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(iwm COTTON CROPS IN SPITE OF
THE ROLL WEEVIL. Frequent Shallow Cultivation, Agi tation of the Plants and Destruc tion of Punctured Squares Arc Essential. The cultural methods to bo follow ed in producing a profitable crop of cotton in the presence of the weevil must consist largely In rapid, shal low cultivation, coupled with the destruction of fallen squares where feasible, and the frequent agitation of the stalk so as to hinder as much as possible the activities of the pest. As soon as the young cotton shows above the ground cultivation with a harrow or weeder should begin, run ning the Implement straight acros the rows. Ily this means any crust that may have formed Is broken, thus allowing the struggling young plants to come through; a dust mulch is formed to conserve moisture; and a great deal of grass that Is lust emerg Ing Is killed. Remember that the best time to kill grass Is before It comes up. Future cultivation should continue as late ns possible and should be shnllow nnd frequent, the main object being never to let a crust form over the surface. A dust mulch conserves moisture and its heat is highly fatal to the young weevils In the fallen squares. See that It is kept In your cotton fields. In Ixnilslana nnd Texns good re sults have been gotten from so at taching a brush to the single-tree that each row of cotton Is brushed over in passing. By this means the adult weevils are hindered in their reproductive activities and the punc tured squares are knocked off into the hot dust mulch where the heat quickly kills them. This costs you nothing to try. nnd experience has shown that it pays well. It undoubtedly pays also to pick up and destroy the first squares that usually begin to fall along In June. Two weevils In June mean millions before frost, and this Is why It pays to destroy as many as possible early In the season. There are usually un employ eo rnuuren uiai ran ne usea In this work, and by paying them ho much per hundred squares or hy of fering a prise to the one bringing in the largest number of fallen squares, this work ran be done at a very slight coat. Experience has shown, time and time again, that a go«»d crop of cot ton ran he raised despite the boll weevil, and this often under the very worst conditions of Infestation Keep the crop clean and growing, and de stroy nil punctured square*. H. L. Moss. ntT.TIVATING TO KIM. THE WEE VIL. keep the <?ulUvatnr« (ioing—Make Trap Furrows, knock the Weevils off nml lturjr Them. Messrs Kdltors: From present In dlrstlons. the cotton crop for 1910 will he later than for several years. The boll weevil and the drouth are both great enemies to late cotton, and In View- of this fad It will pay the farmer to commence In time to work against the weevil, and then if the weevil does not come he will only make the more cotton, for the meth ods that I advocate will make more cotjon If there are no weevils than the old methods that we practiced be fore the weevil came. For the farm er to become despondent and give up, Just because the weevil Is In hlB cot ton, la foolishness In the extreme. I prepare my land In a way so ns to conserve the moisture, and then 1 cultivate shallow and Intensively, and to some extent fortify myself against drouth. Deep cultivation Is the worst thing that the farmer can do for hls cotton, when thore are 0 weevils or when there are no weevils, but more especially when we have the weevil. As the preparation of the soil is, so will the harvest be, and land broken early and deep and culti vated Intensively and shallow, is Mighty good medicine for the cotton, especially when we have the boll w eevil. When my cotton is 12 inches high I commence agitating the stalks by using a long stick placed lengthwise on the singletree and long enough to strike the stalks on each row. This is bound firmly to the singletree, with the ends bent back just a little so that when the stick strikes the stalk it will slip by easily. I keen this nn until the middle of June threshing them off and covering them up in the hot dirt shallow. About the middle of June I take a small shovel plow and commence ear ly In the morning while the dirt is cool and damp and run round the cotton shallow, and make a trap fur row. The dirt being stirred early, the attraction will he greater, and the furrows will get hotter than the other dirt that Is not stirred. At 10:30 a. m. I quit this trap furrowing and let it lay until 1 p. m. and get Rood and hot. I then get a 24-inch heel sweep with the corners twisted and a hull-tongue plow on a Georgia stock and take a fast mule and get in the middles, with the stick on my single tree and thrash the weevils off and cover them up shallow in the hot dirt. The heel sweep is so set that it takes the top dirt and turns it down on the hot dirt in the bot tom of the furrow, and being covered shallow and in the hot dirt, all of the young weevils and a good per cent of the old ones die. Now if you cover them deep where the soil is cool and moist they may not die, but covered shallow in the hot dirt they will die. The weevil in the larval state can’t stand the hot dirt, and besides there Is a little black ant that eats them when knock ed off the stalk in the larval state, whether they are covered up or not. About the first of July I quit culti vating the rows and go through the middles every six days, shallow with 2 4-inch heel sweep with bull-tongue plows in front, until picking time; and I have not failed since we have had the weevil to make a fair crop of cotton. JNO. O. ALLEN. Gilmer, Texas. Our Progressive Farmer Boys LIKES To SEE LIVE STOCK OX THE FA KM. A Hoy Who Hoe* Xot Believe in Col ton nnii Who Delight* in Black smith and CarjM'iiter Work. Messrs. Editors: i live on a farm, but I delight in hlacksmithing or carpenter work, though 1 like to see beautiful fields of corn and wheat. I don't like cotton. 1 want aouie thlng that helps the country to pros per. If all the people would agret with me, I think they would gel along better. 