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Editorial Page, j "The Most Valuable Crop of the South." THUS PROFESSOR BARROW writes of the cowpea. I have been talking and writing cowpeas for so many years that it is gratify ing to me for others to be taking up the advocacy of the pea crop. Time and again I have urged that it is not good farm economy to bury peas as manure direct, and Professor Barrow shows well the impor tance of feeding this valuable forage and getting its feeding value before using it as ma nure. And he well states that while we can recover but 80 per cent of the manurial value of the crop, that 80 per cent is so much more available that it is really fully as valuable, if not more so, than the whole crop buried would be. The South needs more stock feeding and can grow more feed of a high protein character than the Northern farmers can. We can raise more per acre of the best cattle hay than can possibly be grown in the North, we can grow it at a smaller cost, and this being true, we should be able to feed cattle more profitably than the North ern farmer can. ' And the growing of the crop will have helped the soil through the nitrogen fixed in the roots as well as that secured in the forage used; and as I have said time and again, and as farmers in other sections have proved to be true, no farmer in the cotton country, who farms in a good rota tion, grows plenty of legume forage, and feeds it and saves the manure with intelligent care, need ever to buy an ounce of nitrogen in any form in a fertilizer. This is more true in the Cotton Belt than elsewhere if the cotton farmer uses the meal made from his cottonseed instead of selling the seed to go abroad to feed cattle in Europe and the North and make other people rich at his expense. Feed liberally the crops that feed the cattle and the soil with the plant food they need, and they will enrich you. Help Us to Help Yourself and Others. MR. FRENCH has asked a small favor that I would like to see all readers respond to. We want to make The Progressive Farmer and Gazette, already the leading farm paper in the South, the leading farm paper of the whole coun try, so far as being the greatest force in the coun try for the uplifting of Southern farming is con cerned. It would take very little effort for every one of the 100,000 who read and value the paper to induce one more farmer to take and read it, and if every one who now reads and values the paper would do this, there would be 100,000 who could easily do the same thing, and ere long we would have half a million readers instead of the 100,000. Than with auph a olrrnil atlnn what trraat im. provements could be made In the get-up of the paper Itself! I get letter after letter from South ern farmers praising the work we are doing, and saying that they would not be without the paper at double the price, and that every Southern farmer should take it. Now the men who are feeling in this way about the paper can show their appreciation in no better way than in aiding us in Increasing of the number of subscribers. We are trying to make the paper indispensable to every wide-awake farmer, and we are doing more than almost any other paper does in personal corre spondence with our readers, replying promptly to their queries and never making them wait a week or two for an answer in the paper. The replies printed are but a small part of the replies writ ten, for many of the queries are of importance only to the writers and not of general interest. But they get the replies all the same when a stamped envelope or a stamp is enclosed for the reply. Most farmers write few letters and can not fully realize the amount of labor involved in writ ing all these thousands of personal letters. But it is cheerfully done, though they make no show in the paper, and simply show to each one that we have a real Interest in trying to help him. When we spend a dollar’s worth of time and labor in writing personal letters of information, is it too much to ask that those who get these replies so promptly shall feel that they should take some interest in getting others into the Family who can be benefited in the same way? We are trying to help you. Will you not try to help us help others? The Farming of Mr. John Crakore. IT WAS EARLY September, and here and there over the cotton field the bolls were opening their snowy fruit. John Crakore sat on his porch taking his noon rest with his pipe, when his old neighbor, Jim Mulekin, came up. "John, I have come over to talk more about this improved farmin’ you're doin'. We-alls down at the store have been discussin’ it, an' we hev come to the conclusion that we-alls have got to go to farmin’ somewhat in the same way if we are to make anything. “They say you made a bumper crap of oats, an' your corn was something wonderful. Now, I would like to know how much fertilizer and what sort you put on the corn and the oats.” “I did not put any fertilizer on the corn at all; that is, no fertilizer out of a sack. I had crimson clover, as you know, on that field last winter, and all winter lonir. whenever I could haul on the land with a manure spreader, I spread the manure made by my horses, cows, and beeves, and when the clover was perfectly mature, I turned the whole under and prepared the land for the corn. Then I cut the corn off at the ground and cured it in shocks and disked the land fine and sowed oats in September, using on the oats 300 pounds of acid phosphate. 1 made this year near ly 70 bushels of oats an acre. My corn now is be ing treated in the same way, and as we have a beef club, as you know, I have still some cattle In the stalls, and now I am cleaning the manure out and this afternoon will start to spread it between the cotton rows.” “Manurin’ cotton when the bolls are beginnin' to open?” said Jim. "Well, I do not know that the manure will do much for the cotton; but it will spoil in a heap, and I am going to sow crimson clover among that cotton shortly, and while I can not use the manure spreader there, I know that if I scatter the manure between the cotton rows, it will do no harm to the cotton, aed will certainly help me to get a good catch of clover. Then next winter the manure will go on the clover for the corn next spring. You see my corn this year, and every one says I will make at least 75 bushels an acre, and In a few more years of this sort of farming I hope to get an average of 100 bushels an acre. Then after the