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close around the shank, which should be of me
dium size. Tips.—The more nearly the grains cover the entire end, and the longer they are, the better. Of course, the rows should run straight and reg ular from butt to tip. If the ear maintains Its size well towards the tip the grains will he larger and deeper and there will be the same number of rows. Kernels.—The color of the kernels should be uniform and true to variety or type. That Is, a white variety should not show yellow kernels and a yellow variety should not have grains with a white base. Any variation from the variety color Is an evidence of a short pedigree or mixing. A moderately deep kernel, with a wide base, giving It a wedge shape that fills the entire space be tween the outer circumference, formed by the bares of the kernels and the rob. Is the desirable shape of kernel. Too short a kernel gives too great space between the rows and a less quantity of corn. Too deep or long a kernel Is apt to be small at the germ end and lack vitality. Ck»b.^Whlte varletio* of corn should have white robs, and yellow vgrletle* usually hare red cob*, which should be of a uniform shade. Roth red and white cobs In a variety Indicate that It has not been bred pure long enough to establish uniformity. Too small cobs do not give sufficient space for enough kernels, or rows of kernels, and If the kernels are of good size, they are too small at the cob. with weak germs Too large cobs usually have very shallow or short kernels. Why are the characters of stalk, ear and kernel a bore-described the best? Simply because It has been found that corn having these qualities pro duce* more corn per acre. The Split Log Drag Again. nHK PROPER use of the simple spilt log drag would save our Southern farmers many thousands of dollars during tho sea son of bad roads In late winter and early spring Discussing Its great value, Mr. D. H. Winslow, of the Hoad Division, United States Department of Agriculture, who has been helping the local au thorities In New York County, 8. C., gives this higbly Interesting story of how the drag origi nated: •'The object of the split log drag Is not solely to round up a road as so many people think; but rather to make It shed the water. The inventor got his Idea from a hog wallow. Having noticed that a hog wallow holds wa ter longer than any ordinary mud puddle, he began to study out the reason, and at last from watching the pigs as they wallowed and twisted about over the bottom, decided that the wallowing and twisting had a peculiar trowellug effect on the mud that closed the Interstices against the drainnge of the water. Then the Idea occurred to him that If he could produce this same troweling effect on the surface of a road, ho mtrht make It shed wa ter also. He finally hit upon the split log contrivance, and dray*,, ng It over the road after rains fo t* the process not only helped to sitae<» roads up. but that they kept In shape." A Thought for the Week. -Hl’.SK A I: I: UKTTKH day* than the no-call «d golden days of the fathers. Despite the extent of political corruption, at no time have the American people been more Insistent upon political purity. It Is not the hour of tri umph of the powers of darkness, hut of tho regenerating Influences of light. The most r~“ " ■' i—_ _ f“ What's The News?” Br CLARENCE H. POE. The Week’s Happenings. BY FAR THE MOST interesting news Item of the week Is that which tells of the pro posed "Rockefeller Foundation,” a philan thropic organization greater than the world has fiver before known, to which will probably go the bulk of John D. Rockefeller’s enormous fortune. The objects of the Foundation as set forth in the proposed charter to be granted by Congress are as follows: "To promote the well-being and to advance the civilization of the people of the United States and Its Territories and possessions and foreign lands, In the acquisition and dissemi nation of knowledge. In the prevention and relief of suffering, and in the promotion of any and all the elements of human progress.” The movement become more slgnlflcant from the fact that John D. Rockefeller, Jr., the Oil King's only son, has resigned as a director in the Standard Oil Company and other corporations, and In association with a board of picked men, will here after give his entire time to handling the colossal project of philanthropy now Inaugurated. It is thought that young Rockefeller wishes to become famous as the world's greatest philanthropist as | his father was the world’s greatest trust magnate. Already Mr. Rockefeller (now seventy-three year* old) has given $53,000,000 to the General Education Board. $25,000,000 to Chicago Univer sity. and nearly $50,000,000 to various other ob jects. At first Interested chiefly In helping col leges, universities, and foreign missions, Mr. Rockefeller's Ideas have broadened. He has be come Interested In the movement for better com mon schools. The vision of what may be accom plished by the prevention of disease has come to him, and he has recently given $1,000,000 to fight hookworm disease In the South, and had formerly given $4,000,000 for general medical re search. Dr. Knapp's co-operative demonstration work has also Interested him, and a considerable appropriation has gone to that. Reformatories, city parks, and the Bureau of Municipal Research have also been remembered In his donations. From having been one of the most unpopular men In America, Mr. Rockefeller