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How to Grow Live Stock in the South.
THE BREEDS OF HOGS. How Different Breeds Are Classified as Regards Size, Color and Place of Origin. By Tait Butler. IN OUR LAST article we discussed the classification of the breeds of swine as to type—lard and bacon types. This week, for purposes of general information, we shall classi fy them as to size, color, origin, etc. Size.—The breeds of swine are fre quently classified as to size, into large, medium and small breeds. This division is somewhat arbitrary, since individuals in some of the breeds vary greatly in size, and even the average size of some of the breeds has changed considerably in the last fifteen or twenty years. This applies particularly to Poland Chinas and Duroc-Jerseys. Both of these breeds would originally have been classified as large breeds; but so good an au thority as Thomas Shaw', in his “Study of Breeds,” now places them among the medium breeds. This is certainly correct as to Poland Chinas, and if not now the right place for the Duroc-Jerseys, certainly will be in a few years if the present tenden cy of breeders to prefer the smaller, more compact type is maintained. Many large individuals are still iuuuu, uuwever, ana prooaoiy tne Duroc-Jerseys and the Berkshires should be classed as medium large breeds. The Chester White was at one time our largest breed, and should probably still be classed with the large breeds; but the size has markedly decreased in recent years to meet the fancy and market demands for a more smooth, compact hog. With these qualifications, the breeds of swine may be classed as follows with reference to size: Large Breeds.—Large Yorkshire, Chester White (including the Ohio Improved Chester—O. I. C.), Tam worth. Medium Breeds.—Berkshire, Dur roc-Jersey, Poland China, Victoria, Hampshire (Thin Rind), Cheshire. Small Breeds.—Essex, Small York shires. In America the Suffolk, a small white hog, is sometimes recog nized as a distinct breed; but it is essentially a small Yorkshire, or the “Small Whlfa” nf Classified as to color, the common breeds of swine are as follows: Black Breeds. — Poland China, Berkshire, Essex. The last is a solid or pure black breed; but the two first generally have white markings, con sisting of white nose or face, tip of tail, and feet, and not infrequently white spots on other parts of the body. These white spots are much more common in the Poland China, which was at one time a spotted breed. White Breeds.—Chester White Yorkshire (Large and Small), Vic toria, Cheshire, Suffolk (American). Mixed Color.—Black and white breed: Hampshire (Thin Rind). Red Breeds.—Duroc-Jersey, Tam worth. Except as regards hogs, most pure breeds of farm animals produced In America have had their origin in for eign countries, particularly in Eng land and Scotland. In the case of hogs, however, the moBt numerous breed—Poland China—is of Ameri can origin, as are several other pop ular breeds. The breeds of swine classified as to origin, are as follows: American Breeds.—Poland China, Duroc-Jersey, Chester White (and O. C.), Cheshire, Hampshire, Victoria. (This ia article N ^ 20 in this Beriej. “Ho . to Grow Live Stock in the South.’’) English or Imported Breeds.— Berkshire, Tam worth, Yorkshire (Large and Small), Essex. Each of these breeds has special characteristics or qualities, which cause it to be preferred to all others by smaller or larger numbers of farmers, and it is not unusual to hear the admirers of all the breeds making extravagant claims of the superiority for their particular preference. As a matter of fact, however, no great superiority can be rightfully claimed for any particular breed. Probably more than half the hogs sold on the large markets of this country are Po land China grades. This testifies in strong terms to the popularity of this breed among the producers of market hogs; but in the actual tests, where the pigs are weighed and the feed weighed, not estimated or guessed at. this breed shows no superiority over manv of thp nthpr rprncrnfKran^o either in the cost of