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A FIRST YEAR S EXPERIENCE.
Some Costly Mistakes That Might Easily Have Been Avoided —Some of the Things a Young Breeder Learned in Her First Year’s Work. Messrs. Editors: My first venture in poultry raising was the purchase of two sittings of Rhode Island Red eggs from a reliable breeder in my own county. I sent for these eggs myself, to insure careful packing and handling, and set them under hens to get the best results, and at the end of 21 days I had 11 chicks hatched from 26 eggs. Then came the experience, or rath er the want of it. I put them in a coop in the shade, as I was afraid the hot sun might weaken them. I greased them with sulphur and lard until they looked like they had just fallen out of the drinking fountain, and I gave them food in abundance, all kinds of table scraps, corn bread and anything else that came to hand. Every experienced poultry breeder knows their fate before I write it, for it was a sad one. Several of them went blind from the sulphur treatment and in 8 or 10 days most of the others died from over-feed ing. Three, two cockerels and a pullet, passed the danger line and grew strong and healthy, but I think it was wholly a case of the survival of the fittest that saved the hatch from being a clear loss. I did not know then that sunshine and fresh air are the best tonics for chicks as well as man, that over-feeding is more injurious than under-feeding, that feed should contain a large per cent of wheat and some grit, that young chicks should exercise for their feed, and that it should be kept clean and fed dry, or that equal parts of kerosene oil and lard are better than sulphur for keeping off vermin; but I know these things now. My friends looked on, the next spring, with doubting comments, while I built a house and pen that cost $15. It really ought to have cost less, but ignorance in this branch of the work makes experi ence come a little high. I ordered three pullets from one of the oldest breeders in the State and those chickens (through no fault of the breeder, I am sure) brought sore head into my yard. The prettiest one lost her eye after three applica tions of carbolated vaseline, and I learned that carbolic acid in any form was injurious to the eyes. 1 feed the acid now, as a preventive, 2 teaspoonfuls to a half-gallon of meal mixed with water, twice a week to forty or fifty chickens, and use peroxide of hydrogen applied with a piece of absorbent cotton, mixed with lard to consistency of salve, for a cure. But to get back to the subject. I used my best cockerel and pullet hatched from eggs, with two remain ing pullets ordered, with good re sults. The cockerel was a fine one, worth more than the price of the two sittings of eggs (I say this be cause I have bought since and know their value) and the pullet began laying early and had laid between 30 and 40 eggs by the last of Feb ruary. The other pullets were fairly good layers and gave me eggs for April hatch. From these chickens I raised my pullets for the next year and a small ad. in The Progressive Farmer and Gazette sold about $30 dollars worth of surplus stock at utility prices. Good advertising is the key to success, when you have learned to produce the best. I did not estimate the cost of rais ing these fowls, but on the farm this should be no drawback, as the pages | of this paper tell from time to time how food can be provided with little labor and expense. MARY W. EADS. Oktibbeha Co., Miss. WHEN SETTING THE HENS. How to Set and Care for the Hen So as to Get a Good Hatch of Healthy Chicks — Wage War Against Lice. Messrs. Editors: I usually set sev eral hens at the same time and by so doing can double them up after they come off, giving each hen from 12 to 15 chicks according to season. A hen should never be set where other hens will lay to her or disturb her. If she has stolen her nest in a secluded place, well and good; but if she wants to sit in the hen-house where the rest of the hens lay, she should be moved, which can easily be done after night, and by keeping the nest closed for a day she will generally become quieted down. The house where they aro set should preferably be in another yard, or kept closed for a few days, as she will invariably go back to her original nest, if allowed to go into her old run or yard. After she has been on probation several days she is set on the eggs intended for her to incubate. Right now the work begins, for the time to fight the head lice is just three weeks before the chicks are hatched. She is dusted thoroughly with a good lice powder, and this does not mean sprinkling a little over her while she is sitting on the nest. She is held in the lap and gone over thor oughly, holding back the feathers and getting the powder down next to the skin. She is then placed on the nest gently so as to keep as much of the powder in the feathers as possible. This dusting is repeated weekly until the chicks come oft. when they will have a fair chance to live. I have never yet raised a chick until it was safe without encounter ing at least one Bpell of bad weather, so am prepared for it long before it comes by putting the hen and chicks in a large coop that has a roof that doesn’t leak. They are never en trusted to a barrel or to the coop that is made by covering It with barrel staves close enough together to keep the hen from jumping out md depending on the hen to keep them dry. The hen Is kept confined and dur ing good weather chicks are allow ed to run out. The hen will hover the chicks whenever they come to her if she is kept confined from the start. 