oats you see I have a splendid field of peas for hay. I put 300 pounds of acid phosphate an 1 25 pounds of muriate of potash an acre on the peas, f will sow crimson clover after the peas are cut. and will turn it in spring for cotton and apply 100 pounds an acre of acid phosphate only on the cot ton land broadcast, and plant on the level, har row and use the weeder as usual, and the riding cultivator, and I am working for two bales of cot ton an acre, and from the lookB of the crop, will CTCxf aim ACt + thla '* ‘‘I begin to see it.” said Jim. “Me and my old mule will make about one-third of a bale an acre this year, and it will take it all to settle up at the store and pay for the fertilizer. And you ain’t buyin’ any ready-mixed fertilizer at all?” “No, I have long ago found out that I can get all the ammonia I need, and more than 1 would buy in a mixed fertilizer, by growing the peas and clover and feeding the pea hay and corn stover to stock and getting the manure for the corn. There is nothing like stable manure to make corn, especially when you have crimson clover to put it on and turn under. You will see that my corn is green to the ground, while I saw yours fired almost to the ears.” That’s so,’ said Jim, “and I can’t understand it, for I put some 2—8 2 in the furrow under that corn.” “But you have not the stuff under it to hold the moisture. Your corn is fired in the dry weather following the heavy early rains, and you have nothing there but the old dead Bkoleton of saad and clay, while I have the decaying clover and manure making humus that will hold moisture. Then, too, you laid-by your corn with a turning plow, banking the earth up to it and cutting tho roots, while I went through as shallow as my two liorse cultivator would run, and simply left a dust blanket on the level ground.” But, said Jim, I thought that the corn would blow down if the soil wasn’t hilled up to it.” “It has blown down worse than mine, as you see, for you weakened it by cutting the roots, and you covered the brace roots and made them ton der, while mine .are left tough above the ground and hold oa hard with their uncut roots. “Why don't you take the paper and study these things?" asked John. "That is where I have learned these improved methods. The man in these days who fails to study his profession is not • going to succeed. The whole South Is waking up. and if you want to keep up with the procession! you must wake up and go to farming." "But I ain’t got the money you have." “I had no more than you when I determined to do better, and it only takes brains and energy to do better. You can better afford to go in debt for horses and implements than for 2 S—2 fertility, and grow cotton and only corn enough to feed a mule. And I have seen that solemn old mule of yours walking along the rows looking as though he was wondering If there was going to be corn enough made to keep him alive next winter, if you must go In debt, go in for things that are go ing to get you out of the hands of the merchant and fertilizer man. You are working harder than necessary if you only knew how to make your work pay better. I have money because I planned to nave some coming in at all season* in stead of depending on the one crop of cotton for all the money I need. So long as you do that you will have the same old thing to do erery spring- go In debt for supplies, and then at the end take everything you have made to square up. and go through the same process the next spring. It is that sort of farming that has kept you poor and made your land poor, and so long as you keep spending your money for a little 200 pounds an acre of a fertilizer that Is one-fourth sand, aad grow no forage aad feed no stock, make no ma il re and look to the cotton crop to pay for every thing else, you will keep poor and your land will remain poor. • There's more In the man than In the land. Get a move ou you. The land Is all right. If the man does hls duty by It. nnd the land will con tinue to make poor crops so long as the man falla to do hia duty by It. ‘ The greatest corn belt is right here in the South, and many farmers are finding it out. white men like you are every rear buying the frosted, rotten Western corn. Get a move on you and stop talking about ihe miseries of a mwiautr farmer. Get some sand in your craw " Shallow Tillage and Moisture. IN MY HOMK garden I am doing nearly all the cultivation now with a rake, tnorely breaking the cruat after every rain; and no matter how dry it gets. I can kick really moist soil under the dust blanket with the top of my shoe at any time. And how things do grow since the weather has turned warmer. My early corn Is over kne« high, and I am hoping for roasting ears before the end of June. I'eas, of course, w«* hnve had since the first week In May, and have Into ones coming on. I have often said that the earlier we get to mato plants out and have them live, the earlier they will he. I set out my first ones early In April. They have passed through two frosts by being covered with earth Since then 1 have set out from the frame other plants of the same age. but the ejirly set ones nre twice us large now and fruiting. These, too. have had the name shallow lake cultivation, and the moisture has been re tained and all the weeds In reach of germination have been killed and I will bring no more up to sprout. In fact, I am rather proud of the garden. <»r I hear people say: "Oo out to see Professor Massey's garden; there Is nothing like It here” And they come, and I sell them plants that they COUJf! oanllv hnvo lvt.,1 Si....a ~ mins it im'w Klass and Home love f„r the work I have ordered a largo lot of tho now Sunlight double-glazed nanlies for tho fall and will keep i ins garden growiag something to oat nud sell all next winter If health and strength remain with me. The shallow cultivation of the garden Is Just a« good for the cotton held, tho peanut field, or m com field, and zny peanuts will got tho same rake work that other things get. Dr. Butler Is right. Whore Johnson grass has aken the country, as It has la Oktibbeha County. Mississippi, It means cattle, and with ticks plentl u , uitt e cannot be an profitable an they would ba ' 1,10 t,ckH were eradicated and the eattlo men ree to ship when and where they please. A M»h1 estimate of the Intelligence of a paper’s u iscrihers Is the number of itatent medicine ads. carries. The more Ignorant the constituency the heavier Is tho advertising.