The voice
of the shrike is harsh, in keeping with
ids character, which is that of a robber
baron.
WHAT ENVIRONMENT DOES
Even with the despised sparrows
headway has been made In trying to
teach them to sing. Dr. Couradi, an
American investigator, conducted’ ex
periments at-Clark university, where
English sparrows were reared in the
presence of canaries and entirely sep
arated from their own kind. A canary
reared a sparrow from the time it
was a day old. and in the same room
were a score of canaries. As the spar
row “grew up” and heard only the
canaries’ sweet voices he attempted to
Imitate them and eventually did quite
well.
Dr. Conradi placed another sparrow
two weeks old in a room with the
canaries. The sparrow upon entering
this new environment had developed
the chirp of his species, but associa
tion with canaries soon had the de
sired effect. “At first,” said Dr. Con
radi, “his voice was hoarse. It sound
ed somewhat like the voice of the
female canaries when they try to sing.
He sang on a lower scale and failed
in his efforts to reach the higher
notes. Later, however, he learned to
trill In a soft, musical manner.”
Then the two sparrows were put In
a room surrounded by other sparrows,
and after six weeks the last vestige
of their adopted canary song disap
peared.
NESTING HABITS
, Some American birds have queer
hnethjjfls efnestlng. Notably Is this
HMwirof of grebes. Some
tiipeyh mass wtiffloAtl'iig grasses and
‘fTfl’ks Is chosen as'w home, and nil
throughout the season of breeding the
fqnjnlo sit*) there on hy floating-home.
rqcNd Jhy tins iJuples. ftn d
swung by the breezes. Then the young
are hatched out and titfhtyledMnto ’the
water, so they learn 1 0^*$ nV~\ [T
The bobolink Is one* of North*Amerl
cn’s most Interesting birds. It ar
rives from the south in May and, with
Its mate, establishes quarters, when
the ieuittja.bird builds nest of grass
es on the ground, which are cleverly
intwlned and often hidden among the
stems df growing plants, in which are
laid four or live eggs. Until mid-July
the male bobolink is a faithful sentinel
of the bird home, driving away such
intruders as lie can and especially
those of his own kind.
The song of the house wren is full
of music and cheer. The wren loves its
nest and mate and makes friends easily.
Among the lighters, tiger birds, no
larger than the American sparrow, but
many times as pugnacious, are the
only living tilings feared by the royal
Bengal tigers of India. Gathered in
flocks of thousands, they search out
the ferocious beasts and give them bat
tle in their jungle strongholds. The
tiger’s only escape from his flying foes
is to get into his cave or lair.
MARVELOUS FLIGHTS
Bird flight is an Interesting side of
ornithology. Birds fly astonishing dis
tances. The golden plover is one of
the most remarkable travelers in the
bird kingdom. It passes northward in
May to its breeding site around the
north pole. The eggs are laid on a
cake of ice in June, and six weeks
later the old bird and the chicks start
south. They loiter along slowly until
they reach Labrador, where they make
a stand for some weeks, feasting on
crowberrles and becoming very fat.
Suddenly all the plovers in Labrador
rise as by signal and make for the
sen. The route is now over the broad
Atlantic, 400 miles from land, south
ward to the Bermudas, over the gulf,
through Venezuela and Brazil, across
the entire continent of South America
to faroff Patagonia. The journey com
pleted, the weary, emaciated travelers
rest for two weeks before starting
upon the return trip. The route north
ward is wholly by land, over the
Andes mountains, up the Panama
country to the coast regions of the
gulf in Texas and Louisiana. The
northward journey to this point is
made with the most astonishing speed.
SPORTS OF THEIR OWN
There is evidence showing that birds
have their sports, and in America there
is one family of birds embracing sev
eral species which really dances. The
dances of the grouse are not mere hop
ping and prancing about, like the
cranes of Europe, but rather they have
figures of the dance, rules and meth
ods. If one be a student and lover of
the birds, he will know that he has
stumbled upon the dancing floor of the
grouse. Generally the space is almost
square, and it varies in size according
to the number of grouse that are in the
vicinity.
