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THE SKIM MILK CALF.
How to Make the Change From a Itation of Whole Milk to One of Skim Milk—Danger of Over-Feeding—Use of (train to Supplement Milk—Necessity of Cleanliness. By J. A, Conover. F ALL ANIMALS on the farm, there is none that deserves good treatment more than the calf intended to be kept for the dairy and yet on many farms, I am sorry to say, no animal receives worse treat ment than this selfsame calf. Very often five or more calves will be plac ed in the same pen, or stall, and fed out of a wooden trough, like so many pigs, and their owner wonders why his calves look so stunted. The writer has raised grade dairy calves on skim milk and grain and made the steers weigh 800 pounds at a year old, and it was done in the following manner: They were al lowed to run writh their dams for about three days, then put in a stall away from the cows, and left for 24 hours without trying to feed them. By this time the calf had become hungry and was easily taught to drink milk, by allowing it to suck two fingers and gradually lowering the hnnrt into nail nf millr The first week the calves were fed three quarts of new milk dally, this was given in three feeds, and was al ways warm. The second week the calves wrere fed three and one-half quarts of new milk a day, in two feeds. At the end of this time skim milk was mixed with the wrhole milk, beginning by taking out one-half pint of the whole milk and adding a like amount of skim milk. The amount of skim milk substi tuted in this way was gradually in creased until by the end of the fourth week the calves were getting all skim milk and were receiving about five quarts a day. In the meantime, the calves had been taught to eat grain. This was done by rubbing each calf’s nose with a little bran or corn meal, as soon as it had finished drinking its milk. Handled in this way, calves will learn to eat grain and hay when two or three weeks old. These calves were each fed the milk separately in a little pail. In order to do this successfully, each calf was put into a little stanchion before feeding and was left there until it had eaten the grain ration, then turned loose. Drawings of these stanchions are furnished by the United States De partment of Agriculture, Dairy Di rpl. __11 i < • i - * ***= i^auo in w uiuii uiu caives were fed were washed and sunned daily. Many of the calf diseases are brought on by feeding in wooden troughs or in old dirty vessels. Also more trouble is caused by over-feed ing than by under-feeding. Many peo ple think that because they are feed ing skim milk, they must needs feed large quantities in order to make up for the butter fat removed. This is a serious mistake. Skim milk is richer in the muscle-building food f than whole milk and should not be fed in any larger quantities. Two gallons and a quarter of skim milk daily is enough for the calf three months old. One of the nicest grain feeds for the young calf is shelled corn. This, however, should not be fed in large quantities to the bull or heifer calf intended for the dairy. Bran, oats,! -- and oat meal are the best feeds for such calves. Cottonseed meal should not be fed to the young calf and when fed to older calves should be given in small quantities. A liberal supply of clover or peavine hay should always be in reach of the calf, but should not be wastefully fed. Kindness is an essential in the suc cessful growing of calves or any other live stock. In fact, the man who is of a hasty temper will never be a successful dairyman. Let no man flatter himBelf that he can raise good calves on skim milk by herding them all together and feeding like a bunch of swine. The things necessary to the suc cessful growing of skim milk calves, are summed up as follows: The calf mu6t have the first milk of its dam; whole milk should be fed for the first two weeks; all change's in feed should be made grad ually; all milk must be fed warm and sweet and in clean vessels; be careful not to over-feed; teach the calves to eat grain and hay as soon as possible; the calves should have a clean, well lighted stall, and it is de sirable for them to have the run of a small lot. Plant Peanuts Where Cold Hurt You. In the frost-killed cotton Helds o! the South at this time, if the farm ers who can't get seed, mould plant standard varieties of peanuts oa the cotton rows, they would make more money than if they planted cotton; because an acre in peanuts will pay better than one in cotton, other things being equal, and the bulletins of the National Department of Agri culture solve the problem of cultiva tion entirely.