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Under the Editorial and Business Management of
DR. TAIT BUTLER, 8TARKVILLE, MISS. CLARENCE H. POE, ... Associate Editor and Manager. Prof. W. F. MASSEY. .... Associate Editor. E. E_ MILLER, ...... Managing Editor. FISHER SPECIAL AGENCY, - New York Representatives. ALBERT H. HOPKINS. .... Chicago Representative. S. M. GOLDBERG, St. Louis and Kansas City Representative. OFFICES i RALEIGH, N. O. STARKVILLE, MISS. To either of which Communications regarding Advertising or Subscriptions may be Addressed. Entered as second class matter Oct. 16. 1907, at the postofflce Ral eigh, N. C.. under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. We Guarantee Our Advertisers. WE will positively make good the loss sustained by any subscriber as a result of fraudulent misrepresentation made in our col umns on the part of any advertiser who proves to be s deliberate swindler. This does not mean that we will try to adjust trifling disputes between reliable business houses and their patrons, but in any case of actually fraudulent dealing, we will make good to the subscriber as we have just indicated. The condition of this guaran ty* is that the claim for loss shall be reported to us within one month after the advertisement appears in our paper, and that the subscriber must say when writing each advertiser: 1 am writing you as an advertiser in The Progressive Fanner and Gazette, which guarantees the reliability of all advertising that it carriea." Average Weekly Circulation, 1909, 70,108. C Married. ARRIED AT THE HOME of the bride In Morristown, Tenn., Friday, February 25, 1910, Mr. E. E. Miller, Managing Editor of The Progressive Farmer and Gazette, to Miss Hattie Senter. Our 100,000 readers will join in wishing long life and happiness to bride and groom. No more likable or efficient worker than Mr. Miller has ever helped in the making of The Progressive Farmer and Gazette. (Incidentally, this item explains why our "Reading Course in Fertilizers” is omitted this week. It will be resumed In our next issue.) Possibilities of Corn Breeding. he SUSCEPTIBILITY of the corn plant to change and consequently to improvement by breeding and selection is well illustrat ed by ten years’ work at the Michigan Agrlcul tural Experiment Station. In ten years breeding a variety that, to sta,: w th, had 10.92 per cent of protein, was raised * a protein content of 14.26 per cent, or a gain over 30 per cent in the protein of this low p. te n feedstuff. Corn of that composition cont ■ , within 1.14 per cent as much protejn as w,-; ran. in fact, the increase iD protein is sufl? •, to materially change the character of the cm. , a feedstuff, and if this increase in the prj«,.. content from 4.70 to 2.66, which they tained by breeding, the composition of corn v be so changed as to make the corn grain a • balanced ration. The nutritive rati , ( ,• erage corn is about 1 to 9. That of c'.r.t v.i»» 14.26 per cent protein, and 2.66 per i,, • would be about i tn f s .... . . u Ul 1 t0 6 5- the nutritive ,jij ,, Qulred by .he Woll-l.ebtnann standard for is as follows: ‘ Horses at light work... , , , ,, Horses at medium work'. . t\ Horses at heavy work i , . I i u lj This shows that the composition or lt cast, and hy Inference, probably an/.. „r cods, can be cbansed In a compa.a.i.ciy orr time to fit a definite purpose in feeding, by intelli gent attention to breeding and selsoMon. If the composition of the corn grain, which is one of the most stable characters of the corn plant, can be thus modified to lit a purpose in feeding it seems to follow most conclusively that changes In those characters which conduce to a larger yield may be most easily accomplished by attention to breeding and sole ttnu for that pur pose. The evidence to prove this is abundant, and yet, little attention is ghen to seed selection and breeding by the average farmer. How Vampire Quacks Fuin Lives. HE TIME is coming, and is not for distant, when a thoroughly awakened public senti ment will make it impossible for any edi tor to sell himself into part nor?hip with vampire quacks and frauds who latten on the miseries of the poor and ignorant sick, o t«»n causing them to delay proper treatment, unt l they either die or become chronic ii.,:Mds. England, as we said last week, is beco Mighty aroused to the seriousness of the ■ • cine evil, or "secret remedies” as th 1 over there. As a prominent corre ■ n the London Spectator says: "There exists, m ac;. no such thing as a ‘secret* remedy. Chemical analysis easily dis closes the constituents. It proves that the majority of nostrums, when not entirely worthless, Inert trash, rarely contain any thing more potent than a smalt dose of a cheap purgative. The harm Is done by ad vertisements which lead sufferers from seri ous maladies amenable to scientific treatment to pin faith upon a worthless cure Cases of this kind are always to be discovered In numbers among hospital patients. It was one of such that first opened my eyes to the main facts. This was the case of a woman who presented herself at a hospital suffering from enticor of the breast. The disease had passed far hevond the help of surgery Ask ed why she had not applied earlier, the wo man stated that she had rejfed throughout on a much-advertised heal-all ointment. This was merely a preparation of colored lard ex actly similar to compounds upon the adver tising of which thousands of pounds are still expended, 't hey sell mostly among the poor and Ignorant, and are responsible for much preventable misery and death.” Tkii Week's Features. HAVE NOT been able to ret Into our VV' Corn Special" all the rood matter that v.h planned—Professor Duncan's Alaham-i \;tr|c* V t<sta. tor example.