Newspaper Page Text
MOST PROFITABLE HORSE FOR THE FARMER
■ l> I ■l ■ The Horse So Often Neglected on the Farm Is the Draft Horse. (liy H. U. WILLIAMS, Arizona Experi ment Station.) In no other one line of live stock production has there been such a lack of study or system as that of horse production. For many years the farm ers have practiced haphazard meth ods of breeding, feeding, care and management as well as preparation for market. They have bred and reared horses without any regard to their own local demand or the re quirements of users from a distance. Horse breeding when Judiciously carried on has been a profitable busi ness for American farmers. If horses are bred with a definite object in view, as sumo special class, one need not be afraid of a poor market. How ever, farmers who do not exercise care and business methods in the pro duction of desirable sorts will un doubtedly find that they have too many misfits on their hands that can not bo sold at a profit. To be a successful horse breeder a man must bo thoroughly familiar with the horse market, know the various classes, and set about to produce tho animals that are In demand. In the great markets, horses are classed ac cording to their work. It Is impossi ble to draw hard-and-fast lines be tween some of tho classes, but most of them are fairly well defined. A horse that is known in one part of tho country by one name may be dif ferent from a horse which Is referred to by the same name In another part. However, there are certain distinct classes which are given tho same name tho world over, and it is with these that the farmer should familiar ize himself. After the farmer knows tho various types In greatest demand on the mar ket ho should aim to produce superior NOTES PICKED UP IN POULTRY YARD Little Details Make Difference Between Success and Fail ure With Chickens. Keep the hens well supplied with Water to drink, and see that the chill Is taken off It In the cold weather. If you have not been In the habit of giving them all they need, you will be surprised at how much they will drink. They should have all they want, but It must bo clean and not too cold. If a hen gets chilled she will stop laying. It Is the little details that make the difference between success and failure In poultry raising. The pullets that are filling the egg basket their first winter are the ones that delight the farmer's heart, and the poultry man 'Who has such a flock is now reaping the reward of his well-managed business. Pullets hatched In March or April and properly taken care of. should begin laying in November. If not be fore. and continue laying all through the winter, when the price for eggs Is highest. The egg shells from the eggs used In the kitchen should be dried and led to the hens. They will help out the supply of lime which the hens must have In some form, to prevent them laying soft shelled eggs. Be sure to crush the shells so there will be no danger of teaching the hens to eat eggs. The very best of food without a plentiful supply of pure, fresh watef will fall to Induce the hens to lay. Reduce the drinking part of your hens’ ration and the egg yield will soon be reduced, for water is the principal substance In an egg and It cannot be reduced. Neat to pure air, water Is the cheap est thing we can supply our poultry. If the mash you feed Is given to the fowls warm these cold days, It will be Invigorating, but If It becomes cold or frozen before It Is consumed It Is very unsuitable food, as the fowls will then be compelled to take consid erable cold water In the mash, which chills them. Don't forget the hens’ dust bath. They must have it to be healthy and bPP r. animals of the type best suited to his conditions. He must be a good Judge of horses, have a clear and well defined Idea of the type of horse he Is going to breed, and then set out to produce It There are four distinct classes suit able for production. These are the heavy drafters, carriage or coach horses, roadsters and saddle horses, any of these are always In demand and command high prices. Of these four classes, the heavy draft horse Is best suited for Arizona farming. These may be raised on the range or on al falfa pasture and marketed at a good profit. The draft colt can be raised with less risk and less liability to accident than colts of the lighter class. This is because he is less active and slight bruises or blemishes do not seriously detract from the value of the drafter. Furthermore, a draft colt earns his own living after be is