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★ FRUIT. TRUCK ^ VEGETABLES +
I* IKK BLIGHT OF PEAKS AND APPLES. Ilow to Recognize and Treat This Destructive Disease—Begin at Once If Your Trees Are Affected. Fire blight is a contagious disease caused by bacteria (small germs). It affects pears, apples, quinces and many other pome fruits. The blight affects blossom twigs, foliage twigs, water sprouts, suckers, limbs and fruits. The first marked appearance of blight is during and soon after blos soming time. It is brought to the tree by insects seeking nectar from the blossoms aud is transferred by them from blossom to blossom and from tree to troe. Warm, moist condi tions are most favorabio to its devel opment. The effect is that the foil age and flowers turn brown and the disease continues down the twig. Of ten the injury of blight is mistaken for thut of frost, as the damage in holh instunrii* look* vorv much ulikn As soon as discovered, the affected portion, and even 6 to 8 inches be low, should be cut off. After each cut, the knife or saw or whatever is used should be disinfected. Dissolve oue tablet of corrosive sublimate in a pint of water. A sponge saturated with this solution rubbed over the knife will disinfect it. Again, it is well to rub the sponge over the cut surface for fear that the knife was not thoroughly disinfected at the time tho cut was made. A & per cent solution of carbolic acid is an other good disinfectant. He sure and burn all affocled parts which have been cut off and bo care ful with tho disinfectants after you have finished with them, as they are poisonous. The bacteria causing this disease affect the cambium layer and Inuer bark. Tho bark becomes brown and sunken anu u is lainy easy 10 aeiur mlno the affected area. The bacteria winter over In cankers on the limbs. During the fall and winter these rankers are more easily detected and should be cut off below the affected part as soon as detected. This Is ap parently the main source of new In fections for the next year. Soft, succulent growth Is more sus ceptible to blight, therefore anything that tends to prevent this growth will also tend to prevent blight. Try and select resistant varieties. While the Kelffer pear is not the highest In quality, still It Is one of the most blight-resistant varieties. Head your p>*ar trees low; that Is, cut the top off when planted so that the stub remaining will be from 2 to 3 foot high. In tho spring select three or four of the best branches and allow them to grow during the summer. See that these branches are distributed around tho main tree us well as up and down this switch, be ginning at the top and leaving a per pendicular distance of 3 to 4 luches between each brunch. Next winter cut those branches hack to 8 to 12 Inches long, and the following spring treat those branches tho sumo as you did tho original tree, only diminish ing tho number of branches on each branch from year to year. Tho fruit ing spurs should bo cut off the trunk and main limbs for fear tho blight will get into tho main portions of the tree. Water sprouts und other ■oft growth should be kept off tho niuin limbs aud trunks. When a pour tree is properly trained tho first few years, heavy pruning will not he necessary during its older uge. If old pear trees ure pruned heavily during the winter, it usually stimu lates growth in spring, which is fav orable to blight. Cultivating and fertilizing with ni trogenous fertilizers after trees have come into bearing produaes condi tions favorable to blight, therefore sodding and withholding nitrogen fertilizers is to be recommended as a preventive measure from a farm orchard standpoint. Plant on well drained soil, but re member that all rolling soil is not necessarily well drained. These things should be done in dealing with pear blight: 1. Cut off and burn all affected parts. 2. Watch carefully for cankers on your trees and when detected, de stroy them. 3. Prevent soft, succulent growth. 1. I I Ulll IU 1UI 111 il £UOU frame on yottr tree and keep spurs, water spouts, etc., off the main limbs and trunk. 5. I)o not cultivate and fertilize bearing trees excessively. 6. Select resistant varieties. 7. Plant in well drained soil. 8. Do not pay any attention to the quack tree doctor who recommends dosing your tree with calomel. 9. Get your neighbors to do like wise.