Parrots and cockatoos vary the mon
otony of their lives with various play
things, being attracted particularly by
tljat glitter, such as bits of
Je.'tffeH'jL- They*will play with such an
article by the hour and resent inter-
Tef-ekc^?.*ifes,\f a .birds of
Jnjujly, pUgj? wife lone tvar
other In comical ways, hopping side
ways in a circle with droll gestures and
nodding their beads, And
over, shaking bands and indulging in
many ether gambol*. •**■**
MIDDIES’ SUMMER CRUISE.
An Annapolis Event That Ranks Ahead
of Ail Other*.
When vacation time comes around
the military cadets at West Point go
into camp, but each year when the ex
aminations are over at the United
States naval academy at Annapolis the
middies go off on a practice ship on a
summer cruise. To the future admi
rals, who are now naval cadets, this
cruise is an event in the academic year
uneaqnaled by any other.
There arc today on a ship of the new
navy more comforts than eouid be
found on any of the old wooden ves
sels, says the St. Louis Globe-Demo
crat. There is now no reeling of sails
or “box hauling ship,” the triple
screws and quadruple expansion en
gines have done away with that, while
the Dahlgren shell gun Ims given place
to breechlondlng rifles.
After the cadets have embarked and
everything on board Is shipshape the
practice cruiser starts out. Going down
Chesapeake bay the days are chiefly
spent in drill, and the vessel comes to
nn anchor every night. Hut when the
capes have been left behind and the
open sea is reached there is anew or
der of tilings. The cadets, just like
bluejackets, are divided into the star
board and the port watches, and one
of these must be on deck all the time,
four hours constituting a watch.
All day there are constant exercise
and drill below and aloft—boat drill,
sail drill, handling spars, exercise with
big and little guns, practical navigation
and working ship. Every phase of a
sailor’s life is illustrated, and no mat
ter how rough the sea may he or how
hard the wind may blow, the cadet
must he aloft and work side by side
with the jack tars.
When the cruiser has been out three
or four weeks it is customary to put
Into some northern resort, where the
cadets spend some pleasant days on
shore during their stay, and the change
is greatly enjoyed by them.
After this little rest they put to sea
once more, and for several weeks bnf
] fet the ocean waves or broil under the
lint sun that blazes down on the Chesa
peake.
Near the end of August Annapolis is
: readied, the crowd of bronzed and
| sturdy youths rush ashore, and the
[ next train hears laughing, rollicking
| middies to their homes for thirty days’
I vacation. When the lime has expired
j they return to Annapolis and resume
their academic life.
Memories of the Past.
Square spectacles.
Top pockets in trousers.
Brass toed boots.
Itailroad passes.
Curling iron heaters.
Fancy front room curtains.
Embroidered wall mottoes.
Candle snuffers.
Plush manicure sets.
Penwipers.
Crayon portraits.
Plated castors.
Diamond shirt studs.
Waxed mustaches.
Individual salt collars.
Jackknives.
Negro minstrels/
Nightcaps.
Family prayers.
—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Jokes That Have Been Kicked Aromi*
Mare Grammar Secondary.
Pater—What’s wrong with this sen
tence, Tommie? “For years us men
have uncomplainingly buttoned up wo
men.”
Tommie—The word “uncomplaining
ly” ought to be left out.—Harper's Ba
zar.
What Came of a Bad Egg.
Hanging Too Good For Him.
“Blxby should be arrested for cruelty
to mechanism.”
“Eh! What did he do?”
“Hid a dictograph in the meeting
place of an afternoon bridge club.”—
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
A Peace Pact,
Tapper—How do you get along so
well with your wife?
Rapper—We made an agreement that
she wouldn’t Interfere with my stenog
raphers if I wouldn’t interfere with beg
chauffeurs.—Judge.
An Offer Accepted.
She—And would you really put your
self out for my sake?
He —Indeed, I would.
She—Then do It, please. I'm awfully
sleepy.—St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Proof Positive.
Polly—What makes you think Molly’s
engagement Is to be kept secret?
Dolly—She told me so herself,—ExfJ
change. * >
Corroboration.
Hokus— Borrowed is quite an asUst<
He has done some pretty good things.
