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How to Grow Live Stock in the South
THE VALUE OF A PURE-BRED RAM AND HOW TO GET HIM. Tait Butler. N JANUARY 1, 1910, there were 760,000 sheep in the States of Alabama, Missis sippi, Louisiana and Arkansas. The total valuation of these sheep was $1,555,000, or an average of $2.05 per head. The average value per head of the sheep in the United States on this same date was $4.08 per head, and in Iowa and Illinois, $5.30 per head. It will be noted that the average value of the sheep per head in the whole country was nearly double that in the States of Alabama, Mis sissippi, Louisiana and Arkansas. If the sheep in these States had been of a quality as good as the average of the whole country, they would have been worth $3,100,800 instead of $1,555,000, as at present—a gain of $1,545,800. Or if the quality of our sheep had been as good as those of Iowa and Illinois, the gain in value of our sheep, without increas ing the number at all, would have 1 A O ire AAA T _ .11 _1 _ l/tcu V ^ ,7 I V V. Ill UlUCi I uo, our sheep would be worth 2 Vfe times the present value if they were of as good quality as the sheep of Iow-a and Illinois. The number of sheep raised in our territory is small and steadily de creasing, but even though this be true, we are losing a large amount each year because of the low quality of our sheep. The feed which the small number of sheep we have con sume, sells for over $2,000,000 less than it w-ould if given to sheep of the quality of those of Iowa and Illi nois. This gives an average loss of over $500,000 for each of the four States named. It will be well for each individual sheep owner to keep these figures in mind. Why should he keep sheep that will give him only $1 for feed consumed when he might have a sheep that would pay him $2 for an equal quantity of this same feed? How May We Improve the Quality of Our Sheep? There are just two principal forces which may be brought into operation for the improvement of the Bheep of the South. These are, (1) better care and feed and (2) better blood, or breeding. This article must deal only with the latter, as influenced by the use of a pure-bred ram. In small animals likr* PPn anH nnuIf rw thr. 1 • r ” -— - • value of the products of the individ ual animal is small; hence special purpose breeds are not so generally desirable as with larger animals. A small percentage of increase In the products of a special-purpose dairy cow over the average general-pur pose animal amounts to many times the value of the entire product of a small animal like a sheep. It Is, r ‘rticUNv 17 in thi. «.rie., ”How to Grow Live Stuck in the South.”) > ANIMALS' friend • KILLS EVERY FLY I-’ h strike-. When our gravity Sprayer Is used. Keels In. ■***■* p«U off unininls In Intel ur«* lunger than any Iruiution. Used since 18*5 Thousands ol dairymen dupll cate 10 ts SO gallons annually alter testing Imitations Abso lutely harmless , c ures all sutas 30 cents worth saves $ 10 i^L?ills.“di flesh on each tuw during fly season No Uc* hi I'oiiltry House or any place* i.s^S If dealer oilers substitute. semi us his name and SI lor 3 tul* gravity Sprayer .rod enough SHOO- M Y to protect 200 cows Name express office * f let iiriu-tl If anlnuils OOtproterliHl. lree booklet. Social terms to agents Mioo-Fly Mfg.Co.. 1341 N. loth Kt.. PhJIa.. Fa. Tdttor knows lrsm eapeuente tliat Shoo-Fly is O. K. therefore, probably desirable that we continue to raise the sheep for both wool and mutton. Climatic condi tions may so afreet the fleece as to make it inadvisable to grow the spe cial heavy wool producing breeds and our habits of scanty feeding will ren der the larger special mutton types less satisfactory. We shall conse quently probably find it more profit able to produce a medium-wool, me dium-sized sheep. Of these we may suggest the Shropshire, Dorset and the Southdown; although this must not be taken as indicating that many other breeds, or in fact, any other breed, may not be found profitable and satisfactory if properly fed and cared for. What a Good Ram is Worth. As stated in our last article, Prof. LlOVd. Of the Mississinnl F!Tn*>rlm<»nt Station, starting with common ewes that only gave an average fleece of 2.9 pounds was by the use of a pure bred ram and fairly liberal feeding able to increase the average weight of fleece to 5 pounds each, or an In crease of 72 per cent, in five year*. The actual Increase In the weight of the fleece was 2.1 pounds per sheep. In a flock of 40 sheep this amounts to an Increase of 84 pounds of wool, which at 2 5 cents a pound, gives a total increase of $21 In the value of the clip from the flock. The value of the increase in the carcass was probably not In less degree. If we allow half this increase In the value, 1 (Courtmy WUww«in(«nc«eof Acrfcttltur*. A MODEL SANITARY <X>\V STALL. This stall, originated by Ex consin, Is constructed so as to feet between the crossbar and t preventing her from fouling she Is brought forward and c crossbar. The cow is forced t< when eating, because of the poi crossbar is adjustable