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present law taxes, I believe, ten cents per pound.”
We would not say that Mr. Hardy needs informa tion about the oleomargarine law as much as about oleomargarine Itself, but surely he knows that it is only when colored in imitation of but ter, that oleomargarine has to bear this ten-cent tax. Wo do not question Mr. Hardy’s perfect fairness, but it is a fact worth noting that we have yet to see an argument in favor of repealing this tax that would not leave the impression on one unacquainted with the law that all oleo has to pay this ten-cent tax. Always good care is taken not to say that it is only the colored pro duct that has to pay it. The frankness of the oleomargarine propagan dists on this point Is as convincing as is their talk about "class legislation,” and "special favors," in view of the fa< t that the general pre judice against oleo Ip due simply to the fact that it has nevor been sold honeatly nnd on its merits, or as is \neir lain anoui reducing tno cost or liv ing. «hon any one who will think a minute must know that It Is solely because they expect to be r.blc to sell their product for n higher price that they want the privilege of coloring it. People do no? object to en’lng oleo because It Is white, but ••cause It has been fraudulently sold so long that they have an idea that It Is unwholesome. It may he. as Mr. Hardy says, perfectly whole some, but the notion that it Is more healthful or nutritious than "animal butter" is. of course, ab surd. if the oleo men really want only a fair show, ns they claim, why do they not devote some of the energy they are now wasting In their attacks on this tax to building up a demand for their product on Its own merits? That is the way legitimate business enterprises should be con ducted. Aa to what Mr. Hardy saya about our havlug permitted "self Interest to prevent fair Judg ment," It i» worth while to any little. If there la ary one class of people whose prosperity la of 'lt*l interest to The 1’rogresstvn Farmer and Ga rotte. that clahs is the cotton growers. And when any man attempt* to draw a line of division be tween dairymen and farmer*, he simply shows that ho 1* getting out of hi* depth. The men who have really studied agricultural condition* and problem* In the South are unanimous In their agreement that the development of the live stock Industry is absolutely necessary to the permanent prosperity of the Cotton Belt; and It la also the unaulmou* verdict of those really Informed on the subject, that the feeding of cottonseed meal to dairy cattle hero In the South would be worth hundred* of lime* a* much a* could be nny de mand for cottonseed oil created by the removal of the tax on colored oleomargarine. What many Southern legislators, editor* and publicist* sorely need to do on this question, la to get right down to "brass tack*" and And out what are the rent facts In the rase. Ton manv of them hit\o allowed tho oleo men's talk about discrimi nation against cotton products to blind them, not only to the true Interest of tho South In the mat ter. hut also to the principles Involved. If colored oleo Is to be sold as oleo, what basis Is there for tho assumption that coloring It will either Increase the demand for It or lower the rest of living? And, on the other hand. If It Is to be sold as butter, who, save tho manufacturers, will profit by th<* removal of the tax on the colored product? A Thought for the Week. T IS NOT the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man ■ tumbles or where the doer of deeds could hav» done them better. The credit belongs to the man who Is actunlly In the arena, whose face marred by dust and sweat and blood; who •trivet valiantly; who errs, and comes short again •nd again, because there Is no effort without error tmd shortcoming; but who knows the great en thuHliiHius, the great devotions; who spends htm "*!f In a worthy cause; who at the best knows In the end the triumph of high achievement, and "ho at the worst. If he falls, at least falls while j daring greatly, so that his place nhall never be "1th those cold and timid souls who know neither vlct(»ry nor defeat. From Theodore Roosevelt's ■peech In Paris. April 23. 1910. “ What’s The News?” Bt CLARENCE POE. The Death of King Edward. E GET OUR IDEAS of kings mostly from ancient history in which the monarchs speak with potent voices, the policies of nations changing with their whims and moods. Even now the average American will probably think of the death of King Edward as removing the foremost man in the British government, while, as a matter of fact, there are probably a dozen men whose deaths would have far greater effect on British politics. In time of crisis, the king may accomplish not a little if he have gifts of peace-making Buch as King Edward had, but the Icing’s influence on legislation, as a rule, amounts to very little. King Edward came to the throne on the death of his mother, Queen Victoria, nine years ago last January, being then in his sixtieth year. In his youth he was reckless and dissipated, but he sob ered with years, and his nine years’ reign has been both popular and creditable. The new king, George Frederick Ernest Albert, known as George V., is the second son of King Edward, 4 6 years old and a rather unpromis ing sort of man who will probably interfere lit tle with the government, though his sympathies are knowu to be with the Conservatives instead of with the Liberals as King Edward’s were. His wife, the new queen, was Princess Victoria May of Teck, and there are six children. Ordinarily, as we have said, the king has little serious lnlluence on British politics, but it happens that the lew king comes to the throne at a time of crisis. For months the big issue has been that of curtailing the power of the House of Lords, the popular proposition being to let any bill become a law when passed three times by the House or Commons regardless of the veto by the Lords. Of course the Lords themselves will