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FEEDING THE COW TO MAKE MONEY.
KhcIi Cow Must He Fed According to Her Own Needs—Peavine Hay, Silage and Cottonseed Meal Cheap Milk Producers—How One-Fourth the Ration Makes Half tho Milk. By Prof. John Michels. IIK IT It ROSE of this article is to give a few practical pointers on tho feeding of dairy cattle. Such a matter as the discussion of the balanced ration is altogether too broad a subject to at tempt In a single article, hence, what I shall say will bo something that will prove of value especially to thoso who have no knowledge what ever of the compounding of rations. I wish to tako first tho cuse of the small farmer who has only a few cows, and also the man who lives in a town or the suburbs of a city and produces no rough feed. The form er has abundant opportunity to pro duce sufficient rough feed on his farm to supply the wants of his cat tle while the latter has not. The practlco with the city cow keeper, therefore, has been to feed largely vw..vm«vvu iMvni (HIM I Ul UIIIMMMl hulls. To him, I wish to Bay that It would bo far more economical to purchase good pea vine hay or any other first-class roughage and cut out the hulls entirely. The hulls are an unsatisfactory feed as a milk producer and moreover are too ex pensive. it is my Arm conviction that It would be cheaper to pay $25 a ton for cowpea hay than to pay $6 per ton for cottonseed hulls for milk production. When the farmer has cowpea hay, the best way to sup plement this would be to food n ra tion consisting of one-third cotton seed meal, one-third corn meal nnd one-third wheat bran, feeding this grain In the proportion of ono pound of grnln to about four or Ave pounds ♦»f milk. In case the roughage con sists of corn stover, corn fodder or other poorer classes of roughage, grain should be fed at the rate of about ono pound to three pounds of mi ik. Feed Stingo nml (NittnnMiMl Meal. To those keeping olght or more cows I would strongly recommend the uso of silage. This Is one of the best milk producers, outside of pas ture, that may be had and, at tho same time, is the most economical. Furthermore, It has been my experi ence for many years that the man who feeds corn silage can feed safe ly a grain ration in connection with this, consisting of from one-half to twro-thlrds cottonseed meal. The other half or third In that case would consist, say of wheat bran and corn meal. Cottonseed meal Is at present unquestionably tho cheapest concen trated feed that Is available for dairy cattle. It Is. therefore, to the Inter est of the dairyman to make condi tions such that a maximum amount of this meal can he fed. In my own practice for many years l have fed row* six pound* or cottonseed mem. supplemented with wheat bran ami other feed*, per day when the rough age consisted largely of silage. I would not think It safo or advisa ble to feed a* much cottonseed meal as this with dry roughage. Indeed. I believe that where all dry roughage l* fed, four pound* per day per cow- should be the limit. Of course. It 1* understood that when cow* get six pounds of cottonseed meal to gether with other concentrate* that they must yield from 30 to 40 pound* of milk—3 >4 to 4 *4 gallons per day. Ke«*«1 the Cow \rcordlng to Produc tion. One of the big mistakes made by cow keeper* 1* to feed all cow* alike irrespective of whether they are fresh or stripping, or whether they are good producers or naturally poor producers. The only correct way of feeding cows is to feed each cow individually and to supply and increase her concentrates—grain_as long as there is a profitable response in milk. A dry cow for instance, say a month previous to calving, would require only three or four pounds of concentrates per day, while the cow giving four gallons of milk per day would require 10 or 11 pounds of grain per day. So far as roughage is concerned, there is only one rule to follow, and that is to feed a cow, whether she gives little milk or much milk or none at all, all the rough feed she will consume. Feed tlie Cow All Kite Can Utilize. lo conclude, I wish to emphasize another matter that I have repeated many times, and that is, that it pays to feed a cow liberally. It can be safely depended upon that a cow «<> l< I nl. . I - . • . • a .. uiree-iourins Oi a full ration will yield only one-half as much milk as the same cow re ceiving a full ration. The reason for this Is that about 50 per cent of all the food that a cow consumes Is re quired for her maintenance. The other half goes to form milk. When wo withhold one-fourth of the full allowance of feed for a cow we are supplying only one-half the amount of feed which Is actually required for the production of milk. Yet I think that It Is safe to say that at least nine-tenths of our dairymen and farmers fall to supply the final quar ter of the cow’s ration. Always feed a cow to her full capacity, and this means to supply feed as long as there is an economical response in milk. Of course, it would be perfectly use less to feed a cow whose milk pro duction is limited to two gallons per day a 4-gallon ration, because the feed for the two gallons would be wasted. Milk floats. Messrs. Kdltors: Some two years ago F secured from Mr. B. H. Van Itaub, of San Antonio, Texas, a trio of Spanish Maltese milk goats, and from them am building up a fine herd of grades as well as a herd of pure-breds. In my opinion pure-bred bucks crossed on well selected does will produce hardier and equally as good tnlll'ttru n «2 I hn »• eo Viert/1 5 To those who are Interested, write to the Department of Agriculture (Rureau of Animal Industry) for Bulletin. No. 68, which will give all necessary Information concerning them. Mr. \V. A. Shafer, of Hamil ton, Ohio, Is Secretary of the Milk Goat Record Association of America and he will doubtless furnish all in formation at hand. The Importations of pure Swiss goats have been few and they are. In consequence, very high. The milk from these cleanly, healthly little animals Is far superior to cow’s milk and It agrees wonderfully with In valids. W. C. BRYANT, M.D. Gamp Yonah, Ga. No animal on the farm Is better adapted to turning good feed quickly Into marketable meat than the hog, and none can better repay, from a market standpoint, a discriminating system of feeding.—“Swine In Amer ica.” THE BEST INVESTMENT ANY COW OWNER EVER MADE That’s what MORE THAN A MILLION COW OWNERS the world over have found the DE LAVAL CREAM SEPA' RATOR to be, after thirty years of separator use. A DE LAVAL FARM SEPARATOR costs from $40- to $175.. according to capacity. It saves butter fat and produces a cream of superior quality over any setting svstem or anv other separator every time it is used,—twice a day every day in the year. It involves far less labor than any setting system, and runs easier, has greater capacity and lasts from two to ten times longer than any other separator. That’s how a DE LAVAL separator saves its cost at least the first year, and frequently in a few months, and then goes on doing so right along for an average of twenty years. So far as other separators are concerned they leave off where the IMPROVED DE LAVAL machines begin, and the DE LAVAL makers, with thirty years of experience in separator construction and development, have forgotten.more about separators than all the others know. In fact it’s what the DE LAVAL has forgot eu and discarded that the others | use. I That’s what makes the DE LAVAL CREAM SEPARA TOR the best investment any cow owner ever made, and an investment no cow owner can have sound reason for delaying to make. And in buying a DE LAVAL machine you don’t have to part with one cent until you have satisfied yourself that every word of all this is simple trnth. Any desired separator information can be had of the near est DE LAVAL agent or of the Company directly. I THE DE LAVAL SEPARATOR CO. I 16^-167 BrorJway 42 E. Mviison Street Drumm & Sacramento Sts I ■ NEW YORK CHICAGO SAN FRANCISCO 8 m 173-177 William Street 14 & 16 Princess Street 1016 Western Avenue 8 I MONTREAL WINNIPEG SEATTLE 8