1 lie profit is not in how many lousy chicks you take off, but how many healthy ones you raise. W. C. TAYLOR. Hinds Co., Miss. A correspondent at Greenville, Miss., wants to buy: 25 Brown Leghorn pullets. 1 Berkshire boar, 2 years old. 1 Shorthorn bull. head of cattle to graze and fatten. Here is an opportunity for adver tisers to sell stock and those having such should let it be known through an advertisement in The Progressive Farmer and Gazette. “To escape criticism: Do nothing, say nothing, be nothing.” Harafnrrla Forty registered and grades. nereiorai bargain. PaHah C.. J Sensatkx ul. prolific, l>iw l-•!l vOUOn wCCU Selected 1* years, .f'j lialos per acre. $3.00 per bu. I7a0a S. C. Rhode Island Red* and R. White “Bo® Wyandotte*. 11.50 for 15. - Write for particular*. G« . W. Thr»rr>no. : M rir'n. Ale. Cowpeas Wanted State kind, amount, and price. Addre**, I.. FOOT, ('anton. Mi**. Seed Corn From the Care Spring Strrlt anil drain farm Mo*by, Davis's Poor Land. St. Chari*’*. Hickory King. Boon County. White Reid* and Yellow Dent Price. *1.75 per bu. Send for circular. 1 grow the seed. Y*ou grow the feed, CLARENDON DAVIS _Ht’NTSVH.t.K. A!.A Mosby Corn, Cook’s Cotton, None lie Her. Soy Bean*. Bronze Turkey». Hereford B ill. for sale, April 21st. Every farmer and ittekmin I should write for valuable circular. Lambert Stock and Seed Farm. Darlington. Wilcox Co.. Ala Cotton deed Tools Improved Prolific Cotton Seed and Yob j low Bloom. Earliest and Best Won first pnxe from ! Planters Fertilizer Co., at Charleston. Make* > J*er cent, $1.00 per bu.. 10 bu. lota over 90c per bu R B. LANEY. - Cbcraw. S. C, Velvet Bean Seed For Sale Two dollar* bu hcl. Address, A. S. Wella, TalUha»sec. Fla. SIMPKINS COTTON SEED. You want pure "rumpk m. cott n seed and should bur only from the originator In package* put up and branded by him wun tua tied tattered Trademark and signature which guar tee their purity Beware ol Imita tion* lor they will b« on the market telllnf you they are the Simpkins." and Just aa good aa Simpktn* will ship you." but ln*lsl on the genuine, which are onlr sold by me or my duly authorised agents. Yours trulr. W A. SIMI’K INK. Hal sigh, S. C _ MarTboro PROLIFIC CORN We are the originator*, we grow It pure Will yield nitt p- r cent, more than any other variety, ihe premium corn at all the Kiperl mental Stations Price t- ho per bu Excelsior Seed Farm Co. Cheraw. S C. Triumph Cotton la uawd almost asclualvrly by the Oov ernmenl In boll weevil sections It will revolutionise the South. Try It and be convinced It yields more per sera, turns out more lint, and la earlier than any other big boll cotton In the world. B selected bolls per pound 1.300 pounds seed cotton make a &Q0 pound bale, sta ple one and an eighth Inch Our entire crop le planted each year from selected stalks a..d bolls. Our aeed are guaran teed. Write lor catalogue and prtcesL WAOE BROTHERS. Seed Breeders. Alexander City. Ala. GEORGIA CASE SEEP FOR SALE Produce* a syrup which many prefer to hat roads of IxmUlan* cane, makes fifty per cent, more than sorghum Best •uhatltute or boll weevil cotton The leed It produce* sy* the cost of rslslnt s «ure crop anr year. Price- | »>»).. ffc.OO; »■, bu.. *2 VI; 1 peck. fl.fiO. 1 ya!., fl.OO.f. o. b. Raymond. Mim. A<ldre«», Jss*smlo« By> up Farm, Car* of W Calvib Wai.i.H. JACKSON. t MISSISSIPPI. Improved Shoepeg Corn Won 1st price Mtaalaatppt and Ismlslana Fair, also price Mississippi State Fair Ued Cob. weevil proof, keeps well In Held. |i 00 p*r pock. |3 00 per bu 6 bu. IIXCiO THOft. R TRIM. WLaonville. - - M«**i«*ippi LESPEDEZA SEED I A hardy cover for poor land Makr* lucurtanl growth on atrons land, sulu any soil. Now ready tor sh'pnw nt Price while preaent stock I a* la ft W ter hu o) d> lbs . In anr quantity. 1.1 t F l. WW*. seen Mihi iukts Stahkvu.ik M'sa O f* B* ft ft ft ai y lag jhai H far **i«. 5ttUL0RNw- m.. IMI’KOVKI) Cleveland Big Boll Cotton From carefully gelected §eed. 1,300 Ibg. aeed cotton to 600-lb bale 1 V* bale per acre, uplands Large boll, prolific and very easily picked With stand* drought well and fruit* heavi ly and early |3 00 per bu . 10 bu.. tl 6n per bu . fob Order at once Supply limited T. nmVKHtli, WlllUiufi, Trttn. PURE MOSBY PROLIFIC SEED CORN drown from orUlnator'* eoed ihu year, rrlcw V2 00 per buehel. thalled. Ub. here. A I AMU. SUflnUt. Mtu E* O R S A I. R—flott Minruy) Improved M<u bp Heed Corn I/-MI •ubjort lo d*n.a*e br wwrrils In r*r or tbri:« < »t fj ® * hu»b»; over ten bu »l Tft T R II vR|ip:r Arnot Mu* Square Deal Seed Corn Won cold modal at NL leuii World'* Fair Tb» originator of ihle variety offer* linn 00 for a eurn that win pro due* more per acra. HMI MCT • KM It for tale al li 00 per buahei. bp s a .1 ^ ^ S. F. EWING Hamiton. Miss SEEDS You need GOOD FRh li SRRDH We bare them \ epetable. Field and F.ower Hend for our i»loOa*a!o*ue ‘ A". We will mall U u» you FRF.K DAVID HARDIR KRRD CO. ____ _ Daiiaa Teiaa Lewis's Prize Cotton Seed ■ u**af||°oo,per “'4 ' 1' ‘ bu »' >° «*« '» Inaior. lerltton. la Excelsior Prolific Cotton Beats the boil weevil, earliest and most prolific cotton *rown, fruits closer, faster and thicker than any other cotton Will put on two bolls in same space and time -other varieties put on one. Write us for circular how to tfrow three bales j>er acre. Price 10 bus., $12.50. ::: Special price on car load. Excelsior Seed Farm Company. Clicraw S C SEED CORN 133 BUACRE ........... n.,*., „uwn. v«u.... n tM,™' *" "oi <•..«. ,.u.