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than pay any ilifTncnce in dbo com of the Imple
ments! Any two one-horse farmers can, therefore, be come two-horse fariheN by the purchase of one two-horse plow and a reversible disk and a smoothing harrow and 40 at J«at*L on* b Uf more work than th>-v are new Joiiisr, ond dti It better. They may bo two-horse farmers In so far as the breaking of the land nnd preparing it for the crop is concerned. Furthermore, by the use of the smoothing harrow they can be two-horse farmers in the early cultivation of their crops. By the use of the weed or they can still further continue methods of cultivation resembling the approved practice of the two-horso farmer. After (his by the use of light one-horse culti vators, they • an do about as satisfactory work as th«’ two-horse farmer, although at a higher cost, ih..- , - .111 au* ef c< MldnaTlon and co-operation. Wilt the one-hor <■ farmers who really wish to do b.-:u-r farming condd^r this plan? Will they co rporate to the eatenf of buying the Implements in combination and preparing the lands by Joln Sm. their cam force.’ Such a plan In not equal to ISvidital own ryhU» of lw«» horses and the needed imp!-,, but it b'inilululy better than, the nuc-hor4" methods now in use |( may be made ,,h mi. a; • *f any two neighboring one-horse Urim-rs doing letter farming than they can possi bly do working separately with one horse. You Will Die Eight Years Before You Should. — f IS HHAPIh^iNO to find a Southern Sen ator or I'onrrfefiftnit devoting himself to roieo gn at constructive movement, Such spectacles have been all too rare ahum the »h;ath of Senator Morgan of Vlnbama, whoso untiring work In behalf of our lalhurlnn Cuithl should never bo forgotten by the American people The thought Is suggested by the advocacy of a National Department of Health by Senator Owen, of Oklahoma. I he writer recently had the good fortune to hear Mr Owen in vigorous advocacy of his cause. He pi id out that while the total number of death* fr.uu Spanish bullets in the Spanish American War vn- only f.pUO, every day there nre In the United S*n*e^ 1,7»k> needles* grave* for victim* or p went ,ble diseases. The annual death rate In New Zealand Is 9 to the I.OOU people; ip the United Stale*. 10.5 to the l.ouo people, with proper sanitation and hy i ion©, and the pt*»'v •■ntier- ©* uHn**ee*-sjry disease lowering our death rate to what It should be. the average human life would be lengthened eight year*. t>r to bring th< truth home to you. Mr. Header, let u* put it this way: ruder opr present policy nf enrol.. . . , ..ill. . .. — I*.. < I ’ * ' AM* « illiu II 4 l il - Hon, your Ilf** and flie Fife Af etevy nther average American, In mt short right yearn you will die *’■ ktit years before you ought to. We not only need a NtvH UHl Department of Health, but every State In the South should have «ti efficient Hoard of Health with uu appropriation ,,r ,l0t 1 ‘ thuy JuU.OQO. It la u disgrace that !< uu- Stitt- spend more for the frill , junkets and K‘ Id lace uf their State militia than they spend to we human life. • i pi j u m -ai _ ^ | ^ f A 1 height for the Week. DAT i i Wll.ti lav mean Ly me *n place where n l Athof ntme d af differently with hi* diflinut children, but with all Iti l°ve; a place where mi - Joy s do ilYlt ’httUg uu Uiu ’etiul peg«, an I wrtv rc .ill tUc ndtHr t hie itact i that • 1"A our Father An his Ihromi line* Wufy obnul with gold. May. more, to tell the truth, the Heaven f, like other , look fur la not "a place to icst and h« Mi* in/* hpt Is n place where "we •‘‘hall run. and not he weary." Dr. Wilfred % 1 •run/H, the l.aUr.idor missionary. f/ “What’s The News?” 1 By E. E. MILLER. The Mississippi Bribery Case. HR IN\ ESTiGATION into the charges of bribery made by State Senator Bilbo, of Mississippi, in connection with the recent ! nited States Senatorial election has resulted, it would seem, in leaving everyone of the same opin ion as before. By a vote of 28 to 15 the Senate asked Senator Bilbo to resign, declaring him un worthy of belief. A motion to expel him had pre viously been defeated by the same vote, it requir ing a two-thirds vote to expel a member. It is notable that the division was on strictly partisan linos, the supporters of Governor Vardaman sup posing Bilbo, while those favoring Senator Percy \oted for his expulsion. Later, after the Varda man supporters had left the Senate chamber, Bilbo was again asked to resign, this time by a vote of 2". to 1, and his actions strongly censured. Reso lutions were also adopted expressing confidence in .-'ciiator Percy and in the honesty of the election. It is unfortunate that the affair took on so much "f ;l Partisan tone; but it is gratifying to know li.it any wrong-doing In the matter was confined ;l very few men and w-omen—and that the wholesale corruption of legislators, so common in otne States, has not reached the South. There are a great many ugly features connected with the investigation, and it is to be hoped that the matter will yet be taken out of the realm of partisan feeling and that the real facts in the case may be ascertained. Bribery has been practically unknown In (he South, and such cases as this how the necessity of the greatest care in electing 'lien to the Stato Legislatures. It has been toe often the case that the men who have had the making of State laws have been elected solely be I’ause they asked for the place, or as a recognltloi «»f political services, and not because they pos essod any especial fitness for the work. Th< laws made at the Stato capital usually affect ui much more vitally and directly than those mad< at the National capital, and uo .man whose charac ter Is at all questionable, and who is not endowed with n fair degree of ability and a good share ol independence, should be sent to make these laws. al Progress in Southern Education. 