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$500 More a Year Farming: How to Get it
BY USING THE RIGHT IMPLEMENTS IN CULTIVATING THE CROPS. By Tut Butler. |T 18 NOT POSSIBLE, In a short article of this sort, to more than mention a few of the Implements which we regard as most needful on Southern farms. There are a number of these which «re essential to good cultivation, and w hich are not generally found on the small farms of the South. It Is of some of these that we wish to write In this article. At a meeting of farmers In Alaba ma recently, the writer asked what proportion of the farms of that State had a smoothing harrow, or any sort of a harrow used for pulverising the soli, and was assured that not over one lu ten, If that many, had such an Implement. Professor Duggar, the Director of the Alabama Experi ment Station, and our special corres pondent In that State, regards the smoothing barrow as the one Imple ment now most needed on the farms of the South. The Harrow m* Seceeaarjr aa the How The writer believes every farm should have a good smoothing bar IUW, lur uo M'RaiUB iv an urvrimai j good cultivation aa the plow. In fact, It la Inconceivable bow anyone can, or la willing to attempt to do farming without a first-elans modern smoothing harrow. After the land la once well brokeu two horses and one man. with s good smoothing bar row, can do more good work In pre paring the land for seeding and In cultivating the crops than four men and four horses now do with the lit tle one-horse plows and cultivators In general uae by the small tanners of the South. We are frequently asked what make of harrow la beet, but such a question cannot be answered, and no fair-minded man will attempt to do so. The Implement Blue Book lists something over 200 different sorts of harrowi, not counting the numerous disk harrows on the market. Any one of the leading manufacturers of agricultural Implements has satis factory smoothing harrows on the mirk«t and It Is slmnlv a choice be tween good Implements. Davidson and Chase, In their book •A Farm Machinery, classify smooth ing harrows as follows: Kinds of teeth—Straight, fixed toeth. Square and round teeth. Cul tivator teeth. Kind of frame—Wood frame. Pipe frame. Channel or U-bar frame. Adjustment of teeth—Fixed teeth. Adjustable teeth. Lever harrowa. It must be remembered that this doe* not Include the weeders or sprlng-tootb harrows, the knife-tooth harrows or pulverisers, nor the va rious sorts of disk barrows. The Kind of Harrow to CleC. The site of the smoothing harrow, or the number of sections to be used, will depend on the freedom of the fields from Mtumps, open ditches and other obstructions and the amount of team power available. The larger the smoothing harrow; that is, the greater number of sections used, the better work It will do, because the weight and spread of harrow keepH It to the ground better. For this reason a smoothing harrow Is not generally used with less than two horses; they are better with a larg er harrow, and lu the Northwest they use a spread of SO to 40 feet of har row with eight horses to form the team, all driven by one man on horseback. In selecting a harrow, the follow ing points are to be considered: The connections between sections of the evener should be reinforced or they may wear out quickly. The tooth should have a head so It will not drop out and be lost if the fastener becomes loose. Square teeth are preferable and their number and size should be determined by the conditions under which the harrow is to be used. Iron frames are best, and the set of the teeth should be under the control of a lever. In this connection we are disposed to pass over the weeder and the curved knife-tooth harrows or pul verizers, because of the frequent ref erence which has already been made to their use in this series of articles, and devote Just a few words to in sisting on the use of the disk har row on every farm where the horse power Is available to pull it. And right here let us again insist on the uHD-nurw utriuer oeconnng a iwo horse farmer. No one can help the one-horse farmer to do the best farming until he helps himself to another horse or two. The Disk Harrow's Special Place. The disk harrow has a work to do— and does it admirably.—which camot he done so well or so economically by the plow or the smoothing har row. if only one disk harrow can be afforded, we advise the full-bladed reversible harrow, with 16- to 20 inch disks, preferably the latter. The penetration of the disk blades Into the soil and consequently. In a meas ure, the draft, depends on the fol lowing conditions: The angle of the gangs; the curvature of the disks; the weight of the harrow; the sharpness of the blades, and the con dition of the soil. Disk harrows pull hard because they do a lot of work. The disk harrow will pulverise land which it would take much more work to pulverise with the smooth ing harrow; especially cloddy land or that with large numbers of grass root tufts or sods. It is also of great value when run over land before plowing, In cases where the land Is ■a has/l itisf It uf ill Piiu Lr sin In lamu ——- — - — — - ■» ” — ~r clods when plowed without disking. The disking of such land one way and then at right angles to the direc tion of the first disking, will reduce, very greatly, the siae of the clods, which other wise result from plow ing land when dry and hard. The chief use of the disk harrow Is In pulverizing the land after plowing preparatory to seeding, and right here Is probably the weakest point in our preseut cultural system. The running of a disk harrow, and that to be followed by a smoothing harrow, after the land Is broken and before planting, will do more to economize the labor of after cultivation and to Increase the yield of the crops than anything else we can suggest. The reversible disk harrow will also save much time and money in the making of the beds to which our planters are so thoroughly wedded. If the beds must be made, why not make them with one trip across the field In stead of with four? Of course, there are cutaway-disk harrows and spadlng-disk harrows, which are excellent tools, but aa atat ed, If only one disk barrow la to be used on the farm, we prefer the fu^ bladed disk harrow. Trinidad Lake Asphalt is the natural proven waterproofer. Its use in streets and roots tor over thirty years has shown it to be a mighty storm-defier and weather-resister. Genasco Ready Roofing is made of Trinidad Lake asphalt. It has life, resistance, and endurance that prevents cracks, breaks, and leaks. You can’t afford to guess or run risks. You want the roofing that proves it is proof. Ask your dealer for Genasco. Mineral or smooth surface. Don’t goby the looks of roofing; insist on the hemisphere trade-mark. A written guarantee—if ' you want it. Write for samples and the Good Roof Guide Rook. THE BARBER ASPHALT PAVING COMPANY Largest producers of asphalt, and largest manufacturers of ready roofing in the world. 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