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PROPER ROTATION MAKES FERTILIZERS PROFITABLE.
Best Results Cannot Be Had Unless Attention is Paid to This Subject—Try a Three-Year Rotation of (1) Cotton; (2) Corn and Peas* and (8) Oats Followed by Peas. I CAN WELL remember the time when the Long Leaf pine sec tion of south Mississippi, unaid ed by manures and fertilizers, did not make, I believe, over one eighth of a bale of cotton, or eight bushels of corn to the acre. I re member a time, as a boy, when a car load of bad-smelling material came into a town on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, it was put into a store building where the people Bald a man had “busted” the fall before. A small boy, coming from school, ran himself out of breath to get home to much more fertile and profitable farm to be made. I need only point to the fact that any one may verify with a little figuring, that at present prices, if 15 bushels of corn to the acre will pay all expense, 40 bushels to the acre will give almost 25 bush els clear profit, or say $20 clear pro fit. This much profit on an acre of land is enough to justify a land value of $200 an acre. I want to emphasize just one other advantage about this crop rotation. I always found in Mississippi that where an oat crop is allowed to ma erable. In the spring, at exactly the 1 right time for planting cotton, the « land is listed up, leaving a balk in ' the middles, to mature clover seed on. A good stand of cotton is ob- : tained, and it is worked until the clover seeds and dies, when the mid dles are broken out. With very little expense, then, we may have all of our cultivated lands in a pasture and cover crop, and in this way entirely compensate for the great tendency of Southern lands to lose their hu mus, and to wash and leach. To show the great harm that heavy rainfall and leaching may do lands, I need only to mention the fact that in Mis sissippi and the Southeast generally, sandy lands are most always natural ly poor. In west Texas, where the rainfall gets down to 25, 20, and 15 ten ms mama: ' mey say Mr. Tate busted down yonder on the corner, and I believe he did, for I smelt the awfulest racket that you ever heard of.” Since that time I have seen the use of commercial fertilizers be come universal, and I have seen the Long Leaf pine country become as productive acre for acre, as the Mis sissippi Delta. Now, not only in south Mississippi, but over much of the Southern States ar merchant or banker would not any more advance a man who would not plant fertilizer than he would one who would not plant seed. From a yield of one-eighth of a bale of cotton, yields went up to one-third, one-half, three-fourths, and a bale of cotton to the acre. Two dollars invested in fertilizers often raised the yield on an acre of land from $10 to $20 In value. It was soon found that using a moderate quantity or commercial fer tilizer alone and cropping from year to year helped the land to wear out slightly faster than it would have done if no fertilizer had been used. It was found that the very best re sults could be had by composting commercial materials with barnyard and stable manure, cottonseed, leaf mold, and other coarse materials af fording plenty of humus. Pine woods farmers frequently raised their yield by the use of these composts to a bale and over to the acre. It is likely, however, that much unneces sary labor was performed in mixing these materials and re-handling them in great compost heaps. Since Southern farmers produce so little manure, because their stock run out in pasture or in the woods for most of the year, not a great deal of farming land can receive dress ings of farm manure. Therefore, some other scheme for keeping up the humus supply in the land and of getting extra nitrogen, must be re sorted to. The three-year rotation of crops, practiced to a large extent by the Georgia and Louisiana Exner iment Stations, gave magnificent re sults. This rotation consisted of (1) cotton, (2) corn and peas, and (3) oats followed by peas, with the use of moderate amounts of acid phos phate and potash salts. In a very few years, I remember, both of these Stations raised their cotton yields to a full bale and over to the acre, and other crops in proportion. To practice this rotation on all of any farm would require dividing the farm Into three equal parts. Then cotton would grow on one field, corn and peas on another, and oats fol 'owed by peas rhe same year on another. Each piece would be rotat ed independently This scheme, as your excellent jouinal has frequent ly pointed out, will distribute the labor of men and teams more equal ly over the year, will enable one man to utilize much more land; will enable more live stock to be kept, more manure to be produced, and a THE PROGRESSIVE PLOWMAN. If It be true, as It is, that good fanning is impossible without good plowing, it is equally true that good plowing is impossible without good motive power. The view given here was taken in the West, although scattered farmers throughout the South use a traction engine in their plowing oper atkms. Most of us. however, must continue to use "Tom and Jo" or “Doll and Dapple", and with