Newspaper Page Text
Don’t Haul Your Cotton to
Market and Home Again If Smith sells his cotton at the Erice you were waiting for, probably, y the time you haul yours to town, the price is down and you either have to sell at the low figure or cart it home again. If you have a t Rural Telephone you can keep in touch with the market to the minute—talk directly to the merchant—make your bargain at once and deliver at your leisure. One such transaction will pay for your telephone. Talk it over with your neighbors. Get them interested in this modern telephone system. The cost to each of you will be less than half a bale of cotton. All you need do is to write the number 58 on a postcard with your name and address, mail it to our nearest house, AND we’ll send you this book— lugunuiuuiintu .I* ls free ar,d explains how you and your neighbors can - ^ build your own line in a few days. tMTMMfMKmr WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY SnjfimpGA soimmui omen. —sax.** csasftftfSiSo BEST VARIETIES OF CORN AT ALABAMA STATION. Average Yield of Prolific Varieties was Six Bushels More Than One Bar Varieties—Four Desirable Points to Remember. By Prof. L. N. Duncan, Auburn. Ala. x-rwHB ouueun 40, just maae puD lic by the Alabama Experiment Sta tion, gives some interesting faets about varieties of corn worth know ing by all of our farmers. Sanders was tested six times and ranked first three times, second twice and fourth once. During the same six years Mosby ranked second once, third fohr times and sixth once. Marlboro came first one year, second one year, and fourth one year. Cocke’s Prolific ranked second once and third once. Henry Grady has first place once and fourth place twice. In 1907 Experi ment Station Yellow ranked second, and fourth in 1908. Stone stood first in 1908, and fourth in 1909, and Brandbury third in 1909. Taking the average of these va rietles for all years tested since 1904, we have them ranking as fol lows: No. Tears Bus Variety. Tested Per Acre Sanders . 6 36.8 Mosby . 6 32.6 Henry Grady. 6 31.6 Marlboro . 6 31.2 ► Bradburry. 2 81.2 Stone . 2 30.7 Experiment Station Yellow. 6 29.6 Cocke’s Prolific... 6 28.2 In Alabama Bulletin 134, page 178 all of these varieties are classed as being prolific except Henry Grady, Experiment Station Yellow. Bradr burry and Stone. In Press Bulletin 86 Experiment Station Yellow, Brad burry and Stone are classed as two eared varieties, thereby putting them into the prolific class. Henry Grady therefore, is the only one-eared va riety ranking near the top at any time during these years. The fol lowing figures (Ala. Bui. 134, page 179) have reference to this same point: Prolific Non-pro Tear. Bus. liflo Bus. 1900 Average yield.. 87.4 81.6 1901 Average yield.. 29.6 29.9 1904 Average yield.. 34.2 20.2 1905 Average yield.. 34.0 26.5 Average of averages, SS.8 27.0 In another table on this same page it is shown that, by taking only the best prolific and best non-proliftc varieties and comparing them, the prolific varieties still have the best of it by an average of 2.5 bushels per acre. The conclusion, then, would seem very well founded that a va riety of corn where most of the plants bear twe ears is the best one for the farmer to plant. Other publications from the Ala bama Station show that these varie ties of corn have medium ears, ex cept Henry Grady which has large mra and tk.» «k» m __ — w-— — — — mmm VIVUVI |UV dium or late la maturing. It is best then for large yields, and that is the main thing after all, that we should plant a variety of corn having the following character istics: 1. As many two-eared plants as possible, which usually means me dium or small ears. 2. Medium or late in maturing. 2. Stalk of medium height. 4. Ears borne 2ft to 4 feet from the ground. If the farmers themselves would devote a small amount of time to the important question of seed corn in tne rail at gathering time, select ing the best ears from what they consider the best plants, soon each farmer would be planting well bred seed corn from his own breeding field. In this way we may largely increase at very slight cost. time now to sow rape. We are receiving inquiries about rape, and as this is the season for sowing to furnish grazing during April and May, we again call atten tion to this great grazing crop for bogs, sheep and other stock. There is no use planting rape on poor soil. The land must be rich. The "turnip patch." well prepared and heavily manured la descriptive of the conditions demanded by rape. It is a cool weather plaat and should be sown in September and October (or grazing in December and January and In February or March (or April and May grazing. It la best sown in drills 2 Vfc feet &P*rt, when about 2 pounds, or at most 4 pounds of seed per acre may be used. I( sowed broadcast, 6 to 6 pounds of seed should be used. It will be benefited in dry weather or if weeds and grass start by one or two cultivations with side harrow or cultivator. It may be cut and fed green—used as a soiling crop—and wUl probably ImbbI^L.