-PtSkrft-I know It I*m one of them.
Saving the Bank’s founds
By TESSIE FOY COYNE
IT was In the olden time when a
traveler between Denver and
Laramie nnist go in an old fash
ioned stagecoach. There was one
season when the coach was robbed as
often as once a week. Passengers.knew
that there was one chance In seven of
being held up on tile road and traveled
with little or no money on their per
sons. Nevertheless there was no other
way of transporting valuables, and
sometimes persons were obliged to
take great risks.
It was necessary for me to go through
to Laramie on important business. I
found in the coach a young lady and
two miners. This generation cannot
realize the high position of women in
that uncouth country at that period.
As rare and beautiful birds are pro
tected by game laws, so were the few
women always safe in the chivalrous
sentiment of the many men.
Of course we till soon got acquainted,
the miners, who wore of rough exte
rior, leaving the young lady to me.
The chief topic of discussion was what
we would do in case of a holdup. One
miner said that he had SIOO in dust in
his hip pocket, with a revolver, and
would draw the revolver first. The
other miner had SSO hidden under his
shirt, and if required to surrender it at
the point of a pistol lie would certainly
do so. The young lady, who was going
oast to spend the winter, had her ticket
and some small bills in her pocketbook,
the rest, four SIOO bills, concealed in
her hair. I confessed with equal frank
ness that ail I had brought with me
was in my vest pocket and if it was
taken I couldn’t help it.
Sure enough, the holdup came. The
first we knew of it the coach came to a
slop and the door was flung open from
the outside. Half a dozen masked men
stood in the road with rifles cocked
and ready for use while another held
their horses. The man who opened the
door ordered the passengers out and
to stand in line to be searched. 1 was
first examined and relieved of some
SSO in my vest pocket. The minors
came next. The man with (he revolver
in his hip pocket had no opportunity to
use it. for we nil stood hands up. He
and his friend were both plundered.
The robbers were rather pleased to find
more than usual and after politely
wishing ns a pleasant journey were
about to permit ns to go on when one
of them looking at me sharply, said;
“Young man. weren’t yon teller in
the batik when a lot of ns went
through it one day two years ago?"
“I was.”
“Well, 1 reckon you must be in the
same business now.”
“I’m buying horses for the govern
ment.”
“What—buying horses with this
chicken feed?” referring, to the cash
they had taken.
"See here,” I said. “You men are not
so sharp ns yon think. I wouldn’t he
delayed on this trip for a gold mine.
If I tell you where yon cun find S4OO,
will’yon let ns go on?"
At first they said that if I didn’t give
them the information I should never
go on and began to search the coach.
Not finding anything and fearing an
Paying For What He Knew.
“By gosh, there ain't no chance to
git ahead of these swindlers,” com
plained Silas Ilossharues.
“What’s the matter, now?” ids wife
asked.
"I sent $1 to one of ’em for a receipt
to keep hair from falling out. and.what
do you s'pose ho writes?” riTli/lS
“I can’t guess.”
“ 'Quarrel with your wife and git it
pulled out.’ ’’—Chicago I<v£brdPH^ifUlf
A Musical Diah. .
“A multimillionaire jwT
restaurant,” said MrspJjßurton liar-''
rlson, “pointed to a \ivk on |Re menu
and said to the waiter:.,•V' • \
“ Til have some dr that. pJeaseA
” ‘l’m sorry, sir.' thA waiter ,t|ps\vi'r
ed. ‘but the band is [WfCTtog.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
A Decision.^vkv
■The- Parnpt—l’m going to move If
that kid doesn’t using my cage
for a baseball mask.—New York World.
IOT Consideration.
Nell—You are simply making a fool
of young Mr. Saphedde.
Bella—Ob, wuR,. XRu. proudly only
saving some other girl -the trouble.—
fmiiawgaifc iiawa.' *>.
Interruption, they asseote£ to my
terms.
“You will find It tol)iat young lady’a
hair,” I said.
