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1 Feature Article for The Times Readers |
I I | Each Week This Page Contains a Special Feature by Writers | | of Recognized Ability Secured for the People of Starkville and Vicinity. i • •aao item a --swh> a o a p->o o a <►s: a ° ttwiiil "Tbe^j^T fHE witch still lives, as court records In widely separated parts of the world bear testi mony. True, these women who work magic do not use a broomstick as a means of transportation, especially now that aeroplanes monop olize the airways and be -7 cause the automobile is much to be preferred. The emotional Celtic mechanic In Massachusetts, who In voked the law to free himself from the thrall of a woman, working a witch spell on him from Pennsyl vania. was not laboring under a de lusion, according to some of the best Authorities on the subject. He was, Indeed, bewitched, Just as much so as the victims of centuries ago, when they had a discouraging custom of tmrnlng the fell enchantresses. Furthermore, within the last few months a “witches’ league” in Sar dinia has felt the heavy hand of the law; a Wisconsin spell-worker, in court, has told with undisguised pride that she is a witch and can wish upon any one good or ill; a man In Hoboken, N. J.. charged with working witchcraft and conducting a school for instruction in the art, women being his pupils, frankly has con fessed he possesses supernatural pow ers; a Paris witch has Indicated the place In which the body of a missing man was to be found and described tho person who slew him. There are unquestionably hundreds of other cases to be uncovered in the most advanced centers of civilization —black, white and gray workers of tho spell; for psychological research, far from shattering some of the rec ords of the past, goes towaid making them credible and to demonstrate how a woman, be she siren of look or malign of visage, may place others under her domination and so bend them to her will that they are sick or joyous according to her command. It is surprising to know that even today among the great number of ap parently enlightened people, the color •cheme of witches still persists. "The popular theory divides witches into three classes,'' observes John Brand, tn bis work on sorcery and witch craft, "of which tile first, powerful to burt but not to help, is appropriately called black; the second, of directly opposite quality, helpful but not hurt ful, Is called white; and the third, potent ns well to help as to hurt, is ■tyled gray," And It Is the gray witch that flour ishes today for profit, and for power. Bhe Is tho crone dragged to fcourt, or tho abundantly fleshed and bejewcled “aeeress" who rolls to the house of Justice In tho latest model of motor. Nor has the "evil eye" been rele gated to that past which It filled with terror and death. You may test Its baleful Influence from tho glance of beauty and of tragic age. It all de pends upon your "psychic receptlbil- Uy,” the condition of your mind which leaves It open to the occupa tion of a will stronger than your own. The revelation of hypnotism and the study of nervous disorders have done much to make the witch of the past understandable and to show us that, despite the boastful declarations ®f supernatural power made by some 4tf the commercial cult, there are just ,ab many, If not more, of them with us itoday than there were at the time ■when thousands of so-called witches were condemned and executed, the last In Great llrltaln and Scotland bfr tug in 1722, By far the most remarkable case of modern record is that of Mrs, Sarah Bennett, the “Witch of the Adlron dacks," committed to the Insane asy lum In I’tlca, N. Y„ In May last. Her home was on a lonely mountain (in Hope township, and she was the imother of five children, all of whom iwere under her mesmeric Influence. The eldest son broke away from the thrall, a daughter died after years of slavery to her mother's eerie moods, and three strapping sons, under the Imposed belief that they were con sumptives, were kept In bed for 12 years, until recently liberated by the law. The physicians found them still under their mother's Influence, but could discover absolutely no trace of organic disease. The witch's hus band had also been bent by her will, and she rarely left the place, warning off with a slnJfgun Inquisitive visitors who approached the "house of mys tery." It was an unusual sight, one bit terly cold day of the present year, when Mrs. Margaret lileon of Cran don, Wls., accused of getting SB,OOO from a credulous bachelor In payment for "Immunity prayers," rose and faced the judge. She was a gray witch, fend, though she did not desig nate the color, she Impressively ad mitted that she was a witch and could wish any good or evil. She had been giving Bachelor Morin "Im munity prayers" for 18 years, and, at last, he wished to be free from her. In the assizes court at Sassarl, Sar dinia, last spring, a more striking selling by far for the trial of a witch, Rosa Artura, venerable, imposing In appearance and speech, and known ns the Saint of Sassarl, held