1 like to see at every farmer’s home hogs and stock of all kind— something we can live upon. That is what I like, don’t you? My corn is doing fine. 1 have work ed it out the first time and hoed it. It has been so wet I couldn’t work it as I wanted to, but it is all right now. OVAL WALKER. Gravelly, Ark. Kditorinl Answer: Our young friend is right in thinking that the country would be better off if the farmers grew more hogs, live stock and things to eat Instead of buying so much, but we think he is mis taken about cotton. It is a great crop when properly grown. In a suitable rotation where, say one third of the land 1b In cotton, or cot ton is on the land only once in three years, the land soon produces cotton so well that It becomes a paying crop. A bale of cotton to the acre and half a ton of seed have lately been worth pretty close to >90 an acre and that is a good revenue from an acre. But to do this the land must not be put in cotton each year, and the farmer should not have to buy foodstuffs or food for his family with tills money or he loses all the ad vantage of the high price of cotton and seed; for other things are equal ly high. Fine Farm For Sale j 475 ACRES Good all-round farm, rart of It fine land, ami an line a place <or atock. dairy or poultry farm aa thera la in thin (Noxubee) county. Twenty or more mulberry treee. I>earintr. No hill land. So near Macon (count v aoat of Nox. county) that it'a al moat like llvlnic In town. Good road. Good portion of pla<-e under wire, part under licit wire. Plenty of irood earn land. Water for .stock. If intereated. address ED. M MURPHEY, Macos, Miss. If our young friend stays on the farm he will find his talent for . blarksmithing and carpentering of great benefit to him. We believe the farm aided by these will be bet ter than depending on either of these for an occupation without the farm. From an Alalmma Boy. Messrs. Editors: I will write tc let you know that I am still in th< race for one of your prizes. I havi planted my acre and it is in good fix My father’s farm lies on Okatuppt Creek, and we have our own wash pool. You ought to be over here tc go in with me. Papa owns about 300 acres of land, about 50 in cultivation. We have been planting some soy beans this evening on a poor patch in our field, and breaking some for peas, all to cut for hay. The most of the people over here sen uieir couonseeo ior rrom iz to 50 cents a bushel and buy them back In corn-grown lard at 15 to 20 cents a pound. That’s farming! We raise our meat and lard, and it pays, you bet. ROZIER I. BELL. Okatuppa, Ala. Dr. C. W. Burkett, Editor the American Agriculturist, says of “A Southerner in Europe,” by Clarence Poe: “I took up ‘A Southerner in Europe’ the other night and read it through again. I suppose I shall continue to read this book from time to time. It is the most wholesome, most stimulating and yet the most practical book on foreign travel that I have read in my life.” The Pro gressive Farmer and Gazette and a paper bound copy, both for $1.30. TEXAS LAN-1 For Sale in Large or Small Quantities The present year p omises to be one of the most prosperous that Texas has ever known. Whether you are a home seeker or an investor, you will make money by buying land in Texas this sum mer. Write us for information and free literature. All inquiries promply answered. KNOX REALTY COMPANY, : Weatherford, Tex. (5) 417 Two-Minute Health Talks. HOW ABOUT THE WATER SUPPLY? Protect the Springs and Wells From Contamination. The principal diseases supposed to be communicable through the drink ing water are typhoid fever, cholera, dysentery and other diarrheal affec tions, cholera infantum, animal par asitic diseases, enteric fevers and scarlet fever. In order that the wa ter may carry these diseases, it is first necessary for it to become in fected with the specific infection which communicates the disease. This infection is derived from the ejecta of a patient suffering from the disease. It is a fact proven by statistics that the water-borne diseases begin to in crease in July and are at their maxi mum during August and September, decreasing in October. The ideal conditions for the spring are that its watershed is uninhabited and does not contain stables, barn yards, pig pens, privies, cesspools or cemeteries; and it should not be tra versed by railroads nor highways, for all of these make infection possible. The freedom from all these objec tions is not always obtainable. The spring should be ditched around in such a way as to carry off all of the surface water, and never allow It to be overflowed and filled with flltl| or trash of any kind. The surroundings must be scrupulously clean. The spring itself should be walled with rock and covered to prevent trash from falling into it. Too many of our wells are located in the barnyard. The well should be , located on a well drained area, re , mote from barns, pig pens, privies, j cesspools, cemeteries or drains, and should be cemented from the edge [ outward to the distance of several . feet. Above the surface of this ce , ment, a tight box should be built and a tight-fitting cover provided, If buckets are used. The pump is much to be preferred to the bucket because it lessens the danger of trash falling into the well. All waste water should be drained off and no water allowed to stand near-by in which hogs might wallow. The hog is a great gatherer of filth, and by wal lowing in a puddle which drains into a wen, mere is great aanger or in fection. Deep wells, properly protected to prevent an inflow of surface water at the top, are to be preferred to either shallow wells or springs.—T. E. Keitt, in Clemson College Press Bul letin. We fail to understand how any mother can welcome Into the home for her boys to read, a newspaper that carries several large advertise ments advising those boys where they can buy liquors and soliciting their orders for the stuff that can not be legally sold In the 8tate.— Index. Our advertisers are guaranteed.