Is now likely to become famous In his age as a philanthropist as grently venerated as Peabody. He won his wenlth wrongly, and In this way he seeks to make restitution to the people. We honor him for this, but It should not make us less earnest In seek ing to prevent such colossal plunder of the people In the future. The fault was not so much In Mr Rockefeller's seizing the opportunities for wealth making as In the failure of Congress to pass laws which would have made such public plunder im possible. J» We must confess that In the strikes and labor troubles now so widespread there seems to be irenulne threat of financial disturbance for the country at large. The situation takes on added seriousness from the fact that the balance of trade . In favor of the United States for January was the smallest In twenty years. Exports were the smallest In five years and Imports the largest on j record. It Is becoming Increasingly evident that 1 our people have been going at too fast a pace, and that only the old-fashioned virtues of thrift and economy can prevent disaster. If the enor mous increase in gold production continues, raon ej must become cheaper and cheaper and prices higher, until we reach a condition similar to what would have been expected if Bryan and free silver had won in 1896. Jl Congress is giving attention to the appropria tion bills, largely with a view to carrying through the measures which will help Representatives in their struggles for re-election this fall. It re mains to be seen whether the voters will be bet ter satisfied with these jobs and schemes than they would be with large-minded, statesman-like attention to the big questions confronting the na tion. Jl The Ballinger-Pinchot inquiry became sensa tional again when Mr. Pinchot took the stand the other day and presented more damaging evidence against the Secretary of the Interior. The con viction grows that Mr. Taft will be forced to drop Mr. Ballinger in spite of the strenuous fight he has made for the suspected official. The extent of the land frauds in Alaska and elsewhere is suggested by the fact that a syndicate has been trying to get for $250,000 coal mines which ex perts estimate are worth $12,500,000. Jl Jeff Davis, of Oklahoma, who perhaps has less influence than any Senator of this generation, is in serious trouble now. It hasn’t been long since Senator Burton, of Kansas, was sent to the peni tentiary for accepting fees for appearing as the representative of private interests in Government matters at Washington, and now the Arkansas Senator seems to have confessed to the same of fence. He may not be prosecuted, but the Inci dent will doubtless lose him some of his strangely won prestige. Jl The latest news from Nicaragua—we can not say how reliable it is—Is that the Insurgents hare been crushed. We hope not. If there was ever a wretchedly misgoverned country, Nicaragua seems to have been. jt The United States Senate has voted $30,000,000 for Irrigation projects In the West. It should never be forgotten that drainage is as important in the South as Irrigation is to the West, and we should have more determined efforts in behalf of our needed drainage projects here. Jt The Louisiana Legislature meets May 9th, and ft is gratifying to see the constructive character of the important legislation that is to come be fore it. “Measures for the improvement of the roads, laws regulating the school system, meas ures looking to conservation of natural resources, increasing the efficiency of the State Traveling Auditor and the system of accounting in State in stitutions,” are the Important topics Indicated by the correspondent of the New Orleans Plcaqune. Jt The Liberal Government in England will hava a free hand until after Easter. Rather than run the risk of forcing another general election now, the Conservatives did not call for a division on the Prime Minister’s program when It was pre sented the other day. Immediately after Easter Parliament will begin work on the plans for re forming the House of Lords. Jl Some one is responsible for the statement that not since the days of Alexander of Macedon have such preparations been made for the gen eral reception of any man as are now being made In Europe on account of the early coming of Theodore Roosevelt. The Emperor of Germany, the President of France, and the King of England are an maxing almost unprecentea oi ficial arrangements (or his visit. J* All over the country Sunday, April 24th, Is to be celebrated as “Anti Tuberculosis Sunday.” It is gratifying to see that the churches are to take hold of this movement, which means so much for humanity. Since the Mas ter gave so much of His time to heal ing individuals, it is fitting Indeed that lfis church should give as full hearted support to a movement which will save lives by thousands and ulti mately, no doubt, by millions. Get your pastor interested. significant feature of our present life Is not the widespread existence of evil, but the organised efforts to check It, .not civic Indifference, however lamentable u»uy be Us scope, but the widening demands of public spirit and the more emphatic assertion of com munity rights; not political manipula tion. but the Indignation of the people at Its abuses; not full bless legislators and administrative officials, but the re sentment which they arouse and the narrowing range of their Illicit activ ities.—Governor Charles K. Hughes, In address at Philadelphia, Pa., Feb ruary 22. 11110.