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The progressive farmer and southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1910-1920, March 19, 1910, Image 6

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065610/1910-03-19/ed-1/seq-6/

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Don’t Haul Your Cotton to
Market and Home Again
If Smith sells his cotton at the
Erice you were waiting for, probably,
y the time you haul yours to town,
the price is down and you either
have to sell at the low figure or cart
it home again. If you have a
Rural Telephone
you can keep in touch with the market to the minute—talk directly to the
merchant—make your bargain at once and deliver at your leisure.
One such transaction will pay for your telephone.
Talk it over with your neighbors. Get them interested in
this modern telephone system. The cost to each of you will be less than
half a bale of cotton.
All you need do is to write the number 58 on a postcard with your name
and address, mail it to our nearest house, AND we’ll send you this book—
lugunuiuuiintu .I* ls free ar,d explains how you and your neighbors can - ^
build your own line in a few days. tMTMMfMKmr
SnjfimpGA soimmui omen.
—sax.** csasftftfSiSo
Average Yield of Prolific Varieties was Six Bushels More Than
One Bar Varieties—Four Desirable Points to Remember.
By Prof. L. N. Duncan, Auburn. Ala.
x-rwHB ouueun 40, just maae puD
lic by the Alabama Experiment Sta
tion, gives some interesting faets
about varieties of corn worth know
ing by all of our farmers. Sanders
was tested six times and ranked first
three times, second twice and fourth
once. During the same six years
Mosby ranked second once, third fohr
times and sixth once. Marlboro came
first one year, second one year, and
fourth one year. Cocke’s Prolific
ranked second once and third once.
Henry Grady has first place once and
fourth place twice. In 1907 Experi
ment Station Yellow ranked second,
and fourth in 1908. Stone stood
first in 1908, and fourth in 1909, and
Brandbury third in 1909.
Taking the average of these va
rietles for all years tested since
1904, we have them ranking as fol
No. Tears Bus
Variety. Tested Per Acre
Sanders . 6 36.8
Mosby . 6 32.6
Henry Grady. 6 31.6
Marlboro . 6 31.2
► Bradburry. 2 81.2
Stone . 2 30.7
Experiment Station
Yellow. 6 29.6
Cocke’s Prolific... 6 28.2
In Alabama Bulletin 134, page
178 all of these varieties are classed
as being prolific except Henry Grady,
Experiment Station Yellow. Bradr
burry and Stone. In Press Bulletin
86 Experiment Station Yellow, Brad
burry and Stone are classed as two
eared varieties, thereby putting them
into the prolific class. Henry Grady
therefore, is the only one-eared va
riety ranking near the top at any
time during these years. The fol
lowing figures (Ala. Bui. 134, page
179) have reference to this same
Prolific Non-pro
Tear. Bus. liflo Bus.
1900 Average yield.. 87.4 81.6
1901 Average yield.. 29.6 29.9
1904 Average yield.. 34.2 20.2
1905 Average yield.. 34.0 26.5
Average of averages, SS.8 27.0
In another table on this same page
it is shown that, by taking only the
best prolific and best non-proliftc
varieties and comparing them, the
prolific varieties still have the best
of it by an average of 2.5 bushels per
acre. The conclusion, then, would
seem very well founded that a va
riety of corn where most of the
plants bear twe ears is the best one
for the farmer to plant.
Other publications from the Ala
bama Station show that these varie
ties of corn have medium ears, ex
cept Henry Grady which has large
mra and tk.» «k» m __
— w-— — — — mmm VIVUVI |UV
dium or late la maturing.
It is best then for large yields,
and that is the main thing after all,
that we should plant a variety of
corn having the following character
1. As many two-eared plants as
possible, which usually means me
dium or small ears.
2. Medium or late in maturing.
2. Stalk of medium height.
4. Ears borne 2ft to 4 feet from
the ground.
If the farmers themselves would
devote a small amount of time to
the important question of seed corn
in tne rail at gathering time, select
ing the best ears from what they
consider the best plants, soon each
farmer would be planting well bred
seed corn from his own breeding
field. In this way we may largely
increase at very slight cost.
time now to sow rape.
We are receiving inquiries about
rape, and as this is the season for
sowing to furnish grazing during
April and May, we again call atten
tion to this great grazing crop for
bogs, sheep and other stock.
There is no use planting rape on
poor soil. The land must be rich.
The "turnip patch." well prepared
and heavily manured la descriptive of
the conditions demanded by rape.
It is a cool weather plaat and
should be sown in September and
