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we have still a long road to travel
before we shall have reached the a.most absolute immunity from this plague established by our foreign neighbors, Germany. France, and Austria. Of ten of the largest for eign cities all of which suffered se verely during smallpox epidemics during the seventies, five large Ger man cities, having rigorous vaccina tion and quarantine laws since that time, have reduced their smallpox figures to nn Infinitesimal number —while London, where there is no re-vaccination law and where the vaccination Is poorly enforced, still loses more cases from smallpox than any of the five German towns. Since the enactment of vigorous vaccina tion and re-vaccination laws in Ger many In 187 4. the enormous German army with all the attendant fatigue and privation has suffered one death from smallpox between that year and 1884. During the Franco-Prussian War the German army sustained by far the fewest losses from smallpox throughout the years of war. al though It was constantly la contact with th* population in Franc* which was suffering at that time very con siderably from the disease. When w* compare these facts with fright ful epidemics of smallpox In our own country In times of peace w* are forced to a humiliating admission as to the inefficiency of our health regu lations. One meets frequently a stub born prejudice against vaccination among Intelligent, thinking people, a prejudice the cause of which would be Interesting to know. Since the Introduction of compulsory vaccina tion In certain countries careful sta tistics have been eo I looted to show that no Increase of certain illness or general mortality attributable as a consequence baa been shown. Iosm Preceatftoas la Regard to Vac rinnttiTW. 1 have occasionally heard the re mark. "I should rather risk a case of smallpox than be vaccinated.” In the light of our present knowledge of the subject there Is no risk connected with vaccination. Performed in a sanitary manner with vaccine of un questioned purity, under sanitary conditions followed by sanitary treat meat It Is a perfectly simple proeees and attendant evil effects are not to be expected. Doubtless, many of ua can cite Instances of disagreeable re sults following vaccination, bat when the details are known the trouble has. almost without exception, pro ceeded from careless methods upon the part of the operator or Improper care of the wound after vaccination. It Is surprising to know how rarely a shield or protection of any kind Is worn over the wound which Is won derfully accessible to dust and Infec tion from the clothing. "Every year In the United States alone 260.000 people die of preventa ble diseases. That means 690 every day, 29 every hour and one every two minutes. In four years this amounts to one million preventable deaths. The cost of all this. Including loss of life, loss of time and doctors’ bills amounts to over 9400,000,000 per year." Looking at these facta as they stand, our Intelligent home makers who undoubtedly have the burden of responsibility, the management of our sick, can 111 afford to heed traditional superstitions or rely upon hearsay methods In the campaign for better health. In pioneer days, the fee of life was the Indian and wild beasts. To-day It Is the countless unseen life that makes human flesh Its prey. Safety lies only In making ourselves the conquerors. "If we have pleasant thoughts, even when alone, we have good com pany.” FIRST LEARN, THEN PRACTICE. By Mr*. W. N. Hutt. K KNOW 80 LITTLE. The knowledge of the most learned man In the world is so very paltry and limited when compared with what there is to be known, that we, who have had neither the years nor the opportunity, need not be ashamed to acknowledge ignorance and to seek enlightenment. Nor is information the only thing to be desired. The ability to do is just as Important. Doubtless there were fifty men in the world who knew as much about military tactics as did Napoleon, bat he knew and yet did. Surely also there were others who never wrote a line, yet who knew as much of the laws of the drama and had as keen an insight into the hearts of men as did Shakespeare. I/et u* learn the lesson, and when we gain knowledge of any subject let us apply it in our daily lives. If we women, we mothers of men, would all study personal hygiene and the ranees and means of prevention of ordinary diseases, and put Into practice those things we have learned, we could stamp out of the world In twenty years, consumption, malaria, typhoid, bookworm, scourges of bolls, most ef our infantile and children’s diseases, with their resultant trains of weakened body or mind. The body Is the home of the soul. Should we not keep it pure, strong and undefiled? Did we know more of human nutrition, statistics tell us that 80 per cent of the babies who die under two years of age need not end their little spaas of life. Many wrecked homes, many divorces, many crimes have been traced directly to a bad digestion, the result of wrong methods of cooking. When women understand the structure and composition ef our ordi nary foods, they are not going to make fundamental mistakes in cooking. When all the farm homes are equipped with water systems, staka, bathrooms, small kitchens, well stored with all obtainable labor savers, good sewing machines, washing machines and churns, run by water power, and every other device that saves strength, there will be fewer broken-down old women who should