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HOW TO FERTILIZE CORN LAND.'
The Great Need Is Humus and the Ilest Use of Fertilizers is to Promote the Growth of Nitrogen-Gathering, Humus-Making t?n)p*_Peculiar Moisture Needs of Corn—Formula for Ordi nary Soils in This and Adjoining States. ORN Id A RICH laud plant. It responds readily and profit ably to organic fertilisers ricb iu nitrogen, sucb as stable manure aud decaying vegetable matter, from tbe legumes. Its response to appli cations of commercial or mineral fer tilisers is not so marked nor so gen erally profitable. Tbe corn plant is a rank and rapid grower, producing large quantities of dry matter per acre, aud to do Lbls must of necessity use large quali ties of water. Why Decaying Vegetable Matter Helps t>o Much. This fact probably repeals why stable rnauuro and decaying legumes, or other orgauic matter, so largely iucrease the yield ut corn, ihese add plaul foods, but incur beneficial ef fects on tbo corn plant is probably more especially uue to auotner fact, which is loo ofteu overlooked by the corn growers of me doulh. They so change and improto mu mocuuuicai condition of tbe soil that it is able to hold more water to supply me large and constant needs oi me plant, and in supplying this large quantity of water there is also supplied the moans of carrying iulo the piaut tor its growth, the targe quantities of plant foods which are required to produce large yield* of corn. In fertilising corn, therefore, three Uiings are especially required: (1) humus, (2) water, aud (2) plant food*. Tne humus will enable the ■oil to bold the water required and when this humu* come* from stable manuro or decaying legumes, it will also supply the large amount of nl* irogen required by corn for ila beat growth. Other plant foods besides nitrogen may be necessary, but of Ur*i importance is bumua if this humu* be supplied through stable manure and legumes, so much the belter, for It will then supply the second great need of the corn plant, nitrogen. The right sort of humus, then. Will obtain the two greatest needs of the corn plaul, water and ! nitrogen, lu short, how to fertilise (lie corn crop is pretty nearly told in the one word, humus. Why Drouth Hurts Corn Ho lladly. A Urge, vigorous and rapidly growing plant like corn must have an abundant supply of water, aud If there be a deficiency of this for any appreciable length of time, the yield must suffer. A slower and longor growing plant llko cotton, for in stance. may be deprived of water and other suitable conditions for Ha h* t growth, for a much longer time without so groat permanent injury. This has beeu observed In the won derful recuperative powers of the cotton plant after periods unsulled to Its growth. Corn ha* no *uch "come out" to It, and If deprived of adequate supply of water, or If It la otherwise checked In It* growth for any appreciable length of time, the Injury la great and permanent. This Is specially noticeable on rather poor lauds; but less so on rich lunds, where It Is difficult to "Blunt," or ctu*ck the growth of corn under any thing like suitable weather condi tions. How to I'ltt Commercial Fertilisers In Corn Crowing. The best way, therefore, of fertil izing corn land Is through a proper * ThU article wee i»rtn>»r«d a* No 3 In Dr. But Ur n Snrita, “How to Double* Corn Yield*" but the Advanced e«*ai»oii ruak«*e it nectwmary to have thii •Ubject treated without further delay. 'crop rotation, in which legumes fig ure prominently, and by stable ma nure; but it must not be Inferred from this, that commercial fertil izers have no place in Increasing ' corn yields. In the first place, they should be used on the other crops in the rotation. Especially should phos phoric acid, and in some sections potash, be used on the legume crops grown for soil improvement and to make forage for live stock, by which the stable manure needed is to be made. Moreover, until the soil can be tilled with the humus, necessary to the best corn yields, we must use commercial fertilizers if profitable returns can be secured from such use. Many good farmers claim that it does not pay to use commercial fertilizers on corn. To support this position there is considerable experi mental evidence; but many of the failures to receive profitable returns from the use of comercial fertilizers on corn have resulted during dry years sod on land too poor ror a profitable yield of corn under any conditions. If there is a deficiency of water, of course, the fertilisers cannot be dissolved and will do the crop no good. Moreover, for this and other reasons, poor land, defi cient in humus, will not give as profitable returns on commercial fer tilisers used as good land. This ap plies to practically all crops In the South, but especially to corn on land inclined to be dry as well as poor. On the other hand, on lands of fair fertility, commercial fertilisers used Judiciously may be made to pay on corn under average weather con ditions. A Good General Formula for Com. The following mixture Is suggest ed for ordinary lands: Acid phosphate, 16 per ct 1,000 lbs. Cottonseed meal. 1,000 lbs Of this mixture, from 200 pounds to 400 pounds may usually be used profitably. There are Prairie and Delta lime lands In Mississippi and Alabama which do not respond to commercial fertilizers and there are others in Alabama which need potash, but the above is for general use. Of course, our corn club boys who are trying to make a large yield, without such close regard to cost, may use a much larger quantity on land well supplied with