October (or grazing in December and
January and In February or March
(or April and May grazing.
It la best sown in drills 2 Vfc feet
&P*rt, when about 2 pounds, or at
most 4 pounds of seed per acre may
be used. I( sowed broadcast, 6 to 6
pounds of seed should be used. It
will be benefited in dry weather or
if weeds and grass start by one or
two cultivations with side harrow or
It may be cut and fed green—used
as a soiling crop—and wUl probably
ImbbI^L.--M_m .
tuiumu wvio iutu iuii man auj
other, but probably the most prolt
able results are obtained when the
stock are allowed to grass 1L If
grazed, the stock should not be put
on until It has made considerable
growth, and If It Is not grazed too
closely it will continue to grow and
furnish more feed. It will not grow
much after hot weather comes In
We are asked how many hogs as
acre will graze? This we cannot
answer, for too much depends on the
fertility of the acre, the size of the
hogs and the seasons. On rich land,
however, it will furnish as much
grazing as any other plant that can
be grown at this season of the year.
Some of the Things He Nee&i As
Seen by a Farmer Now In the
Merer*. Editors: Presuming, of
course, that the farm Is drained, and
that the farmer has plenty of work
stock and feed, the ftrst thing I
would mention Is a good sulky plow.
Three good horses can pull one 18
Inches to a depth of 8 to 8 Inches, or
It might be better to hare a gang,
with two 14-taeh plows. This eould
be drawn with fire horses. With this
outfit one man could turn 7 acres per
Then, he should hare a good disk
harrow and a section smoothing har
row, not less than two 8-foet see
tions, three would he better. Then,
he will need a double-row check cora
Then, he will heed a good 6-ehovel
cultivator. My experience haa prov
en that a oomplned walking and rid
ing cultivator is better. When the
com ia small you might do better
walking, but when it is large yon can
do excellent work riding. Then It
resta the operator to change from
walking to riding and vice versa.
It goes without saying that every
good farmer has a good mower and
He will need a good binder, la or
der to save his oat crop with so much
leu cost and work and loan
Then a one-seed planter la a most
profitable implement He should also
have an 8-foot grain drill for putting
in oats, peas, and grasses.
Following up tbs line that weuld
tuc ovuuioiu i«i uiri /vui f uvv
more a year, he must keep up lo the
maximum the fertility of hla soil.
Therefore, he must have a maaure
spreader. It necessarily follows that
he must have slock to coavert hla
raw material Into finished prod acta,
and also to furnish maaure lo eartch
the soil. Aad as milk cows are the
moet profitable cattle he caa keep,
he must have a pair of milk acalea
and a Babcock teater that he may he
able to weed out the unprofitable
onee aad retain the money maker*.
Cambridge, 111.
A Cheaply Made Crop of Cbm.
Messrs. Editors: I am sending you
a cut of my corn from wfaleh 1 grew
my seed for 1910. Some places in
this corn had as many as 2 7 ears In a
space of 36 Inches. I made 109 bush
els to the acre with no manure ap
plied this year. The land had been
cowpeaned 2 years before and sluoe
bad been planted In crops grated off
by bogs. The patch was planted from
seed where 1 gathered 1.000 ear*
from 200 sulks. Will give you the
exact cost of cultivating this crop;
Breaking land, per acre, 91.60;
harrowing, 60 cents, planting. 76
cenu; thinning. 60 cents; plowing.
• 1.60. Toui, 11.75.
Seven furrows made the crop; two
furrows to the row three time*, and
one in the middle. The stover was
shredded, making 4 tons, which was
worth 940. Inducting the cost of
making, 94.75. from the stover leaves
136.26 clear on the stover, with the
corn still to add.
109 bu. of corn.|109 00
8lo'w . 16.26
ToU1 .9144 26
Ilf 0 0 0 . Mm. m m..m
▼V* 1. II /l IV J «K» I *
Bparta, On.
Prolific < Virus Yield Moat.
Aa to whether a corn grower de~
■ire* a prolific typo of cora. produc
ing two or more earn to the stalk,
or a type that produce* oae, and
sometime* two, large ear* to the
■talk, 1* a matter of personal opinion.
In tabulating the result* of aome
thing like 100 varieties during ms
past eighteen years at the Experi
ment Station* of Louisiana, 1 find
that the prolific oorn* have produc
ed more bushels per acre than the
large-cared type*. At the same time,
they are not a* popular throughout
the State aa the large eared corn. If
one wants a prolific <;orn. it will be
better to start with oae of the es
tablished type* and select from It,
rather than to establish a new strain
of prolific corn from a large-cared
variety. W. R. DODSON.
Director Loulslaaan Experiment Sta
Onr advertise re are guaranteed.

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