be Just in the prime of life fit chums and companions for the growing eon and daughter—fewer doctors* bills, less patent medicine, but there will be more wholesome, healthy laughter, and life will he richer and more worth living. BEGIN WAR ON THE FLIES. Prof. Beyer Tells of Insect's Relation to Disease. Spring Is coming. Already In our midst the house fly. the dirty fly, the typhoid and cholera Infantum fly, will soon swarm In thousands and mil lions, unless precautions are taken. The house fly, whom we were taught In eur childhood to treat with kind ness, has been exposed. Its habits are filthy. It breeds in stables and garbage palls and carries the filth It revels In and trasks It across the sugar, the butter and the beefsteak. It paddles Its horrid feet, gummed with the vilest rotting matter. In the baby's milk. The doctors have de clared war on the house fly. It prob ably disseminates every disease. It is a nuisance. It must be extermin ated. In an age of knowledge, screens and cheap disinfectants there Is no excuse for flies In any house hold. Clean up your premises. Get rid of breeding places of flies and yon will get rid of flies. There is no family so poor It can not afford to soreen its home. Screens will turn away all flies as well as mosquitoes. The unscreened house, In other words. Is a dangerous thing, and screens on windows and outside doors are an excellent Investment from several points of view.—Prof. George E. Beyer. How to Grow the Finest Sweet Peas. A rioh sandy loam, good seed, en thusiasm, good culture, a well-drain ed situation, will produce them, says The Housekeeper. Excavate trenches the wfdth of a shovel, to the depth of a foot Fill In a couple of Inches ---I with broken stone, on which put the soil, which should be the richest pos sible sandy loam. Use no fresh ma nure unless It be well-rotted—a soil that has been heavily manured the year before Is an Ideal one. Plant the seed In a double row, 4 Inches apart and 3 inches apart in the row. Merely press the seed beneath the surface, and when the plants have caught on the wire netting between the rows, pull the soil up around them, but keep It loose. Cultivate with the hoe often, and after the buds appear. If weather Is dry, water freely and spray the vines with a hard stream to keep down the red spider If It appears. Plant as early as possible. A Prayer for Every Day. Keep us, 0 God, from pettiness; let us be large In thought, In word, In deed. Let us be done with fault-finding and leave off self-seeking. May we put away all pretense and meet each other face to face, wlthont self-pity and without prejudice. May we never be hasty In Judg Here Is Something New Prom Kalamazoo Flwya fas rcimill la root ova home, that the »«!■■««<. U the moat •*a‘kct0‘T ^ Send for Catalog No. $84 with tpedal term aad compare Kalamtmo jdtaewpi " ^ Cash Or Time Payments " e «4l every housewife to know the comfort and convenience of a mazoo in her home. You can buy on easy time paymanta or pay < you like. Either way—you save f 10 to $20 on any stove in the catalog nuke it easy for responsible people to own the bat stove a range We Pay the---■ Freight I tihwe Steve Ce. . Mick ment, and always generous. better impulses, straightforward and unafraid. Let us take time for all things; make us grow calm, serene, gentle. Grant that we may realize it is the little things that create differences; that in the big things of life we are as one. And may we strive to touch and to know the great common woman heart of us all, and let us not forget to be kind.—Selected. We will md direct from oar Foe to rjr, any Cornish piano or organ that you may ■elect from oar any choose the dtatlnet understanding that If the Instrument does not come up to your fullest expectations you will be under no obligations what* orer to keep It, end that the • rial WiU Cost You Absolutely Nothing If the Instru ment does not prove better value for the money than you can get any where else—If It Is not as good an Instrument aa you can buy for one-third more than we ask—If at any time wtthln a rear yon feel that you have not a good bargain, ■end It back; we won’t find one word of fault with your decis ion, and you will not be one cent out of pocket or for use of the Instrument. We Giro You « Legal Bond of Indemnity Easy Terms which helda us strictly to this offer. Ton risk nothing. We aeaease all responsibility, because we know all about the great beauty of material and work manshtp In Cornish pianos and organs and we know all about the pure, sweet, rich tone quality of our Instruments and we know whata quart Per of a million satis fied purchasers think of them. If you keep the Instru ment It will cost you the Hock - Bottom Fac tory Price, not ons cent more, and you will reeelve with It our Bonded Guarantee which insures the tnstru Plea ^sntaiTUfl against defeefln mate? PlM-Ha^OaoThlrd lal or workmanship. Send For The Cornish Book Don't think of buying before reading it. It is the handsomest piano and organ catalog ever Issued. It explains things you ought to know whether you buy from us or not and It Is yours for the asking. Write for It now and please mention which you are inter ested In—piano or organ. comsnctts^'^^u THE IMPROVED MONITOR nickel plated. Not complicated—easy to operate— hot in five minutes—heat regulated Instantly—no odor—no dirt. Mail card, and let us tell you hosr to secure a Monitor at a special price. THE MONITOR SAD IRON COMPANY 111 Muiki •! Perlite ti A teats. Ht A I HI—. IBB.