the whole place under her spell as she declared herself. She had been arrested along with 80 other women accused of be ing In a "witches' league." Twenty live of the prisoners, during a secret magisterial examination, declared that they were compelled to work under the powerful spell of six leaders, who professed mystic powers In locating treasures, to work miracles, to call up .spirits of the dead with the certainty of the Witch of Endor. Several hun dred persons believed them and paid to them thousands of dollars from small earnings. One of the victims who gave evi dence, was the former governor of the prison, who had been threatened with dismissal because of the escape of a ferocious brigand. His guards falling to capture the fugitive, and anxious to save his position, he con sulted the witches. Certainly they could aid him—ln fact, they were the only ones who could give him the par ticular service he needed. The witches promised to overtake the brigand in his mountain fastness and have demons seize him, and speeding through the air, return him safely to hts cell in th prison. "Heaven be praised!" exclaimed the distressed governor. “You are not witches—you are angels." Hut It proved that he was the "an gel." for he spent all of bis pri vate means. Each day he went to the cell to see whether the trained demons bad done their work, and found it empty. When his pocket reached the same condition and he lost his job, he raised his voice In lamentation, denouncing the witches. When stately Rosa Artura rose to speak, the sun glinting on her snowy hair, her form erect, and a natural Im pressiveness mingled with her kindly manner, the spell of silence fell upon the place. She refused a lawyer's aid, declaring that St. Thomas and St. Augustine had been sent from heaven to defend her; that they would advise her, unseen and unheard by others, and speak with her voice. Her speech was eloquent, carrying the spell of conviction with It. It seemed entirely believable, as she claimed that she was possessed of supernatural powers, which enabled her to hoal scores of so-called Incur ables, even raving maniacs. The Saint of Sassarl spoke with the Inspiration of belief, it Is said; but, though the court was not insensible to the mystic power of her presence and of her sneech, still the failure to explain why EAST MISSISSIPPI TIMES. STARKVILLE. MISS. the demon pursuers did not bring back the ferocious bandit, according to contract, neighed against her and her associates. A close observer tells that the woman possesses undeniable power to Influence others, by powerful sugges tion. and that she unquestionably be lieves she has the gift of working miracles. This man. who Is conceded to be a person of Iron will and with a keen eye that "looks one through and through," admits, that he could not sustain his glance when his eye was met by the even, steady gaze of the Saint of Sassarl. "I felt as if, in that look, she had taken something out of me," he testi fies, "and I was as one with a strong will who had been beaten into sub mission.” Frederick Thomas Elsworthy, In his remarkable work on the "Evil Eye,” In discussing cases similar to this says: "The more Imaginative races, those who have been led to adopt the widest pantheon, have been mostly those upon whom magic has made the most Impression; and what was once, and among certain races still Is, a savage art, lived on, grew vigorously, and adopted new developments, among people In their day at the head of civilization. "Thus It has stood Its ground In spite of the scoffs of the learned, and the experimental tests of the so called scientific research, until we may with confidence assert that many practises classed as occult, and many beliefs which the educated call super stitious, are still performed and held flrnfly by many among ourselves, whom we must not brand as Ignorant or uncultured. “No doubt the grosser forms of en chantment and sorcery have passed away; no doubt there Is much chican ery In the doings of modern adepts; yet, call It superstition or what we may, there are acts performed every day by spiritualists, hypnotists, dow sers (handlers of divining rods) and others which may well fall within the term magic; yet the most skepti cal is constrained to admit that In some cases an effect Is produced which obliges us to omit the word pretendu from our definition." A Political Murder Society. A political secret society, which bad for Its object the murder of 23 per sons, has just been broken up in Portugal. Before this was accom plished one victim bad been put to death. The organization Is called the White Ants, Its headquarters being in the village of Alcabidcche, on the outskirts of Lisbon. The chief government au thority ot-the town, himself a member of the White Ants, and a number of his underlings, all of them members of the society, are accused of seeking to do away with certain members of the Moderate Opposition Republican party. The White Ants belong to the Demo cratic Republican party. The first vic tim was murdered on his way home from a ball. A