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butter will be quickly realized for the home
made product just as soon as better breeds and better methods are introduced.” Even where the cattle tick remains, steps can be taken, of course, to overcome the difficulty; and everywhere in the South there are golden op portunities for money-making in raising improved breeds of hogs, sheep, horses, and poultry, while the cattle tick, of course, need not prevent any ono from getting the best breeds of cattle for the dairy and realizing upon the splendid opportun ities in this line of industry. NN ritlng about Emporia, Kansas, his home town, in the same Christmas issue of the Breeder’s Ga zette to which we have referred, William Allen White says: "Emporia still remains a rural com munity a metropolis of the meat growers. The men on the trains coming into Emporia talk Stock ers and feeders and hogs and steers as the men on the trains In and out of New York talk about bonds and securities.” What the South needs Is more towns like this. When the farmers begin to talk of cattle prices instead of cotton prices, the change from land-robbing to land-building will really have begun. Let us make 1910 indeed a live stock year. The first thing to do is to get better stock - improved breeds of cattle, hogs, horses, sheep, and poultry. And the next thing to do is to give them better care. This Week’s Special Message. EHY FEW of us. Indeed, have any adequate realization of what good poultry well cared for might add to the returns from South ern farms. With eggs at 35 cents a dozen, hens at 15 and turkeys at 20 cents a pound, there Is surely money in poultry. Even if these abnormal ly high prices do not continue, there is little dan ger that they will soon get low enough not to give the producer a handsome profit. The fear of an over-supply of poultry products no longer trou bles any thoughtful person. For the last two or three decades there has been a steady increase lu the prices paid for poultry and eggs as compared with other foods of similar nature, and the de mand keeps on increasing. We know one town of 4,000 people from which 12,000,000 worth of poultry and eggs is shipped each year, and the loading concern In the busi ness is right now enlarging its plant to meet the greater demand. All of which, is Just a sort of introduction to the plea we wish to make that each and every reader study this "Poultry Special" and save It for future reference. We have tried to make it plain, practical, and helpful we do not believe you will find many "glittering generalities" or any "tall tales" iu it; but we do believe you will find much instruction of actual value. You can learn how to set a hen, how to feed und care for the young chicks, how to breed up the ilock, how to have hens that will lay, how to build u poultry house, how to make a brooder, how to soil your surplus stock, how to cook the ones you don't sell, how to care for ducks and turkeys, and how not to go in to the poultry business. This lust we regard as a very important point; for while wo have unlimited faith in the future of the poultry industry in the South, we have not unlimited faith iu the ability of most men and women to go into a business which requires in ilnitu attention to details with which they are not familiar, und muko an immediate success of it. Poultry raising is not a "get-rich-qulck” business; but it is a business that will pay big dividends on careful, persistent, intelligent work. Therefore, let's nil get in line, and raise "more poultry and better poultry" this year than ever before. The "better poultry” will count for as much, too, remember, as the "more poultry"; and there ure thousands of readers to whom pages 71. und 12 may bo the most valuable iu the paper. The Week’s Happenings. □HE MEMBERS of the English Parliament, unlike the members of our American Con gress, are not all elected the same day, but the polling continues in different districts through about a fortnight. While the result of the first day’s elections, therefore, indicated a sweeping Liberal victory and the consequent tri umph of the Lloyd-George budget with its in creased taxes on lands and incomes, the later elections have gone strongly in favor of the Unionists or Conservatives. At this time, there fore, it seems certain that the Nationalists or Irish members will hold the balance of power in the House of Commons, and while they will prob ably favor the more important features of the Lloyd-George budget, it is likely that they will oppose the increased tax on beer. Moreover, the result of the election being so indecisive, it is al most certain that another election will be held within a year or two when the issue of free trade or protective tariff will be definitely fought out. The popular vote to date gives the Unionists 2,566,627, Liberals 2,324,315, Laborites 395,155, or a total majority of only 153,803 for the united Liberal-Labor parties. aft The high price of meat has become not only oue of the most Interesting but, for the people in the cities, one of the most serious of recent news matters. In many Northern cities a boycott on meat has been begun, the members becoming temporary vegetarians in the hope of reducing meat prices. "There are not enough people on the farms raising food and