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Editorial Page. The Joy of Making a Garden. ID YOU EVER make a garden from a piece of bare ground? There Is lots of fun in it. I am doing this very thing now, and I take a great deal of pleasure in the work, and try to do it all myself, for one takes more pride in his own work than that which he hires done. I bought a dwelling with a lot fronting 50 feet on one street and running back 150 feet on another. This lot I wanted to make ornamental with lawn and shrubbery and a few fruit trees and grape vines. But I wanted a kitchen garden, and right alongside was another lot of the same size. I am out within one block of the city limits, and there are vacant lots all around. I can re member when I could have bought all the land around me for $ 1 0 an acre before the city spread out this way. But now I paid at the rate of $3, 000 an acre for that vacant lot alongside of me and every one thinks I got it very cheap. A pret ty high-priced garden, but never going to be W'orth any less, and it is to be a real garden. I covered it all over with stable manure from New York that cost $3 a ton on the ground, and f am adding a high-grade fertilizer. This land lias been used in truck gardens for years, and is a good sandy soil with a little way down a clay bo hard that only a pick will touch it. Hence it retains moisture finely. I hastened to get some peas in in February and some early beets, and then the neighbors’ hens began to cultivate it for me. So I had to make a fence of poultry wire all around it. This fence is not pretty, but is substantially built with a 2 x 4 scantling along the top and a base-board to prevent the hens from scratching under. At the north end and outside the west side, 1 have planted some peach trees and plum trees to make fruit and act as a wind-break to the garden. And all along one side I have planted eleven sorts of grapes. Along the front fence next the street 1 have sweet peas to make it look well for a time, and am going to put clematis and Crimson Ram bler roses there for permanent adornment. Then back on the sunny side of the barn I have a frame covered with glass sashes in which tomato plants have been transplanted and will soon go out into the garden, and in another frame I have lots of flower seed sown and growing. I have hundreds of dahlias coming on from seed, for one can grow a dahlia to bloom from seed almost as soon as from the roots, and it is fun to see how they turn out in the flowers. On one side the dwelling, ulong the porch that runs around two sides, I have a shrubbery border in which I have planted thirty varieties of blooming .shrubbery, including white and pink crepe myrtles and a wistaria to climb on the porch. The wire fence in the kitch en garden will be utilized to a great extent for my lima beans and will save poles. On the north end I have the tall Champion of England peas to run on the fence, and on part of the west side where there are no grape vines 1 shall have the climbing nasturtiums. I do not want a mere truck patch, and hence have made borders arouud the inside of the fences for radishes, late cabbage plants, mustard, etc., and a walk all around and one across the gar den, making two blocks or squares. The tall growing things will be kept at the north end so as not to shut out the sunshine from the lower ► growing plants that are to the south. The early peas will soon bo in bloom, and will be followed by tlie Champion of England. Beets are up thick ly, and I will have lots of thinnings to transplant The early corn. Tait's Early, has been planted, and a succession will be kept up of sugar corn Tait’s Early is not a sugar eorn, but is early and will be followed by the Country Gentleman ... corn and Stowell’s Evergreen. Onions I have, of course, and now that April is bringing us a little rain, and the weather con tinues hot, I shall now try some snaps outside. April 4th is early in this latitude for snaps. Mv tomato plants that have been once transplanted in the frames will be stout, and short plants and not the leggy sort one sees from thickly sown beds They will go out about the middle of the month and 1 hope to have ripe fruit before the end of June. My early cabbages will this season be really a succession crop, as I did not own the land | last fall and could not plant them. Another sea son 1 hope to have some cauliflowers, too, hut it is too late to set them now, as the hot weather would catch them before heading. Okra, of course, 1 shall have, and salsify and parsnips and rhubarb and asparagus, and the chard or aspara gus beet. ** Few people in the South grow chard, but It is one of the finest things in the garden. It is a kind of beet, but the root is not the part eaten. We eat the stems of the leaves rooked like aspa ragus, and they can be pulled all summer, and any one who has a garden should plant some chard. Then we like sage for sausages In the fall, and I have sown a lot of sage seed, for I do not want old sage bushes in the garden. The seed were sown on a border, and will be transplanted where the peas are now, and will cover the ground by fall, and the sage can be cut and dried, as it will all be tender. Then I shall sell the plants to those who want sage bushes, and shall sow seed again next spring, for I ran make more sage from seed than by keeping old plants in the garden to be weed harbors. Then as fast as one crop is out of the way, I shall plant something else In its place and keep the garden clean. \! t nmaf n » \ 1 «» *■» t . * * 1 1 Kn I’rtf t t.... * 1. >• t u feet, and trained to single stems on stake- a- I can get more and earlier fruit in this way. Then I shall spray them with Bordeaux mixture to pre vent rot and leaf blight. Fortunately, we do not have the Southern wilt here, and the farmers all around are contracting tomatoes to the canning houses at $7 a ton. There are over fifty canning houses in this county, putting up green peas, corn and tomatoes. They sow Alaska peas broadcast and mow them when filled, and the machine* at the canning houses shell them from the vine- and the refuse is hauled back for feed. I shall tell more about my garden during the summer Too Many Hands Between