Newspaper Page Text
WHO NEEDS A SILO?
'',“l,,BTCn H S"",M H<'"l o' Cows, anil Every Man »ho Pee,Is lleef Ca,,le_|„ Combination Wl(h Legume I wls""'1 < ' , ’,1S'"1 M<‘nl- ,h' Cheapest of All Harvested By A. L French. KIIL LEGUME Special, now the Dairy Special, and of course, silage. Did it ever occur to you. my reader, that our Southland, posing as almost anything else, ht really the greatest stock section of America—or rather can and, we hope, will be? Our friends in con vention assembled over in South Carolina some time ago, give It as their opinion that the South wasn’t the place for real, "sure enough” stock farms where pure-bred stock could bo made a business. It doesn't look like It, does It, with us able to produce almost every legume under the sun In greater quantities per acre than any no-call cd stork section In America? Then silage, the very finest stock feed to go along with the ieguntes, may b<* produced lu our country in greater tonnage than In any section having n short growing season. When wi> consider these great feeds, then our own cottonseed meal and torn (you remember tho Editor proved some weeks ago that our section *»« the real corn belt), wo wonder where the South Carolina boys got tho data on which to base their assumption that »c were not an embryo stock section. It Is up to them to explain. I have stood and looked across the almost boundless Western plalus, sun-baked, and practically waterless, and wondered how In the natue of common sense men could call our Southeast country a non-stock sec tion. when contrasted with that semi-desert. I have known lespe dcxa and Bermuda pasture in our section that would furnish ten times the summer pasture that could bo produced in the semi arid West. But I didn't start out to prove our* to be a stock section, because 1 think the thing will prove itself to any man who will look at our re sources candidly. Rather, I waul to talk a little about silage and how and whom It will help and whom it may not so much benefit. Silage, as (unde to-day of well eared, well ma tured corn, must appeal to every dairyman, every winter feeder of steers, and every farmer carrying grade beef cattle through the winter, as the greatest feed at his command The hog man can use considerable Sllaitc liiito to iFiind ailvunt nir«» to help curry his brood sows and stock shnats through tho winter; this food being of especial Importance for use when the land Is covered with snow or muddy so tho hogs are unable to secure their succulence from the fields. Tho only stockman, In our opin ion. to m liom silage Is of question able value Is the man who Is han dling high-class cattle, kept for breeding purposes In the South. Silage must, In the groat majority of cases, bo fed In the barns or sheds, and. In our Judgment and ex perience, the loss breeding cattle n-e confined In any sort of u stable — except when the weather Is very stormy-- the better for them, and •bis is tho only reason I would as sign why silage Is not the feed par excellence for breeding cattle. If the work of feeding can be so ar ranged that the cattle can consume • heir feed standing out In the pure outdoor air and sunshine, no feed cun he more valuable for breeding cuttle than silage combined with le gume hay. Hut these animals that *8 wish to keep In highest state of bodily vigor for many years should not, we believe, be confined in any barn, as would be almost necessary on the majority of our farms were sllago to be made their main ration. I housands of silos should be scat tered all down through the valleys of the Blue Ridge and over the hills of the Piedmont country in which to preserve feed to carry grade stock cattle through the winter. Then the plainsman, the cotton grower, of all men, ueeds the ailo In which to pre serve the bulk of feed and succu lence with which to feed steers through the winter, combining this with the ration of cottonseed meat; these two, by adding a light feed of legume hay, making an ideal finish ing ration for steers. , Nearly everyone now has come to kaow that corn to he siloed should be well ripened, the ears thoroughly glazed, and bo planted only a little thicker in the row than would be the rule if the crop was being grown for the dry grain. This for feeding steers or dairy cattle. For stock cattle, or drv cows, thn mm m>v well he planted somewhat thicker In the row thus producing a larger proportion of stalk and less ears. I am hoping to see our experiment stations In the South make some thorough tests of steer feeding, using a heavy ration of silage, about two-thirds of a pound of cottouBeed mt'iil per 100 pounds of animal per day. and a very light feed of legume hay Using this ration for a five month period, we believe, would