—but it ouirht to prove "t nr.y r.:t., a pretty rood all-round ruble to sue CMlHire in the South Special art! Dent very fully the sublects of vital lntere«* 'lcl.» at this time—ft) preparfnr the land. (2> ttlll7in«. (3) selectlnc seed, and HI plnntlnp Hr of— and later special articles In the ser|e •Hoxv to Double Corn Yields.” will deal with the »1 ts of early and late cultivation, etc etc 'iu„ in the wav of a cepernl summary of sue ‘-sful com culture. Mr. French’s sforv of ho« n*‘ ,Pak«* h,B hl* crops. Is about the best thine ■ f Hie kind we have ever prln*ed. while on l*1 12 Bnd 13 we have other rood reports also ,mn Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama farmer renders. In our special departments this week our art! : ’f are of unusual timeliness. You ouirht to "t,d rlcht away the article on earlv sprlnc car. ? work stock, while hardly less Important are ncle Jo’s letter on the care of brooder chicks ’•r. Latham and Professor Thompson on sweet ntato culture snd watermelon rrowlnc. an-’ drs. Stevens’s housekeeplnr talk on ’’The Hand llnr and Storare of Food.” No less valuable for the wide-awake farmer ire our advertisements of breeders of Improved *eeds. live stock, poultry, and machinery You r*an’t afford to farm this year with scrub seed Hock or poultry, nor out-of-date tools; and there s no time to lose If you are really not color to waste another year of your life |n this sort of business. Write our advertisers How to Select Seed Corn. rc=3BHE INDIVIDUAL corn plant- stalk, leaves, yP' and ears—Is the basis for corn Improve ment by selection. The ear so general ly used as the sole basis of selection Is only one member or part of the corn plant, and is, therefore, an Insufficient basis for Improve ment of the yield by selection. In fact, while the ear has In recent years received much atten tion from the growers In their selection of seed corn. It Is probably not ns Important a part of the plant, considering Uie objects In view, as the stalk. That Is, an Increase In yield could probably be more easily and quickly secured by attention to the stalk alone than by attention to the ear alone; and If the best results are to be obtained, careful field selection of stalks and ears both are essen tial. The following Is an effort to briefly state the characters of the corn plant which should fortn a guide or standard for our readers In the selec tion of seed corn: Ktalk. — — .1 . IL I. • — it ■ MW M ' « • M M M If* VHV Ml Ml J | || ||J I height. In the South the tendency Is to grow tss largo, hence n height of 8 or 9 feet should %a adhered to. It should he large and sturdy st tbs base, tapering evenly to the top and standing erect. It should be free from all disease, smut, etc., and well supplied with 12 to Id broad, wall developed leaves. The ears, not less than two of thrm. should be about the middle of the stalk, preferably below rather than above tha middle. The ears should be attached by a shank of suf ficient length to permit of the outer end of the ear turning slightly downward so as to shed we ter, but should not be too long -say fire Inches. Sticker* or off-shoots of any sort are undesirable. The reasons why these characters are desirable are apparent The most Important part of the plant Is the ear. hence too great an amount of plant food should not be used up In the produc tion of the stalk. A aturdy stalk, with broed leaves. Indicates a more vigorous plant. A tell, slender stalk, with the ears placed high. Is too easily blown down. More than one ear Is dsetr able, because, while |t has not been demonstrated bow many ears are best. It has been demonstrated by Southern Ktperlment Stations that varieties hi vinr a tendency to produce the Isrgest per rest of stalks bearing two or more ears produce the most shelled corn per sere ruini. Uniformity In type is » desirable quality and an evidence of the purity of any given variety, i nlformlty In type doea not mean strict uniform ity In the site of the ears, but there should be the same general shape of ear. with the same color, shape and size of kernel, and the closest approach practicable to uniformity in site of ear la also de sirable, I/ength of Rnr.—The length and alse of the ear >111 vary In different varieties, but the desirable relation between length and site !.. clreumferenc® hree-fourths the length. That Is. an ear 8 inches long should be about <5 Inches In circumference I or making this comparison, th® circumference or the ear should be measured about one-tblrd i»* distance from the butt toward the tip. An "Hr °r length Is probably best. A large •nr. of course, will yield more corn, but two rae lum ears will yield more than one large ear and 'wo medium ears are easier to get In one stalk han one ear large enough to shell as much corn ™ ,he «*rs. An ear measuring from <4 to 9 Inches Is probably not far from the right length. shape of liar,—The ear should be as near the a me size at the tip and the butt us It la possible 'o get It Of course, this Is rarely the case, the Ip usually being smaller, but a tapering ear Is objectionable, because, us the ear gets smaller towards the Up the grains must become smaller, or one or more rows must be dropped. Space Between Kernels.—Any spare between ♦ be kernels that might be filled with corn is a 'listlnet loss. Tills occurs when the furrows be tween the rows are too large and also when there m open space between the kernels at the cob. The shape of the kernels largely determines the space between the grains. —The rows of kernels should be regular and straight at the butts and extend well out.