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HOW ABOUT "LAYING-BY" TIME?
Some Methods Tlmt Are Followed by Tobacco Farmers_Xot by Cotton Farmers, of Course—And Some of flip Disadvantages of These Methods. By A. L. French. A GREAT MAM or our tanners are looking forward with pleas ure to "laylng-by” time, and perhaps It may not be out of place for us 100,000 farmers who read The Pro gressive Farmer and Gazette to gath er around close, discuss cultivation a little and see if we can not get a lit tle better understanding of this "lay ing-by" matter. All over our upper Piedmont country of the South—the Bright Tobacco Belt—strong men. full grown, some over-grown, are to day pushing on the rope lines and admonishing the 700-pound mule to "come up," and Incidentally In com ing up bring the ltoy Dixie alongside the row of corn "barring It off." It Is almost unbelievable that thousands of farmers plnnt corn yet with the slnglo-shovel to "lay-off," tho boys and women to drop the seed, and the double-shovel to cover. Then the land Is left for nature to work her miracle of bringing forth plants un der such unfavorable conditiona im aided by harrow, weeder or other new-fangled things. The rows get weedy, of course, but the old lady and the children are there to "chop It out," \«hilo the old man and the mule bar off. You fellows out there in the cotton country needn't laugh, for this Is no laughing business but a statement of actual conditions as they prevail over much of the country tributary to the mountains, and I really dislike much to say It. but I actually saw a big fellow out In your section driving a "powerful" small mule one <lny some years ago. Ibis Is a condition, as I have said, that prevails; but It is not a necessary condition at all. Perhaps this meth od had best be called a habit, for it certainly is not a harder or more ex pensive Job to use a one-horse plant er in place of the shovel plow or double-shovel, children, etc. Then It would be only a little harder on a man's feelings to harrow the land two or three times with a one-section harrow than to just sit around and lit liin crass :in l \\<>i<iIm crow until "barring off time." After all. what is tho use of tho "barring off," an way? If that field had been harrowed thoroughly and all weed and grass <eed killed In the up per two 'nrh< < of the soil, wouldn't a five- or seven tooth single cultivator have answered all tho purposes of Cultivation just as well and saved bringing more weed seed up within sprouting distance? Would It not have been best, too, not to have plow ed that furrow uloiigstde tho tender plants, rutting tunny roots and leav ing thousands of others exposed to the heat of the sun to wither nway and die? And how many barrels of water, think you, will have been evaporated from that rough exposed surface? Water, too. that will be much needed by the thirsty corn plants along In July and August. The fellows made a few mistakes so far along, didn’t they? Well, to proceed: in about ten days the fur row is turned back to the corn and wo are glad to see the dirt cover up these corn roots and fill up that rough, exposed surface; but the trou ble is, that he has left two more fresh furrows and a narrow ridge ex posed between two rows of corn this flme, and we wonder why the culti vator would not have been the better tool to have used here also. Hut, hurrah! in about two woeks ho “busts out' the middles and she is lald-by, having a deep ditch between the rows, the sloping banks of which af rord means for getting rid of what little moisture there is in the soil just at the critical period of the plant’s growth when it needs moisture more than at any other stage. He made a mistake here sure, didn’t he? He should have used that small-tooth cultivator instead of the plow to bust out with, and then used it a time or two more until time to seed the land in peas. And yet, the fellow will make some corn. Nature is mighty kind to her "little ones." BETTER TOOLS AN’I> HEAVIER TEAMS. The Two Go Together and Will Yet Bring About a New Era in South ern Farming. Messrs. Editors: The Western farmer is making use of the best farming implements to be had, and as a result he furnishes the corn for a good many of the Southern farmers to feed their mule while they make two trips across a field to cultivate one row of cotton or peanuts or to bacco. This Is not as it should be, for we can grow as much corn to the acre here as can be grown any where. We need more time, and labor-sav ing tools, used in a practical manner, will give us more time. Better tools however, will generally call for more it not heavier teams with the South ern farmers. It is useless to expect an implement to do good work and not have a heavier draft than ene that does not do so much or so good work. That is, do not expect some thing for nothing, if you find a plow ...in ~a_ ___a_ _ .