never agree to such a proposition except under irresisti ble popular pressure, and something has depended upon the readiness of the King to force the bill through by making Lords of enough men in favor of the proposition. The new king may be slower than King Edward would have been in doing this, but the verdict of a general election will be ac cepted by him as well as by the other branches of the government. J* The Lloyd-George Budget at Last a Law. EANWHILE, THE FAMOUS Lloyd-George budget has received the royal assent and is now the law of England. This budget revolutionizes methods of taxation in England and has aroused more opposition and excitement there than any other measure in this generation. Eng land has long raised much revenue from Income and inheritance duties, and the Lloyd-George bud get largely increases the taxation on incomes of over $15,000 and doubles the tax on incomes of more than <25 000. The tax on inheritances ex feeding $25,000 is also Increased, and on estates of $5,000,000 or more the inheritance tax will hereafter be 15 per cent. A tax of 1J per cent is also levied on all sales of liquor. These features, however, simply extend meth ods of taxation already in force. The land tax feature of the Lloyd-George budget is, on the con trary, something radically new to England. The land there is largely held in large tracts by the Lords and has heretofore largely escaped taxation. Hereafter it will have but little advantage over other forms of property in the matter of regular taxation, while an especially notable section pro vides a tax of 20 per cent on all increase in land values due not to improvements of or on the land itself, but simply to increased population, etc. In other words, if a man holds a piece of land he will be given credit for all the improvement he makes on it, but of all increased value that comes solely from the increased wealth and population of the community he will get only 80 per cent. The remaining 20 per cent will be taken by the government for the improvement of the conditions of the people by which he himself has so largely benefited. £ The Farmers’ Union Meeting in St. n Louis. HE MEETING of the National Farmers’ Union in St. Louis last week brought to gether a remarkably large number of men interested in the improvement of rural conditions in America and will, doubtless, have a far-reach ing influence. President Taft, Samuel Gompers, Secretary of Agriculture Wilson, Senator Gore, B. F. Yoakum, and other famous Americans ap peared on the program. President Taft mms to have said nothing unusual. Commissioner E. J. Watson, of South Carolina, declared that if the United States Government had given proper atten tion to the opening and development of new mar kets for cotton products, the world’s consumption would now be nearer thirty million than thirteen million bales. An especially notable feature of Mr. B. F. Yoakum’s address is reprinted herewith: “One of the things advocated by the Farm ers’ Union is a greater proportion of Federal appropriations for agriculture. In a recent speech in the Lower House of the Congress Chairman Tawney, of the Committee on Ap propriations, said that 71 per cent of the revenues of the Government went for mili tary expenses, which amounted to $430,000, 000 for that period. This Is thirty-three times as much as is appropriated for agricul tural purposes. This session the Senate has passed a bill providing for $3,600,000 to pay for a few acres of land in Washington to give a better view of the Capitol. This is the kind of reclamation which Washington un derstands, and to improve these few acres the legislators are ready to give one-quarter as much as is given for agriculture. “If the Government would spend one and a half million dollars a year for twelve years for drainage surveys and In opening water ways to the Gulf, It would make available 2 5,000,000 acres of Mississippi Valley land for cultivation, and this would be at a cost of 75 cents an acre. This average would pro vide eighty more farms for 312,500 families, or one million and a half people. It costs $35 an acre to reclaim land by irrigation. The States of Arkansas. Missouri, and Louis iana are begging for money for reclamation by drainage, but the politicians at Washing ton are not disposed to heed their appeals.” J$ Minor News Matters. jVwjtf HE ACTION of the Supreme Court in up holding the Anti-Trust laws In Mississippi and Tennessee is a great victory for the States in their contest with the great monopolies. It Is now generally recognized recognized that the recent cold snap (’: t no really serious dam age to the South. 'rh - "’anta papers that sent out the Associated l’res' dispatch declaring it "about the worst financial disaster the South had experienced since the Civil War” ought to be muz zled in the future. It is likely that the sixteenth quadrennial Con ference of the Southern Methodist Church now meeting in Asheville, N. C., may not complete Its work for a month or six weeks. Six or eight bishops are to be chosen, and among the puzzling questions to be decided are those of allowing wo _ j i a. _ a __ _i i.i men cio u^tv>5ui.co V/uaici tuaugiug iuo official name to “American Methodist Church,” and the question of control of Vanderbilt Univer sity by the church. Two approaching marriages in which the gen eral public is taking much interest are those of ex-President Roosevelt’s son. which he will return just in time to witness, and the marriage of the late Edward H. Harriman’s daughter to a Buffalo sculptor. Of no less interest was the marriage last week of Mrs. Ruth Bryan Leavitt, the di vorced daughter of William J. Bryan. Emmett O’Neal has been nominated in the Dem ocratic primaries for Governor of Alabama by a small majority. He is known as a vigorous opponent of the proposition for a prohibition con stitutional amendment defeated last year by a ma jority of over 20,000. R. F. Kolb is named for Commissioner of Agriculture and Senator John H. Bankhead gets a renomination.