produce excellent results in good beef at a low cost. In America we need to arrange for more succulence In our cattle feeding operations and a lighter grain ration. Silage furnish es the cheapest harvested succulence that wo can make use of and also furnishes some grain In most excel lent condition to be made use of by the cattle. We aro expecting next season to erect a concrete silo and thus add permanence of structure to the silo's long list of virtues. NOTUS OX FARM Hl'TTERMAKIXG The Principal fan see of the Poor Quality of Most Rutter Made on the Farm. The New Hampshire Experiment Station has recently Issued a hullo tin ou farm buttermaklng in that State. The following summary of the bulletin fits so well the condi tions of farm buttermaklng In the South that we publish the greater part of It: Of tho butter made, a large quantity is made on the farms, prin cipally due to: (1) Poor transporta tion facilities, making it difficult to ship milk; (2) a widely scattered population, making creameries diffi cult to operate; (3) the small size of the dairy herds kept; (4) a spe cial demand for good dairy butter at high prices. A good deal of tho farm but ter made, although often selling for i high price, is of low grade, espe cially lacking in uniformity and keeping quality, the principal rea sons being: 1 Lack of equipment, especially in the way of suitable buildings or specially equipped rooms. Only 8 per cent of the farms visited had a special room or building used exclu sively for the dairy work. 2. Lack of cleanliness in the sta V o ) O 0 A I From Oven Door 8 to Farm House Door That sums up the whole story when you buy soda crackers by name— Uneeda 1 Biscuit 1 As soon as they are baked they are placed in moisture-proof packages. In this way they are kept free from dust, damp and other harmful conditions. This means that you are always assured of fresh, clean, crisp, unbroken soda crackers no matter where you buy them or when you eat them. They come in five cent packages. bles and during milking. In a num ber of cases people did not realize that the care and cleanliness exer cised in the stable and during milk ing is fully as essential to the pro duction of good butter as the care and cleanliness exercised in the man ufacture of the butter. 3. Insufficient control of temper ature. Only 3 3.3 per cent of the butter makers made provision for ice, 4.1 per cent had running spring water, while the rest had no means of regulating the temperature of the wash water. Altogether too little use was made of the thermometer. 4. Cream too old and too sour. Reports received from butter makers 1 show that 25. 8 churned once, 58.4 twice, 11.2 per cent three times, and 4.6 per cent either four or six times a ween. 11 is exceedingly dimcuit to make good butter when churning is 1 done only once a week, as the cream ! gets too old and often too sour be fore churning. It is recommended to churn at least twice a week, and 1 even then it is necessary to be able to control the temperature of the cream either by using ice or cold spring water in order to make good butter. | 5. Too high churning tempera ture. The churning temperature be- 1 ing too high is often responsible for the dull appearance, poor body and ■ poor keeping quality of the butter, * and also for an excessive loss in the . buttermilk. 6. Overchurning and overwork ing. By churning the butter into large lumps, a great deal of butter milk is incorporated, causing a rapid c deterioration of the butter. Over working, although not as commonly " practiced, tends to give the butter a 1 dead, worn appearance and - a poor body. In no case should the hands touch the butter during working and packing. The most common defects in farm butter are: (1) rancidity, due to the cream being too old or sour, too high ripening temperature, or the butter not being sufficiently pro tected from heat and light; (2) poor flavors absorbed by the cream dur ing storing and ripening, and by the butter when kept near strong smell Ings foodstuffs, and (3) mottles, as i result of too much buttermilk be ing Incorporated, the action of the :asein on the salt producing the un even color. Our book tells how to catch dead loads of them where you failed the old ashioned way. Write for it. We pay the •ostage. Ten thousand satisfied users in >ver thirty States. EUREKA FISH NET CO. 3ox 16 Griffin. Ga. and Dallas, Tex, LEGGETTS „ CHAMPION mug*' , DUSTER ■■HK. < .niilAl Distributes Insecticides in “Dust Form on Tobacco, Cotton and Potatoes as fast as you walk. NO WATER TO HAUL. Beetle (horse power) duits4 rows potatoes Spray alendar and Special Cotton Circular srlye concise lformation. Mailed on request with name of earest dealer. .eggett & Brother, New York.