They at once took off the girl's hat,
removed the hairpins and found the
bills, which they held aloft, with glee
It Is many years sincje' -iaw the
glance of contempt given me by the
young lady, but It Is as plain In my
memory today as It was then. It was
something to wound my amour- propre,
but the fierce glances turn erf upon me
by the miners indicated that'when left
alone with me they would end my ca
reer without benefit either of clergy or
jury.
The robbers, delighted with the addi
tion to their find acquired through my
Instrumentality, Jumped on their horses
and rode away in a hurry. The two
miners watched them till they .turned
into a wood. Then the man w’ith the
revolver slowly drew it from 1 Tils hip
pocket and, pointing It at me, said:
“Say yer prn’rs!”
■ “One moment. I"
"Not a second. I’ll teach ydh, yon
low down dog, that no man In Colorado
can play such a game as that on u wo
man.”
■But”—
“Say yer pra’rs!” thundered th
man, nervously endeavoring to keep his
finger off the trigger of
began to look as if 1 should po sent out
of the world without an opfWHftflity to
speak a word in my defemwobWt the
young lady interfered. ( .jj
“Leave him to me,” she' Rafd.jhrush-
Ing the pistol aside with likY'bfltl'a? “He
injured me, not you.” {[
The man stood lrreso^ n)J .j,-
“Give me a chance'" to explain,” F
pleaded. .698101
“Why did you do asked the girl.
“I am the cashieriQf the —th Na
tional bank of TJeuver 1 have fifty
SI,OOO bills sewed im in jmw yclothlng.
If 1 hadn’t diverl'eflthe attention of
the robbers they wolilsfli£pldisfcMt all.
Your S4OO will lie returned vdth a
splendid interest. 'Ysu ‘ nitm Wlrr each
receive a when
ever you want grubstaking while work
ing a claim yoW Utl'li -git Ml from
our bank. Now -Ifittmp igestoriSTas fast
ns possible sifvejj dm
Something might Induce the agents to
return.”
They consented with alnci’tti’l After
the girl reached lu;r home slip received
a certificate bf sfobk Of the'llaiitf worth
$5,000, The men |aler ; qu
stnked in working a c;laim which they
sold for a good profit.' ! J n 010X13
_j I VVd, •j-’ niflsl
The Corpulent Woodpigeon.
Sir Tfiglry * I’lgnrt Tn tilT ■■ffiqhdon
Birds” states that wood pldgeons ap
| peared fnttthe first rime tnf'T, , nnff|n In
18(18. The strangers were veryj shy
and kept to the tops of thg tall tn >s in
Kensington gardens. But tIK-4 inv
changed all that. Nowadays arki
are literally overrun with £ iem.
Through long pampering tl# piv*
grown corpulent and lazy iml4 usd
lently tame that they wi ! liardly eign
to waddle out of the way of pasfe s
and will readily fake food fr.-ihJi per
sou's hand.—London Saturday 4|j|< ev\.
Ajn invitation Declinec ;
“IJoW iHnjfil you like to go 4 bo
beii#u supift? Lot of literal :|i ople
j t aml ■ iSmi know."
A'.No.jrj '■uOHiheiulans are r free
'itsyw me. Last time rent
they ran out of cheese ami s[ < u the
sajulivb lios wiiiy library pasti ’ * ,ou
- ISvT?^(?y!ffer^!lu,uu
lf jSbnerior Opinion.
j i mile, how many min I’yer
an! Don’t yer see feJs a
'jjj&iimm. I Senerals don’t do no fellin’.
Jfcy bosses de job." —|l^iago
Mfr. j j Showing His Hand. 2 jjJ
Do you think youuj| fS#i wn
in his ttil our
i (Zoiljp. Watson—Yes. I overhenMßhim
her whether you are atatyXibet
oftho firm or only work on srfli&m
Unexpected Answer,!. 1
Wife —I wonder what you’dJs aif 1
were to become a new worn; ■ and
wear men’s clotlies?
Htjliby—Ap fea&-|Of thatl Men’s
clothas ddi’tf cwjfiough m*i *. —Il-
lustrated Bits.
Hia Only Fault. 2 I
"Is your husband a'good qL X*
"Yes, he’s a good tqgu. I J ■com
nlaln. But | X the
back .. wa&. s #| lißt#r

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