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How to Grow Live Stock in the South
XIV.—THE VALUE OF A GOOD STALLION AND JACK TO ANY NEIGHBORHOOD. By Tait Botler. r— HE PER CENT of scrub sires used in our horse breeding is probably greater than in any other line of live stock breeding. Pure-bred boars and bulls of fair quality are being more generally used, but the quality of our stallions and jacks remains of a low order. There are probably two chief reasons for this fact. First, the horse and mule are our highest priced farm animals and the cost of a good stal lion or jack is, consequently, greater than our limited means have general ly been able to secure. The second reason is that America has no estab lished pure breed of horses. Our American trotter, or “Standard” bred horse, is not a pure-bred horse, nor has he been bred along any particu lar line, except as to speed, sufficient ly to fix and perpetuate a distinct type. The speed quality has been pretty generally fixed and our Stand ard-bred horse is, therefore, the best foundation in existence to-day for develouing a high-class breed of light harness horses. The pure-bred draft horse is not popular in the South, and perhaps for good reasons; hence, we have no distinct national breed generally pop ular for the needs of the South. The draft horse breeds are beyond d8ubt best adapted to the conditions under which the average farmer must breed horses. The breeding of high class cariage or saddle horses has not been profitable to the average farmer breeder. The knowledge and money necessary to train, develop and fit for market, these classes of horses, make the general farmer un fitted for the business. The Draft Horse Best for Southern Farmers. The foregoing facts make the bus iness of horse breeding in the South a difficult and complicated problem. We are convinced that the draft animal will be the most profitable animal for the Southern farmer to breed, just as it has proved the most satisfactory and profitable for the general farmer in the Northern States and in foreign countries. The draft animal of the South is, by existing conditions the mule; byt to breed the mule, horses are neces sary. The type of mares which are the dams of most of the high-class and high-priced mules now on the markets, are grades of the draft breeds, weighing from 1,200 Dounds to 1,500 pounds. We have discussed the reasons for this fact in previous issues of this paper, and merely re peat it here to point the reason why we have selected a certain type of ► standard to illustrate the value of a good sire in the improvement of our horse and mule stock 1 lie stallion that in our opinion, will do the Southern farmer most good in improving our work stock and in obtaining a better class of mule-producing mares, is a small type of draft stallion, preferably the Percheron, weighing about 1,500 to 1,600 pounds. It should be remembered that the GRADE CATTLE WANTED for arrazimr. •User* preferred. Will i>Uy cowh .,,,1 yearling*. " m W. J. DAVIS, . . SHROPSHIRE RAM LAMBS and Angora Buck Kid* for July delivery. Improve your flock* with a good Ram *nd * good Burk Wm L,ea, - - Selmer, Tetin. Pereheron stallion of this type is not a large, coarse horse with long hair on his legs and of inferior energy and quality. The Pereheron is the smallest of the draft breeds, and his ancestry, conformation uud quality, make him the ideal progenitor of farm work stock and mule-producing mares. What One Stallion May Ik) for a Community. What is such a horse worth to a community? What would be the in crease in value of our farm work stock if they weighed from 1,100 to 1,300 pounds, instead of from 800 to 1,000 pounds as is now the case? No other type of stallion will get that size to his progeny crossed with our small mares. We have tried the lighter breeds and now, when heavier horses and mules are becoming nec essary to handle the larger imple ments necessary under changed agri cultural conditions, we are brought face to face with the error of our past breeding operations. We ad mire the American trotter as the best light harness horse tho world has ever produced, but the American trotting stallion has been tried and found wanting as a cross to give size to the progeny of the mares we now have in the South. Southern farm ers have not nor are they likely to make money breeding light harness horses. A stallion of the type indicated, can be bought for from $600 to $1. 