and the or small cow. Hay is placed 1 The partitions are so construct for the cow to step upon the u to her. A wooden mat Is lali mat is removable, permitting t whenever occasion demands. of the flock and its products to tht better feed and care, and it was probably not more, we still have e profit from the use of a pure-bred ram which will enable us to pay * good price for him. A good pure bred ram may easily be worth from $50 to $100 in any ordinary flock ol 30 to 50 sheep. He can be purchas ed for one-half those figures, but nc one should expect to get a good ram for less. Things to Observe in Hnylng a Ram In the purchase of a pure-bred ram, do not be satisfied with one that is eligible to registration; insist on his being a registered ram. Too many of the so-called pure-bred rams that are not registered but are eligi ble to registration are nothing more than grades and are really not eligi ble to registration because they arc not, so far as any one knows, pure bred. To obtain such a ram as is desired it will be necessary for most of our readers to buy on a mail or der, and therefore we advise paying a good fair twice to a well known and reputable breeder The Progressive Farmer and Ga zette office received a request from a .-ubscrlber In one of the larger rule* of Mississippi to furnish the name oJ a dairyman who would ship aim i ' pound* of butter * week \V » lja*« been unable to find the man to ship the butter, and yet people repeat the old fallacy that there Is no market for butter In the South. The first dairyman we asked replied promptly that he did not have the butler and had to refuse orders frequently be rause the demand for good butter far PXreeded the supply Do not expect the cows to give much milk on a ration of corn and fodder; they simply can not do IL Governor W. D. Hoard, of Wla force the cow to have her hind he gutter when standing thus the stall. When lylug down impelled to lie In front of the ’ stand back from the hay rack iltion In which It la hung. The stall will accommodate a large n the hay rack from the front, ed that It Is almost Impossible dder or teat of one lying next 1 over the concrete floor. This he cleansing of the entire floor ; PRIZE WINNING POUND CHINAS If you are going to buy hoy* buy hoye. they are the eheapeet. My herd won nine ribbon* at the Oklahoma State Fair 1909. A la* a* Fanrg Bamrt far ami*. Write today. J. R. Spado,.Hunter, Okie ™ Ka*tm*y lack Faa I| ibl wbollttll hfkHta . )Mta. ftfl «• br«*d th* big mammoth KmJSS* iMks. and mu yoa ,7J el»M lack » to 10 •kMper than a dea.tr k! ■PMalator aaa w tuTZ! J* ' for prteea oa lack* " A larva lot »o mini from. —• CMy. BLUB RIBBON BERKSHIRE# Bred GItte all eotd. Here aererel hande^m a ter* by three at the beet Heed Hear* |* AaaC out at ICO lb. wee and up. Our lten» wtnatM*? eluded State Champ ton ehlp and at Shrerepa^tT State Fair. 9 herd*. & etaleu rempetina. eurBMwi another*. Our correupondemne k* Iwnaiku Zg ou*ly. Inquirer* eleuee eretd Sr itemp for nl FRIERSON A HOUJNGBWORm ^ Shrereport. tm.. or r-^tr*. Ll mmo rou cdtri m ■,.t.n)14 laaeee M Uafc torar. Toaai kauaiMig, art too etla A lari* hard of aarahtUy aataafct and wall brad *oei to aalavi from. OomaMI *j!V MU DOB. idatmam Mainaab^Rfta 1 *HI****' " R r. D. I. Crawford. Miaa POLAND CHINA PMQ* I rw««Oy import nd daqpMora of • <-k * t'viand Olana aa ModdUr. iU prand -1 —,, 81 Fair MwUr ModdUr 2nd ‘-ad af IV Frank D Wiaalwri »Mrh bar tain maJ Fair priaoa. I Ur kamantod HpdJhinUr. tka um lawtdmrr and Prior* Atb*t A fro Pkrvaf ikaao aow# randy far ak Ip moot hr, trcmk ten }® ►«•***• la mod lam Irak. Falra fanr* ate far Mn. arm* far Um Ikon ltd Memo* id tef not ra»MW » J W»U»c*. • • 8tArkrille, Mite Fair View Farm Berkshire! Ilandod by Alabama Pi«a>o i®» and Fa* ' k» Lord Promt*. Ha*;* Pip, roady (a ate b» ihoro rraai Imara and out of -f ajimiiM bkmd Kama and pond indi* rdoaiiiy al rraaanate prUot Mr rit« f* prVoa and ‘mr tip law* Eton tbtof f .em tend to be ft* rn>fwN«ei«| I. L MATTOX, • ■ Vtrau. Mia ANGORA BUCKS fUmaraJ rbolr* Parka, oar and tana nandi la mU. mb* prW. Vary An. and la Ana Aaak. C. C. ilkrdwptl, . . Biarkvtllc. Mite DUROC ■ JERSEY PI6S w. c. (iitiiuik. ponoibm. urn GOLDWORTH FARM TST fg»3. T. UUIIUCRT JKlUdtY CX)W» I.EA MS<» KTRAIN.1 MKUKMIllltK lit A* KKUX WILLIAMHOX. ^flftpiASA &££•?. Hr3 ^^■hurst -j-6 WANGUS Stt'TTmdr Hoi UX Ooorui. lu. Regiitertd BtrfcsMres ffi* HA, >: ^ IwJ ® "~h- *. * tv h«r». ** «*# CMJTX. KlmritilU, Mtm Tennessee Jacks and Stallions rom malm, n J- T. CAM*KM. crwmmdm. Him , TW0”T"-|wSf SSUTI* CSVS TWWTY at trxm n 10,000 la lS.(Wlt*. Hu U f ‘*r A*° «•» »U*lal«.,l HuieUtt null*, r rt«n * m*. . to 2 yoara aid VaMOWNHok - MAmmUm. N. t. Four Male Essex hgs, f,ro°? (i. K. TOWNMENIi. Winona. Ml— ISS?**** «*•.*. Anrort -l lnrt IrhJSTS Md Touioufc tie®—.. Harr DrtOM *ri7?JlroV'011 ‘‘Sloknoa li.toof Brio®. C'LOVEUIMl* HTIK'K KA KM. H. 0. I>avlda®n. Proprietor. __Obion. Tmumnms yitiBiauar wwiuMiait. nw.r.. lop l(TI|)>rKna(i.| r ) 1 or II irr-.. I al J * ,-fl c"i*«* Ultrii Write iIV' 'll'‘Mi«i«l caial..^,.. IlMiiain 1 JI*C»,;iK,V( lark Bl. 0,1. w.