two years old and his education can be completed on the farm. Some of the essential points to be considered in selecting draft horses are good feet and legs, weight exceeding at least 1,600 pounds, a well developed blocky body with good style and action. The feet and legs are of first importance In any horse. A desirable draft animal may be produced by breeding large mares with good size and quality to a first class sire of any of the recognized draft breeds. Percheron horses have been proved to be suited to conditions in Arizona, since they have excellent action and large size. The breeder should aim at a perfect, heavy draft type and make every effort possible to produce it. In case the colts were lighter in weight than expected they could still be suited to some other classes that would bring less money. MAKE PREPARATION FOR WINTER EGGS Pullet Must Be Well Developed to Become Good Producer- Hatch Them Early. About the last of September is the annual worry time for those high priced eggs. Get busy now—hatch your chicks during March and April, get rid of the cockerels just as soon as they are big enough to fry—give the pullets range, lota of feed, fresh vater and milk, and the worry tlmo will be only a dream. A pullet must be well developed be fore cold weather to be an early win ter producer. Our summer season Is short and we must take advantage of every growing day and even crowd things a little by hatching early and give our chicks a Utile special care un til warm weather when they can look after themselves on range. Mr. Vaplon of the Colorado agricul tural college advocates early hatching also, to get a better price for the cock erels. He says a two-pound cockerel (In May and June) Is worth as much or more than he will bring when he weighs two or three times as much. Getting these fellows out of tho way means also more room and better care for the pullets. Don't depend on hens for winter eggs; the pullets are the only solu tion and they must be hatched early Care of Meadow. Where the gophers have worked up the meadow sod, take a common gar den rake, smooth down the dirt mounds, sprinkle seeds over them, brush lightly again with the rake and you will not only avoid running your sickles through the dirt and dulling them, but a good set of grass will spring up and cover the ground. If a considerable area is worked up, hitch to the harrow and level down the gopher mounds, seed them and harrow again after seeding. Comfortable Stock. Keep the poultry comfortable. Good food, good care and comfortable quarters are the Important factors In making poultry pay. If the hens are getting the above-mentioned attention and still not laying, they should make up for lost time when the hatching season comes around. THE EAST MISSISSIPPI TIMES, STARKVILLE, MISS. IISSII TREATING HOGS FOR CHOLERA Summary of Results Obtained From Use of Serum Are Interesting as Well as Valuable. (By GEORGE H. GLOVER, Colorado Ex periment Station.) In a recent report of the chief of the bureau of animal industry, a sum mary of the results obtained from the use of serum are interesting and valu able as Indicating the usefulness of serum in Infected herds. Of 16,152 hogs, where 70 per cent were sick with cholera and the serum was given to all of them, only 24.3 per cent died. Without the serum a loss of 75 per cent might have been expected. The value of the serum as a cure Is apparent. In 11,776 hogs that were well when given the serum but kept in herds with sick hogs, there was a loss of 2.9 per cent, while in a total of 13,678 hogs that were healthy, then given the serum, and later ex posed to cholera, there was a loss of only a little over one-half of one per cent. In the record kept by the Colorado Agriculture college, we And that in the San Luis valley, where hogs were not given the serum until the disease appeared, there was a loss of about 22 per cent. INDIVIDUAL HOUSE FOR HOGS ■* - Among Other Advantages They Are Light, Easily Moved to Freah Soil —Easy to Construct. The individual hog bouse for far rowing, I think, has many advantages over the combination sort, writes C. 8. Bratt of Furnas county, Nebraska, in Independent Farmer. They are light, easily moved from one lot to another, or to fresh soil in the same lot, which is a good pre ventive of disease. The animal heat from the sow has a greater influence on the temperature in cold weather than in the ordinary combination hog house. I have used individual houses seven feet long, seven feet wide of lumber, but this year have added some