party of five of the White Ants had secreted themselves behind a wall near the man’s home, and as be was about to open the door, they fired upon him. He fell mortally wounded. The chief authority of the village later was questioned and then arrested. A list of the 23 persons to be murdered was found In bis posses sion. the list being headed by the mur dered man's name. A Sympathetic Court “A westerner who narrowly escaped being run down by an automobile pulled out bis pistol and shot the rear tire full of boles.” "I presume he was fined heavily in police court?” "No. Another speed fiend came within two inches of getting the judge the same day.” HISTOmCJUNGS Some of the Noted School houses of Philadelphia. Franklin D. Edmunds Unearths a Wealth of Information on the Part These Structures Took In His tory of United States. Boston. —When careless school chil dren go romping In and out of their buildings they never stop to think of the historic memories that lurk around the place. The mere fact that they have been remodeled does not destroy their ou tline charm nor ruin the realization that many were erected In the eight eenth century. William Penn had a hand in some buildings, and others equally interesting are to be found. Franklin D. Edmunds, a school arch itect and son of Henry Edmunds, president of the board of education, has unearthed a wealth of informa tion on local schoolhouses In Ameri can history. Mr. Edmunds, recognizing that there was much to be discovered in this fertile field and that ail that had ever been written about schoolhouses had been directed at the pedagogical and political phases of the city’s educa tional development, went right at the study of the buildings themselves. One building he found to be of spe cial Interest because it had been used in revolutionary' days as both church and ecboolhouse. The Levering school at Hidge avenue and Levering street. Is now used by the youths of Roxborough. It was erected In 1748 by William L. Levering, who was to distinguish himself as an officer in the struggle for American indepen dence. It was for many years used by both churchgoers and pupils. On Sunday the Baptists worshiped there and on week days their children studied on the long, hard benches. This doubling of purposes was very common in colonial days. Further more, the Levering school was used as a meeting place for the colonists during the strenuous pre-revolutionary discussions. The Roxborough inhabi tants met there to protest against "taxation without representation," and subsequently to organize troops to register their determination for freedom. In 1856 a hurricane took it away, but the next year it was replaced by a more modern structure. Roxbor ough kept growing, and the children kept increasing in such numbers that by 1894 more accommodations were necessary, and the present bouse was erected. Levering did not have his named attached to the school, and it was only in 1847 that “Roxborough” was wiped off and "William L. Lever ing” placed over the door. The recent physical growth of Phila delphia is in no way better Illustrated than by the development of Its school system. One of the best known ele mentary schools in the city is the Roxborough School, 1748; Rebuilt 1894. James L. Claghorn Grammar school, at Seventeenth street and Susque hanna avenue. It provides accommo dations for about 1,000 children of various ages. Old residents of the northwestern section of the city remember that when the site for this school was pur chased almost the entire community protested against the location. Op posite the school site in 1883 was a large lake. It was feared that some of the younger pupils in. coming to school would fail into the pond and that every month would witness a new disaster. In spite of the protestations of the parents, the school was built at that spot. One of the most interesting bits of history that Mr. Edmunds has brought to light is in connection with the Holme school, in Academy road, near Frankford. It is still occupied. This school was originally the Lower Dublin Academy, established under the terms of the will of Thomas Holme, surveyor general under Wil liam Penn, who designed the original "lay-out” of Philadelphia. The academy was incorporated in 1794, but the structure itself was erected four years previously. The original name of the school remained until 1901, when the building was pur chased by the board of education and renamed in honor of its founder. In one of the rooms Union troops were mustered for the Civil war. FREQUENT CHANGING OF SHEEP PASTUREsI Some Imported Shropshire* on Pasture. (By E. R, STROETER.) Summer care of the flock is easy If you have plenty of grass, water and shade. I always have good pastures, being either legumes or grasses. Per sonally I prefer bluegrass slightly mixed with white clover, as legumes are apt to get the ewes too fat before breeding time. I never allow the flock to stay long er than three weeks in one pasture without changing to new quarters. By these frequent changes I lessen the danger of infection by parasites, which