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The progressive farmer and southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1910-1920, January 29, 1910, Image 12

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065610/1910-01-29/ed-1/seq-12/

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III.—Why a Pure Bred Sire Should Always Be Used.
By Dr. Tait Butler.
2y N NO OTHER WAY can the
>| quality of our live stock be
bo quickly, certainly and eco
nomically improved as by the use of
pure bred sires. This we shall at
tempt to show later in this Rrticle,
but first let us note the necessity for
such improvement in the quality of
our farm animals, and state what it
would be worth to us.
The yearbook of the United States
Department of Agriculture for 1908
states that the average value per
head of Iowa hogs is $8.00. By the
same authority we learn that the
average value per head of the hogs
on the farms of Alabama, Mississippi
and Louisiana 1b $4.86. The number
of hogs in these three States of our
territory is 8,217,000 head. If these
hogs were of a quality equal to those
of Iowa, the increase in value would
be $10,101,380.
The value of the milk cows per
head in Illinois is $37.00, and of
other cattle $23.00 per head. In
the three States of our territory
above named, the value of the milk
cows per head is $21.55, and of other
cattle $8.96. If our cattle were of
equal quality to those of Illinois, so
that they were of equal value per
neaa. it would mean to the three
States named, an Increase in wealth
of $12,591,750 on our milk cows,
and $22,730,760 on our other cattle.
In other words, if the quality of our
hogs and cattle in the three States of
Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana
were Increased to an equality with
those of Iowa and Illinois, it
would mean an increase in wealth for
us of $45,423,890.
At least half of the greater value
of the Iowa and Illinois hogs and
cattle is due to better breeding—to
the use of pure bred sires. To sire
all the hogB in the three States of
our territory named would require
during the next four years not to
exceed 32,000 pure bred boars. At
$50 each these would cost $400,000
per year. The profit would probably
not be less than $5,000,000.
If such profits would come to the
South as a whole from the use of
pure bred Bires, It clearly follows
that proportional profits will come to
the individual who uses only pure
bred sires in his breeding.
1VTV — A. * _ _ m w* - _
w wut vji/vu Dunr on norm.
Let ub take a few concrete ex
amples of the value of pure bred
sires. Mr. A. bought a pure bred
boar, for which he paid $40. He
and his neighbors bred ten common
sows to him the first year. Three of
these belonged to A. and produced
two ■litters each. These bows had
very little improved blood in them.
From the three sows 32 pigs were
raised. If the other seven sows pro
duced 35 pigs, the total number of
grade pigs sired by this boar the first
year was 67. He might have sired
as many more had the neighbors of
Mr. A. thought the services of a pure
bred hog worth a fee of $2. Mr. A.
sold 15 pigB at weaning time for
$3.50 each and fattened the remain
ing 17. He also had a pure bred
sow that produced 13 pigs from this
pure bred boar. Five of these were
sold for $5 each, and 2 others for
$7.50 each at weaning time. It will
be seen that 80 pigs in all were sired
by this boar the first year. If the
Article IV of this series will tell "Why* We
Should Breed More Hors.”
grade pigs were worth 50 cents each
more than pigs from these same
sows by a grade or scrub boar would
have been, the pure bred boar was
worth for this service the first year
a profit of $33.50, and if we credit a
value of $1 to the sire for each of
the pure bred pigs we have a total
increase of $46.50 in the value of the
pigs of 11 sows in one year, due to
the use of a pure bred sire that cost
$40. These are actual facts, yet some
people seriously claim that they can
not afford to pay even $2 5 for a
pure bred boar. Will any of these
claim that it was not profitable to
Mr. A. to pay $40 for his?
The Story of a Pure Bred Bull.
In our issue of May 1, 1909, Prof
E. R. Lloyd makes the following
‘I know a man who bought a
pure bred bull—a good one—
and in the first crop of calves
there were fifty steers. These
steers were out of native cows,
that cost the owner from $7 to
$10 per head. The steers at an
average age of 18 months were
sold to a feeder for $19.50 per
head. In the same lot the feed