1 HE RECENT meeting of the Southern Edu cational Conference at Little Rock, Ark., - was a matter of probably more real import ance to the people of the South than most of those to which greater attention was given In the news papers. The conference was well attended and w as notable for the interest manifested In the es ablishment of an adequate system of practical training In connection with those subjects now taught In the public schools. It was made evident hat the Interest In better schools and better drool methods Is Increasing all over the South and that It Is the purpose of the Southern people to develop a system of education suited to their pedal needs, and one that will fit the boy and dr! for the practical duties of life. Speaking ol Jth** conference, State Superintendent Joyner, ol North Carolina, said: "I was especially Impressed with the Im mediate necessity of arousing the people upon the question of providing for the simple and practical Instruction in our public schools of the country boys and girls in subjects relat ing to agricultural pursuits and ,home-mak iug, such ns would tit them for life on the farm, and upon the question of providing for the better preparation of teachers for these and other subjects.” Ajid this may be taken as the spirit of the conmreiiee. The percentage of illiterates in tin South is bflitig steadily reduced, and the work i: bound to go on with increasing celerity. The Southern schools of the near future will, we be lieve. also teach the pupil how to live and how to vurk as well ns how’ to read aud ‘cipher.” The Brighter Side. HE FOLLOWING extract from the Rich mond, Ya., Times-Dispatch of April 5th, deserves more than passing notice, because after all that the extremists of both sides have to say about the race question in the South, the one great fact remains indisputable that the large majority of white people have honestly and earn estly endeavored to help the negro to a higher plane of civilization, and that the great majority of negroes have, considering the disadvantages under which they labored and their lack of pre vious training, wrought well and made wonderful progress: “Forty-five years ago yesterday Richmond was an earthly purgatory. Falling walls and exploding missiles; on-sweeping fire and dis mal want; twenty thousand Federal troops in the city; ten thousand defenceless women and children; more than five thousand slaves, wild with excitement and crazed with joy, dancing about the streets and sacking stores —these made a scene beside which the worst horrors of the battlefield paled. Yesterday the negroes of Richmond celebrated this event which brought ruin into a thousand homes and despair to ten thousand hearts. Yet they marched through the streets, pa raded at the ball park, had their speech making and their feasting without a harsh ... a. j c___ n. x* __ _ i •, i , vtv/jivi uum igi mci maaLcis, vvuuuiu a taunt or a jeer from the people of Richmond. The celebration yesterday was made possible as much by the conduct of the negroes as by the good neighborhood of the whites. The negroes have shown, in Richmond, that they deserve the freedom given them at the point of the bayonet, and they hay© justified the confidence reposed in them by the white peo ple.” Much is said of the sporadic examples of race hatred and race friction, but it needs only a little sober thought to convince any one that the great masses of both races live together in the South in mutual good-will and confidence. The negro’s limitations are too evident to be denied, but these limitations make it only the more necessary that the white raoe exercise a patient charity as well . ns guarantee a strictly administered justice to this ( child race, for whose education and development lhey have been made responsible. Miscellaneous Matters of Interest. , HE TENNESSEE Supreme Court by a vote of three to two confirmed the sentence of Duncan B. Cooper to twenty years In the penitentiary for the murder of Edward W. Car mack. The case of Robin Cooper was remanded for a new trial. While the minority opinion in (he case was, being read, however, Governor Pat terson issued a pardon to Cooper. There is much feeling over the matter, the Governor’s action be ing generally condemned. In the United States Senate last Thursday, Sen ■nut uun.ua, or umo, mane a strong attack on the Rivers and Harbors Bill as reported by the com mittee. Senator Burton, who Is probably the foremost American authority on such subjects, de clares that the “dribbling” policy of making par tial appropriations year after year for a project is ruinous waste. He cited as an example Sandy Bay Harbor, In Massachusetts, where work has been in progress for twenty-five years, and where, at the present rate of progress, it will require fifty years yet to complete it. Mr. Burton’s plea for a scientific and practical system of waterway im provement rather than for the present “pork- j barrel” arrangement under which it is the object of each Senator and Representative to get as large an appropriation as possible for his district, is certainly worthy of consideration. It is* admit ted by all that hundreds of millions of dollars have been virtually wasted on appropriations for projects of no value and in piece-meal construc tion of work that should have been appropriated for as a whole. From Fairbanks, Alaska, a party headed by Thomas Lloyd has made an ascent of Mount Mc Kinley, -and report that no trace was found that Dr. Cook had preceded them to the summit of the mountain. April 15th the 70,000 census enumerators be gan their work of finding out all about everybody in the United States. We have on two or three occasions asked our readers to lend these enum erators every service in their power and to be pre pared, as far as possible, to answer fully all ques tions that might be asked.