made of galvanized sheet iron nailed on a wooden frame. These are six feet eight inches square at the base. They are warm and dry. 1 do not consider them as good for warm weather owing to the sun’s heat having so much in fluence on them. Any fanner can make these sheet iron houses, as they are quite simple T £HO C*fn 7k ¥tnruMfM Individual Hog House. , in construction. The material cost me $7.50 each. For the frame I select ed good 2 by 4 lumber and ripped them in two making 2by 2. I planned my frame so as to nail all seams of the sheeting over the wood. The gal vanized iron I used is 26 gauge, 28 by 96 inches. Use the large-headed galvanized roofing nails. SOLID TEETH ARE ESSENTIAL Look at Ewe's Mouth Before Buying— Full-Mouthed Animal Can Be Used for Breeding. • • In buying ewes be sure they stand well on their feet and have good straight backs and good mouths. “Broken-mouthed” ewes, that is. ewes with broken teeth or badly worn down should not be bought. A sheep has one pair permanent in cisor teeth when it is a year old, two pairs or full mouth at three yeara old. A full-mouthed ewe can be used for breeding even though she is ar much as five years old. SWINE NOTES. Use enough litter to keep the pei dry. When scouring give the pigs s good dose of common baking soda. Keep the pens, troughs and barrels clean. Don’t overlook that. It Is of Importance that the brood sow be kept In a vigorous thrifty con dition, not too fat but full of vitality. Feed the brood aotr protein foods as much as possible and avoid feeds rich in fat-formfng elements. The first requisite in the hog busi ness is a good hog house well venti lated, set with ends north and south. Brood Maras. While the brood mares should not be jammed about and abused, they do require gentle exercise, light driv ing and moderate work to keep their digestion, respiration and circula tion in good, healthy, normal condi tion. Idleness and inactivity are not conducive to the production ol strong, vigorous offspring. Dictating Aloft When the military aeroplane Is scouting. It usually carries two men. One Is the pilot, who runs and steers the craft: the other Is the observer, who marks the placing of the hostile troops, the position of their guns, the movement of trains, and the like. The observer also makes many sketches of the ground over which he is fly ing—work that often Interferes with his writing notes and memoranda. In certain conditions of flight, too, it is often hard for him to use a pencil and paper. To obviate that difficulty, the military aeroplane, says the Scien tific American, now frequently carries a phonograph, with a speaking tube running to the mouth of the observer, so that by talking into the machine at any time during the flight, he can re cord his observations, and still have his hands free for his field glass or bis sketching pencil. YES, RESINOL CLEARED AWAY EVERY PIMPLE! At least once a day—usually twice — I bathed my face for several minutes with plenty of resinol soap and hot water and applied a little resinol oint ment very gently. I let this stay on for ten minutes or so, and then washed it off with resinol soap and more hot water, finishing with a dash of cold water to close the pores. I was aston ished how quickly the healing resinol medication soothed and cleansed the pores, removed pimples and black heads, and left my complexion clear and velvety. Physicians have used resinol oint ment and resinol seap for 20 years in the treatment of Itching, burning, skin eruptions. At all druggists’.—Adv. Rose Tree Bloomed at Christmas. A pretty story of a rose which bloomed at Christmas in front of some trenches occupied by a German regi ment of guards in France is told in the Frankfurter Zeitung. The rose bush was growing in a huge hole torn by a shell in front of the guards’ trenches. The little plant soon be came the jealous care of every man of the company before whose trench it grew. To their intense delight, on Christmas eve the rose tree bloomed. The company decided to send the rose to the emperor. The kaiser was de lighted and promptly ordered the poet, Richard Voss, to write a poem about the incident. The poem has now been printed, and a copy of it is to be sent to every guardsman con cerned in the affair. Children Not to Blame. Mrs. Bacon—l see several French artists have agreed to sign all their works in future with thumb prints to prevent frauds upon purchasers. Mr. Bacon —Now, dear, when you see any thumb prints on our paint ings don’t, for pity sakes, blame it on the