feed required to produce a pound of pork, or In the quality of the carcass. That It is an excellent breed and Justly popular with the corn-belt hog raisers, none will deny, but it is doubtful if on the whole, it is superior to the Berkshire, Duroc-Jersey, Yorkshire and several others which might be named. In the South, there has existed for many years a decided objection to a white hog. There may or may not be good grounds for this dislike of the white hog; but it exists Just the same. The writer Is doubtful if there is a better breed in America today than the Large Yorkshire; but the manner in which we keep hogs, and possibly our warm climate, seem to render the skin of a white hog more subject to various sorts of irritations, producing an unsightly appearance. Any such trouble is made more apparent in a hog with a white skin, and possibly this is about all the real difference; but the prejudice exists, whatever its foundation, and since there are a number of excellent breeds of black and red color, there is probably no special reason why the white hoe _l J ouwu,u wc retommenaea ror the South, although we have several ex cellent white breeds that will do well here. After giving full consideration and weight to all the Just claims made for any particular breed, the well-inform ed men of the country agree that there Is no "best breed,” and this question is no longer asked, except by the uninformed or inexperienced All breeds will do well with good feed and care. Keep the Slop liarrel Clean. Where refuse, grease, milk, whey and other things that go to make up ewill are left in the barrel day after day, bacterial growths develop, fer mentation occurs, and chemical changes take place which often more than counteract by their detrimental action any value that the swill might have. Such filthy barrels are the most natural breeding places for dis ease germs. Scours Ib often caused by such uncleanliness. A breeder with a filthy swill barrel need not consider it an act of Providence if his pigs suddenly sicken and die. It is his own wilful act that is responsible. A filthy swill barrel is not alone un sightly, but dangerous. It should not have a place on any farm. Bolling water and an old broom applied once a week will do much toward keeping it sanitary, and to an extent present able.—Swine in America. Those patches of land about the stables or along the road sides that are left to grow up in weeds and bushes, not only give no returns themselves, but make cultivation more difficult and tend to reduce the crops on the cultivated lands about them. Start out right this year by keeping these places cleaned tip. There will be weeds enough without having special nurseries for them. BEEF CATTLE FOR SALE by the car load. See W J. HESTER..DURANT. MISS. DUROC-JERSEY PIGS Registerrd. Anceatrr unsurpassed. N* better breed of h-gs. W. C. GtrraRIE - Port Gtbaon, Mine Red Poll Cattle RftBg ^Z'iXX and t e'fera for sale A large herd of carofullr selected and we I tied co*a to relect from Come and tee tbem. Address J. B. BRIDGE, Manager, or W. S. TI RNKR. M \COWAB meadow a stock farm. R.FD I, - . . Crawford Mira The Kentucky Jack Farm U the wholesale home far yacks at we tweed and r*i»e the Ns mammoth Kentucky yacks and sell you a first clast yack 2-’> tr SO per cent, cheaper than ■ dealer or (peculator ran Writ* to day far pricea on ytrks yea nets and mtdea. A large lot to atlect from J Jp. E. WRIGHT, Junction City, Ky. 1 Registered Shorthorn Bull, Grade Jersey Cattle, single or car lit*, alao Milk Cow a. J. E. ROBINSON A BRO., . . Oahom. Mlaa POLAND CHINA PI6S 10 wtaka old from beat rartatorad clock. |* each. IIS par pair. E A. DOWNS, ■ • • ■ Flora kirr Wib CHu hfj from price winner* 11' to bo nrh Foar moa old 66 ribbon* woo 19fi9 on my bard. T. U. JONES. OirrlUa. Alabama REGISTERED DUROC JERSEY PIGS for aala at tb* riaht price Biahaat qua'tty and moit parfact l/p* Write ua today. Sheffield Broa , Box ul). Oakland Te n WsterN BriksMres SI “SLfS toJM^oada. *en.00 each. f. o. U hex*, wbfl. HUGB CKITZ. . . S,.