too many people are going to the cities to be fed,” is the laconic ex planation given by Secretary Wilson, and he goes on to point out that three-quarters of a million people are coming to America annually from Eu rope, and all of these go to the towns to increase the already too high proportion of city people. For these and other reasons, the high price of meat (at least as compared with other com modities) Is likely to continue, and all this means, of course, big profits for the farmers who grow the meat. There has never been a better time for starting a general crusade In behalf of stock rais ing in the Southern States. It begins to look as if the South is to have some compensation for the losses it has suffered through our terrible race problem. The presence of the negro has kept from us the great flood of Immigration from Southern Europe—Italians, Poles, ami Hungarians, etc.,—which has crowded the Northern cities and overflowed their slums and, Instead of this Immigration, the South is now to gain strength by the coming into our borders of progressive, wide-awake Western farmers of our own blood, tongue, and ideals—sons and grandsons, many of them, of the very men who went West from the South itself in other days: men who are of the finest type of American citi zenship and will play a large part in the great agricultural revolution in the South. Upon their coming, moreover, the negro problem will become less acute for the proportion of the white popula tion will become larger. In fact, it seems not un likely that as our Southern States become as thickly populated as some of the Northern States, the proportion of negro population to white in many of them will be reduced from 50 to 25 per cent. In the splendid Southern Number of Collier’s Weekly the surprising statement is made that the i new school census of Texas shows a population of i six million for that State. The census of 1900 gave the population there as only 3,500,000. In recent years Texas has had heavy immigration • from the Middle West, especially since cheap lands in Canada have been exhausted. If the school census figures are correct, Texas claims that it is the third State in population in the 1910 census, only New York and Pennsylvania ranking ahead of it. Next to Texas, Florida is getting more immigration than any other Southern State. Numerous companies have been organized for the development of Florida lands and the great drainage projects now on foot will open up much other fertile land for cultivation. Congress is doing little outside the committee rooms. Between the old-line Cannon-Aldrich ele ment and the insurgent Republicans, there is a more or less definite struggle for the mastery, and of late the Insurgents seem to be having the bet ter of the contest The Middle West is undoubted ly behind them, and it will be hard for the Re publican Party to carry that section if the Insur gent element is defeated. President Taft is said to be insisting upon more positive action in be half of his policies on the part of the Senate. He urges immediate action in behalf of the postal savings bank bill, but the measure he advocates has been made exceedingly weak out of deference to the great banking interests. J* General Robert Lowry, one of Mississippi’s most distinguished sons, died in Jackson last week at the age of seventy-nine. General Lowry was born in South Carolina, but when he was eight years old his parents moved to Mississippi along with the heavy tide of immigration from the Carolinas in the '30’s and ’40’s. Distinguished as a lawyer and as an officer in the Confederate Army, Gen eral Lowry is best known for his eight years' service as Governor of Mississippi. Since his re tirement in January, 1890, he has practiced law in Jackson. J* Mr. Chas. W. Bryan, brother of W. J. Bryan, declares that the Nebraskan is not to be consider ed as a candidate for the Democratic nomination in 1912. Mr. Bryan, himself, is on a tour in South America. At this time the most prominent candidate for the next Democratic nomination is Governor Judson Harmon, of Ohio, but he is get ting rather old and is at a disadvantage in that he is supposed to belong to the old-line element of the party. aft Both Houses of the Rhode Island Legislature have passed a bill for the return of the fraudulent Reconstruction bonds which some schemer had given that State in order to have it sue North Carolina for the amount. This is a gratifying evidence of moral sensitiveness that is very credit able to Rhode Island. Jt It is announced that Governor Hughes will not be a candidate for re-nomination as Governor of New York. The explanation is, that he cannot afford the financial loss involved in giving up his law practice for the comparatively small salary as Governor. The Maryland Legislature has re-elected United States Senator Rayner for another term of six years. A Thought For the Week. DIVE US COURAGE and gaiety and the quiet mind. Spare to us our friends, soften to us our enemies. Bless us, if it may be, in all our innocent endeavors. If it may not, give us the strength to encounter that which is to some, that we bo brave in peril, constant in tribu lation, temperate in wrath, and in all changes of fortune, and down to the gates of death, loyal and loving one to another.—Robert Louis Steven son.