—Clemson College Press Bul letin. Mi<wlwil|)|)i Trucking Crop* After the Col<l “Snap.” In a letter Just received, Mr. R. E. J. Day, of Crystal Springs, Miss., writes as follows of the damage done to trucking crops in his section by the recent freeze: "About SO per cent of tomatoes damaged, or say 50 per cent frozen above ground and 30 per cent had top and fruit frozen. About same percentage of beans killed and 95 per cent cotton. "We are intending to run suckers for a late crop of tomatoes, going to market about June 15th. Have re planted about 25 per cent of bean crop. All cotton replanted, and I expect 25 per cent more than before freeze. Cabbage beginning to move at a good price; likewise beets and carrots. I being the only lettuce grower here, am shipping an average of 500 to 600 bushels weekly, and realizing handsome returns. The cold benefited my lettuce 60 per cent.” GROW A FRUIT ORCHARD at A mm all oomr. Whether % unoll homo orchard or on a eon* marclal 00*1*. oar FREE CATALOGUE will imM roa. LremAm NwMtiM FV A SPRAYER Spray Tour Fruit Trees and Vines with the Comet Sprayer We here demonstrated loth* satisfaction of farmer* ana fruit grower* that n beery, clumsy apparatus Is not neo pessary and that the Comet I’llinp, costing only 0.60 to _ ft UU,will Spray a tree aa effect ““ pally aa any Bprayer on tha market, and we claim superiority In simplicity, durability, urh-e, effective work and eaaeuf operation. All llrasa. Double Acting. Throw* continuous stream 60 feet or spray a* flue a* a mist. The fruit saved from ona oliolon tea* will morethan i«y yon for theapmyer. We can please you and e postal card will bring you full particulars. A gouts Wall tad. Address The II. & Kusler Hfg. Co. 9 Dept. 72 h Johnstown. UblO Lice on Cattle. I wish you would give me some remedy for cow lice. I keep a bull, and in going to cows he got lousy. Also what causes lice—filthy stalls or lack of shelter? B. F. S. Editorial Answer: Lice which in fest cattle come only from other lice. Cattle kept in filthy stables or with out shelter, that are from these causes reduced in condition, are prob ably more subject to lice, or rather the lice attack them more freely; but these conditions alone will not cause lice. Lice come from lice, just as cattle come from cattle. The best means of removing lice from cattle is to wet them all over with a solution of some one of the many coal tar disinfectants on the market, such as Zenoleum, Kreso, etc. One part of the disinfectant to 30 or 40 parts of water should be used, or such strength as the manu facturers advise. A second appli cation should be made about a week or ten days after the first to com plete the job. The stables or houses where the stock is kept must also be cleaned and disinfected, and preferably whitewashed, If the complete destruc tion of the lice is expected. Two New Books for Dairymen. “Questions and Answers on But termaking,” by Chas. A. Publow, and “Questions and Answers on Milk and Milk Testing,” by Chas. A. Publow and H. C. Troy, are two new books of interest and value to the dairy man. They are both written cate chism fashion, and practically any question which the beginner may w ish to ask on the subjects embrac ed in their titles will be found an-1 swered in them. They are espe cially adapted to the use of dairy students, but will also be found of great value by the dairyman and farmer. Both books are published by the Orange Judd Co., and may be had from this office at the publishers’ price, 50 cents each. ...II ■!■■■ .—■■.MU — ■ ' — —• I I SWEET POTATO PLANTS Send 91.40 for 1,000 slips, Nancy Hall, Triumph, Pumpkin Yams, etc. JohnLightfoot, E- Chattanooga,Tenn. /CAN* I Fruit and Vegetables I MAKE BIG MONEY I Our rets BOOK f lib how. * Writ* for prices on oar g^Qold Medal Canning Outfits Family to factory sixes, $5.00 and up. Best that experience and skilled labor can produce. Most complete ma chine for the money, •end for price-list on cans, labels and sup plies bofors placing year ardor. Buy di rect and save money. Agmnta Wamtmd RoMnson Can Co., Ddpt. 9, ( Baltimore, Md. How the Farmer Can AddtoHls Income we want every farmer who reads this advertisement to write for our catalogue. It sliows liow big money can be made canning fruits and vegetables; how easy it is to build up a profitable ■ business by Investing only a few dollars in a EBEEST ST A j Canning OuQt ArfnU The "Stahl" is the best and cheapest outfit WtfwlliltVtTWiW on the market. Made in all sizes and fully guaranteed. Thousan<ls in every Wm^JjTf FTTjggf^ outfit for canning we give complete directions mm and show you how to market canned goods to B I the best advantage. Write to-day for catalogue. F. S. tTlil MMUFMTURIN6 CO.. Bsk 368-t, Quwct,111. UMIC PAUUCDC DCUICUf ™ nUMt UANNUlO lltLVIlLVV biTya^ho w to'sell1 ^Where^get vstsrzssky** ^•^^oiass^rssi^M'isg: t <5T’* Canning Outfits for Family, Farm or Factory. We make a splendid line of Cannon, ranging in prices from 94.75 up. Easy to operate. Each machine guaranteed to do perfect work. Don’t buy until you set our new Cata logue. Special prices for early orders. Address Dmt N*. J. FARM CANNING MACHINE CO.. Maridlam, Min. r A ’NTNTTlVrn. a BRAND NEW process \jJrVll il lii \J Result of Sixteen Years Experience NO WORE SOLDERING The sealing is simplicity itself. A child can do it. Cost no mere than the old way. savea all the drudgery, ana makm Merjr ran a eartamtu. It you own a Conner of any kind.or if you don’t own a Conner you want to know about this NEW PROCESS. Just drop us a card and set full Darticulars by return mail. TsSXSfjSk-ita. THE RAMEY CANNER CO, Chapel Hill, N. C.