—Thos. W. Blount. He—Farewell, my darling; I hope you mill remain true to me. She (through her tears) — I hope so too.—Fliegende Blaetter. JUST WRAY YOU SR fit). The Summer* Au tomatic Waxed-Thread Btitchin* Awl will mw»d anything. Will repair harneea. shoe* saddle* buggy tops, sew on buttons, tia comforters sew up rents In carpets, ate. Has one larva and cne small point for light and heavy stitching, and on* curved point for patching shoes, etc Also one wrench and one bobbin. Never before sold for lees than tl 00. NOW ONLY Me., postpaid. Pleaae remit postal or express money order. AGENTS WANTEO. LAWTON A BUSHMAN Dept. L - • - - Bukungtoi*. Wis e on H*Y PRESS ffi-iscisss JfwU hold In 8 months. For 10 years ■ we've made them. Shipped on 6 days' WfATS's'BSY-fsas ?8“ Steel Wheels WITH GROOVED TIRES 4 In. wlde« The Groove protects the heads of spokes from wear, which makes wheel deed ask •trend till tire is worn out. We make plala tlrn wheels in other widths. We make wheels ta At any thimble skein or straight ■tee) axle. Get our free cats led of Steel Wheels and Lew Dawn Handy Wadena. HAVANA METAL WHEEL CO.. » Box _65 Havana, Ik LIGHTNING HAY PRESSES' hZI1Up tar y“"* »*** *n many atyfaa. "°r“ Pow;ir- B«lt Power and Sell-food At tachmcnt. Simple and Durable with Create*! — Tb«y make a Prnfit»klf InTeatmant aiun a^C aidt you- Write for Catalog and prlcra. MHS« CITY j»T PRESS CO. 2 Hill SI., KMSU City, it. --— mmmmmmmmmi 'IS'Ae MARK of ^ GOOD WaCON — aND WHY— rii rai THOUSANDS of farmer* trust to I H C wagon*. Li | | Hng For then they are absolutely sure ol the greatest wagon value—the IV.' ‘ t s<rv; e f r e.. h c • r invested. You should let the experience id others gv: le .-— —J you. Shun the wagons that others have found wanting—stick to the wagon that others have found satisfactory. There is one sure way to know a good wagon before vo« buy. Look for the 1 II C trade mark. It U your assurance of the Ixst wagon in the world for the price. It Is your protection against buying a wagon that might prove a disappointment.. For 1 11 C stands for all that is best in wagon construction. You arc safe in buying any 1 H C wagon— Weber Columbus I New Bettendorf Steel King I The Weber is beyond question the King of All farm wagon*. ^B Everybitof material is the best that I H C buying j* >w caaxbum. ^B The Columbus is second only to the Weber—-far twtter than ^B any other wagon at anywhere near It* price. Own r* wdl con- ^B viuco you of the merits of Columbus Wagons. * ^B The New Bettendorf gears are made entirely of *.teel, have ^B greater carrying capacity and weigh no more than w d. The ^B tubular axle is made in one piece. There are no joints at the ^B collar, and the removable malleable Ir n sleeve, whii it protect* ^B the axle from wear, is not found on any axie except the New ^B Bettendorf. ^B The Steel King is an all steel wagon and up to the I If C ^B otuuwaiu* It is to vour advantage to call on the local International ^B dealer. Let bim sb<>w you the wagon that will -.m-e you t»c*j. ^B Let him tell you of its many advantages its wonderful super!* ^B ority over any other wagon at the same price. Then feu: ember ^B that our reputation is back of every wagon In tic 1 fit' line. ^B It \»ti prefer, write to us ^B direct for Any informa* ^B torn vnu want. ^B It* -•itJet* will |*e sup* plied on it jurat. H International Harvester Company of America iUx.vrpc***»*i M % Chicago USA / H \ Coniinuou. Travel. THE ROYAL LINE OF HAY PRESSES llef-wr *0*4 bn* • |> few* be «Uf* *0*4 »>• tfert r (Hat hoheaUjr built at«l will t*U 'molM?, «Jvi‘rM, •t.lwr.wvo***, *all» without break •At down or «w*lJn« u«t of .kW W.makathto kind of ||„ !•»,*• I of lb,.. hr M.ref. «.» TiirVifrel fttrnnu I J',mlmr hepal hewii.w|i ««.! S*w < klfw»tf UiKntekt, atronb ! \t m, u, • .t*r a».,i i*t <>• pm* |D rT*i that «*• of eat. Cheiudtt ***•■*’ *• |,ci** tw eltoukl imi i ’ 1 • "'win. /*/•«*«.\r 4 Nil, to. ____r. t Wlowoa#.. TW. “GET ON AND RIDE” Avery's Disc Cultivator^ Pretty a* the plrtore. clean M a whistle, strong ss need 1*. Kvcry tnudagn f<aluro and adjustment, I.cada the disc culll aU.r procession. You “Get on and It sl< " lt«l«« the rest. Rigid or pivot |* lc, fooPd'slge. tread adjustment, 60 Pi63 inchra. tUM-U-ar. in* discs and every other feature injuring lightest draft and long life to the machine. Harring-ofT and harrow attachments. Alao Spring tooth at Uo hmerit. We make a gn at < variety of riding and walking cultivator*. A postal can! bringh you Avery’s Farm Year lkek. for 1910. ’I ells you ahout Avery’a groat line of lalsjr-eaving plows, harrows, planters and cultivating linplen ••nls;pointa the way to money making farming. I E- AVERT 1 SONS, Inc., i»«iwtu«, »y. ttiau. ti nwp>b. tm. in uy