humus. On average lands, not too sandy, we would apply all this fertilizer in the drill before the corn is planted. On real light sandy soils, or if any considerable part of the nitrogen is supplied by nitrate of soda or sul phate of ammonia, instead of the cottonseed meal we have used, we would make at least two applications —half before the corn is planted and the other half as a side application when the corn is half grown. If a ready mixed commerical fer tilizer is to be used, we suggest one containing about 8 to 10 per cent of phosphoric acid and 3 to 3 Vi per cent of nitrogen, or in about these propor Some advocate the applications of from 75 pounds to 125 pounds of nitrate of soda as a side dressing, when the corn is from 2 to 4 feet high. The indication for the use of more nitrogen is a failure of the corn to make sufficiently large and rapid growth of stalk. If this condi tion is present and the corn has not a dark green color, showing vig ous growth, an application of nitrate of soda at this time may pay, but, as already stated, as a general rule ni trogen furnished in some organic compound is usually more satisfac tory for corn. Stable manure when applied should be put on some little time in advance of planting and thoroughly mixed with the soil. Otherwise, a heavy application of coarse stable manure may so loosen up the soil as to cause it to dry out too much and result In the corn firing. It is the dealer’s business to know good seed, and if he cheats you once never trust him again, and warn your friends against his machinations at the same time.—T. C. Karas. Improved Glrole Braoe Diverse Cultivator I lavs* Half Your Thns and Wsrtj ICultlewtea both etdeeof row M om or ontlro dlw I lane* between row*. Tborouebljr turn.niulpuleer- I Ueaewrth. Te»r» out wee.1e.lenTin*enrtb mellow I emtrtewn. Work* perferllr In rorkr 1*1x1. roujrh I or .mm.th ground. Vluhl-tdr*Tl eultlrnwc■»<*•. I Ouo liurM. Our pnteuled ] *5.« Freight Prepaid Complete with fender. J*romp* I-wnvcvevnvRH ^^i^lanetJrCombined Horse-Hoe and Cotton-Cultivator does more kinds of k work in the cotton-field and does it quicker than any other implement . made. Easily adjusted for hoeing, V plowing, cultivating, furrowing, list . ing, dirting, scraping, and laying by. Works equally well for com, potatoes, and similar ____k crops. Saves time and labor, and gives a better yield. Planet Jr implements are used by over two million farmers and gardeners. Hey are made strong and substantial with cultivating parts of high-carbon steel. Fully guaranteed. . _. Mrwln hn»f matt no* Ml to not om 1910 ct.ilooo I11utntla« u<l dMcrlblnf 66 bind, of Flonot Jl InkihDU Including rattan ml earn cultivator.. Froo for tho noklng. Writo today. S L AU«n & Co Box 1H1 » Philadelphia Pa Plant Cotton One Seed at a Time Equally Spaoed—No Skips—No Bunching Without preparation of the seed, plant a bushel or more or a peck or less to the acre, one to six inches apart, as you set it, always one seed at a time. Save half the work and time of chopping. Positive force-feed means absolute regularity of drop without cracking or crushing seed. Each plant has room to grow though chopping be delayed. Insures early maturity and 6 bales from laud you now get only 4, because no skips or gaps in your rows. Tk# Ledbetter •"& Planter plants on ridge or in water furrow. Levels the bed, opens fur* row, plants seed any depth desired—one at a time and presses earth over seed, all in one operation. Has flexible . hitch-rod, soplanter always runs true. Seeeveryseed ^bi M f|H as it comes from hopper to spout Hopper ulAlxV easily removed. Furnished with drageoverer in place of press wheel, if desired. Ifnotatyour EniaU PnilM dealer's, send us f 14.00. We pay all freight. Our rrvpill guarantee of satisfaction or money back protects joua oaataa you. Write for Interesting Free Books showing two** ii *oi7thisandotherstyles.Writeorseeyourdealernow. N. C. Birmingham. Ala., and Other points. SOUTHERN HOW 00,110 Cm* it. Dates, Tk. Imitations of This Harrow Are Not Worth The Prices Asked The Genuine is Better Than Ever Free Book p«At Same Low, Factory Price Will Prove It The Detroit-American was the first and still Is the only genuine Tongueless Disc made. All others are weak Imi tations—mere makeshifts-old-style tongue harrows with tongues cut off and front trucks stuck under. The real tongueless is made only by us and sold only direct from our factory to farm. Don’t let a dealer or anyone • else palm off a substitute on you. They don’t work ■t all the same: they don't save the horses; they don’t last like the famous original— Detroit-Americ IVv It V|>g>a 90 Days: No Money Down — w Ary At rrw CASH OR CREDIT TERMS Try this harrow entirely at our risk. Use It a month—even more. If It does^^ the work as it should do it, send us the price —If not. return the machine.^^_ jd> jp^ Wo take care of the freight in both cases. Test won’t cost you a nicke^ ^ <9r qp* Note these points:-All-steel frame; hard maple bearings; rigid stee^ * adjustable standard; pipe oilers; double levers; indestructible stee^^T^ / spools between blades- and a dozen other important features. Send Your Name Now SKffiShSEV .X The best Harrow book, bent Manure Hpreader book, L-xt (’ulti CP' •*' valor book-all Detrolt-Aiuerlcuna—all Improved -prices cut. FKOMPT DEl.lVl.llY Lour bobby. We ship from * ,<« X° S* transfer points Inal I aect Iona of the country. Noloug^ ..** walla. Hand coupon or poxtal now for our guide V- ••• ..♦* tba K1UHT Disc at tbeUlUUT 1‘UlCk. sT ^ > American Harrow Co. 11071 Hastings Strsst. DETROIT, MICH.