Is apt to come from too close grazing of pastures. A frequent change also gives the flock a chance to select the things most palatable to them. My sheep always have access to shade and plenty of fresh water. I am of the opinion that standing water Is always more or less Infested with dangerous parasites. My only means of protection against the gadfly is to plow a few furrows where the sheep stand in the shade. ' A close watch must be kept through* out the summer to keep all tags sheared off and the worms kept out of the wool, caused by wet tags. I al so note the general health, so that parasites will not get the start of me. Salt is kept in the pasture all the KEEPING BUGS FROM SUN-DRIED FRUITS Light Trays Covered With Screen Will Answer the Purpose Admirably. Several expedients' Tor ridding sun dried fruit of worms have been prac tised, such as heating in an oven and dipping in hot water; but each has its disadvantages. A better way is to keep the flies or millers that lay eggs away from the fruit while it Is drying, thus prevent ing instead of curing. Trays made of light lumber and cov ered with a hinged lid made of screen wire will answer the purpose. These trays are much more conve nient than the roof of a building or a scaffold, as they can_ be carried in when rainy, and again put out without disturbing the half-dried fruit.' The galvanized, instead of the paint ed, should be used, and the frame of the lid made so as to exclude the flies. A great deal of sun-dried fruit is absolutely worthless (on account of the flies), which would otherwise be in good condition. The trays should be made with both bottom and top screens, so they may be reversed, and the fruit allowed to dry faster. If made in this way. however, the trays must be placed on a solid foun dation in such a way that the flies can ngt reach the fruit that is next to the wire. PROFITABLE TRADE IN PEDIGREED STOCK If you expect to aell hogs at fancy prices you must produce fancy hogs. Too many breeders are content with a fancy pedigree, expecting the blood lines of the animal to carry It Into popularity. While It Is very essential that an animal have a desirable pedigree, It Is all the more essential that the animal Itself possess Individual merit. A well-known Illinois breeder of Poland Chinas says that he has had time. 1 do not feed salt alone, but s> mixture which I have used and found, very helpful in combating parasites, especially stomach worms. The formula Is; Salt, one bushel; air-slaked lime, one peck; sulphur, one gallon; pulverized resin, two quarts; copperas, one pound. Thorougly pul verize and mix. Keep In a dry place, before sheep constantly. Another good way to combat stom ach worms is to increase the woody or fibrous content of the stomach, which can easily be done by turning the flock into a corn field so that tbs sheep will have the greater part of their ration consisting of corn blades. 1 have found this treatment very effi cient. I never keep the same bunch of ewes longer than three years, as I: get better results by changing I also cull out barren ewes, or ewes that raise poor lambs, every fall. I fatten old ewes and wethers In the fall, up to about the middle of December. I usually fatten by turning into a corn field in which rape and. cow-peas have been sown at the last cultivation of corn. I prefer this method, but corn and; clover hay have given me good gains,, and. an excellent quality of dressed 1 mutton. ELIMINATION IS OF GREATEST BENEFIT Sufficient Attention Not Given to Culling Out Process With Stock and Crops. (By A. O. CHOAT.) The road to much of the compara tive perfection In live stock, etc., lies through elimination. By the elimination of weeds or of inferior specimens, in the thinning of poor seed and poor plants in planting, we do away with most of the chances of failure and the production of rub bish. I believe we have not given suffi cient attention to this elimination process, for the betterment of our stock and crops. This year, for instance, I have found that the elimination of poor seed po tatoes and of course selection of good seeds in their place has increased my potato crop fully 20 per cent. When we carry this same principle of elimination into other lines of farm ing, and dispose of the scrub hens that lay but 75 eggs a year, and the cow that gives but little, or poor milk, the unprofitable mongrels of no partic ular breed of stock, then, and not un til then, shall we be on the road to a more satisfactory outcome general ly, and soon see loss turned to profit Records Count. A good cow is not produced In a day, nor a good herd in one season. Records count, now adays. Poland China Hog. the best trade the past six months' that he ever enjoyed, and the price* he received have been very satlsfaO' tory. As soon as breeders of pedigreed hogs come to a full understanding that the animal produced must posses* greater merit In connection with the pedigree, then the people will readily pay a good price for It, regardless of whether or not public demand Is strand for auch animals.—A. T. B.