000, and his value to any community may be estimated by adding about $25 for every 100 pounds he will increase the size of our work stock horses and mules. The horses com ing from such a stallion will weigh about 200 pounds more than our average horse at present. The mule* from the daughters of such a stal lion will be worth on an average $5o each more than those from the marcs we now have. If we count the get of such a stallion as 25 per year, and his period of service 10 years, we have 2 50 colts as his progeny. if these be each worth $2 5 more than the average from the stallions now in UBe, we have his value, as shown in the first generation, of $6,250. If we estimate his cost at $1,000 and his keep for ten years at $2,000, wc still have a net profit of $3,250, which any community may obtain from the purchase of such a stallion The Value of a Good Jack. Hut this is only half the story. If the daughters of this stallion be bred to a good Jack, the mules will each be worth $50 more than those we now raise, half of which increase must be credited to the sire of the mares No ja«k can get high-priced mules from small, Inferior mares, but a good jack will easily pay any neigh borhood 100 per cent on his cost and keep, even on our present mare Btock, and on good mares double that profit. With good mares and jacks, mules can be raised for one-half their present cost; therefore, the value of a good Juck is to be measured by the quality of the mares bred to him, and the service he is able to do. A good Jack Is easily worth $3,000 to any community that will use him. He may be bought at from $800 to $ 1,000. The prolit is apparent. Hetter have two idle horse* than lack one.—I). Rankin. The Showing of y One Day’s Work confirms our strongest claims for the superiority of Continental | Machinery. The best equipment attracts and holds the biggest ginning business. Inferior machinery wastes growers’ profits. The difference between the sample from an ordinary gin and a Munger System outfit is so great that comparison does not permit of argument. On the gin the grower depends for volume of emp money. Ar« growers and ginners satisfied beyond doubt that more actual money could not have been gotten from the l'.Wrrop? We do know that ginners can give growers a better sample from a Monger Sytem outfit than from any other ginning machinery, ! regardless of manufacturer’s claims. It is now time to Think, Plan and Act for 1910 Munger System outfits permit choice of Munger, Pratt. Win ship, Smith or Kagle Gins. Complete line of cotton-working machinery, including Kngines and Boilers. We fumtsh plans without cost. They are j made by our own expert engineers We have trained men to help you. They arr now at your service. Write our nearest office for our new catalogue. It is ready to mail. CONTINENTAL GIN COMPANY ***■•**. ttettwa, T«im Mrnliahaa, Ate. Mnsakte, T«m. nwrttei. M. C. I Need Roof Paint! I ■ mu u ■ I ruumoK qu«».K»tio: »htt 1 you shall put on your building ms a roofing can he very satisfactorily aolved for a g«>cd long period by Inly ing Amatite. 7 Amatite is the rojfiug that ntrdi no painting no attention oI auy kind after it ia laid. Amatite is the roofiing that will not leak; that doesn't rot; that is not af fected by heat or cold. It is juat the kind of an all-serviceu ble roofing you need. It give* better protection and service than auy other ready rooming, and rauaca you no ex* (reuse after it is laid. The money you spend in buying it la its firat. last and only cost. Such a roofing is worth inveatigat ing liecause it will stand investigation, first class dealers handle Amatite Irccauie the demand warraiita it and they can supply you with a sample. or «r will m«il one to you ujmmi re* CfljM <4 potlal in jurat. Free Semple lk«»r»’t decide hastily on • rooting or take aomr or.e'a mayao al»out It. <.et your Minnie* and tr*t them—and bear in mind tlu^ .hnatite meter meeds to be tainted. ! I>on't forget that whrn making your •election. There"* no economy lnt»«) lng a roofing and a jaunt to keep n waterproof whrn you rati buy ready to lay—a Coal Tar Pitch waterproof roofing never needme t*untine Am atitr. Write to day for a Sample ami Itook let teKing all about it. llAkmtTT M ANUKACTt M I NO COMf'V Ef*w Yark Cklrifo I'lilUulalplita Ivwtcia ('inrtniiaU MlnnMimlla < IrveUrui I'lll.Uinr NaelltlMtii K»»—■ air Hr. ixnji. Our .d,«rtl..r. .r. rull.bl. ud.lll do .. lb., prou.1^.