«CUL. VlM Maa odon Poland China PiKa for Sa'c Bi* bma, with quality. Writ* me your wanu Su,krU>«- - * Ml-dmlppt Grass & Stock Farm >w"AlIf 7*P-yr*?f0r “ * 1 mil- of —, o AU-« »tM«t 4 mil— . a«t of . lw "fe £ *rn c^:°f «"M -r-UII-rter * riu mo A°i^r ,arm-,f “•* »« J. W. RAMSEY, : Sumpter villo, Ala mnmni. n,.„, ,top i.-Kff'.JSXVi, ,Srt3 -LZ.Zl*82 So'tlMrl1 81 • Chkmgo. f" ntmuous Travel. THE ROYAL LINE OF HAY PRESSES y°o huy • hay preea be nn you are r»t . V*|® ,h®' *■ honeelly built and will bale amoothly, quickly and economically without break - In* down ot *ettln« out of order W# make thia * i , „ ;; r0f. •‘v5' ,,r®“ 4 of them - The Htttml. Xey Irijfhteat, strong w^!4*lor •»•***•"•"** t-t Ntm l ktemmmmtm. eat PI,., _ , rite U( today and let ua prove to you that one of e»t, Cheapest. S!V^*’J£th® o*1® you m buy CUATIANOOUA IMfLAMkNT 4 MFO. CO.. ^^tkaadawi T, rkadaaaoya, Ttmm. Bargain Prices! j Cheviot Sheep and Angora Goat* and Rucks for herd headers. Pairs and trios at bargain pricei Berkahi»ePi** as good as grow. ” CIXWERDALE STOCK FARM H. C Davidson. Prop.. - Obion, Teon*^. POLAND CHINA PIGS from _ jrintcrod »l«rk. 110 00. * **• j J.L. HERRING, * • * ourtland, Mbs PRIZE WINNING POUND CHIUS If rou sr* rain* to buy bap* buy good hots, they are the rheapmi My bmd won nln* ribbon* at th* Oklahoma Rut* Fair IM. 4MW f««* f,*i mranfOL Writ* today. * J. R. Sparks,.Hunter. Oku. BLUR RIBBON BERKSHIRES Brad Ollb all acrid, liar* aararal *~Tr1acaaa h tar* by tbrra at iba baat Hard Boar* la AaMrtaa. out of 100 lb. amt and ap Oar IK* alnnini k rludad Simla Owunplanablp and at BbrrrapurL. U SUta Fair * band*. & ttata* ram patina, aurpaaaad all otbrr* n-1——* * *r tnrraaili j -u.^. oualy Inqulrrr* plaaaa aattd V atamp for «—* FHIKKSON 4 HOLLINGSWORTH. ’ Sbrrraport. U. or Couabatt*. La. Fair View Farm Berkshlres I Haadod by A la ha aim l*r iail«t. nca and FWr i Srar Lord I'racntar. lima fir* randy ta rbb Uww rraal ban and out at aow* at *imi*iiJ nd I k* and rood Individuality at rraaaaamii prtcca W rit* for prtrwa and danrripttona. Enn tbloir ruarmntand to b* aa rwpruaatad R. t MATTOX, • • Vtrau. Hr. $70 Three fine Poland China (iSU. five month* oil AI tew o dollar* each One aero i man the all PataM China Hoar a* pretty a* a J'lrtore, thirty Mm Flret check tot aeneetly doAara mill got the fwar. F. M. BERRYHILL, LIBERTY.MISSISSIPPI ThuruuRli-brrtl Kn*c» hp For (Ml*. Both Keae*. from r*#t*t*red * tor It. Prvw raaMa* able Two of out yilta wei#h<d IS* I ha each at month* old Addr*** HAVE1X BROS. BoaloL Platte bury. M tee A Good Jersey Heifer For Sole Two year* <4d. with youn# calf. Payahrad hat no* »uh)wct to leartetraUoa. John W. Carpenter. Starkrtlle. MU*. WANTED Ptdi.-recd i1 a Idle Stud Coil ««• or two rear, eld DR. T. A. HEATH. Shilob. Maa DISPERSAL SALE Of PROSPKvT STOCK FARM I hire derided to retire from dairy In# and der for Mie nvt he d of Je reeye. heated at Oa If pert. **,ik < rrm*' *® now miOtin#, remainder will he from la neat *> day* i U) Iletfer*. <aw yra, 0*1. » ll.lfer Caleae, & |I*«B from C year* t , I yea, o«. 1 Ml h W.pwn* ia #* 4 *!*“«•• » Separator; 1 Chwra, I Rutter Vk at her a -»d ail other dairy uteoaU* (hup. 1m cm b c* r wrHiBU« J. I. HARRY, ■ . Gulfport, Mbs. BRHKSHIBKS erfthe Choiceat .train In America PW* elrad hp Omrmera premia! 9. live* * an of I red Premier S. Kir* ft#, dam PremW Iherhww Nora. IfTur. a #raid*u«ht*r of Premier lum#feii-w. MR , Ihrae afe th..w I*. uf >t*> Iwewdln#. prlcw, RpJ f® each I have* rh.ee* male hhote. will watA l» ' * • pri' **• • * ’ HostiBirmti^ti furnUho*. 7) *• vv uoU» cKKerrs m I vrould hir« exh rf do unto me I 1. 1>. ROBERTS. R. P. D. 1. Woodland. Mien Game and im or onWr mw PI aCA •••-down. deep Ud3 HIMOA rtaMpilrad i«W with _.]URST S ^NGUS MtlTTwamC^ Boi 10. Qourcat, lu i University of Pennsylvania **• AM •/ rdwtewi M^Wm off art a roeiplata couraa la tha vaUrtnnry ulancaa. Including Inatructk* la tha bmadtn*. aatartion. t.n* f"d c*r* of L*** domaatic anlmala la nddl* . # “*• ta^cwnltion. praratilloe and traalmaal 1 °” dlaaaaaa. For rataloiua add raac i Louia A. Klein, Dean, s»th Hi rant and Woodland A an.. PhUadalphla. Pana.