poor Innocent children! The Correct Classification. "I hope Uncle Mose, you are not a misanthrope.” “No, sah; I’se a Baptls’.” It faith would remove mountains there wouldn’t be a railroad tunnel in the world. Shot silk is poor material for use in making war balloons. Any Time— Post Toasties These Superior Com Flakes are no || only a delicious breakfast food—they \ malM an appetizing lunch at any hour of Jr Af *^ e en i°y them! the crinkly brown flakes just hit the*Tpot 1 ) P°*t Toasties are made of choicest selected Indian com; steam-cooked, daintily /la, seasoned, rolled and toasted to a delicate ' Post Toasties reach you all ready to ~~, "ft f serve— just add cream or milk. Little or no P I sugar is requirec as pure sugar is cooked X / in. Also michty g<xxl with any kind of JS fruit Ask Your Grocer. Post Toasties—the Superior Corn Flakes! French Market I Coffee The Wonderful Old Secret Blend is best for this climate IN the coffee growing countries, good coffee, roasted like French Market Coffee, is regarded as a neces sity, a healthful stimulant to aid digestion. Hot climates create a desire for stimulants, and the one great healthful, stimulating drink is coffee, not the ordinary' roasts of coffee, but the rich roasts which contain no heavy oils, and though superbly stim ulating, will not irritate the most tender stomach. HfendiHaitet@el The Wonderful Old Secret Blend Coffee like French Market Coffee is served in Paris, Vienna, Rio de Janiero, Bogota and Mexico, but In none of these dties wui you find coffee like the ordinary American roasts, Send lO cents for 12 cup sample and booklet of the Story of French Market 1 Pound Cans - •' - $ .25 4 Pound Pails - - ' 1.00 French Market Mills, ] Vew Orleans, la, II New Orleans Coffee Ox. Ltd. Props. AS IT SOMETIMES HAPPENS Proof That Reality and Romance May Sometimes Be Things That Are Far Apart. k glorious, clear October moon sll ve'ed the autumn tints of forest and glade that lay spread out before the silent pair. Reverently he turned and gazed on her beautiful face. How he loved her! A longing to confess hla passion welled upward from bis very soul, but the words would not come. "Darling!" he murmured. But she did not hear him —she thought he was swearing at the weather. Then courage came to him. “I love you!” he whispered, a little louder, and, trembling at bid own dar ing, stood watching the effect of his avowal. Joy!—and all that sort of thing. Her color came and went in a most be witching manner. Her Ups trembled with unspoken words. He silently took her little hand. “I love you!” he repeated, with much feeling and little originality. Slowly the heavy lids opened wide, showing a look of expectancy In her violet eyes. With eyes still wide open she halt turned from him, and— sneezed! Their Policy. “The military stations in attacking hostile aeroplanes follow a regular po litical reform course." “In what way?” "They go gunning for the men higher up?" Vacuum cleaners are finding a good market in Scotland. MISTAKE MADE BY MOTHERS Effort to Exercise Too Great a Re straint on Child Is Deprecated by Writer. In the Woman's Home Companion appears the first of a series of articles on the care of children entitled "Tour Children’s Clothes.” The author tells the following story and gives some good advice: "A child's clothing Is a factor of very great importance in the develop ment of bis body and character. Last summer at the seashore a mother complained to me of her tour-year-old boy, ‘Johnnie cannot keep his clothes clean for five minutes!’ ‘T watched this little boy at play, and though I saw the truth of the mother’s complaint my sympathies were decidedly with the little boy. be cause the person at fault was not the child, but the mother. All that morn ing the little boy was harassed and suppressed, as he probably bad been from bis earliest childhood, by such phrases as: ‘Don't, Johnnie, you will get your clothes dirty!’ ‘‘Here was a child whose develop ment was stunted and sacrificed for the sake of his clothes. He had never been given a chance to play freely, to exercise freely, to learn to do things by the actual doing of them, and so, therefore, he naturally had never gained control over his muscles. He was flabby and clumsy, he stum bled over everything, he could hardly throw a pebble Into the water without falling Into It This child, though ap parently well and strong, and bright enough, was practically helpless phys ically, and by this lack of muscle co ordination his mentality and spirit were affected."