« • . ***** MW |VIU nvim MVU/i UUI IB a little too much for your team, change the team and not the plow. If two will uol do the work, try three abreast. The double cultivator and two-row corn planter have come to Btay, and slowly but surely the light one-horse plow is giving way to the heavier plow of the chilled type; but the majority have yet to learn to run them deep enough. It Is also a very hard mat ter to get some of our farmers to stop using the turn plow to cultivate (he corn crop, but the change Is gradually coming about The Southern farmers are learning to replace the decreasing amount of vegetable matter in their soils; and while the average yields per acre of the Western farmers are growing smaller because he thinks his land is Inexhaustible, that of the Southern farmer Is slowly Increasing, because of the Increasing amount of humus. Now If we will only use the Imple ments and methods of cultivation that they ubo, and thus produce our crops at a decreased cost by a saving in time and labor we may hope to do *1 C AAA People Have Put Their A \T 1 D,UUU On Thi» Buggy. V. IV. Buy your Buggy and Harness direct from our factory and get it at first coat. No drum mer's expenses, jobbers’ commissions, wholesalers prcflts and dealers’ enormous profits are ad ded to the prices of GOLDEN EAGLE VEHICLES. We manufacture and sell direct to users, and save our customers $20.00 to 140.00. We also sell Harness at cost as an advertisement. Get our Catalog now for Mall coupon to day for 19X0 Catalog Spring Buying. Golden Eagle Buggy Co.. Station 57. 144. 148. Edgewood Ace.. Atlanta, Go. Gentlemen: Please mail me postpaid, your new 5-color 106 page catalog. Name.. Poet Office.B- F' D' No'. - .————— for ourselves what they are doing for us. We need better implements, more and heavier teams, and plenty of live stock to eat our hay and grain, and turn It into meat and manure—the meat to go to market at the present fancy prices, and the manure to go to improve the sadly depleted fields of our beautiful Southland. THOMAS BELL. “How to Destroy Bats." Farmers’ Bulletin No. 369, “How to Destroy Rats,” has been lately is sued by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture. It may be had by addressing the Secretary of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. The summary of recommendations in cludes: 1. Protection of native hawks and owls and the smaller predatory mam mals. 2. Greater cleanliness and care in the disposal of waste and garbage so that the rats cannot readily get at them. 3. Care in the construction of buildings and drains so as not to provide entrances and retreats for rats, and the closing of rat holes in old buildings. 4. Early threshing and marketing of grains on farms. 5. Removal of straw stacks and piles of lumber or trash in the fields. 6. Rat-proofing of all buildings for the storage of provisions, grains, or feed stuffs. 7. The keeping of effective rat dogs. 8. Systematic destruction of rats by trapping, poisoning and hunt ing. Buy Your Wagon On An Investment Basis Choose FromThe IHC Line m LTOUR wagon must pay Y you dividends. It should "*■ not be a source of trouble ^^F and expense. So we say— buy your wagon on an in vestment basis. It's the most profitable way in the ^B end. H An I H C wagon is a H government bond wagon in ■ vestment. It will last longer j^B —and do better service while it j^B lasts—than any other make of H wagon. It pays the biggest dividends. ^B A cheap wagon is constructed in a cheap way, of B cheap materials with cheap machinery, by cheap workmen. Such a wagon ^B is expensive at any price—when you figure up its total cost. H Thousands of business farmers have chosen from the I H C line. It's ||B the surest way of getting the most wagon-service and satisfaction. You will i^B do well to choose one of these styles— I Columbus Weber New Bettendorf Steel King The greatest wagon value in all America. Each is a quality wagon— built up to the high I H C standard—not down to any price. Don’t be misled by looks—or first price. For paint covers a multitude of wagon sins—and price is too often the only argument of a wagon maker. The best materials are used in the I H C line of wagons. The wood stock is the finest—air dried, seasoned and inspected at every step—even after the paint goes on. Spokes, hubs, skeins, bo*, axles, seat, all iron and in fact every part of an I H C wagon is as good as the widest experience, the best materials, the most skillful workmen and the latest improved ma cllinerv can make it. Everv nart is enuallv irond. ermallv trim and ennallv fH strong. There are no “weak spots” in the I H C line. The Weber is the King of All farm wagons, with 65 years of wagon HM experience back of it. The Columbus is a high grade, general purpose ||H wagon suitable for all conditions of roads and climate where wood wagons fill are in use. The New Bettendorf is a steel gear wagon of great capacity and light draft, suited to any climate. The Steel King is an all steel wagon up HI to the 1HC standard, and is rapidly gaining popularity. T'.. Be sure to call on the local International dealer. Get a pamphlet and jfrl let him show you one of these wagons. You will note the vast difference ^1 between wagons of the I HC line and all other wagons. If you prefer, EH write us direct for a booklet or any other information yon want. INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER COMPANY OF AMERICA (Incorporated) H^ _CHICAGO . . . USA