Producer and Consumer. FACT THAT the grower and hlpper of xAjCl vegetables gets so small a part i»f what the ™—" " consumer pays for them i* a matter that interests all Southern shipper* Much «.f (hi* loss Is caused by rascally commlndon men. Many years ago uiy first shipment of w inter head lettuce went to a man in Baltimore who reported sale of It that netted me about one cent a bead I found out a few clays later that one ron*umer bought some of that very lettuce and paid 2<> rents a head for it. My next shipment went to another merchant who kindly let me net 7r. . ..i i»..r dozen. The best way out of thin Is the organization of the selling exchanges that ore now so successful in Virginia and Maryland. If compelled to ship to a commission merchant, look into his commer cial rating and his character for honest dealing, and never ship to a man who tells you he cau get (tetter prices than other competing merchant* lie may get better prices at times, but you will not get them. J» It would seem that the * home hamper” of as sorted vegetables shipped direct to consumers should be a means for the grower and consumer to get nearer together. If the trucker would ad vertise in the city papers, saying that lie will send such and such amounts of vegetable* assorted In carriers direct to consumers at a fixed price, I believe that a good private trade could he built up in tills way, cash in advance always being re quired. One customer well pleased would soon lead to more, drovers, as a rule, are too much afraid of printers* Ink. There Is nothing equal to advertising to make one and his business known The editor of the Practical Farmer tells a cor respondent that the Southern cowpeas and oats do excellently together. I wonder If he has ever Hied sowing oats in June or cowpeas In Feb ruary? The two can not be made to mix, and it * a pity that some editors do not know more about the crops they advise about. Mr. C. F. Ames says: “The average cost of a wage hand for one year is about the same as the first cost of a good mule. At the end of the year >ou own the mule, hut not the wage hand.” Paste that In jour hut. Double the Corn Crop. *w^kI1KRK IS NO DOUBT, as Dr. Butler intI mates, that, as a rule, the farmers In the -I South do not have stalks enough on :),e land to make a large crop. One stalk in a hill five or six feet apart ran not make a large crop no matter how fertile the soil. The notion baa been that as corn grows tall in tho South It must have more room for air. The true method Is, to breed the corn by selection to a lower stature, and not by stunting It In Its early growth i have tried checking corn on level land, and 1 feel sure that on any land I can make more corn In rows with stalks 18 to 20 Inches apart than by crowding two or three stalks In a hill and working both ways. And the man who works both way* and follows the old plan of banking the earth to the corn with a plow, will cut more roots all around than the one who follows the same prac tice In drill rows. I was In a field last fall that was checked each way and two stalks In the hill. Tho crop was nearly 100 bushels an acre, hut I believe that on the same land, wdth the same intelligent cultiva tion that corn had, there would have been over 100 bushels made from a continuous drill row with the same number of stalks. This Is assum ing that the early cultivation will be with harrow and weeder and hoe work saved Fertilizers and Fertility. \f^ s Mil MH.I.KH *ugge*t*. the matt who ap I ijL piles only 2»>o pounds of «t 2 j fertiliser dMffl to his land Is only enabling the crop to lira*’ more on the natural fertility of blw soil, and the crops sold off bare carried away this fer tility and the land Is p»*orer than before the f«»r liliier was applied Hut the man who applim an equal money value of phosphoric arid and potash lo a crop of crimson clover to be turned for corn 1 ot only Kites the phosphoric acid and potash to the corn, but more nitrogen than a Ion of the poor s 2 2 carries, for In the 200 pounds of *22 he does not apply t pound* of nitrogen, but 3 4 pounds, for the * per cent on the sack is ammonia and not nitrogen, and ammonia Is only about KS per rent nitrogen, and the farmer buys ibis when he could get more than twenty Mt»e« m much free by growing crimson clover as a winter rover to hts soil and a nitrogen Over for his corn or cotton. - • Fake Advertisers. r 18 SAI>I«\ true that the vunt fakes and • patent medicine humbugs are lu found lu the Advertising columns of the ebureb pa pers I picked up a pat>cr a few days ago that Ih published by one of the largest church urganlia tlorn*. Id this country in behalf of the missionary Work of the churrh. and the editor said that the paper is getting on a better financial basis be cause of the Increase In the advertising 1 looked •It the advertising columns, and fully 90 per cent 1,1 1 *u’ that missionary paper were pure fakes. The editors of the religious paper*. gen r:i!l> lacking In worldly wisdom, are more easily Imposed upon than any other class of papers, an 1 all the fakes know that they are •easy.” And they know, too, that It Is useless to try to get Into the pages of The progressive Farmer and Oaastte ri«K FOl.I.y of <*>9ll1mTIN<;.—With the ei ceptinr, of manure for truck crops. | do not be lleve lu composting, it is all Well to use some • eld phosphate with the manure, but I would then at once haul it as fast as made and spread It where crops are to be planted. It Is safer there than anywhere else. The practice of composting has grown up from the scarcity of manure by loo little cattle feeding and the putting of the com ■ Pont only lu the furrows for cotton The best way to Improve the land Is to grow plenty of good forage and feed to cattle and then spread the manure on a crimson clover sod to be turned un der for corn, and to spread It there as fast as made whenever you can get on the laud. There would be no trouble from thu cotton root Iouhe If tobacco sterns are used lu the furrow. To l-acco is the sovereign preventive of all forms of plant aphides ou root or top. Where the lauds are infested with the root-louse, try tobacco stems from the factories, and my word for It. you will have no rool-llce.