er had several scrub steers of
about the same ago and size that
had been bought for $10.50 per
head. I asked the foder if he
considered the better bred steers
worth $9 per bead more than
the scrubs, and he replied that
he did. If that be true, the good
blood in the pure bred bull was
worth $4 50 in his first crop of
In the breeding of dairy cattle
the value of a pure bred sire is even
greater and more clearly shown for
two reasons: (1) The difference in
the values of high class animals of
this kind and scrubs is greater than
is the case with bogs and beef cattle,
and (2) the desirable qualities pos
sessed by the pure bred animal are
specialized and perhaps more directly
due to pure breeding.
Why a Grade Sire Should Never lie
It will perhaps have been noted
that we have stated that the greater
value of the first year's progeny of a
pure bred sire over that from n
grade or scrub sire will pay the en
tire purchase price of the pure bred
Blre. This will be true when he Is
purchased with Judgment and prop
erly used. Many who will agree with
this statement as applied to a com
parison of scrub and pure bred sires
will not agree to It when a good In
dividual grade is compared with tin
pure bred Blre. Space will not per
mit of a full discussion or explana
tion of thlB matter, but we are fully
assured of the accuracy of our posi
tion when we state that a pure bred
sire, of fair or average quality, if
used for crossing on grade or scrub
females, is almost universally supe
rior to a grade sire, regardless of the
individual qualities or excellence of
the grade. There Is not only good
scientific reason for this In the great
er power of the pure bred sire to
stamp his qualities on his progeny,
because of his pure breeding; but
there is also abundant proof of It In
the experience and observation of
practical breeders.
No man, no matter who lie Is, what
bis condition, or for what purpose be
is breeding, can afford to use any
thing but a pure bred sire. The man
who is breeding grades—hogs for
pork, cattle for beef and dairy pur
poses, and horses for home use—
should never deceive himself with
the fallacy that he does not need
pure bred sires. If he does not need
the best—a pure bred sire—pray who
does? Are these not the real and
! ultimate purposes for which animals
are bred? For what other purpose
than pork making is the hog used?
' if the man who breeds hogs to make
pork does not need a pure bred sire,
then no man needs him, and the pure
l bred stock business Is a delusion,
pure and simple.
I “It is Worth its Weight in Gold
P. M. Vakn.
It Saves
It Saves
H*c*ti*e It mite* the cuano with the anil ctoa* under the ened » . that th# cotton la
n > irlahcd from 'he tiro* It aoruuta an 1 grow* off atr >n* and thrift? A f**roet «*?*
" IOO aaeada of ?*aaa aspfled mith 'Ha ' a1 a f* 'motor Ito^ssir* Cl I Mtah put amt I*
fhe Hjintl trot ** The C >ie Plantar lacrea*** the ||aU a hale of more t ■ **ch one buiar
crop. 1
one man and one hurar at one trip prepare* th* ae*«d hod put* In the cuano. open*
again drop* and ©over* the a«cd. ailln |u-t the right war fir either rn I'lit-an »•**«
H irghuro. Peanut*, etc The Col* Pla Her bear* Ihr •cnrfrf In getllnr a «Hlrb rrm >(1*4
It nuu on* acod attar another In a atraigh line tnicli or thin. *<• that It ***** **l
mats Iraa In tttim. and lass to rwifir.il*. Mr Hea’n of < ieorgla write* ■' 1 irewi.l mat
misa planting my rrop or th a Coir I'lantrr for fVOO.tHt."
it *»»w ro >*r? to paw. write at unw I ir ire* catalogue and aat* and eaar war to
rter hr mall, also name ol merchant In rour countr who aeil* and guarantee* (*oie
I i
lor co»n. cotton. a .rthum. pota'ooo.
»t*.. are th b- a h«r Ihav* 'IT tha
»W'lt an' Work above the plant
root a ot alt r pa, Paving ihcin In
tact and n»url bed with a per
I ct dirt muirn Thlr'r rcara'
teat pacta thla aiktetn at the
front 'or Common acnae cut
ture and larg at rraulta l ar
The |’til\erlfer" before and at
tar planting I r \err beat re
aulta l*o t,.-l fall to aend Itir
tiur tree llluatrated ’ Treatlae on
turn t'ultuia " at >nra
^_ !ua* moot tar * r '
1 2JL1UH
GIHHING MACHINERY. Engines and Boilers I
TTjc iruarant^ of our FACTORY m.-l NAMK tnrka up thal.juallty ohlrh I
baa M AI »K our name. Iljialulity. ronatrurtlve perf«-ti..n and I
auvanr«j Invofitlon aro character i»ue of our output. r tie imma- I
Ulately for full Infurntauun before tuiuujarmif any other make, H
LIDDELL COMPANY, Chariot!*, North Carolina ■

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