them we can do just as good plowing, if not quite so much of it, as can be done with the machine here shown. Two or three strong mules, or large farm mares to a good steel-beam plow this is the sort of motive power we need, and the'sort we must have. The one-horse plow must go; good plow ing with it is simply out of the question. ture and the grain is harvested and the land plowed and planted in peas, without being grazed closely after the oat harvest, that a crop of volunteer oats as thick as the hair on a dog’s back comes up in the field after the peas are cut for hay in fall. This crop of oats is very valuable for pasture and for winter cover crop to prevent the land from washing and leaching. The other piece of the farm that is to be sown in fall oats will, of course, have a winter cover and pasture crop on it. Therefore, two-thirds of the farm, under this rotation, will be clothed with a green protecting cover crop each winter. Could we not afTord to sow the other third in some crop, say between the rows of cotton following one of the pickings? I have here a rotation of cotton and bur clover, the bur clover occupying the land in winter and the cotton in summer. The clo ver can now be seen two miles away, if the field can be seen that far. It is affording excellent grazing, and the nitrogen it is bringing from the air will certainly be something consid 15,000 p“5l.-O. K. sssss-r---— -—- «— ■» - SS TZL1, Mali coupon to dap for 1910 Catalop u ®"* Cmt9U* spring Buying. Goldan Bagla Buppp Co.. Station 67. 144. 140. Bdgawood Ar*.. Atlanta. Cm. Gentlemen: Pleue mell me puelimid. your new 6-color 1 On pop* ceUlo. **M#* . ...-.County. ** ^UfUrn in Big Fret Catalog. Poet office. , .R K D No. . _ inches, sandy lands are Immensely rich and when Irrigation water can be applied to them are extremely productive. W. C. WELBORN. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Sow Cowpeas for Seed. Messrs. Editors: I know ail farm ers in the South cannot grow clover, alfalfa and other legume crops, but all can grow cowpeas. I know seed are high, and for that reason I wish to press upon your mind the idea of raising seed to use on our farms. Begin now if you have to pay $3 for a bushel. This will plant 4 acres. Use acid and potash, 200 pounds per acre, as peas get lazy if you give them nitrogen. One bushel treated this way should yield 20 to 30 bushels. But pertiaps you will say, "My land Is all planted to cotton.*' If so. you had better plow up some of It rather than to miss a crop of cow peas. In June, 1908, I had on hand 1 Vi rnshels of peas, broke stubble, plant 'd In rows 3 feet apart, used corn Iropper, with a plate I made to suit nv notion. Gathered 2 6 bushels of seed. In 1909 I planted crop for seed, May 26th. in order to Rather before cotton opened. Gathered 62 bushels for seed, cut 16 tons of pea sine hay from stubble sown, and can sell seed at $2.26 per bushel today. I consider peas to be the redemp tion of osir lovely Southland. The idea of the farmer in the South in slavery time was to raise more cotton to buy more negroes. My idea is to raise more peas, to feed more cows to raise more peas. P. P. GOI.D No fertilizer will give good result* on water-logged lands. You Can't Smash a ROSE Bum It'* tno strongly built. There'* nothin* cheap about the "ROSE"except the price and that only j because we sell DIRECT to you. Oura are modem method* lit* sale*, small profit* and no middle man. We positively save you from H&toSSS on each hu**y. lot Ut Mall You Our HornoM and Sony Catoioc fra*. Clives price* and tell* almit our many beautiful Ktylna in Huggie* and itarnee*. Aim explain* how we make, and why we ran guarantee for 8 year*, any liucgy selling at Mo.00 and upwarda. We carry no buggies in slock. Every one i* built specially to order. Rent on 30 day*' free trial, anywhere In the South. If not plrwsad. return it at our expense and get Tour money hack. Ask for Catalog No, § Writ* u*~fod«y. RANDOLPH ROSE COMPANY Chattaaoota T eaaaaaaa __§L-_ LARGEST ORGAN FACTORY IN TM RMU Homo of tbo Kimboll Orion lo CVcago, Great est Foctory of Its KiwL Tbo Unroot far lory tn tho work) devoted exclu sively to tbo manufacture of organ* U that of tbo W. W. Kimball Company of Chicago, Tbo state ment U proved hy tho tromondoui numbor of Kimboll Organa which are delivered into Amaricaa Homo* ovary year and tty tho actual floor ipoco occupied by tho groat factory. The name "Kimball ' to known tho length aad breadth rf the country in connection with organ manufacturing. the fomo nf the product U ohown by tho fort that letter* am dally pouring into tho Chicago Of. flee of the W.W, Kimboll Company. V Kimboll Hall of tbU city from overy port of ihe United State* a»klng for the new Kimball Catalog. C0(| HAY PRESS ,U'*’ fwm br*" mode. 30U tr thousand* In use Over ^ ’ *o1? 3 mon,h*' 10 fear* wo're mod*- them Shipped on 6 day*' trial direct frrea foctory. Write for booklet. WATKINS HAY PRESS CO. :: Atlanta. On. PIQff Our book tails how to N* Itlfl catch dead loads of them where you failed tbs old !as hioned w ay. Writs for it. We pay the pontage. Ten thousand satisfied users in aver thirty State*. EUREKA FISH NET CO. TVl* 16 Griffin. Ga. and Dallas. T*e