--M_m . tuiumu wvio iutu iuii man auj other, but probably the most prolt able results are obtained when the stock are allowed to grass 1L If grazed, the stock should not be put on until It has made considerable growth, and If It Is not grazed too closely it will continue to grow and furnish more feed. It will not grow much after hot weather comes In June. We are asked how many hogs as acre will graze? This we cannot answer, for too much depends on the fertility of the acre, the size of the hogs and the seasons. On rich land, however, it will furnish as much grazing as any other plant that can be grown at this season of the year. NECESSARY TOOLS FOR THE SOUTHERN FARMER. Some of the Things He Nee&i As Seen by a Farmer Now In the North. Merer*. Editors: Presuming, of course, that the farm Is drained, and that the farmer has plenty of work stock and feed, the ftrst thing I would mention Is a good sulky plow. Three good horses can pull one 18 Inches to a depth of 8 to 8 Inches, or It might be better to hare a gang, with two 14-taeh plows. This eould be drawn with fire horses. With this outfit one man could turn 7 acres per day. Then, he should hare a good disk harrow and a section smoothing har row, not less than two 8-foet see tions, three would he better. Then, he will need a double-row check cora planter. Then, he will heed a good 6-ehovel cultivator. My experience haa prov en that a oomplned walking and rid ing cultivator is better. When the com ia small you might do better walking, but when it is large yon can do excellent work riding. Then It resta the operator to change from walking to riding and vice versa. It goes without saying that every good farmer has a good mower and rake. He will need a good binder, la or der to save his oat crop with so much leu cost and work and loan Then a one-seed planter la a most profitable implement He should also have an 8-foot grain drill for putting in oats, peas, and grasses. Following up tbs line that weuld tuc ovuuioiu i«i uiri /vui f uvv more a year, he must keep up lo the maximum the fertility of hla soil. Therefore, he must have a maaure spreader. It necessarily follows that he must have slock to coavert hla raw material Into finished prod acta, and also to furnish maaure lo eartch the soil. Aad as milk cows are the moet profitable cattle he caa keep, he must have a pair of milk acalea and a Babcock teater that he may he able to weed out the unprofitable onee aad retain the money maker*. W. D. RATLIFFS. Cambridge, 111. A Cheaply Made Crop of Cbm. Messrs. Editors: I am sending you a cut of my corn from wfaleh 1 grew my seed for 1910. Some places in this corn had as many as 2 7 ears In a space of 36 Inches. I made 109 bush els to the acre with no manure ap plied this year. The land had been cowpeaned 2 years before and sluoe bad been planted In crops grated off by bogs. The patch was planted from seed where 1 gathered 1.000 ear* from 200 sulks. Will give you the exact cost of cultivating this crop; Breaking land, per acre, 91.60; harrowing, 60 cents, planting. 76 cenu; thinning. 60 cents; plowing. • 1.60. Toui, 11.75. Seven furrows made the crop; two furrows to the row three time*, and one in the middle. The stover was shredded, making 4 tons, which was worth 940. Inducting the cost of making, 94.75. from the stover leaves 136.26 clear on the stover, with the corn still to add. 109 bu. of corn.|109 00 8lo'w . 16.26 ToU1 .9144 26 Ilf 0 0 0 . Mm. m m..m ▼V* 1. II /l IV J «K» I * Bparta, On. Prolific < Virus Yield Moat. Aa to whether a corn grower de~ ■ire* a prolific typo of cora. produc ing two or more earn to the stalk, or a type that produce* oae, and sometime* two, large ear* to the ■talk, 1* a matter of personal opinion. In tabulating the result* of aome thing like 100 varieties during ms past eighteen years at the Experi ment Station* of Louisiana, 1 find that the prolific oorn* have produc ed more bushels per acre than the large-cared type*. At the same time, they are not a* popular throughout the State aa the large eared corn. If one wants a prolific <;orn. it will be better to start with oae of the es tablished type* and select from It, rather than to establish a new strain of prolific corn from a large-cared variety. W. R. DODSON. Director Loulslaaan Experiment Sta tions. Onr advertise re are guaranteed.